South Asian Studies Association Brown Bag Radio Nischal N. Pandey: Nepal: 100 Days of the Maoist Led Government The following slides accompany a live webcast/podcast and are part of the South Asian Studies Association’s Brown Bag Radio initiative. Information on SASA can be found at http://www.sasia.org . BBR podcasts are archived at http://www.brownbagradio.net . Slide shows are the intellectual property of their respective presenters.
Nepal: 100 Days of the Maoist led Government By Nishchal N. Pandey
Background <ul><li>Epoch Making elections (held on April 10 th ) of the Constituent Assembly fulfilled a 57 year old promise. </li></ul><ul><li>CA Elections were largely viewed as free and fair. 60 percent voter turnout </li></ul><ul><li>The CPN(Maoists) emerged as the largest party </li></ul><ul><li>The first sitting of the CA turned Nepal into a republic </li></ul>
Maoists – From the Jungle to the Citadel of Power <ul><li>The Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2006 and a general agreement with mainstream parties to dump the 1990 Constitution led to the end of ‘People’s War’. </li></ul><ul><li>19,000 Maoist combatants and their arms are stored in UN monitored cantonments. </li></ul><ul><li>Peace Process has been called ‘unique’ & is moving forward towards a logical conclusion. </li></ul>
Achievements of the Govt. <ul><li>Relief for the people as 10 year old Insurgency has ended. Maoists can now implement what they had promised during the course of the people’s war. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourist arrival is up, foreign aid has increased, a culture of consensus is evolving. </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-People Budget has been largely welcomed, internal revenue has increased dramatically, Exports have surged by 27 percent. </li></ul>
Foreign Policy <ul><li>PM Prachanda visited India (twice), China, UNGA. </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent high-level visits to Kathmandu – UN Secretary General, FMs from India, China, Denmark. British Minister for International Development, German M.Ps, Britain’s Chief of General Staff, high-level Chinese military Delegation among others. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. has set-up a Rs. 300 million hydropower deposit fund to support investment in hydro-power sector . </li></ul>
Challenges <ul><li>Ethnicity, religion, language & regional autonomy are emerging as new fault-lines of the ‘New Nepal’. </li></ul><ul><li>What type of a federal structure will we adopt will determine the sustainability of the political system together with the “terai issue”. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of the ex-combatants into the Nepal Army </li></ul><ul><li>Whether or not this C.A. be able to draft the new Constitution within the stipulated time. </li></ul>
Opportunities <ul><li>Most inclusive Parliament in the history of the country. More women M.Ps than anywhere in South Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>CPN (Maoists) have left the path of violence completely and are committed to democracy. But Nepal could be a Presidential republic like the U.S. or France. </li></ul><ul><li>In the interest of India, China and the U.S. to see a stable Nepal. </li></ul>