South Asian Studies Association Brown Bag Radio The following slides accompany a podcast sponsored by the South Asian Studies Association’s Brown Bag Radio initiative. Information on SASA can be found at http://www.sasia.org . BBR podcasts are archived at http://www.brownbagradio.net . Slide shows are the intellectual property of their respective presenters. The Separatist Conflict in Sri Lanka: Terrorism, Ethnicity, Political Economy Presented by Dr. Asoka Bandarage, Georgetown Univeristy
The Separatist Conflict in Sri Lanka: Terrorism, Ethnicity, Political Economy Dr. Asoka Bandarage Public Policy Institute, Georgetown University Washington D.C. www.bandarage.com
Figure 1.1: Asymmetric Bipolar Conflict Model
Map 1.1: Provinces of Sri Lanka Source: Asoka Bandarage, Colonialism in Sri Lanka: The Political Economy of the Kandyan Highlands, 1833-1886 (Berlin: Mouton, 1983) p. xiv
Table 1.1: Population of Sri Lanka by Ethnicity, 1921-2001
*Estimated population. Census was not completed in the Northern and Eastern Provinces
except for Ampara District.
Source: Sri Lanka Department of Census and Statistics, 1921-2001.
0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.4 1.6 2.5 1.8 Others 8.3 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.3 5.1 5.6 6.3 Sri Lankan Moor 4.6 5.5 9.3 10.6 12.0 11.7 15.4 13.4 Indian Tamil 11.9 12.7 11.2 11.0 10.9 11.0 11.2 11.5 Sri Lankan Tamil 74.5 74.0 72.0 71.0 59.3 69.4 65.3 67.0 Sinhalese 2001* 1981 1971 1963 1953 1946 1931 1921 Ethnic Group
Map 4.2: Ethnic Distribution in Sri Lanka Sources: Sri Lanka Population Census, 1981, Robert Stoddard ‘Reorganization and Regionalism in Sri Lanka’, Paper Presented at Session on South Asian Geography: Changing Trends and Patterns, Annual Conference on South Asia, Madison, Wisconsin, 7 November 1986, Map 6 (based on Assistant Government Agents’ Divisions).
Table 2.1: Ethnic Distribution in Higher State Services, 1946-1975 (Percentages)
Table 3.1: University Science Faculty Admissions, 1969-1977: By Ethnicity (Percentages)
University Admissions: Candidates Obtaining Minimum Requirement not Selected, by District and Ethnicity, 1975 and 1976 Source: C.R. de Silva, ‘The Politics of University Admissions: A Review of Some Aspects of the Admission Policy in Sri Lanka 1971-1978’, The Sri Lanka Journal of Social Sciences , 1978, I (2), pp. 85-123, Tables 4 and 7.
Map 1.2 Source: Research Division, Tamil Nadu Liberation Front ( www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/ltte-maps.htm ), accessed 10 September 2008.
Table 1.1a: Sri Lanka Tamil Diaspora, 2008 Sources: Peter Chalk, 'The Tigers Abroad: How the LTTE Diaspora Supports the Conflict in Sri Lanka', Georgetown Journal of International Affairs 9:2, Summer/Fall 2008, pp.97-104; www.tamilnation.org/diaspora/060209.
Figure 9.1: Boomerang Pattern Source: Margaret E. Keek and Kathryn Sikkink, Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics , Inthaca: Cornell University Press, 1998, p.13
Table 8.1: Norwegian Foreign Ministry Funds: Selected Sri Lankan Recipients, 2005 *USD conversion as given in original. Source: Enclosure, Norwegians Against Terrorism, Report of 1/14/2007: www.svik.org/nat1.pdf .
Table 8.2: CFA Violations: Selected Human Rights Violations (February 22, 2002-April 30, 2007) Sources: Violations Ruled by Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission, 'Secretariat for Coordinating the Peace Process', www.peacesrilanka.com/ .
The Separatist Conflict in Sri Lanka Terrorism, Ethnicity, Political Economy By Asoka Bandarage Hardcover Edition, Routledge, 2009: To Order: Call Toll Free 800-634-7064 Online at www.amazon.com or www.bandarage.com Paperback (US Edition): ISBN: 9781440155611 To Order: Online at www.iuniverse.com or www.bandarage.com Paperback (South Asia Edition): ISBN: 9789556650396 To Order: Online at www.vijithayapa.com or www.bandarage.com