Own The Network


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Fiber access issues as presented at eComm 2008, 13 March 2008.

Published in: Technology, Business
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  • The best outcome would be private ownership or at least control of individual dark fibers to every building.
    Obviously there are an enormous set of vested interests that would oppose any change in our current completely obsolete legal and regulatory environment,
    Vested interests who would indeed prefer to settle for “Network Neutrality” rather than see the form of structural separate I propose.
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  • Finally, I must mention Stokab AB a city-owned corporation whose whole charter for their first eight years was to install and lease dark fiber under the street of greater Stockholm.
    Today they have over 1.2 million km of fiber in the ground, over 800 optical distribution frames in local buildings and dark fiber to every block in metro Stockholm.
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  • But they were able to wire their own neighborhood, in part because the rights-of-way were owned by the neighborhood association, and they had a couple of eager beavers who wanted to make it happen. And they were able to get good connectivity to a nearby city, because Sweden has extensive dark fiber networks.
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  • This one dates from 1999 & 2000 and it’s just a neighborhood of about 100 houses in the town of Ulmea in northern Sweden.
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  • Since this presentation is mostly pictures, I’ll add some real notes to reflect what I plan to say…
  • Own The Network

    1. 1. Own the Network A Radical Approach to Internet Connectivity Brough Turner, CTO, NMS Communications
    2. 2. Sweden 100 Mbps, $16/month Courtesy Lars Hedberg, The Swedish Urban Network Association Hammarbysjostad (Stockholm) Västerbotten (Northern Sweden)
    3. 3. US comparison…
    4. 4. But what to do? Telephony is not a “natural monopoly” — What about Internet connectivity? Regulation? Competition?
    5. 5. Be careful what you ask for…
    6. 6. Local Right-of-Way is a bottleneck
    7. 7. Using the right of way also has issues Photo by Dr. William T. Verts, http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~verts/things/things.html Swedish Urban Network Association
    8. 8. Cable bundles leading to one fiber per home
    9. 9. Who lights the fiber? At least 2 choices! <ul><li>Regulated monopoly lights the fibers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All homes get same speed(s) and are locked to those electronics until the whole neighborhood is upgraded </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homeowners pick an ISP to light their fiber </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homeowner selects the speeds & services desired </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Own (or Control) Individual Dark Fibers <ul><li>Condominium fiber </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Québec’s Villages Branchés program (2002) 62 school boards participate in commercial dark fiber coops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>18,000 km dark fiber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>184 new “non-dominant carriers” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 engineering firms; 10 fiber contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4332 buildings connected </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Community Association – Ulmea http://www.bjornerback.com/tomas/mattgrand/
    12. 12. Community Association – Ulmea 1 Gbps middle-km connection http://www.bjornerback.com/tomas/mattgrand/
    13. 13. Municipal dark fiber – Stockholm <ul><ul><li>Stokab AB founded 1994 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibre to the block – entire metro Stockholm </li></ul></ul>http:// www.stokab.se
    14. 14. Own (or Control) Individual Dark Fibers <ul><li>Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Existing (legacy) laws and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Vested interests </li></ul><ul><li>Path forward </li></ul><ul><li>Public & politicians notice US global rank </li></ul><ul><li>High tech community has some lobbying clout </li></ul><ul><li>Success models visible </li></ul>
    15. 15. Thank you ! Brough Turner [email_address] http://blogs.nmss.com/communications/