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World war ii pearl harbor
 

World war ii pearl harbor

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This is a power point about the events of Pearl Harbor.

This is a power point about the events of Pearl Harbor.

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    World war ii pearl harbor World war ii pearl harbor Presentation Transcript

    • World War II Pearl Harbor & Home Front
    • World War II- Pearl Harbor
      • After Germany defeated France in 1940, Japan took over French colonies in Southeast Asia. Japan also took over most of China.
      • Japan signed an alliance with Germany and Italy
      • The U.S. tried to stop the Japanese aggression by refusing to sell oil and scrap metal to them.
    • World War II- Pearl Harbor
      • In 1941, Japan asked the U.S. to lift its trade embargo.
      • The U.S. called Japan to withdraw its armies from China and the Southeast Asian colonies.
      • Neither side would compromise.
      • After the talks, Japan completed a plan on a secret attack.
    • World War II- Pearl Harbor
      • On Sunday morning, December 7, 1941, the American Pacific fleet was peacefully anchored at Pearl Harbor.
      • Suddenly, Japanese planes swept through the sky.
      • In less than 2 hours, they sunk or damaged 19 American ships.
    • World War II- Pearl Harbor
      • Japanese destroyed almost 200 American planes and killed 2400 people.
      • This was quite a gamble for the Japanese because they knew they didn’t stand a chance in a long war with the United States
    • World War II- Pearl Harbor
      • The next day, President Franklin Roosevelt announced, “Yesterday, December 7, 1941- a date which will live in infamy. . .”
      • Congress declared war on Japan.
      • In response, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States
    • World War II The Home Front
    • World War II-The Home Front
      • As production of war materials grew, consumer goods became scarce.
      • Government put limits on how much you could buy which is also known as rationing.
      • People were given ration coupons to buy sugar, coffee, meat, gasoline and other goods. Once your coupons were out, you could not buy any more.
    • World War II-The Home Front
      • To combat food shortages, many Americans planted “Victory Gardens.”
      • At the height of the war, more than 20 million victory gardens produced 40% of all vegetables grown in the country
      • To pay for the war, government raised taxes. It also borrowed money from millions of American citizens by selling war bonds. Movie stars helped.
    • World War II-The Home Front
      • The war ended the great depression because many jobs opened up in factories.
      • Minority workers found jobs where they had been rejected in the past.
      • Women gained jobs. Almost 5 million women entered the work force.
      • “ If you can drive a car you can run a machine”
    • World War II-The Home Front
      • Many women worked in offices while others welded, ran huge cranes and others drove busses and became police officers.
      • Rosie the Riveter, a fictional factory worker became a symbol of American women’s contribution to the war effort
    • World War II-The Home Front
      • The war brought suffering to many Japanese Americans.
      • Most lived in the west coast or in Hawaii.
      • After the attack on Pearl Harbor, many people on the west coast questioned the loyalty of Japanese Americans. They were thought to be spies and help Japan invade the United States. No evidence of disloyalty existed.
    • World War II-The Home Front
      • Yet, President Roosevelt signed an order allowing the army to move Japanese Americans from their homes to “relocation camps”
      • Many of the Japanese Americans were born in the United States.
      • About 110,000 Japanese Americans were forced to sell their homes, farms or businesses at great loss.
    • World War II-The Home Front
      • Despite unfair treatment, thousands of Japanese American men served in the armed forces.
      • Most were put in segregated units and sent to fight in Europe. Many won awards for bravery.
      • Years later, in 1988, Congress apologized to Japanese Americans and approved a compensation, repayment for their losses in the amount of $20,000 to every survivor of the camps.