Classical China
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Classical China

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Classical China Development and Contributions

Classical China Development and Contributions

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Classical China Classical China Presentation Transcript

  • Classical China
    Development and Accomplishments
    By Brittany Michaud
  • History
    Dynasties:
    • Zhou 1029 – 258 BCE
    • Qin 221 -202 BCE
    • Han 202 BCE – 220 CE
  • Zhou Dynasty
    • Did not establish strong government,
    • But started Mandate of Heaven political concept
    • Expanded settlement to “Middle Kingdom”
    • Cultivated rice and wheat
    • Attempted to bring cultural unity
    • Banning human sacrifice
    • Standard language
    • 402 – 201 BCE Era of Warring States
    • Downfall of Zhou
    • Regional rulers rebelled
  • Qin Dynasty
    • Qin Shi Huandi, first Emperor, brutal but effective
    • Assumed control of central feudal estates
    • Established centralizing government
    • Powerful armies protected Chinese territory
    • Built the Great Wall of China
    • Over 3,000 miles long, wide enough for chariots
    • Largest construction project in human history
    • Established national census; standardization of coins,
    weights, measures; uniform written script; irrigation; silk
    • Unpopular because of high taxes and attack on intellectuals
  • Han Dynasty
    • Lasted over 400 years
    • Centralized but less brutal than Qin
    • Expanded territory, expanded contact with other civilizations
    • Wu Ti (140 – 87 BCE) most famous Han ruler
    • Enforced peace through Asia
    • Brought great prosperity to China
    • Government had formal training based on Confucianism
    • Invasion by nomadic Huns ended dynasty
  • Philosophical Contributions
    • Confucianism
    • System of ethics
    • Creator: Kung Fuzi (Confucius)
    • Confucian order in book called Analects
    • Emphasized respect, obedience, proper hierarchy
    • Daoism
    • More religious philosophy
    • Laozi furthered and popularized Daoism
    • Produced division in religion and philosophy
    • Had own set of ethics
    • Emphasized nature and harmony, mystery and magic
  • Other Contributions
    • Gunpowder
    • Paper
    • Compass
    • Printing Press
    • Accurate calendar
    • Movement of planets Saturn, Jupiter
    • Seismograph to register earthquakes
    • Advanced acoustics
  • Works Cited
    "Chapter Two: Classical China." East-Asian-History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. <http://www.east-asian-history.net/textbooks/PM-China/ch2.htm>.
    "Classical Civilization: China." World Civilizations. Pearson Longman, 1995-2008. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. <http://wps.ablongman.com/long_stearns_wcap_4/18/4646/1189489.cw/index.html>.
    Smart, Richard. "Classical China And India." Upload & Share PowerPoint presentations and documents. 2007. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. <http://www.slideshare.net/learningsmart/classical-china-and-india>.