Academic Anxiety

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Our final presentation in our class, The Healthy Mind and Body. The PowerPoint analyzes what anxiety is, how it begins and contributes to academics, and what treatments are available.

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  • Common effects of fight or flight include: faster breathing, dry mouth, elevated blood pressure, cold and sweaty extremities, tense muscles, and increased heartbeat 90% of anxiety disorders are treatable.1/3 of Americans seek treatment
  • Ball State and Purdue conducted a study on 168 undergraduates and confirmed different levels of anxiety have a relationship with academic performance on tests.About thirty three students with high anxiety averaged a D on their test. About twelve with average anxiety also obtained a D on their test, but the majority of students had higher grades of A’s, B’s, and C’s. About fifty students who were quite confident and had relatively low anxiety earned a B in their test. Under ten received aD.The more anxiety you have, the less likely you are to perform well on a test.
  • Twoparts of the brain that are involved in the production of fear and anxiety is the amygdala and the hippocampus
  • Genetics: Some research suggests that family history can possibly lead to anxiety being passed on to future generations Brain chemistry: negative thoughts include exaggeration of the test importance, dwelling on the outcome after it has been taken, fearing of abandonment and low self-worth Environment: Some factors that contribute to the environment are competition and stressors.Competition: Academic competition between students is intense and the pressure can lead to uneasiness towards grades and exam scores.Stressor- any physical or psychological situation that produces stress. An example is academic stressorExamples are difficult coursework, exams, grades, oral presentations, and choosing the right major
  • Other caption other than mental preparation
  • Make an appendix for survey questions
  • Academic Anxiety

    1. 1. Academic Healthy Mind and Body, 450-01 Brittany Barney and Malik Gregory
    2. 2. Outline  What is anxiety?  Understanding anxiety  How does it begin?  Treatment/seeking help  How anxiety contributes to academics Coping/overcoming academic   The production of fear and anxiety  How test anxiety develops anxiety  Effects of anxiety  Relationship between anxiety & performance  Before, during, and after the test
    3. 3. What Is Anxiety?  18% of Americans are diagnosed with some form of anxiety  40 million people Americans  Anxiety is a physical response that communicates with the brain, allowing us to be aware of our surroundings.  Effects behavior and feelings  Triggered by stress  Involves worrying or uneasiness of a situation Anxiety
    4. 4. How Does Anxiety Begin?  Adrenalin is released and dopamine levels decrease  heightened attention to anxiety source  Triggers fight or flight response  Normal anxiety should not be viewed negatively.  Helps influence human beings to accomplish goals  Diagnosed as a disorder when symptoms become more frequent and chronic
    5. 5. How Anxiety Contributes To Academics  Test Anxiety:  type of performance anxiety that a person experiences when their expectations of their performance are set to a high standard.  Ball State and Purdue University  The Scholastic Aptitude Test  168 undergraduate students (Cassady, J., & Johnson, R, 2002)
    6. 6. The Production of Fear and Anxiety Amygdala: communicates with other parts of the brain that process incoming signals Hippocampus: encodes threatening events into memories http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_zPXYxK EBk Alemán-Gómez, Y., MelieGarcía, L., & ValdésHernández, P., 2006
    7. 7. How Test Anxiety Develops  Genetics  family history  Brain Chemistry  Chemical imbalance of neurotransmitters  prevents nerve cells from receiving vital information  Negative thoughts  Environment  Competition  Stressors
    8. 8. Understanding Anxiety  Test anxiety can hinder someone tremendously  Overall, anxiety is normal  Anxiety can either be good or bad  Identify the source of the anxiety & try to effectively deal with it
    9. 9. Treatment/ Seeking Help Medication (Prescription Drugs)  Antidepressants  Anti-anxiety drugs  Beta-blockers  SSRIs  Tricyclics  MAOIs Therapy  Psychotherapy  talking with a mental health professional to identify the type of anxiety and the symptoms correlating with that particular type of anxiety.  Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  Cognitive  Changing the thinking patterns  Behavioral Changing the reaction to anxiety
    10. 10. Coping/Overcoming Academic Anxiety Mind-Body Relaxation  Deep Breathing  Progressive muscle relaxation  Imagery  Cognitive approach  Meditation Mental Preparation  Realistically evaluating the significance of an exam or presentation  Meditation; mental relaxation  Confidence & Positively thinking  Visualization
    11. 11. Effects of Anxiety  Physiological  Rapid heart rate, sweating, knot in stomach, headache  Behavioral  Indecisive about answers, unable to organize thoughts, going blank  Psychological  Feelings of nervousness, restless, low confidence
    12. 12. Relationship between Anxiety & Performance
    13. 13. Before the Test  Avoid cramming & procrastination  Ask important questions  Pay close attention to what the      professor goes over a lot in class Test yourself Eat a healthy breakfast Be on time Come into the testing room with confidence Stay positive & positively visualize success
    14. 14. During the Test  Use test taking strategies & continue with confidence  Read the directions & questions carefully  Read the directions & questions more than once  Pace yourself  Look through the test before attacking it  Remember to relax and stay positive throughout the whole test
    15. 15. After the Test  Completely forget about the test  Be happy that the test is over  Relax completely after taking the test  Staying positive after taking the test  Positively visualize success as an outcome of taking the test
    16. 16. Sources  Academic Anxiety Syndrome and Its Treatment by Anxiety Task Force. (n.d.). Smart Family System. Retrieved November 10, 2013, from http://smartfamilysystem.com/academic_anxiety_syndrome.html  Alemán-Gómez, Y., Melie-García, L., & Valdés-Hernández, P. (2006, November 7). Individual Brain Atlas Process. IBASPM:Individual Brain Atlases using Statistical Parametric Mapping Software. Retrieved November 20, 2013, from http://www.thomaskoenig.ch/Lester/ibaspm.htm  Anxiety Disorders. (n.d.). National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml  Anxiety Disorders: Types, Causes, and Symptoms. (n.d.). ReachOut Blog. Retrieved November 20, 2013, from http://us.reachout.com/facts/factsheet/anxiety-disorders-types-causes-and-symptoms  Cassady, J., & Johnson, R. (2002). Cognitive Test Anxiety And Academic Performance. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 27(2), 270295.  Cornell University. (n.d.). Understanding Academic Anxiety. Retrieved November 22, 2013, from Cornell University: http://lsc.cornell.edu/Sidebars/Study_Skills_Resources/anxiety.pdf  Debra Clough-Stokan, S. H. (n.d.). Academic Anxiety Syndrome and It's Treatment By Anxiety Task Force. Retrieved November 22, 2013, from Smart Family System: http://smartfamilysystem.com/academic_anxiety_syndrome.html  Edlin, G., & Golanty, E. (2010). Mental Health and Mental Illness. Health & wellness (10th ed., p. 73). Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.  Facts & Statistics. (n.d.). Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.adaa.org/about-adaa/press-room/facts-statistics  Nordqvist, C. (2009, February 10). "What is Anxiety? What Causes Anxiety? What To Do About It.." Medical News Today. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/7603.
    17. 17. Sources Continued  Stanford University Medical Center (2009, December 30). Brain scans show distinctive patterns in people with generalized anxiety disorder. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 22, 2013, from http://www.sciencedaily.com-/releases/2009/12/091207164850.htm  Stress and anxiety. (n.d.). Medline Plus. Retrieved October 9, 2013, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003211.htm  Study Skills Library. (n.d.). Student Academic Services. Retrieved November 22, 2013, from Cal Poly: http://www.sas.calpoly.edu/asc/ssl/testanxiety.html  Test Anxiety. (2006, October 23). Retrieved November 22, 2013, from Minnesota State University Mankato: http://www.mnsu.edu/counseling/students/tanxiety.html  Test Anxiety. (n.d.). Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA. Retrieved November 20, 2013, from https://www.adaa.org/living-with-anxiety/children/test-anxiety  Test Anxiety. (n.d.). TeensHealth. Retrieved October 30, 2013, from http://kidshealth.org/teen/homework/tips/test_anxiety.html  The National Institute of Mental Health. (n.d.). Anxiety Disorders. Retrieved November 22, 2013, from The Natioanl Institute of Mental Health: http://www.nimh.nih.gov//index.shtml  Understanding Academic Anxiety. (n.d.). Cornell University Learning Strategies Center. Retrieved October 9, 2013, from http://lsc.cornell.edu/Sidebars/Study_Skills_Resources/F13%20updated%20pdfs%20of%20study%20skills%20resource s/Understanding%20Academic%20Anxiety.pdf  What Are Anxiety Disorders? (n.d.). Global Medical Education. Retrieved November 22, 2013, from http://www.gmeded.com/gme-info-graphics/what-are-anxiety-disorders

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