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Gender &
Communication
Courtney Ralston, Charlotte
Stein, and Brittani Everett
Boys vs. Girls…
In our presentation of
Gender and
Communication we will
explain to you what
Genderlect, Standpoint,
and M...
Genderlect
 The theorist behind Genderlect is Deborah Tannen, a
University Professor and Professor of Linguistics at
Geor...
Genderlect
MEN
 Men are not comfortable in
serious conversations
 Men tend toward
independence
 Men are concerned with
...
Genderlect
MEN
 Want to be respected by
their peers
 Asymmetrical status
WOMEN
 Want to be liked by their
peers
 Symme...
Genderlect
RAPPORT TALK
 Typical conversational
style of women which
seeks to establish a
connection with others
REPORT T...
Storytelling
MEN
 While in serious conversations
men often talk of themselves as
“heroes”, acting alone to
overcome great...
Listening
 Women maintain eye contact and
verbalize their attentiveness, “uh huh” and
“right”.
 Men see this as agreeing...
Theorists & Arguments
 Gilligan
 Men-moral maturity>justice>what is right; the law
 Women-more judgment>sensitivity to ...
“Understanding the styles is a
better way to overcome
conflict”
 Cooperative overlap- interruption in an agreeing nature
...
Standpoint Theory
standpoint is a place from which we view the world around us
 “The social groups within which we are lo...
Standpoint Theory
 When people speak from the opposite sides of power
relations, the perspective for the lives of the les...
Standpoint Theory
 Gender is a cultural construction rather than
biological characteristics
 a system of meanings that s...
Muted Group Theory
"women perceive the world differently from men
because of women’s and men’s different experience
and ac...
Muted Group Theorists
 The basis for muted group theory comes
from the work of Edwin Ardener and his wife
Shirley, who re...
Muted Group Theory
 Muted Group Theory- people with little
power who have trouble giving voice to their
perceptions becau...
MEN, MEN, MEN, women,
MEN
 Everything is male dominated, including :
 Language
 “even playing field” is directed toward...
3 points of Kramarae’s Muted Group Theory
 First, men and women look at the world
differently, and because they look at t...
Muted Group Theory
 Women (and other minority groups) deal
with the consequences of MGT daily,
especially at work.
 We’v...
Black hole of society
 A concern of the feminists and theorists
involved with MG is that if the minority is
continued to ...
Paula Treichler and Cheris
Kramarae’s Feminist
Dictionary
 Appearance- a woman’s appearance is her work uniform…a woman’s...
Feminism is
the radical
notion that
women are
people.
-Cheris Kramarae and Paula Treichler
(Kramarae, 2010)
A sketch about...
•Refers to the language of men
and women and how different we
speak, listen, and interpret things.
Genderlect
•Refers to h...
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Transcript of "Gender comm presentation"

  1. 1. Gender & Communication Courtney Ralston, Charlotte Stein, and Brittani Everett
  2. 2. Boys vs. Girls… In our presentation of Gender and Communication we will explain to you what Genderlect, Standpoint, and Muted Group Theories are.
  3. 3. Genderlect  The theorist behind Genderlect is Deborah Tannen, a University Professor and Professor of Linguistics at Georgetown University (Tannen, 2009)  She has concluded that men and women often talk past each other.  “Genderlect” means gender dialect.  The term was not coined by Tannen but it “nicely captures her belief that masculine and feminine styles of discourse are best viewed as two distinct cultural dialects rather than an inferior or superior ways of speaking.” (Griffin, 2009)  Cross cultural encounter without crossing a geographical boundary  Two different cultural dialects rather than inferior or superior
  4. 4. Genderlect MEN  Men are not comfortable in serious conversations  Men tend toward independence  Men are concerned with status and power  Where do they stand on the hierarchy of competitive accomplishments. WOMEN  Women are comfortable in serious conversations  Women tend toward intimacy  Women want to have a communion with others
  5. 5. Genderlect MEN  Want to be respected by their peers  Asymmetrical status WOMEN  Want to be liked by their peers  Symmetrical connection
  6. 6. Genderlect RAPPORT TALK  Typical conversational style of women which seeks to establish a connection with others REPORT TALK  Typical monologue style of men which tends to demand attention, convey information, and even arguments
  7. 7. Storytelling MEN  While in serious conversations men often talk of themselves as “heroes”, acting alone to overcome great obstacles.  When in light hearted conversations they often tell jokes in a “top that one” fashion. WOMEN  Women often tell stories of others in an effort to bring people together.  If a woman tells a story of herself, it is usually one of her doing something foolish. This down plays her to her audience and puts them on the same level.
  8. 8. Listening  Women maintain eye contact and verbalize their attentiveness, “uh huh” and “right”.  Men see this as agreeing which threatens his “status” thus he doesn’t do it often appearing as if he isn’t listening.  Cooperative overlap- interruption is an agreeing nature  Men see this as a power move to central the conversation’ think then tend to change to a different topic  Tending to irritate women because it is unfinished or unresolved.
  9. 9. Theorists & Arguments  Gilligan  Men-moral maturity>justice>what is right; the law  Women-more judgment>sensitivity to others; loyalty; self-sacrifice; peace making.  Tannen  Men tend to offer selections while women just want understanding.  Arguments against theory  Even though women tend to do it better both sexes place equal importance in comforting communication  Men understand quite well what women want but will only give in if it suits them and will not allow women to make them give in.
  10. 10. “Understanding the styles is a better way to overcome conflict”  Cooperative overlap- interruption in an agreeing nature  Men see this as a power move to control the conversation; men then tend to change to a different topic. This tends to irritate women because it is unfinished or unresolved.  Tag question: short question at the end of a declarative statement often used by women to lessen the sting of potential disagreement or invite friend by dialogue.  Men are more comfortable with conflict; women see it as a threat to being connected.  Sensitivity training for men/assertiveness training for women  “Understanding the styles is a better way to overcome conflict”
  11. 11. Standpoint Theory standpoint is a place from which we view the world around us  “The social groups within which we are located powerfully shape what we experience and know as well as how we understand and communicate with ourselves, others, and the world.” (Griffin, 2009)  Standpoint Theory rose among several feminists including Dorothy Smith, Nancy Hartstock, Donna Haraway, Sandra Harding, Alison Wylie, and Patricia Hill Collins.  Standpoint theorists suggest…  We can use the inequalities of gender, race, class, and sexual orientation to observe how different locations within the social hierarchy tend to generate distinctive accounts of nature and social relationships...specifically…  When people speak from the opposite sides of power relations, the perspective for the lives of the less powerful can provide more objective view of the more powerful.
  12. 12. Standpoint Theory  When people speak from the opposite sides of power relations, the perspective for the lives of the less powerful can provide more objective view of the more powerful.  Equate “less powerful” to women who can create a feminist standpoint in they feel oppressed thus they claim that a feminist standpoint is more objective.  Proletarian standpoint  impoverished poor who provide sweat equity are societies ideal knowers, as long as they understand the class struggle in which they are involved. In English, the people doing the job know more about what is going on then the bosses with a capacity to grasp the underlying structures of the social order.
  13. 13. Standpoint Theory  Gender is a cultural construction rather than biological characteristics  a system of meanings that sculptures individuals standpoints by most males and females in desperate material, social, and symbolic circumstances.
  14. 14. Muted Group Theory "women perceive the world differently from men because of women’s and men’s different experience and activities rooted in the division of labor” (Kramarae, 1981) -Cheris Kramarae
  15. 15. Muted Group Theorists  The basis for muted group theory comes from the work of Edwin Ardener and his wife Shirley, who realized that language was male dominated and the language hierarchy was crippling for women. However, the most noted theorist is Cheris Kramarae.  Kramarae, a sociolinguistic professor at the University of Illinois, in the Department of Speech Communication. (Kramarae, 1988)
  16. 16. Muted Group Theory  Muted Group Theory- people with little power who have trouble giving voice to their perceptions because they must re-encode their thoughts to make them understood in the public sphere—women. (Griffin, 2008)  Kramarae discovered that in children’s cartoons, women where rarely present and if they were a limited amount had a speaking role. Take Charlie Brown for example, I believe we all remember what his ADULT FEMALE teacher said, “Wah wah woh wah wah”.
  17. 17. MEN, MEN, MEN, women, MEN  Everything is male dominated, including :  Language  “even playing field” is directed towards males because they play more field sports then women.  There are more than 200 derogatory terms for a loose female and only 22 for a man. (Griffin, 2008.)  Internet  If you where to look up “Men of the internet” you’d more than likely get people like Bill Gates but if you looked up “women of the internet” you’d get pornography.
  18. 18. 3 points of Kramarae’s Muted Group Theory  First, men and women look at the world differently, and because they look at the world differently, they do different jobs in society.  Second, men are politically dominate and suppress women’s ideas and meaning though public support.  Finally, women must translate their meanings, thoughts, and their feelings into man’s terms in order to communicate.
  19. 19. Muted Group Theory  Women (and other minority groups) deal with the consequences of MGT daily, especially at work.  We’ve all heard of the phrase “glass ceiling” but to clarify how it affects this theory, a glass ceiling is barrier that prevents a competent, deserving person from advancing in their work place due to discrimination, especially sexism and racism.
  20. 20. Black hole of society  A concern of the feminists and theorists involved with MG is that if the minority is continued to be ignored it will eventually disappear completely.  Kramarae feels that men mean to be demeaning and hush women.
  21. 21. Paula Treichler and Cheris Kramarae’s Feminist Dictionary  Appearance- a woman’s appearance is her work uniform…a woman’s concern with her appearance is not a result of brainwashing; it is a reaction to necessity.  Guilt- the emotion that stops women from doing what they may need to do to take care of themselves as opposed to everyone else.  Ms.-a form of address being adopted by women who want to be recognized as individuals rather than by being identified by their relationship with a man.  Pornography-pornography is the theory and rape is the action.  Parenthood- a condition which often brings dramatic changes to new mothers—”loss of job, income, and status; Severing of networks and social contacts; and adjustments to being a ‘housewife.’ Most new fathers do not report similar social dislocations. (Griffin, 2008)  MORE ON PAGE 462 of our textbook.
  22. 22. Feminism is the radical notion that women are people. -Cheris Kramarae and Paula Treichler (Kramarae, 2010) A sketch about how men portray women… Table Monster
  23. 23. •Refers to the language of men and women and how different we speak, listen, and interpret things. Genderlect •Refers to how we view the world around us. How social groups see things differently, especially women and minorities. Standpoint •Women are kept nearly silent by men by the language we speak, our work place, and the internet. The world is male dominated Muted Group
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