Early American Writers NotesPresentation Transcript
Early American Writing1600-1800 Native Americans Explorers and Early Settlers Puritans
The Lure of Land History demonstrates that people often see land as power. Therefore civilization after civilization fought and continue to fight for ownership of land. i.e. Roman Empire, British Imperialism, the moon? What entitles man to claim land as his own?
Exploration Seek adventure New routes Fame and glory Find riches What is it that causes people to seek out the unknown?
Europeans Meet Native Americans Ordinary people describe the countryside, the hardships, and the natives they encounter. William Wood-Massachusetts Bay Colony William Bradford-governor of Plymouth Plantation
From Colony to Country Jamestown-1st permanent colony 1607 Considered themselves as British subjects without representation in Britain Britain protected –French and Indian War Britain taxed—Colonists protested Result-Declaration of Independence 1776 Result-Constitution of the United States 1788
Puritans English Protestants who wanted to “purify” the Church of England for simpler rules Came to America to escape persecution John Winthrop believed that all humans are sinful and only the “elect” would be saved All work and no play Became wealthy Religiously strict and intolerant
Enlightenment Question government powers Move toward democracy-government by the people People have basic rights: “give me liberty or give me death” Leaders of the American Enlightenment Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson Patrick Henry Thomas Paine
Great Awakening Renewed religious fervor Preacher Jonathan Edwards Unified colonists that a higher power was helping then to break from Britain’s control.
Native American Literature Different cultures and languages Story-telling Oral tradition “..alive within each of us…living in our blood” Common themes: reverence for nature and polytheism
Explorers and Early settlers Accurate first hand accounts gave way to more exaggerated stories of colonial life. Captain John Smith encouraging more settlers.
Puritan Writers Direct, powerful, plain language Useful as a religious tool Vivid imagery Cotton Mather’s and Jonathan Edward’s sermons Anne Bradstreet’s and Edward Taylor’s religious poetry