Introduction to Social Media

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I presented these slides to a class of graduate students at Golden Gate University in San Francisco.

I presented these slides to a class of graduate students at Golden Gate University in San Francisco.

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  • 1. Introduction to Social Media October 22, 2008 Michael Brito
  • 2. What is Web 2.0?
    • Web 2.0 is a term often applied to a perceived ongoing transition of the World Wide Web from a collection of websites to a full fledged computing platform serving web applications to end users.
    Source: Wikipedia “ Second generation of internet based web services.” Web 2.0
  • 3.
    • The rise of Web 2.0 technology has ushered in a era where people are talking, ranting, complaining, praising, reviewing, and sharing everything online for the world to see.
    • They are talking about products, services, companies, experiences (bad or good) and providing their feedback, on their terms.
    • They demand to be heard!
  • 4. Social Media A Shift to Publishing a Conversation Institutional Voice Audience Traditional Social Media Blogs Communities Traditional online tactics focus on crafting institutional messages and assets then mass distributing them to a core audience. Social Media focuses on enabling and publishing a conversation between multiple parties where the community has a steak in the dialogue
  • 5. Social Media Robert Scoble’s Social Media Starfish (Image source: Robert Scoble & Darren Barefoot )
  • 6. Social Media Defined Social Media Social media describes the online tools (created with Web 2.0 applications) that people use to share opinions, experiences, and perspectives with each other. A few prominent examples of social media applications are Wikipedia (reference), MySpace (social networking), YouTube (video sharing), Second Life (virtual reality), Digg (news sharing), Flickr (photo sharing) and Miniclip (game sharing). These sites typically use technologies such as blogs, wikis, message boards, podcasts, wikis, and vlogs to allow users to engage and interact with eachother.
  • 7. Social Media Defined User-generated content, Consumer-generated media User-generated content ( UGC ) refers to various kinds of media content that is produced or primarily influenced by end-users ; as opposed to traditional media outlets. Consumer-generated media (CGM) describes word-of-mouth behavior that exists on the Internet. Typically, consumer-generated media encompasses opinions, experiences, advice and commentary about products, brands, companies and services—usually informed by personal experience —that exist in consumer-created postings on Internet discussion boards, forums, Usenet newsgroups and blogs.
  • 8. Social Media Defined Social bookmarking, Social Media Optimization Social Bookmarking is a method for Internet users to store, organize, search, and manage bookmarks of web pages on the Internet with the help of metadata. Social media optimization is about implementing changes to a site (or blog) so that others can easily link to it, tag it, post a comment to it; and then submit it to social bookmarking sites; making it social media ready!
  • 9. Social Media Optimization (SMO) 5 Rules of Social Media Optimization
    • Increase Linkability
    • Make tagging and bookmarking easy
    • Reward inbound links
    • Help your content travel
    • Encourage the mashup
    Source: Rohit Bhargava, Vice President for Interactive Marketing with Ogilvy Public Relations Worldwide http://rohitbhargava.typepad.com
  • 10. Social Media Optimization (SMO) 5 Rules of Social Media Optimization
    • Increase Linkability
    • Make tagging and bookmarking easy
    • Reward inbound links
    • Help your content travel
    • Encourage the mashup
    Source: Rohit Bhargava, Vice President for Interactive Marketing with Ogilvy Public Relations Worldwide http://rohitbhargava.typepad.com
  • 11. Social Media Optimization (SMO) Increase Linkability
    • Blogging
    • White papers
    • Thought pieces
    • Flash demos
    • 2-way dialogue
    Remember, the key is to have content that “engages” others and makes them want to link to your site.
  • 12. Social Media Optimization (SMO) Make tagging and bookmarking easy
      • Adding quick buttons to "add to del.icio.us“
      • Making sure pages include a list of relevant tags
      • Adding tags to pages first on popular social sites
    A “tag” is just a word(s) that describe content. Tags that describe the content Easy to bookmark and add to Social Media Sites
  • 13. Social Media Optimization (SMO) Help your content travel; be EVERYWHERE
    • SMO is not just about making changes to a site.  When you have content that can be portable (such as PDFs, video, podcasts)
    • Submitting them to relevant sites will help your content travel further, and ultimately drive links back to your site
    • RSS – allow others to subscribe to your content  
    The end goal is to achieve Omnipresence
  • 14. Before you jump into social media head first There is some planning involved
  • 15. Forrester Research The POST method
    • People: Assess your customers’ social activates and understand if they even participate in social media.
    • Objectives: Decide what you want to accomplish.
    • Strategy: Plan for how your relationship with customers change.
    • Technology: Decide which social media technologies to use (communities, blogs, twitter, Facebook, etc.)
  • 16. Forrester Research Social Technographics Latter of Participation
  • 17. Forrester Research The POST method – Social Media Objectives
    • Listening - using social media as “real time” research and gaining insights from listening to customers
    • Talking - using conversations with customers to promote products or services
    • Energizing - building brand stewardship; and identifying enthusiastic customers and using them to persuade others
    • Supporting - making it possible for customers to help each other
    • Embracing - turning customers into a resource for innovation
  • 18.
    • Participation
    • Full Disclosure
    • Two–way Conversation
    • Building a sense of community
    • Connection
    • Collaboration
    • Facilitation (facilitating something that is ALREADY happening)
    Distinctive Qualities of Social Media
  • 19.
    • Consumers trust each other first
      • Losing faith in corporate messages
    • Forrester Study
      • Consumers trust in ads plunged 41% in last three years
      • 69% of them are interested in products/services that lets them avoid ads
      • 92% cite that “WOM” is the best source for researching new products
      • Most people trust discussion boards/forums/wikis/blogs than ads in the media
    Trends of Social Media Forrester Research
  • 20.
    • Study showed that …
      • 77% of online shoppers read consumer product reviews and ratings before making a purchase
      • $2 Billion of online travel purchases a year are affected by social media
      • 24% of online car shoppers have changes their mind about a vehicles purchase based on social media
      • 51% of journalists read blogs for story ideas
      • 28% of top search engine results are social media sites
    Trends of Social Media Juniper Research
  • 21.
    • Social media is about conversations and relationships
    • Customers are in control, but not total control because you CAN participate
    • People do not want to me marketed to; they want to be heard and can relate more to another human than a banner ad
    • It’s not just about great content, it’s about relationships
    • Chances are there is a conversation going on online about your products or services, or even the business itself. Are you going to participate, or let someone else?
    Final Thoughts … but wait, there are two more slides
  • 22.
    • Key characteristics
    • Transparency: forthright & honest, not always positive.
    • Active Listening: responsive to dialogue
    • Voice of many
    • Conversational
    • Facilitate and enable 2 way communication
    • Contributing to brand & marketing goals: Bottom line this is for a marketing end.
    What is social media at Intel? Focused in the conversation not at conversation
  • 23.
    • Books
      • Cluetrain Manifesto
      • Groundswell
      • Naked Conversations
      • Personality Not Included
    • Blogs
      • Jeremiah Owyang: http://www.web-strategist.com/
      • Chris Brogan: http://www.chrisbrogan.com
      • Social Media Literacy Project: http://socialmediaclub.pbwiki.com/Project:+Media+Literacy
      • Mashable: http://mashable.com/
      • Michael Brito: http://www.britopian.com
    Social Media Resources Blogs, books and other stuff