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Communicating with Others

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  • 1.  There are many key factors in having successful communication with others Joseph Devito says that communication is, “ the act, by one or more persons, of sending and receiving messages that are distorted by noise, occur within a context a, have some effect, and provide some opportunity for feedback” (Marteney & Sterk, 3). For successful communication one must speak to the receiver of the message clearly, the message must go through noise. Now the receiver will interpret the message on how well the transmitter expressed their message. Lastly the receiver will let the source know if the idea or message was clearly understood.
  • 2. ENCODESDECODESSENDER------ MESSAGE------CHANNEL-----RECEIVERNOISE NOISE NOISE NOISE NOISE NOISE NOISE NOISE NOISE NOISEFEEDBACK
  • 3.  In a relationship communication is vital for the relationship to be a happy and lasting one. Each partner needs to people able to send their message properly in order for the other to understand clearly. It is the senders primary responsibility for the success or failure of the communication In a classroom the teacher needs to be able to communicate with the students properly in order for them to have a successful learning experience. It starts with the teacher and how he or she sends the messages. The receiver, the students, must be listening in order to capture the message correctly.
  • 4.  Sender: the source of the message. They have the information that they want to share with someone else. The sender has the primary responsibility for the success or failure of the communication. The sender has the control over more of the variables in the communication process Encoding: the process in which the source takes an idea or thought and selects verbal and nonverbal symbols from their environment to send which accurately represents the idea or thought. Message: the content of the communication Channel: the medium through which the message passes. The channels are our senses like sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell. “ the medium is the message”. Receiver: the target audience of the message. They have accountability for their communication behaviors by listening with respect and providing accurate feedback. Feedback: The information that is sent back to the source. It gives the sender and idea of how accurately they sent the message by what the feedback is from the receiver. Noise: anything that disrupts or distorts the communication process. It could be noises around the communication.
  • 5.  Verbal Communication: is communication that uses language. Daily verbal communication is used by 9% writing, 16% reading, 30% speaking, and 45% listening. Nonverbal Communication: is the exchange of messages through non- linguistic means. Body language, facial expressions and eye contact are all forms of nonverbal communication. The vibe you give off to others will affect your communication positively or negatively. It is like the phrase actions speak louder than words. A person may be saying “No” but everything else about their body language and expressions is saying “Yes”. COMMUNICATION SUCCESS RELIES ON VERBAL AND NONVERBAL CONSISTENCY
  • 6. There are 5 communication environments Intrapersonal: communication with oneself. Thinking or talking to oneself. Interpersonal: personal communication with people you know. The interactants are in close proximity to each other. Small Group: at least one to three and no more than 12 or fifteen people in a small group. Small group members are able to communicate openly with all members of the group. The group must have a common goal. Group members will then develop their roles. Community: a set of more than fifteen people who exist together with some shared element. It is a group of people who interact with one another. Mass: the transmission of messages which may be processed by gate keepers or filters prior to being sent to large audiences. It is communication from one person or group of people through a transmitting device to large audience. Examples are television, newspapers, radio, etc.
  • 7.  Miscommunication usually leads to an argument because it causes conflict. This happens very often An argument starts by a disagreement, confusion, or ignorance about an idea or thought which the arguer wants to resolve The end goal of an argument is to reach a conclusion which is persuasive enough to convince someone of something.
  • 8. Truth: the complete accuracy of propositions, statements, sentences, assertions, and beliefs. On any subject there can be one and only one truth The threshold of truth is measured as absolute certainty Truth is tied to self-esteem, if a single truth exist there are two communicative problems (1) we do not know who knows it (2) we do not know if it can be accurately communicated to others Arguing over truth promotes dogmatism Acquiring truth is not the goal of a course in argumentation and critical thinkingValidity: an arguments internal consistency. It is the strength of our conclusions, inferences or propositions. On any one subject there can be valid positions. Validity is tied to the information available Arguing for the most valid position= open mindedness How to recognize valid positions and finding out which position is the most valid is the goal in argumentation and critical thinking
  • 9. 0%---------25%-------50%------75%-------99%Opinion Assertion Inference FactStatements of opinion: not founded to be any observable proof, no certaintyStatements of assertion: made emphatically with no supporting evidence. It is an unsupported statement or claimStatements of inference: based on observation and experience. It has a moderate degree of certaintyStatements of Fact: something that is commonly accepted in the current environment. It is based on verifiable evidence.