An acrostic poem takes a word and makes each
letter the first line of a poem. The words do not have
An acrostic poem
Can be about anything,
Of course, some people like to
Start each line as a sentence,
I prefer weaving words into a
Creation that is more freeform.
Here’s another acrostic poem:
Hockey is my favorite
sport On the ice or
street Cool and fun Keep
on playing Exercise and
stronger You should try it!
Haiku poems have 3 lines that don’t rhyme; they
often have a nature theme. Each line must have
a certain number of syllables:
1st line: 5 syllables
2nd line: 7 syllables
3rd line: 5 syllables
The red blossom bends
and drips its dew to the ground.
Like a tear it falls
Here’s another haiku poem.
An old silent pond . . .
A frog jumps into the pond,
Splash! Silence again.
Lines 1, 2, and 5 have seven to ten syllables and
rhyme with one another. Lines 3 and 4 have
five to seven syllables and also rhyme with each
There was an Old Man with a beard,
Who said, 'It is just as I feared!
Two Owls and a Hen,
Four Larks and a Wren,
Have all built their nests in my
Another limerick . . .
There once was a turkey named Chummy,
My mom thought he might be quite yummy.
He waddled away
On Thanksgiving Day
But still ended up in my tummy!
Examples of Hyperbole:
I'm so hungry I could eat a whole
My backpack weighs a ton!
Can you think of some others?
Find the examples of hyperbole in this poem:
The Christmas Tree
Momma bought a tree bigger than Jack’s giant.
The branches were so long
They gave each other huge bear hugs.
It took a million lights
To even make the tree seem half awake
And a thousand gifts to soothe
The giant’s appetite.
Onomatopoeia is the use of words that sound like
the noises they describe.
Ex: zing, poof, whack, plop, click, thud
Make splishes and sploshes
And sloshes and sloshes
As Susie steps slowly
Along in the slush.
Personification is a type of figurative language in
which writers give an animal, object or idea human
qualities, such as the ability to hear, feel, and talk.
EX: The trash can gobbled their papers.
Examples of Personification:
From Lonesome Dove by Larry McMurtry
The wind howled across the flat plain, and
the sand seemed to sing as it skimmed the
Repetition means “to repeat” something. It is the
use of any element of language – a sound, word,
phrase or sentence – more than once.
From Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address:
“. . . this nation, under God, shall have a new
birth of freedom – and that government of
the people, by the people, for the people,
shall not perish from this earth.”
Words within a line of poetry rhyme with each
From “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I
pondered, weak and weary
Also from “The Raven” . . .
Over many quaint and curious volume of
forgotten lore –
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly
there came a tapping
As of some one gently rapping, rapping at
my chamber door
“ ‘Tis some visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at
my chamber door --”
The writer of a poem or prose continues
throughout the poem or literary work.
EX: (As you already know!)
In the poem “O Captain! My Captain!”
Walt Whitman compares Abraham Lincoln
to the captain of a ship. The ship
represents the United States.
Another example of an extended metaphor can be found in Little Bee
by Chris Cleave:
The flatscreen was showing BBC News 24 with the sound
down. They were running a segment on the war. Smoke
was rising above one of the countries involved. Don’t ask
me which – I’d lost track by that stage. The war was four
years old. It had started in the same month my son was
born, and they’d grown up together. At first, both of them
were a huge shock and demanded constant attention, but
as each year went by, they became more autonomous and
one could start to take one’s eye off them for extended
periods. Sometimes a particular event would cause me
momentarily to look at one or the other of them – my son,
or the war – and at times like these I would always think,
Gosh, haven’t you grown?