Cubism Lecture 4/10/13
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Cubism Lecture 4/10/13



Cubism Lecture 4/10/13

Cubism Lecture 4/10/13

By Bridget Alaniva, Laura Neumann & Libby Gamble

Mr. Read's 4th Hour Mod Lit Class



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Cubism Lecture 4/10/13 Cubism Lecture 4/10/13 Presentation Transcript

  • Cubism Laura Neumann, Bridget Alaniva,and Libby Gamble
  • Scientific Advances• Theory of the atom introduced by Albert Einstein, Max Planck, Neils Bohr• Einsteins Theory of Relativity• Bohr’s Quantum Theory• As a result, all of the old theories of space, matter and time were shattered
  • Technological Advances• Inventions such as…-Cinematography-Photography-Sound recording
  • Technological Advances-Telephone-Airplane
  • Technological AdvancesPainting V. Photography
  • “Cubism is like standing at acertain point on a mountain andlooking around. If you go higher, things will look different; if you go lower again they will look different. It is a point of view.” - Jacques Lapchitz
  • How Cubism got it’s name• French art critic Louis Vauxcelles said that geometric shapes in Braques piece “House at L’ Estaque” looked like cubes.
  • Multiple view points
  • Kitties!
  • Cubist Kitty
  • African Sculpture InfluenceAfrican Masks Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
  • Cezanne Influence “Everything in nature takes its form from the sphere, the cone, and the cylinder.”- Cezanne -Cezanne focused on the colors and the shapes that stood out in nature
  • Picasso & Léger• Pablo Picasso •Fernand Léger•1881 – 1973 •1881 – 1955• Spanish painter, sculptor, • French painter, sculptor,printmaker, ceramist, and stage filmmaker, designed mosaicsdesigner • Involved in Cubism, Tubism,• Died at the age of 91 and Modernism• Cofounder of Cubism • Used mechanical forms
  • Child Holding a Dove – Picasso 1901
  • Family of Saltimbanques – Picasso 1905
  • Braque & GrisGeorges Braque (1882-1963) Joan Gris (1887-1927)
  • View from the Hotel Mistral, L’ EstaqueBraque 1907
  • Grand NuBraque 1908
  • The Bowl of GrapesBraque 1926
  • Analytical Cubism 1909-1912• More intellectual stage of cubism• Cubist painters broke down the surface of objects into basic geometrical shapes• Monochromatic (greys, blacks, browns)• Used planes, facets, and angles to create multiple perspectives
  • 3 principals of facets• Painted on a slight angle, vertical to canvas surface• Overlap and cast shadows over each other• Edges dissolve, allowed facets to leak into each other (influenced by Cezanne)
  • Les Demoiselles d’Avignon – Picasso 1914
  • Three Women – Picasso 1907-1908
  • Woman’s Head (Fernande) – Picasso 1909
  • Le Compotier Sur la Table – Léger 1909
  • Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler – Picasso 1910
  • Seated Nude – Picasso 1909-1910
  • Nudes in the Forest – Léger 1909-1911
  • Portrait of Chess Players – Duchamp 1911
  • Bride – Duchamp 1912
  • Still Life – Picasso 1912
  • Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2 – Duchamp 1912
  • Violin and Grapes – Picasso 1912
  • Woman in Blue – Léger 1912
  • Road Near L’ EstaqueBraque 1908
  • Violin and CandlestickBraque 1910
  • Man with GuitarBraque 1911-12
  • Glass on TableBraque 1909
  • Bottle and FishesBraque 1910
  • Clarinet and Bottle of Rum on MantlepieceBraque 1911
  • Houses at L’ EstaqueBraque 1908
  • Le Portugais (The Emigrant)Braque 1911-12
  • Violin and PalatteBraque 1909
  • Still Life with FlowersGris 1912
  • Houses In ParisGris 1911
  • Still Life with Musical InstrumentsBraque 1908
  • MandoraBraque 1909-1910
  • The Church of Carriéres - Saint DenisBraque (1909)
  • Piano and MandolaBraque 1909-1910
  • Orphism 1910-1913• Also called orphic cubism• Short-lived movement• Type of colorful abstract art• Founded by Robert Delaunay in response to monochromatic style of Analytic Cubism• Used overlapping planes of contrasting colors(Law of Simultaneous Contrast of Colors)
  • Orphism• Felt color was aesthetically powerful, and could show movement• Used recognizable subject matter• Relied on color to show meaning• End before WWI
  • Orphist paintingsSimultaneous Contrast: Sun and Rhythm by Robert DelaunayMoon by Robert Delaunay
  • Contrast of Forms – Léger 1913
  • Synthetic Cubism 1912-1914• 2nd stage• Wide variety of color• Papier Colle introduced-Pieces of newspaper, cloth and other materials• Mixed sand and sawdust into paint to give it texture• Image was built up from new elements and shapes
  • Still Life with Playing Cards – Picasso 1913
  • The Card Players – Léger 1917
  • Harlequin – Picasso 1918
  • Guitar – Picasso 1920
  • Le Petit Déjeuner (Breakfast) – Léger 1920
  • Three Woman at the Spring – Picasso 1921
  • Three Musicians – Picasso 1921
  • Le grand Déjeuner – Léger 1921
  • Nude on a Red Background – Léger 1927
  • The weeping Woman – Picasso 1937
  • Guernica – Picasso 1937
  • Bull – Picasso 1946
  • Las Meninas – Diego Velazquez 1656 Las Meninas – Picasso 1957
  • Portrait of Jorge Manuel – El Greco 1595-1600 Portrait of a Painter – Picasso 1950
  • Woman with GuitarBraque 1913
  • The Clarinet (Tenoroa)Braque 1913
  • Still Life with Open Window; Rue RavignanGris 1915
  • The Round TableBraque 1929
  • Glasses, Newspaper, and a Bottle of WineGris 1913
  • Bottle of Rum and NewspaperGris 1914
  • Analytic v. SyntheticAnalytic Synthetic• 1st stage • 2nd stage• Monochromatic • Variety of color• “analyzed” subject, broke • Papier Colle introduced down into fragments and • Image built up from new re-assembled them elements
  • Beyond 1914• Many other artists took up the cubist movement• Led to new art movements like abstract expressionism and surrealism• Influenced sculpture, architecture, and literature• Movement peaked in 1915’s and by 1920’s severed off into several different movements
  • Summary• Picasso & Braque pioneers of movement• Broke down images into geometric shapes• 2 major phases-Analytic (monochromatic)-Synthetic(colorful & papier colle)- First abstract form of art
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