BricsCAD V13 User Guide

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User Guide for the BricsCAD V13 software platform, unifying 2D drafting and 3D direct modelling for dwg on Windows and Linux at a compelling price.

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BricsCAD V13 User Guide

  1. 1. BricsCAD V13 User Guide
  2. 2. Table Of ContentsUser Interface.................................................................................... 1 The BricsCAD Application Window ...................................................................................... 1 Open / Close the command bar ............................................................................................ 2 To set the command line properties ...................................................................................... 3 Open / Close the status bar ................................................................................................. 3 Working with the status bar ................................................................................................ 3 To customize the status bar ................................................................................................ 6 Display or hide scroll bars ................................................................................................... 7 Keyboard Shortcuts ............................................................................................................ 8 Toolbars ........................................................................................................................... 10 Toolbar Flyouts................................................................................................................ 13 Opening a toolbar ............................................................................................................ 14 To set the position property of a toolbar .............................................................................. 16 Closing a toolbar ............................................................................................................. 16 Properties Bar .................................................................................................................. 17 To open the Properties Bar ................................................................................................ 17 To adjust the size of the Properties Bar ............................................................................... 18 Setting the current properties in the Properties Bar .............................................................. 19 Edit the properties of a single entity ................................................................................... 19 Edit endpoints of a line graphically ..................................................................................... 20 Edit vertices of polyline graphically ..................................................................................... 20 Edit the shared properties of a selection set ......................................................................... 21 Prompt Menus .................................................................................................................. 22 To control the display of prompt menus .............................................................................. 22Customizing BricsCAD ...................................................................... 23 BricsCAD User Files .......................................................................................................... 24 The BricsCAD user file manager ......................................................................................... 25 The Customize Dialog ....................................................................................................... 27 What are the CUI files ...................................................................................................... 27 Opening the Customize dialog ........................................................................................... 27 Working with CUI files ...................................................................................................... 29 Loading and unloading CUI files ......................................................................................... 29 To load a main CUI file ..................................................................................................... 29 To load a partial CUI file ................................................................................................... 30 To unload a partial CUI file ................................................................................................ 31 Managing customization groups ......................................................................................... 32 Creating Custom Tools ...................................................................................................... 33 General procedure to create custom tools ............................................................................ 33 To create a Partial CUI file ................................................................................................ 33 To add a toolbox in a menu group ...................................................................................... 33 iii
  3. 3. BricsCAD V13 - User Guide To add tools in a toolbox ................................................................................................... 34 To add a main menu ........................................................................................................ 35 To add an item to a menu ................................................................................................. 36 To add an existing tool to a menu, toolbar or shortcut ........................................................... 36 Create a new tool in a menu, toolbar or shortcut .................................................................. 37 To add a submenu to a menu ............................................................................................ 41 To add an item to a submenu ............................................................................................ 41 To add a context menu ..................................................................................................... 41 To add a toolbar .............................................................................................................. 42 To add a tool to a toolbar .................................................................................................. 43 To add a control to a toolbar ............................................................................................. 44 To add a flyout to a toolbar ............................................................................................... 45 To add a tool to a flyout.................................................................................................... 45 To add a keyboard shortcut ............................................................................................... 46 Tool Palettes..................................................................................................................... 47 To open the Tool Palettes Bar ............................................................................................ 47 To set the view options ..................................................................................................... 48 To add a new tool palette.................................................................................................. 48 To import a tool palette .................................................................................................... 49 To export a palette .......................................................................................................... 50 To rename a tool palette ................................................................................................... 50 To delete a tool palette ..................................................................................................... 50 Adding a hatch pattern ..................................................................................................... 50 Adding a block ................................................................................................................ 51 To add a block from the current drawing: ............................................................................ 51 To add a block from any drawing: ...................................................................................... 51 To add a drawing as a block: ............................................................................................. 52 Adding a command .......................................................................................................... 53 Editing a tool .................................................................................................................. 54 Managing tools ................................................................................................................ 56 Command Aliases ............................................................................................................. 58 To edit the alias file in a text editor .................................................................................... 58 Using the Customize dialog to edit the alias file .................................................................... 58 User Profile Manager ........................................................................................................ 61 Content of a user profile ................................................................................................... 61 To Launch the User Profile Manager .................................................................................... 61 Creating user profiles ....................................................................................................... 62 Loading a user profile ....................................................................................................... 63 Restarting BricsCAD using a different user profile ................................................................. 65 Managing user profiles...................................................................................................... 65 To export a user profile .................................................................................................... 66 To import a user profile .................................................................................................... 66 To import a user profile from another user .......................................................................... 67iv
  4. 4. Table Of Contents Projects ............................................................................................................................ 68 Opening the Project settings .............................................................................................. 68 Creating projects ............................................................................................................. 68 Adding search paths to a project ........................................................................................ 69 Changing the order of the search paths ............................................................................... 69 Assigning a project to the current drawing ........................................................................... 70Drawing Accurately.......................................................................... 71 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 71 Using Orthogonal Mode .................................................................................................... 72 To toggle Orthogonal Mode ............................................................................................... 72 Direct Distance Entry ........................................................................................................ 73 To define the Coordinates setting ....................................................................................... 73 Unit Settings ..................................................................................................................... 74 To define the Drawing Units settings ................................................................................... 74 System Variables ............................................................................................................. 75 Entering angles ............................................................................................................... 75 The Quad Cursor Menu ..................................................................................................... 76 To activate the Quad ........................................................................................................ 76 Editing the Quad settings .................................................................................................. 76 Using the Quad ............................................................................................................... 76 Parametric Constraints ..................................................................................................... 79 Overview ........................................................................................................................ 79 Commands and toolbars ................................................................................................... 80 Using Dimensional Constraints ........................................................................................... 82 To edit dimensional constraints .......................................................................................... 82 Using expressions to define dimensional constraints.............................................................. 84 Using Geometric Constraints ............................................................................................. 88 To control the display of constraints bars ............................................................................ 89 To control the position of a constraints bars ......................................................................... 89 Working with the constraints bar ........................................................................................ 90 Deleting constraints ......................................................................................................... 90 Using fix constraints ......................................................................................................... 91 Using coincident constraints .............................................................................................. 91 To apply a coincident constraint between a point and an entity: ............................................. 91 Usage of a coincident constraint between a point and an entity .............................................. 92 Using horizontal and vertical constraints ............................................................................. 94 To constrain a line to a fixed angle ..................................................................................... 94 Dynamic Dimensions ........................................................................................................ 95 Defining the Dynamic Dimensions Settings .......................................................................... 95 Using dynamic dimensions when creating entities ................................................................. 97 Using dynamic dimensions to grip-edit entities ..................................................................... 98 Using dynamic dimensions to measure entities ..................................................................... 99 v
  5. 5. BricsCAD V13 - User Guide Coordinate Input ............................................................................................................ 100 Working with Cartesian coordinates ............................................................................... 100 Using relative Cartesian coordinates to draw a rectangle ..................................................... 101 Working with cylindrical coordinates .............................................................................. 101 Working with spherical coordinates ............................................................................... 102 Snap and Grid ................................................................................................................. 103 Display the Snap and Grid settings ................................................................................... 104 To synchronize snap and grid spacing ............................................................................... 104 To set the Drawing Limits ............................................................................................... 104 To toggle the Drawing Limits ........................................................................................... 104 Using Isometric Snap ..................................................................................................... 105 Setting the Snap Angle ................................................................................................... 106 Entity Snaps ................................................................................................................... 107 To define the Entity Snap settings .................................................................................... 107 To set the Entity Snaps................................................................................................... 109 Entity Snap Modes ......................................................................................................... 110 Working with multiple Entity Snap modes .......................................................................... 111 To snap to the extension of two entities ............................................................................ 111 Using the From option .................................................................................................... 112 Using the Parallel entity snap .......................................................................................... 112 Using Midpoint snap ....................................................................................................... 112 Polar Tracking ................................................................................................................ 113 To define the Polar Tracking settings ................................................................................ 113 Using Polar Tracking to draw a line ................................................................................... 114 Entity Snap Tracking....................................................................................................... 115 Using Entity Snap Tracking.............................................................................................. 115 User Coordinate Systems ................................................................................................ 117 Dynamic UCS ................................................................................................................ 118 To define a User Coordinate System ................................................................................. 119 To restore the WCS ........................................................................................................ 119 To restore a UCS ........................................................................................................... 120 To set a relative UCS ...................................................................................................... 120 Command Options ......................................................................................................... 121 Measuring ....................................................................................................................... 122 Measuring distances ....................................................................................................... 122 Measuring lengths.......................................................................................................... 123 Measuring areas ............................................................................................................ 124Viewing your Drawing ................................................................... 127 Overview ........................................................................................................................ 127 Redrawing and Regenerating a Drawing......................................................................... 130 Regenerate the current viewport ...................................................................................... 130 Regenerate all viewports ................................................................................................. 130 Redraw the current viewport ........................................................................................... 130 Redraw all viewports ...................................................................................................... 130vi
  6. 6. Table Of ContentsPanning .......................................................................................................................... 131 Using the pan command ................................................................................................. 131 Using real time panning .................................................................................................. 132Zooming ......................................................................................................................... 133 Using the zoom command ............................................................................................... 133 Real-time zooming ......................................................................................................... 134 Dynamic zooming .......................................................................................................... 134View Manipulation Using the Mouse and Keyboard ......................................................... 135 Setting the Zoom Factor variable ..................................................................................... 136 Setting the Middle Button Pan variable .............................................................................. 136View Rotation ................................................................................................................. 137 Restoring orthographic and isometric views ....................................................................... 137 Rotating a view freely ..................................................................................................... 138 Rotating a view about the view X-axis .............................................................................. 138 Rotating a view about the view Y-axis ............................................................................... 139 Rotating a view about the view Z-axis .............................................................................. 139 Using Preset Viewpoints .................................................................................................. 140 Restoring Plan View ....................................................................................................... 142Define a View ................................................................................................................. 143 Defining a perspective view ............................................................................................. 144 To toggle the perspective property of view ........................................................................ 145Layer Utilities ................................................................................................................. 146Layer States ................................................................................................................... 147 Opening the Layer States Explorer ................................................................................... 147 To save the current layer state ........................................................................................ 148 To edit a layer state ....................................................................................................... 149 To restore a layer state .................................................................................................. 149 To copy layer states to another drawing ............................................................................ 149 To export a layer state ................................................................................................... 150 To import a layer state ................................................................................................... 150Named Views .................................................................................................................. 151 Exploring views ............................................................................................................. 151 Saving a view................................................................................................................ 151 Restoring a view ............................................................................................................ 152 Defining the view background .......................................................................................... 153 To edit the view background............................................................................................ 155Workspaces .................................................................................................................... 156Switching between workspaces ...................................................................................... 156 Using the model and layout tabs ...................................................................................... 156 Toggle between model space and paper space in a layout .................................................... 157Model Space Viewports ................................................................................................... 158 Creating viewports in model space ................................................................................... 158 Drawing in multiple viewports .......................................................................................... 160 Joining adjacent viewports .............................................................................................. 161 vii
  7. 7. BricsCAD V13 - User Guide Paper Space viewports ................................................................................................... 162 Displaying the paper sheet and the printable area .............................................................. 163 Creating viewports in a layout ......................................................................................... 163 To clip a viewport .......................................................................................................... 166 Defining viewport properties ............................................................................................ 167 Properties ..................................................................................................................... 169 Navigating in a paper space layout ................................................................................... 170 Setting the layer visibility in a paper space viewport ........................................................... 170 Setting the scale of a paper space viewport ....................................................................... 170 Rotating the display in a paper space viewport ................................................................... 171 Layouts ........................................................................................................................... 172 Creating a new layout .................................................................................................... 172 Copying layouts ............................................................................................................. 172 Importing layouts .......................................................................................................... 172 Renaming layouts .......................................................................................................... 173 Arranging the layout tabs................................................................................................ 173 Deleting a layout ........................................................................................................... 173Creating Entities ............................................................................ 175 Drawing Entities Overview ............................................................................................. 175 Entity Creation Settings .................................................................................................. 176 Overview ...................................................................................................................... 176 Fill Mode....................................................................................................................... 177 Setting Fill Mode ............................................................................................................ 177 Checking the Fill Mode setting ......................................................................................... 178 Entity Color ..................................................................................................................... 179 Index Colors ................................................................................................................. 179 True Colors ..................................................................................................................... 181 Setting the current entity color ........................................................................................ 182 Lineweight .................................................................................................................... 183 Setting the current lineweight .......................................................................................... 184 Defining the lineweight settings ....................................................................................... 184 Linetype ....................................................................................................................... 186 Setting the current linetype ............................................................................................. 187 Adding a new linetype .................................................................................................... 187 Setting the Entity Linetype Scale ...................................................................................... 188 Setting the Global Linetype Scale ..................................................................................... 189 Current Layer ................................................................................................................ 190 Setting the current layer ................................................................................................. 190 Drawing 2D Entities ........................................................................................................ 191 Overview ...................................................................................................................... 191 Lines............................................................................................................................ 193 Rays ............................................................................................................................ 195 Infinite Lines ................................................................................................................. 196 Polylines ....................................................................................................................... 197viii
  8. 8. Table Of Contents Splines ......................................................................................................................... 202 Freehand sketches ......................................................................................................... 204 Circles.......................................................................................................................... 206 Editing a circle .............................................................................................................. 206 Arcs ............................................................................................................................. 207 Ellipses ........................................................................................................................ 209 Elliptical Arcs ................................................................................................................ 211 Rectangles .................................................................................................................... 213 Polygons ...................................................................................................................... 215 Traces .......................................................................................................................... 216 Donuts ......................................................................................................................... 217 Solids .......................................................................................................................... 219 Revision Clouds ............................................................................................................. 220 Points .......................................................................................................................... 222 Wipeouts ...................................................................................................................... 224Mechanical...................................................................................................................... 226 Components and Component Inserts ................................................................................ 226 Commands and Toolbars ................................................................................................. 227 Mechanical Browser........................................................................................................ 228 Bill Of Materials ............................................................................................................. 230 Command Reference ...................................................................................................... 233 BmBom ........................................................................................................................ 233 BmBrowser ................................................................................................................... 233 BmDissolve ................................................................................................................... 233 BmForm ....................................................................................................................... 234 BmHardware ................................................................................................................. 234 BmHide ........................................................................................................................ 234 BmShow....................................................................................................................... 234 BmInsert ...................................................................................................................... 235 BmMech ....................................................................................................................... 235 BmNew ........................................................................................................................ 235 BmRemove ................................................................................................................... 235 BmUpdate .................................................................................................................... 236Direct Modeling .............................................................................................................. 237 Direct Modeling Overview................................................................................................ 237 3D Constraints .............................................................................................................. 238 Variational Direct Modeling .............................................................................................. 238 3D Constraints Bar ......................................................................................................... 238 3D Constraints types ...................................................................................................... 240 3D Constraints and Direct Modeling .................................................................................. 240 Design intent recognition ................................................................................................ 242 Direct Modeling Operations ............................................................................................. 246 Selecting geometry ........................................................................................................ 247 To control dimensions .................................................................................................... 247 ix
  9. 9. BricsCAD V13 - User Guide Making holes ................................................................................................................. 247 Deleting holes. .............................................................................................................. 249 Working with Sections .................................................................................................... 251 To launch the Sectionplane command ............................................................................... 251 Align a section plane to a face ......................................................................................... 251 To create a vertical section plane ..................................................................................... 252 To create a horizontal section plane .................................................................................. 252 To create a vertical jogged section plane ........................................................................... 253 To create a horizontal jogged section plane ....................................................................... 254 To create a orthographic section plane .............................................................................. 255 To open the Drawing Explorer - Section Planes dialog ......................................................... 256 To edit the properties of a section plane ............................................................................ 256 To modify the size and position of a section plane .............................................................. 257 Using Live Section ......................................................................................................... 258 To define the live section settings .................................................................................... 259 To save a section ........................................................................................................... 260 Hatches and Gradient Fills .............................................................................................. 264 Hatching Overview ......................................................................................................... 264 Defining the MEASUREMENT setting ................................................................................. 264 Defining the MAXHATCH setting ....................................................................................... 264 Creating Hatches and Gradient Fills .................................................................................. 265 General procedure to create hatches and gradient fills ........................................................ 265 To define hatch properties............................................................................................... 266 To define gradient fill properties....................................................................................... 268 To define the boundary for a hatch or gradient fill............................................................... 269 Editing a hatch or gradient fill .......................................................................................... 271 To edit a hatch or gradient fill .......................................................................................... 271 Dimensions ..................................................................................................................... 273 Dimension Style ............................................................................................................ 273 Dimension Block ............................................................................................................ 274 Dimensioning tools overview ........................................................................................... 275 Dimension Styles explorer ............................................................................................... 277 Exploring dimension styles .............................................................................................. 277 Associative Dimensions................................................................................................... 279 Dimension Settings ........................................................................................................ 280 To list the current status of the dimension variables ............................................................ 280 Lines and Arrows ........................................................................................................... 280 Text ............................................................................................................................. 281 Fit ............................................................................................................................... 283 Primary Units ................................................................................................................ 283 Alternate Units .............................................................................................................. 284 Tolerances .................................................................................................................... 285 Dimension Styles ........................................................................................................... 286 To create a new dimension style ...................................................................................... 286x
  10. 10. Table Of ContentsTo edit a dimension style ................................................................................................ 286To define dimension style overrides .................................................................................. 286To rename a dimension style ........................................................................................... 287To set a dimension style current ...................................................................................... 287Using the status bar to set a dimension style current .......................................................... 287To copy a dimension style between drawings ..................................................................... 288To move a dimension style between drawings .................................................................... 288To delete a dimension style ............................................................................................. 288Using the dimension style tools ........................................................................................ 290To apply the current dimension style ................................................................................ 290To save a dimension style ............................................................................................... 290To restore a dimension style............................................................................................ 290To list the settings in the current dimension style ............................................................... 291Creating Linear Dimensions ............................................................................................. 292To create a horizontal or vertical linear dimension .............................................................. 292To create an aligned linear dimension ............................................................................... 292To create a rotated linear dimension ................................................................................. 293To create baseline dimensions ......................................................................................... 293To create continued dimensions ....................................................................................... 294To create an arc length dimension .................................................................................... 294Creating Angular Dimensions ........................................................................................... 295To dimension an angle between two lines .......................................................................... 295To dimension an angle encompassed by an arc .................................................................. 296To create an angular dimension defined by a vertex and two endpoints ................................. 296Creating Diametrical and Radial Dimensions ...................................................................... 297To create a diametrical dimension .................................................................................... 297To create a radial dimension ............................................................................................ 297Creating center marks or center lines ............................................................................... 297Creating ordinate dimensions .......................................................................................... 298To create an ordinate dimension ...................................................................................... 298Creating leaders and annotations ..................................................................................... 299To create a leader and an annotation ................................................................................ 299To create a leader only ................................................................................................... 300Editing dimensions ......................................................................................................... 301Using grips to edit a linear dimension ............................................................................... 301Editing the dimension text .............................................................................................. 302To edit the dimension text in the Properties Bar ................................................................. 302To edit the dimension text using the Edit Dimension Text tool .............................................. 302To rotate the dimension text ........................................................................................... 302To reposition the dimension text ...................................................................................... 303To restore the text position ............................................................................................. 303To make the extension lines oblique ................................................................................. 303Geometric Tolerances ..................................................................................................... 304To create a geometrical tolerance frame............................................................................ 304 xi
  11. 11. BricsCAD V13 - User Guide Geometric Tolerance dialog ............................................................................................. 305 Working with Text .......................................................................................................... 306 Overview ...................................................................................................................... 306 Text Styles ................................................................................................................... 306 Text Font ...................................................................................................................... 306 Text Variables ............................................................................................................... 307 Working With Text Styles ................................................................................................ 308 To open the Text Style Explorer dialog .............................................................................. 308 To create a text style ..................................................................................................... 308 To edit a text style ......................................................................................................... 308 To make a text style current............................................................................................ 308 To delete a text style...................................................................................................... 309 Creating text ................................................................................................................. 310 To create single line text ................................................................................................. 310 Single line text justification ............................................................................................. 311 To create multiline text ................................................................................................... 311 Text formatting toolbar tools and settings ......................................................................... 312 Multiline text justification ................................................................................................ 313 Including special text characters and symbols .................................................................... 313 Special text characters ................................................................................................... 313 Symbols and Unicode strings ........................................................................................... 314 To add a background mask ............................................................................................. 314 Editing text ................................................................................................................... 315 To edit a text entity ....................................................................................................... 315 To edit a selection of Mtext entities .................................................................................. 316 To select a different multiline text editor ........................................................................... 316 Exploding text ............................................................................................................... 317 To explode text ............................................................................................................. 317 Finding and Replacing Text.............................................................................................. 318 To open the Find and Replace dialog ................................................................................. 318 To set the Find and Replace options.................................................................................. 319 To find text ................................................................................................................... 319 To replace text .............................................................................................................. 320 Checking Spelling .......................................................................................................... 321 Dictionary settings ......................................................................................................... 321 To open the Spell Checking dialog .................................................................................... 321 To check the spelling ...................................................................................................... 322 To change dictionaries .................................................................................................... 324 To add a new main dictionary .......................................................................................... 325 To add a new custom dictionary ....................................................................................... 326 Working with Fields ........................................................................................................ 327 General procedure to create fields .................................................................................... 327 To display an entity property in a field .............................................................................. 329 To edit a field ................................................................................................................ 329xii
  12. 12. Table Of Contents To update a field ........................................................................................................... 330 Working with Tables ....................................................................................................... 331 To create an empty table ................................................................................................ 331 To create a table from data ............................................................................................. 333 Editing a table using grips ............................................................................................... 333 Editing a table using the Table toolbar .............................................................................. 334 Editing a table in the Properties bar .................................................................................. 336 Editing a cell in the Properties bar .................................................................................... 337 To edit the table content ................................................................................................. 338 To export a table ........................................................................................................... 338 Defining the list separator character ................................................................................. 338 Table Styles .................................................................................................................. 340 To open the Table Styles Explorer .................................................................................... 340 To create a table style .................................................................................................... 340 To edit a table style ....................................................................................................... 341 To apply a style to a table ............................................................................................... 341 To delete a table style .................................................................................................... 342Modifying Entities .......................................................................... 343 Modifying Commands Overview ...................................................................................... 344 Entity Modification Settings ............................................................................................ 346 Adjusting the Draw Order ............................................................................................... 347 Using Draw Order .......................................................................................................... 347 Using Draw Order tools ................................................................................................... 347 Grips editing ................................................................................................................... 349 Selecting multiple grips .................................................................................................. 349 Grip Edit Command Options ............................................................................................ 350 To stretch entities using grips .......................................................................................... 350 To move entities using grips ............................................................................................ 350 To copy entities using grips ............................................................................................. 351 To mirror entities using grips ........................................................................................... 352 To rotate entities using grips ........................................................................................... 352 To scale entities using grips ............................................................................................ 353 Selecting Entities ............................................................................................................ 354 Selection and grip settings .............................................................................................. 354 Selection settings .......................................................................................................... 354 Grips settings ................................................................................................................ 356 Selection Methods .......................................................................................................... 358 Composing a selection set before (pre-pick) ...................................................................... 358 Composing a selection set afterwards (post-pick) ............................................................... 359 Selecting overlapping entities .......................................................................................... 360 Quick Select .................................................................................................................. 361 To create a selection set ................................................................................................. 361 xiii
  13. 13. BricsCAD V13 - User Guide Rearranging Entities ....................................................................................................... 365 Moving Entities .............................................................................................................. 365 Moving entities in a drawing ............................................................................................ 365 Using the Move command ............................................................................................... 365 Moving entities using grips .............................................................................................. 366 Moving entities between drawings .................................................................................... 367 Using Cut and Paste to move entities between drawings ...................................................... 367 Move a selection as a block ............................................................................................. 367 Rotating Entities ............................................................................................................ 368 Rotating a selection set .................................................................................................. 368 Rotating a selection set in reference to a base angle ........................................................... 369 Rotating in 3D ............................................................................................................... 369 Mirroring Entities ........................................................................................................... 370 Mirroring entities about a line .......................................................................................... 370 Mirroring entities about a plane ....................................................................................... 371 Aligning Entities............................................................................................................. 372 Aligning an entity in 2D .................................................................................................. 372 Aligning an entity in 3D .................................................................................................. 373 Changing Entities ........................................................................................................... 375 To change text entities ................................................................................................... 375 To relocate blocks .......................................................................................................... 375 Copying Entities ............................................................................................................ 376 Copying Entities in a Drawing .......................................................................................... 376 To copy a selection set ................................................................................................... 376 To make multiple copies ................................................................................................. 377 To paste a selection set as a block ................................................................................... 378 Copying Entities Between Drawings .................................................................................. 379 Using Copy and Paste to copy entities between drawings ..................................................... 379 Using Copy and Pasteorig to copy entities between drawings ................................................ 379 Using Copybase and Paste to copy entities between drawings............................................... 380 Paste a selection as a block in the target drawing ............................................................... 380 Making Parallel Copies .................................................................................................... 381 Making a parallel copy at a specified distance .................................................................... 381 Making a parallel copy through a point .............................................................................. 382 Arraying Entities ............................................................................................................ 383 Creating a rectangular array ............................................................................................ 383 Creating a polar array .................................................................................................... 385 Arraying Entities in 3D .................................................................................................... 387 Creating a 3D rectangular array ....................................................................................... 387 Creating a 3D polar array................................................................................................ 388 Resizing Entities ............................................................................................................. 390 Extending Entities .......................................................................................................... 390 To extend entities .......................................................................................................... 390 Trimming Entities .......................................................................................................... 392xiv
  14. 14. Table Of Contents To trim entities .............................................................................................................. 392 Changing the Length of an Entity ..................................................................................... 393 Change the length of an entity dynamically ....................................................................... 393 Modify the included angle of an arc .................................................................................. 393 Stretching Entities ......................................................................................................... 395 To stretch entities .......................................................................................................... 395 Stretching entities using grips ......................................................................................... 396 Scaling Entities .............................................................................................................. 397 To scale a selection set ................................................................................................... 397 Scaling an entity using a base scale .................................................................................. 397 Breaking Entities ........................................................................................................... 399 To break an entity ......................................................................................................... 399 Joining Entities .............................................................................................................. 400 To join two lines ............................................................................................................ 400 To join two arcs ............................................................................................................. 400Chamfering and Filleting ................................................................................................ 402 Overview ...................................................................................................................... 402 Chamfer and fillet settings .............................................................................................. 402 Chamfering Entities ........................................................................................................ 404 Chamfering using the distance-distance method ................................................................. 404 Chamfering using the length-angle method ....................................................................... 406 Chamfering all vertices of a polyline ................................................................................. 406 Filleting Entities ............................................................................................................. 408 Filleting two entities or polyline segments ......................................................................... 408 Filleting all vertices of a polyline ...................................................................................... 409 Filleting two parallel lines ................................................................................................ 410 Editing Polylines ............................................................................................................ 411 Overview ...................................................................................................................... 411 Converting an entity into a polyline .................................................................................. 411 Converting an entity into a polyline .................................................................................. 411 Opening and closing polylines .......................................................................................... 412 To close or open a polyline .............................................................................................. 412 Opening and closing a polyline using the BricsCAD Properties bar ......................................... 412 Joining Polylines ............................................................................................................ 413 To join an arc, line, or polyline to an existing polyline ......................................................... 413 Changing the Polyline Width ............................................................................................ 414 To apply a uniform width to a polyline .............................................................................. 414 To taper a polyline uniformly along its length ..................................................................... 414 Editing polyline vertices .................................................................................................. 415 Starting the polyline vertex editing mode .......................................................................... 415 Convert a straight polyline segment into an arc .................................................................. 416 Break a polyline into two separate polylines ....................................................................... 416 Insert a new vertex in a polyline ...................................................................................... 417 Move a vertex in a polyline.............................................................................................. 417 xv
  15. 15. BricsCAD V13 - User Guide Delete vertices in a polyline ............................................................................................. 417 Change the width of a polyline segment ............................................................................ 418 Curving and decurving polylines ....................................................................................... 419 To fit a curve to a polyline............................................................................................... 419 Setting the Linetype generation mode............................................................................... 420 To set the Linetype mode ................................................................................................ 420 Editing polylines in the Properties bar ............................................................................... 421 To move polyline vertices................................................................................................ 422 To change the width of polyline segments ........................................................................ 422 To convert straight segments into a curve ......................................................................... 422 Converting Entities ......................................................................................................... 423 Exploding entities .......................................................................................................... 423 To explode entities ......................................................................................................... 423 Creating Regions ........................................................................................................... 424 To create regions ........................................................................................................... 424 Flattening Entities .......................................................................................................... 425 To flatten entities .......................................................................................................... 425 Measuring and Dividing Entities ..................................................................................... 426 Measuring Entities ......................................................................................................... 426 To measure an entity using points .................................................................................... 426 To place blocks a specified interval along an entity ............................................................. 426 Dividing Entities ............................................................................................................ 428 To divide an entity using points ....................................................................................... 428 To divide an entity using blocks ....................................................................................... 428Blocks, attributes and external references .................................... 431 Blocks .......................................................................................................................... 431 Attributes ..................................................................................................................... 431 External references ........................................................................................................ 431 Working with Blocks ....................................................................................................... 432 Creating Blocks ............................................................................................................. 433 General procedure to create a block ................................................................................. 433 To create a block in a drawing ......................................................................................... 433 To create a block using the Blocks Explorer ....................................................................... 434 To save a block to a separate file ..................................................................................... 435 Inserting Blocks............................................................................................................. 437 General procedure to insert a block: ................................................................................. 437 To insert a block ............................................................................................................ 439 To insert a block using the Drawing Explorer...................................................................... 440 To insert a block aligned with an entity ............................................................................. 443 To insert multiple instances of a block in a rectangular array ................................................ 444 Redefining Blocks .......................................................................................................... 446 To redefine an internal block definition .............................................................................. 446 To reload an external drawing as a block ........................................................................... 447 Exploring Blocks ............................................................................................................ 448xvi
  16. 16. Table Of Contents Open the Blocks Explorer ................................................................................................ 448 The Blocks Explorer display options .................................................................................. 449 Open the Detail View of the Blocks Explorer ....................................................................... 449 Open the Icon View of the Blocks Explorer ......................................................................... 450 To rename a block ......................................................................................................... 450 Exploding Blocks ............................................................................................................ 451 To explode a block ......................................................................................................... 451 Dynamic Blocks ............................................................................................................. 452 Editing dynamic blocks ................................................................................................... 452Working with Attributes ................................................................................................. 453 General procedure to work with attributes ......................................................................... 453 Defining Attributes ......................................................................................................... 454 General procedure to define attributes: ............................................................................. 454 To define an attribute ..................................................................................................... 454 Editing attribute definitions ............................................................................................. 456 To edit tag, prompt or default text of an attribute ............................................................... 456 To edit an attribute definition .......................................................................................... 457 Placing blocks with attributes .......................................................................................... 458 To place a block with attributes........................................................................................ 458 Editing attributes attached to blocks ................................................................................. 459 Using the Attribute Editor................................................................................................ 459 Editing attributes in the Properties bar .............................................................................. 460Extracting attribute information ..................................................................................... 461 To extract attribute information ....................................................................................... 462Working with Xrefs ......................................................................................................... 463 Attaching an external reference ....................................................................................... 464 To attach an external reference ....................................................................................... 464 Managing Xrefs ............................................................................................................. 466 To detach external references .......................................................................................... 466 To unload external references .......................................................................................... 466 To reload external references .......................................................................................... 466Editing blocks and external references ........................................................................... 467 To edit Xrefs or blocks .................................................................................................... 467Working with Groups ...................................................................................................... 470 To create a group .......................................................................................................... 470 To modify a group ......................................................................................................... 471 To ungroup entities ........................................................................................................ 471 To change the order of entities ........................................................................................ 472Working with Underlays ................................................................................................. 474 To attach a PDF underlay ................................................................................................ 474 To insert a PDF underlay ................................................................................................. 475 To control the display of a PDF underlay............................................................................ 475 To set the layer display in a PDF underlay ......................................................................... 475 To clip a PDF underlay .................................................................................................... 477 xvii
  17. 17. BricsCAD V13 - User Guide To toggle the display of the clipped part of a PDF underlay .................................................. 477 To delete a clipping boundary .......................................................................................... 478Managing Images .......................................................................... 479 Exploring Images ........................................................................................................... 479 Open the Images Explorer............................................................................................... 479 Images Explorer display options .................................................................................... 480 Open the Detail View of the Images Explorer ..................................................................... 480 Open the Icon View of the Images Explorer ....................................................................... 481 Open the Tree View of the Images Explorer ....................................................................... 482 Placing images in a drawing ............................................................................................ 483 Load / Unload images ..................................................................................................... 484 Load / Unload multiple images ......................................................................................... 484 Removing images .......................................................................................................... 485 Image Utilities ................................................................................................................ 486 To set the image transparency ......................................................................................... 486 Modify the Image Frame setting....................................................................................... 487 To clip an image ............................................................................................................ 487 To toggle the clipping boundary of an image ...................................................................... 487Printing and Plotting ...................................................................... 489 General procedure for printing ....................................................................................... 489 To open the Print dialog .................................................................................................. 490 To choose the paper size ................................................................................................ 490 To choose the paper units ............................................................................................... 491 To choose the drawing orientation .................................................................................... 491 To define the plot offset .................................................................................................. 491 To specify the area to plot............................................................................................... 492 To define the plot scale................................................................................................... 492 To set the plot options .................................................................................................... 493 To set the shade plot mode ............................................................................................. 494 To define the plot stamp ................................................................................................. 495 To specify the number of copies ....................................................................................... 495 To see a preview of the plot output .................................................................................. 496 Plotter Configurations .................................................................................................... 497 To create a plotter configuration file ................................................................................. 498 To edit a plotter configuration .......................................................................................... 500 To assign a plotter configuration ...................................................................................... 500 Plot Style Tables ............................................................................................................. 501 Color-dependent plot style tables (CTB file) ....................................................................... 501 Named plot style tables (STB file) .................................................................................... 501 Predefined plot styles ..................................................................................................... 501 Changing Plot Style Table Types ...................................................................................... 502 To convert a drawing from STB to CTB file type .................................................................. 502 To convert a drawing from CTB to STB file type .................................................................. 502 To convert a Color-dependent plot style tables (CTB) to a Named plot style tables (STB) ......... 503xviii
  18. 18. Table Of Contents The Plot Style Table editor .............................................................................................. 504 To open the Plot Style Table editor ................................................................................... 504 The General tab ............................................................................................................. 504 The Form View tab ......................................................................................................... 505 The Lineweights tab ....................................................................................................... 508 Assigning Plot Style Tables .............................................................................................. 509 To assign a plot style table .............................................................................................. 509 Toggling the plot style table on/off ................................................................................ 509 To toggle the plot style table on/off .................................................................................. 509 The Plot Styles Manager ................................................................................................. 511 To open the Plot Styles Manager ...................................................................................... 511 To create a new plot style table ....................................................................................... 511 To create a new plot style table in the Print dialog .............................................................. 513 To edit a plot style table ................................................................................................. 514 To edit a plot style table in the Print dialog ........................................................................ 514 Batch Plot ....................................................................................................................... 515Managing Drawings ....................................................................... 517 Opening and saving drawings ......................................................................................... 517 Getting Drawing Information ......................................................................................... 520 General drawing information ........................................................................................... 520 Information about entities ............................................................................................... 520 Creating a Drawing ......................................................................................................... 521 To create a drawing using a default template drawing ......................................................... 521 First method: ................................................................................................................ 521 Second method: ............................................................................................................ 521 To set the default template drawing ................................................................................. 522 To create a drawing from scratch ..................................................................................... 522 To set the Plot style policy .............................................................................................. 523 To create a drawing using a template drawing ................................................................... 523 To create a drawing using the New command .................................................................... 523 To set the Template Path variable .................................................................................... 524 To create a drawing using a wizard................................................................................... 524 Drawing Explorer ............................................................................................................ 526 To open the Drawing Explorer .......................................................................................... 527 To control the Drawing Explorer layout ............................................................................. 528 Opening a drawing ......................................................................................................... 528 Adding a drawing folder .................................................................................................. 529 To insert a block from an unopened drawing ...................................................................... 530 To copy definitions between drawings ............................................................................... 530 To merge the content of two layers .................................................................................. 530 Repairing a Drawing ....................................................................................................... 531 To analyze the integrity of the current drawing .................................................................. 531 To repair a drawing ........................................................................................................ 531 xix

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