The Life of Eleanor Roosevelt<br />Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born in New York City on October 11, 1884. She preferred to be called by her middle name. <br />Eleanor’s parents died when she a young girl. She went to live with her Grandmother, and was sent to finishing school in England. She returned when she was 17.<br />Eleanor’s uncle was President Theodore Roosevelt. In 1902, he introduced her to Franklin Delano Roosevelt at a White House Reception.<br />Eleanor and FDR began dating, and were married on March 17, 1905.<br />Over the next 10 years, Eleanor and FDR had 6 children. <br />Eleanor in 1898<br />
Eleanor and Franklin Delano in Politics <br />In 1910, FDR was elected to the New York State Senate. <br />In 1913, FDR was appointed assistant secretary of the navy. FDR encouraged Eleanor to pursue her interests in politics. <br />In 1921, FDR was stricken with polio, and became paralyzed. Eleanor encouraged FDR to continue his political life, and became his “eyes and ears.” <br />In 1928, FDR ran for Governor of New York, and won with the help of his wife. <br />Eleanor was convinced FDR could lead America out of the Great Depression, and worked hard on his successful campaign for presidency. <br />FDR and Eleanor in Newburgh, NY - 1905<br />
Eleanor as First Lady <br />In 1933, FDR was elected as President of the United States. FDR was reelected three more times, and remained President until his death in 1945. <br />Eleanor Roosevelt was the First Lady for 12 years. <br />Eleanor wrote a monthly magazine column, and a daily newspaper column, called “My Day.”<br />At first she only wrote about women’s issues, but soon included all political issues. <br />Eleanor became an advocate for the rights and needs of the poor, minorities, and disabled. <br />Eleanor’s advocacy helped her husband continue his Presidency for many years. <br />Eleanor also held her own weekly press conferences at the White House. <br />Although Eleanor was opposed to war, she became active in her mission to boost the country’s morale during WWII.<br />WWII began in 1939 and lasted until her time as First Lady ended. <br />In 1943, Eleanor traveled thousands of miles to visit our troops overseas in hospitals. <br />
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt arriving at the White House for the President’s inauguration in 1941.<br />
After Eleanor was First Lady <br />Although President Roosevelt died in 1945, Eleanor did not stop working to achieve the goals they had made together.<br />President Harry Truman made Eleanor a delegate to the newly established United Nations in 1945. She remained a delegate until 1953. <br />At the United Nations, Eleanor chaired the commission that wrote the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. <br />The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the General Assembly on December 10, 1958<br />President Truman nicknamed Eleanor the “First Lady of the World” because she devoted so much of her time to making the world a better place.<br />In 1953, Eleanor volunteered for the American Association for the United Nations.<br />
After she was First Lady, cont. <br />In 1961, President Kennedy reappointed Eleanor as a delegate to the United Nations. <br />In the same year, President Kennedy also made Eleanor a member of the National Advisory Committee of the Peace Corps. <br />President Kennedy also made Eleanor the chairperson of the President’s Commission on the Status of Women. <br />Eleanor Roosevelt died on November 7, 1962. She is buried at her home in Hyde Park, NY in the Rose Garden next to her husband. <br />Eleanor at the United Nations<br />
Timeline<br />Please go to the website<br />ReadWriteThink<br />With a partner or by yourself, please create a timeline about Eleanor Roosevelt’s life.<br />Include her date of birth and the date of her death, and at least 5 other important dates in her life.<br />
Tomorrow we will begin to talk about Jackie Kennedy Onaissis, President Kennedy’s wife.<br />After we have finished talking about five different First Ladies, we will be creating projects about other First Ladies of your choice.<br />Start thinking about what First Lady you would like to do your project on. You may work in a group, with a partner, or by yourself.<br />Ask me to look at the book First Ladies: Women Who Called the White House Home by: Beatrice Gormley, if you need help thinking of a First Lady.<br />
References<br />Eleanor Roosevelt, “First Lady of the World” . (n.d.). Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum . Retrieved from http://docs.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/.html<br />Eleanor Roosevelt in School Portrait [Data file]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org//:Eleanor_Roosevelt_in_school_portrait.gif<br />Franklin D. Roosevelt Library. (1905). Picture of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor [Data file]. Retrieved from http://history1900s.about.com///blyfdr176.htm<br />Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum. (1947). Eleanor Roosevelt at United Nations [Data file]. Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org//:Eleanor_Roosevelt_at_United_Nations.gif<br />Gormley, B. (1992). First Ladies: Women who Called the White House Home . Scholastic Inc. .<br />The Roosevelt Mansion [Data file]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://picasaweb.google.com///Z4NO7FZKXNQA-L6NBgffA<br />Shoemaker, J. (n.d.). FDR and Eleanor, Inauguration [Data file]. Retrieved from http://www.usnews.com////_DA_081217inaug_history.jpg<br />Timeline. (n.d.). ReadWriteThink (student materials, timeline ). Retrieved October 15, 2009, from IRA/website: http://www.readwritethink.org/materials//<br />
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