No child left behind 2013 presentation PAA 601


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  • 1.Public schools across the U.S. have test-based accountability (Dee, Jacob, 2011) 2. The following data is from the U.S. Department of Education4. FUNDING- reading got a 300% increase in funding within 7 years. -
  • Ex. NCLB increased fourth-grade math proficiency by nearly 27% (Table 5, Column 3) but 60% of fourth graders still fail to meet the math proficiency standard defined (Dee & Jacob, 2011). I ask this because everyone has a highly different educational experience. Discuss with class urban school vs. ruralCompare (little resources, high minority & ELL’s percent, poor teacher/student ratio, little academic resources or support, safety of the community) Every student learns differently
  • (Democratic Debate- Live on CNN, 2007)
  • No child left behind 2013 presentation PAA 601

    1. 1. “No Child Left Behind” Jeff Christian Briana Johnson Brittany Shields
    2. 2. "Accountability is incredibly important for the school systems. People shouldn't fear accountability, they ought to welcome an accountability system as a useful tool to make sure no child is left behind“ (2002) - George W. Bush
    3. 3. Introduction to No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 Increased accountability placed on schools and teachers as well as on states  Setting Standards  Standardized Testing in Mathematics and Reading  Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) – Meeting the Minimum  Detailed Report Card/ Progress reports  Title I funding  “Highly Qualified Teachers”  School Choice  Scientifically Based Research
    4. 4. Example of a Detailed Progress Report
    5. 5. Example of a Summary Report Card (including AYP Criteria)
    6. 6. History of Education Law  1965 – Elementary and Secondary  Stemmed from 1964 Civil Rights Act  1980 – National Commission of Excellence in Education  Emphasized tougher standards, longer days, & change in teachers  1994 – Goals 2000: Education America Act  Expectation levels increased & student achievement levels severed as indicators  January 8th 2002 – President George W. Bush signed the “No Child Left Behind” Act (Public Law 101-110)
    7. 7. Purpose of NCLB  To create a standardize way of teaching for all school districts, teachers and students guaranteeing fair, equal, and significant opportunities to achieve the highest level of academic learning
    8. 8. How NCLB is calculated  Adequate Yearly Process (AYP) – an assessment of how each every school is performing academically according to the results of the standardized tests  AYP holds each school accountable by:  Standardized testing  Flexibility in funding  Parent Involvement  Highly qualified teachers
    9. 9. Why the Law Is Needed  To make sure that each student is getting a fair and equal opportunity.  Ex. How do you decide on student A vs. student B as an college admissions officer if that do not take the same test?
    10. 10. Defining the Issue’s  Students getting pushed through schools  Narrow focus on literacy, reading, and arithmetic  Eliminates the fun  Teachers lose freedom  Effects students later on in college/workforce
    11. 11. Groups that are Affected  Low income areas (mainly minorities)  Test are tailored towards high income white areas
    12. 12. What Sectors of Government are responsible for the Improvement of Educational Outcomes  Federal Government  Extended Power by taking reserved power from the state to organize education  No Child Left Behind Waivers (February 2012)  State Government – State School Boards  Conditions of the Waivers  Local Government - School Districts  Pushing educational growth  Hiring and Firing  Monitoring both revenues and expenditures
    13. 13. Relation to Class  Ethics  “Ethical Obligations and the Public Service” (Stillman p. 474-475)  Obligation to Law  Obligation to Self  Obligation to the Public Interest or General Welfare  Administrative Discretion  AYP forces schools to push kids through school in order to stay afloat.  AYP – 2 years of failing
    14. 14. Best Practices  Test-based accountability - Performance Achievements  9-year-olds posted the best scores in reading (since 1971) and math (since 1973) in the history of the report.  13-year-olds earned the highest math scores the test ever recorded.  States & Government are recognizing the need to improve our educational system.  Funding Increases        Federal education funding (29%) K-12 funding (33%) Total NCLB funding (40%), Title 1 (45%) Special Education (68.5%) Reading (quadrupled- 300%) ($286 million in 2001 - $1.2 billion in 2007)
    15. 15. Implementation Problems  Realistic Goals  Is universal proficiency by 2014 a realistic goal?  Equality  Is it fair for all districts, teachers, and students to be held accountable for the same goal?  State Standards  Each state has a different set of standards
    16. 16. The Aftermath  Teachers  Many teachers are thankful for their jobs but are being deprived of creativity & passion within their lesson plans and classroom activities.  Students  Students are being deprived of a well rounded educational experience  Arts, music, extracurricular activities, the ability to be creative & collaborate  The System  Districts as well as teachers are experiencing a great amount of stress to get students to perform well on standardized tests.  As a result, students who are not ready for a higher level of education are being passed through to improve the overall district numbers.
    17. 17. Should we Scrap or keep the NCLB Act?  &list=PLC7C04A200690F7C4&index=1
    18. 18. Questions  If you were to pick, would you: Keep, Scrap, or Revise the “No Child Left Behind” Act  Do you have friends or family that are a teacher or student have discussed the issues of NCLB?  What sector of government do you think should have more responsibility in the roll of education?