iPad use in Fieldwork:
formal and informal use to enhance
pedagogic practice in a
Bring Your Own Technology world
Brian Wh...
Extending the personal in a 21Century,
information-rich, world
(for as many people as possible)
Image Credit: New Scientis...
And for learners:
‘there is convincing evidence that people who
take the initiative in learning (proactive learners)
learn...
And for learners:
‘there is convincing evidence that people who
take the initiative in learning (proactive learners)
learn...
Computers in Fieldwork spaces
Lyngen Alps, North Norway, 1984
Computers in Fieldwork spaces
Apple IIe + HDD + CRT Screen +
generator + people to carry them all!
Lyngen Alps, North Norw...
Converting field notes from
sheets of paper to tablets
Measuring slope angles with a
low-cost app
Cumbria fieldwork - Marc...
Personalised Learning
in Personal Learning Spaces
from laptops to netbooks to iPads
Personalised Learning
in Personal Learning Spaces
from laptops to netbooks to iPads
Personalised Learning
in Personal Learning Spaces
from laptops to netbooks to iPads
Personalised Learning
in Personal Learning Spaces
from laptops to netbooks to iPads
Personalised Learning
in Personal Learning Spaces
from laptops to netbooks to iPads
Personalised Learning
in Personal Learning Spaces
from laptops to netbooks to iPads
Tablets - now individually served
with...
The active learning is here
in this case!
The usual Learning Spaces in Higher Education ….
Towards an ecology of education
• Student use and tutor implementation
• To get away from 'exam and two essay'
• To promot...
Towards an ecology of education
• Student use and tutor implementation
• To get away from 'exam and two essay'
• To promot...
Personal Learning Environment
a definition:
As such, a PLE is a single user’s e-
learning system that provides
access to a...
Drivers
• The needs of life-long learners for a system that
provides a standard interface to different institutions’
e-lea...
A ‘PLE’ from Stephen Downes -
but it is overly-complicated and VLE-oriented
Personalising Education
via iPads and PLEs
What Neal Stephenson predicted and what
Steve Jobs has (almost) given us via
Mo...
Personalising and linking in various learning spaces…..
No free beer – but free WiFi
Free food – but expensive WiFi
No bee...
5 factors for successful learning
(Race, 2005)
• Wanting to learn
• Needing to learn
• Learning by doing – experiential le...
The Young Lady’s
Illustrated
Primer
The Illustrated Primer .....
.... is an extremely general and
powerful system capable of
more extensive self-
reconfigurat...
Marguerite Koole’s FRAME Model
Framework for the Rational Analysis of Mobile Education
Spaces:
Device
Learner
Social
A way...
Student views of iPads
Student views of iPads
Student views of iPads
Student views of iPads
Student views of iPads
iPads – Disruptive* Devices?
Disruptive Technology?
Christensen, Horn and Curtis, 2011
Some Disruptive Apps
• Clickers/PRS/polling in class
• ‘Facetime’ in class (signing)
• Twitter sharing
• Sketching and ann...
Moving around educational spaces
Physical spaces from field to lab and library
Technologically enhanced spaces
(or not) vi...
After Helen Beetham, 2013 etc
Trip space
Team Space
Personal
space
Knowledge space
Other
Personal
space
Educational Spaces
… lab, home, library ….
….. l...
In the field
Trip space
Team Space
Personal
space
Knowledge space
Other
Personal
space
Educational Spaces
… lab, home, lib...
Your PLE includes
Your learning experiences
Allows you to adapt your PLE to:
Your needs
For any purpose, at ‘any’ time
Col...
Mooer's Law
(in case you thought I’d forgotten)
Mooers’ Law: ‘An information retrieval
system will tend not to be used whe...
Technology Adoption Curve
Adoption
Time
Innovators
3-5%
Early Adopters
10-15%
Early majority
34%
Late majority
34%
Laggard...
What BYOD means .......
• Students (of all ages, but especially
the upcoming) will use whatever
they feel comfortable perh...
Bring Your Own Educational Device
to your personal learning spaces
You + ‘Space’ + iPad
In Summary
• iPads are the first time a fully functional
computer can be carried in a pocket
• to any educational space yo...
References
• Aldrich, C. 2005 Learning by Doing, Pfeiffer,
• Beetham, H. 2013. Designing for active learning in technology...
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Slides of paper presented at 1st International Conference on the use of iPads in Higher Education, Paphos, Cyprus, March 2014. paper by W.B. Whalley, D. France, J.R. Park, A. Mauchline, K. Welsh and V. Powell

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I padhe2014 v3

  1. 1. iPad use in Fieldwork: formal and informal use to enhance pedagogic practice in a Bring Your Own Technology world Brian Whalley University of Sheffield b.whalley@sheffield.ac.uk @brianwhalley Derek France University of Chester Julian Park Reading University Alice Mauchline Reading University Katharine Welsh University of Chester Victoria Powell University of Chester #ihe2014 1st International Conference on the use of iPads in Higher Education Enhancement of Fieldwork Learning: www.enhancingfieldwork.org.uk/ Funded by the Higher Education Academy, UK
  2. 2. Extending the personal in a 21Century, information-rich, world (for as many people as possible) Image Credit: New Scientist Personal Learning Spaces
  3. 3. And for learners: ‘there is convincing evidence that people who take the initiative in learning (proactive learners) learn more things, and learn better, than do people who sit at the feet of teachers passively waiting to be taught (reactive learners). (Knowles 1975 *) * References at the end
  4. 4. And for learners: ‘there is convincing evidence that people who take the initiative in learning (proactive learners) learn more things, and learn better, than do people who sit at the feet of teachers passively waiting to be taught (reactive learners). (Knowles 1975 *) Personal learning spaces can be anywhere (Does a VLE really allow this?) * References at the end
  5. 5. Computers in Fieldwork spaces Lyngen Alps, North Norway, 1984
  6. 6. Computers in Fieldwork spaces Apple IIe + HDD + CRT Screen + generator + people to carry them all! Lyngen Alps, North Norway, 1984
  7. 7. Converting field notes from sheets of paper to tablets Measuring slope angles with a low-cost app Cumbria fieldwork - March 2014
  8. 8. Personalised Learning in Personal Learning Spaces from laptops to netbooks to iPads
  9. 9. Personalised Learning in Personal Learning Spaces from laptops to netbooks to iPads
  10. 10. Personalised Learning in Personal Learning Spaces from laptops to netbooks to iPads
  11. 11. Personalised Learning in Personal Learning Spaces from laptops to netbooks to iPads
  12. 12. Personalised Learning in Personal Learning Spaces from laptops to netbooks to iPads
  13. 13. Personalised Learning in Personal Learning Spaces from laptops to netbooks to iPads Tablets - now individually served with apps for you
  14. 14. The active learning is here in this case! The usual Learning Spaces in Higher Education ….
  15. 15. Towards an ecology of education • Student use and tutor implementation • To get away from 'exam and two essay' • To promote more/better/any experiential learning • To promote better digital and information literacies • To promote better understanding of the way the world works • Through creative educational devices
  16. 16. Towards an ecology of education • Student use and tutor implementation • To get away from 'exam and two essay' • To promote more/better/any experiential learning • To promote better digital and information literacies • To promote better understanding of the way the world works • Through creative educational devices Personal Learning Environments
  17. 17. Personal Learning Environment a definition: As such, a PLE is a single user’s e- learning system that provides access to a variety of learning resources, and that may provide access to learners and teachers who use other PLEs and/or VLEs. Mark van Harmelen 2006
  18. 18. Drivers • The needs of life-long learners for a system that provides a standard interface to different institutions’ e-learning systems, and that allows portfolio information to be maintained across institutions. • A response to pedagogic approaches which require that learner’s e-learning systems need to be under the control of the learners themselves. • The needs of learners who sometimes perform learning activities offline, e.g. via mobile system in a wireless-free hospital, or on a remote mountainside. Mark van Harmelen 2006
  19. 19. A ‘PLE’ from Stephen Downes - but it is overly-complicated and VLE-oriented
  20. 20. Personalising Education via iPads and PLEs What Neal Stephenson predicted and what Steve Jobs has (almost) given us via Moore’s Law (Gordon Moore) through Constructivist - Connectivist approaches But we need to take into account: Mooer’s Law (Calvin Mooer) Moore’s Chasm (Geoffrey Moore) If you can’t remember, then use your iPad to look them up on Wikipedia!
  21. 21. Personalising and linking in various learning spaces….. No free beer – but free WiFi Free food – but expensive WiFi No beer – no WiFi Traditional notebook Create a Personal Learning Environment with an iPad
  22. 22. 5 factors for successful learning (Race, 2005) • Wanting to learn • Needing to learn • Learning by doing – experiential learning • Learning through feedback – experiential learning • Making sense of things – experiential learning Add to these: Spatial and social domains (learning spaces) And so build into an ecology of education
  23. 23. The Young Lady’s Illustrated Primer
  24. 24. The Illustrated Primer ..... .... is an extremely general and powerful system capable of more extensive self- reconfiguration than most. …a fundamental part of its job is to respond to its environment. ‘The Diamond Age’, Neal Stephenson, 1995 p. 108.
  25. 25. Marguerite Koole’s FRAME Model Framework for the Rational Analysis of Mobile Education Spaces: Device Learner Social A way to situate devices and apps for education Build into the Ecology of Education via PLEs
  26. 26. Student views of iPads
  27. 27. Student views of iPads
  28. 28. Student views of iPads
  29. 29. Student views of iPads
  30. 30. Student views of iPads
  31. 31. iPads – Disruptive* Devices? Disruptive Technology? Christensen, Horn and Curtis, 2011
  32. 32. Some Disruptive Apps • Clickers/PRS/polling in class • ‘Facetime’ in class (signing) • Twitter sharing • Sketching and annotation • Collaborative devices • Exchanging and sharing information • Bibliographic tools and PDF handling • Lecture Tools • Synchronous and asynchronous All via one device
  33. 33. Moving around educational spaces Physical spaces from field to lab and library Technologically enhanced spaces (or not) via WiFi and Cloud accessibility Pedagogic spaces Task and activity spaces Knowledge and Information spaces Individual and collective (group) spaces Can be reached via the ubiquitous iPad
  34. 34. After Helen Beetham, 2013 etc
  35. 35. Trip space Team Space Personal space Knowledge space Other Personal space Educational Spaces … lab, home, library …. ….. lecture, pub, wherever … Student information environment Rich Internet Applications PLEField space ‘Cloud’ Wifi ‘APPS’
  36. 36. In the field Trip space Team Space Personal space Knowledge space Other Personal space Educational Spaces … lab, home, library …. ….. lecture, pub, wherever … Student information environment Rich Internet Applications PLEField space ‘Cloud’ Wifi ‘APPS’
  37. 37. Your PLE includes Your learning experiences Allows you to adapt your PLE to: Your needs For any purpose, at ‘any’ time Collecting tools as needed Sharing information – written, audio-visual Developed on a self-contained device Thus, getting close to Neal Stephenson’s device Young Lady’s Primer
  38. 38. Mooer's Law (in case you thought I’d forgotten) Mooers’ Law: ‘An information retrieval system will tend not to be used whenever it is more painful and troublesome for a customer to have information than for him not to have it.’ The problem is not students using tablets but educators not using them to enhance educational ecology
  39. 39. Technology Adoption Curve Adoption Time Innovators 3-5% Early Adopters 10-15% Early majority 34% Late majority 34% Laggards Non-adopters 5-16% Moore’s chasm Or - the technology just crashes! From Aldrich 2005, ‘Learning by Doing’ Geoffrey A Moore ‘Crossing the Chasm’
  40. 40. What BYOD means ....... • Students (of all ages, but especially the upcoming) will use whatever they feel comfortable perhaps with a bit of guidance • Digital literacies are rather more than ‘teaching MS Office products) usually done poorly anyway
  41. 41. Bring Your Own Educational Device to your personal learning spaces You + ‘Space’ + iPad
  42. 42. In Summary • iPads are the first time a fully functional computer can be carried in a pocket • to any educational space you choose • to enhance your/students educational experiences • with easy assimilation of device + apps • to promote enhance educational ecologies via • Bring Your Own Device implementation
  43. 43. References • Aldrich, C. 2005 Learning by Doing, Pfeiffer, • Beetham, H. 2013. Designing for active learning in technology-rich contexts, In: Rethinking pedagogy for a digital age. H. Beetham and R. Sharpe eds.New York and London: Routledge. 31-48. • Christensen, C. M., M. B. Horn, and C. W. Johnson. 2008. Disrupting class: How disruptive innovation will change the way the world learns, McGraw-Hill New York. • Downes, S. PLE diagram at: www.edtechpost.ca/ple_diagrams/index.php/L • van Harmelen, M. 2006. Personal learning environments, Personal Learning Environments. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT'06), IEEE. City. • Knowles, M. S. 1975. Self-directed learning: a guide for learners and teachers., Cambridge, Globe Fearon. • Koole, M. L. 2009. A model for frameing mobile learning, In: Mobile Learning. Transforming the delivery of education and training. M. Ally ed.Edmonton, Canada: AU Press. 25-47. • Moore, G. A. 1999 Crossing the Chasm: Marketing and Selling High-Tech Products to Mainstream Customers. New York: HarperBusiness. • Novak, J. D. 1998. Learning, Creating, and Using Knowledge, Mahwah, New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. For discussion of Ausubel and see Fig 5.6, p.58. • Race, P. 2005. Making Learning Happen, London, Sage. • Stephenson, N. 1995 The Diamond Age, Bantam.
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