0
Dr. Brian J. Spiering
email: bspiering@gmail.com
website: https://sites.google.com/site/brianjspiering
SPEED Model
Applica...
SPEED
An Contrarian Model of Procedural Expertise
Previous Notions
“It has been widely held that although memory
traces are at first formed in the cerebral cortex,
they are ...
Previous Notions
“Routine, automatic, or overlearned behavioral
sequences, however complex, do not engage the
PFC and may ...
SPEED
An Contrarian Model of Procedural Expertise
SPEED Model
Procedural learning is striatum dependent.
Procedural expertise is striatum independent.
SPEED (Subcortical Pa...
Sensory
Association
Cortex
Response
BA
B
A-B difference
A
B
A B
A
Premotor Area
(Cortex)
Thalamus
Globus Pallidus
Striatum...
Sensory
AssociationA Response
A
A
A
A
Premotor Area
(Cortex)
Thalamus
Globus Pallidus
Striatum
Excitatory
Inhibitory
SPEED...
Sensory
Association
Cortex
Response
BA
B
A-B difference
A
B
A B
A
Premotor Area
(Cortex)
Thalamus
Globus Pallidus
Striatum...
Sensory
Association
Cortex
Striatum
SNpc
Dopamine
Excitatory
SPEED Model:
Subcortical Learning
Sensory
Association
Cortex
Response
BA
B
A-B difference
A
B
A B
A
Premotor Area
(Cortex)
Thalamus
Globus Pallidus
Striatum...
Sensory
Association
Cortex
Response
BA
A-B difference
SPEED Model:
Cortical
Sensory
Association
Cortex
Response
BA
B
A-B difference
A
B
A B
A
Premotor Area
(Cortex)
Thalamus
Globus Pallidus
Striatum...
Sensory
Association
Cortex
A
A
A A
Premotor Area
(Cortex)
Thalamus
Globus Pallidus
Striatum
SPEED Model:
1st Trial
Sensory
Association
Cortex
A
A
A A
Premotor Area
(Cortex)
Thalamus
Globus Pallidus
Striatum
SPEED Model:
Early Learning
Sensory
Association
Cortex
A
A
A A
Premotor Area
(Cortex)
Thalamus
Globus Pallidus
Striatum
SPEED Model:
Middle Learning
Sensory
Association
Cortex
A
A
A A
Premotor Area
(Cortex)
Thalamus
Globus Pallidus
Striatum
SPEED Model:
Mature Performance
Future Directions
- Application to other implicit learning tasks
- Automaticity development during lifespan
Triplet Learning
Automaticity Development
& Life Span
F. Greg Ashby Carol A. Seger
Erik J. Peterson
Dan Lopez-Paniagua
Kurt Braunlich
Anastasia Sares
Alexander Gonzalez
Catie A...
?
SPEED (Subcortical Pathways Enable Expertise Development) model applications.
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SPEED (Subcortical Pathways Enable Expertise Development) model applications.

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Introduction and application to:
Ashby, F. G., Ennis, J. M., & Spiering, B. J. (2007). A neurobiological theory of automaticity in perceptual categorization. Psychological Review, 114, 632-656.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Transcript of "SPEED (Subcortical Pathways Enable Expertise Development) model applications."

  1. 1. Dr. Brian J. Spiering email: bspiering@gmail.com website: https://sites.google.com/site/brianjspiering SPEED Model Applications
  2. 2. SPEED An Contrarian Model of Procedural Expertise
  3. 3. Previous Notions “It has been widely held that although memory traces are at first formed in the cerebral cortex, they are finally reduced or transferred by long practice to subcortical levels” (p. 466) Karl Lashley (1950) In search of the engram.
  4. 4. Previous Notions “Routine, automatic, or overlearned behavioral sequences, however complex, do not engage the PFC and may be entirely organized in subcortical structures” (p. 323) Joaquin Fuster (2001). The prefrontal cortex – an update.
  5. 5. SPEED An Contrarian Model of Procedural Expertise
  6. 6. SPEED Model Procedural learning is striatum dependent. Procedural expertise is striatum independent. SPEED (Subcortical Pathways Enable Expertise Development)
  7. 7. Sensory Association Cortex Response BA B A-B difference A B A B A Premotor Area (Cortex) Thalamus Globus Pallidus Striatum SPEED Model:
  8. 8. Sensory AssociationA Response A A A A Premotor Area (Cortex) Thalamus Globus Pallidus Striatum Excitatory Inhibitory SPEED Model: Single Subcortical
  9. 9. Sensory Association Cortex Response BA B A-B difference A B A B A Premotor Area (Cortex) Thalamus Globus Pallidus Striatum SPEED Model: Subcortical
  10. 10. Sensory Association Cortex Striatum SNpc Dopamine Excitatory SPEED Model: Subcortical Learning
  11. 11. Sensory Association Cortex Response BA B A-B difference A B A B A Premotor Area (Cortex) Thalamus Globus Pallidus Striatum SPEED Model: Subcortical
  12. 12. Sensory Association Cortex Response BA A-B difference SPEED Model: Cortical
  13. 13. Sensory Association Cortex Response BA B A-B difference A B A B A Premotor Area (Cortex) Thalamus Globus Pallidus Striatum SPEED Model: Cortical Learning
  14. 14. Sensory Association Cortex A A A A Premotor Area (Cortex) Thalamus Globus Pallidus Striatum SPEED Model: 1st Trial
  15. 15. Sensory Association Cortex A A A A Premotor Area (Cortex) Thalamus Globus Pallidus Striatum SPEED Model: Early Learning
  16. 16. Sensory Association Cortex A A A A Premotor Area (Cortex) Thalamus Globus Pallidus Striatum SPEED Model: Middle Learning
  17. 17. Sensory Association Cortex A A A A Premotor Area (Cortex) Thalamus Globus Pallidus Striatum SPEED Model: Mature Performance
  18. 18. Future Directions - Application to other implicit learning tasks - Automaticity development during lifespan
  19. 19. Triplet Learning
  20. 20. Automaticity Development & Life Span
  21. 21. F. Greg Ashby Carol A. Seger Erik J. Peterson Dan Lopez-Paniagua Kurt Braunlich Anastasia Sares Alexander Gonzalez Catie Alpeter Sarah Quraini Collaborators
  22. 22. ?
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