Imperfect0 Formulas 0 Hace+Time+Que+Conjugated verb 0 -how much time youve been doing something. 0 Hay+Que+Infinitive 0 -what needs to be done or what must be done. Directed to nobody inparticular. 0 Se Prohibe+Infinitive 0 -tells what is prohibited, Se Permite+Infinitive tells what is allowed. 0 Ir+a+Infinitive 0 tells what someone is going to do, conjugate Ir and leave what they are going to do in the infinitive.
Modal Verbs0 Ir+a+Infinitive (going to do something)0 Poder+Infinitive (are able to do something)0 Querer+Infinitive (want to do something)0 Deber+Infinitive (should do something)0 Tener que+Infinitive (to have to do something)0 Soler+Infinitive (to be accustomed to…)
Adverbs When two adverbs modify the0 Adj. same verb , only the second oneConstante – same uses the –mente ending. Is the same as the feminine singularDifícil- same form of the adj.Perfecto – perfectaAlegre - same Irregular: mucho – a lot bein – good well Muy – very ya - already Mal – bad tan- so Bastante – quite/enough demasiado - too
Progresive (Past)0 I was working0 -Estaba trabajando0 They were studying0 -Ellos estaban estudiando.
Progressive (Present)0 English words ending in -ing.0 AR verbs----ando0 ER/IR verbs----iendo0 Ex. - Tabajar- Tabajando0 Ex. - Comer- Comiendo
Future0 Tense used for "i will do something"0 Infinitive+(á, ás, á, emos, eis, án) for AR verbs.0 Infinitive+(é, ás, á, emos, eis, án) for ER/IR verbs.0 EX: I will work tomorrow.0 Yo trabajá manaña.
Superlatives0 Definite Article + noun + Mas/Menos + adj. + de.0 -describes something relative to a larger group.0 Ex: Benito is the tallest boy in the class.0 -Benito es el chico mas alto de la clase.
Formal Commands0 In the Usted/Ustedes form you put it in the "yo" form and change it to the feminine version.0 Ex: Trabajar-Trabajo-Trabaja
Prepositions0 Sobre- on0 Encima- above, on top0 Izquierda- to the left of0 debajo- below, underneath0 derecha- to the right of0 detrás- behind
Conditional0 Tells how something would have happened.0 AR ER IR0 Hablar Comer Vivir0 Hablaría Comería Viviría0 Hablarías Comerías Vivirías0 Hablaría Comería Viviría0 Hablaríamos Comeríamos Viviríamos0 Hablaríais Comeríais Viviríais0 Hablarían Comerían Vivirían
Demonstratives0 This- Este/Esta0 That- Ese/Esa0 That over there- Aquel/Aquella0 These- Estos/Estas0 Those- Esos/Esas0 Those over there- Aquellos/Aquellas