Eco-Lead 2012 Participant's Guide

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Eco-Lead 2012 Participant's Guide

  1. 1. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012 Participant’s Guide
  2. 2. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012 Table of Contents Pages 1. Contact Information 1 2. History of the Program 2 3. Learning Outcomes 3 4. Guiding Leadership Principles 4 5. Social Change Model of Leadership 5 6. Participant’s Agreement 6 7. Course Syllabus 7-12 8. Resources 13 9. Presentation & Facilitation Groups 14 10. Costa Rica Presentation Questions 15-17 11. Costa Rica Map 18 12. Notes 19Arenal Volcano
  3. 3. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012History of Eco-LeadEco-Lead is an environmental and global leadershipprogram exclusive to St. Edward’s University.The program evolved out of the award-winning CaboLead program,which was created in 2007 by Brian Perry, Abbie Schneider, TomSullivan, and Courtney Riegler to explore the impact of globalizationand the tourism industry on Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.As areas of Mexico became unsafe and a travel warning was issued, in2010, the CaboLead program was put on hold. Meanwhile, members ofthe Student Life staff pursued alternatives to continue to showstudents the importance of global leadership issues.In 2011, Environmental Science and Policy Professor Peter Beck wasapproached to partner with Student Life and Hilltop LeadershipDevelopment to create a global leadership program that would exploreissues of sustainable development, ecotourism, and biodiversity.Professor Beck, Lindsey Woelker, and Ben Sambrano travelled to CostaRica to begin planning the events, speakers, and excursions for theinitial trip with students. Brian Perry and Professor Beck begandeveloping a blended 12 week curriculum to address bothenvironmental and leadership issues in Costa Rica.The weekly sessions address the history, people, and customs of CostaRica, as well as current issues dealing with rural development,ecotourism, and much more. 2
  4. 4. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012 Learning Outcomes Students will: •Assess the significant Costa Rican economic, political, cultural, and environmental issues and analyze how they interact. •Compare and contrast leadership in Costa Rica with The United States. •Critically evaluate the opportunities and challenges involved with promoting ecotourism, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. •Experience cultures outside of the United States. •Enhance their global leadership potential through critical thinking and self-awareness.Hanging Bridge 3
  5. 5. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012Guiding Leadership PrinciplesEco-Lead was designed to be, primarily, an experiential program.However, those experiences are organized around acurriculum that is framed by a number of critical guidingprinciples that we believe help college students to focus their potentialto become global leaders.Self-AwarenessUnderstanding your personal strengths and areas for growth is a foundational element of leadershipEthicsAn individual’s moral principles defined through the lens of experience, situation, and cultureKnowledgeTo purposefully lead, knowledge must be acquired to help guide the decision-making processGlobalizationThe impact nations have on each other’s economies, cultures, and way of living when they intersectthrough expansionCultural CompetencyThe ability to effectively navigate a culture other than your own through experience and educationCommitmentThe willingness to engage in a highly motivated, purposeful, and passionate wayCoalitionsThe ability to bring together related, but different entities to collaborate is a hallmark of leadershipCritical ThinkingThe ability to analyze, synthesize, and consider all sides of a situation against each other to generate anopinionPoliticsUsing local laws, governance structures, and customs, as well as who has power to your strategicadvantageVisionAn alternate reality developed to achieve a set of purposeful goalsTaking ActionWhen an individual, group, or coalition take steps to enact their visionTaking RisksThe willingness to put aside fears and concerns about potential difficulties to reach for a bold outcomePotentialThe result of an individual applying their strengths and minimizing their weaknesses to their maximumextent 4
  6. 6. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012Social Change Model(Higher Education Research Institute, A Social Change Model of Leadership Development,University Of California, Los Angeles, 1996) 5
  7. 7. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012Participant’s AgreementEco-Lead is an experience that is unique to St. Edward’s University.Hard work and dedication have been put into making Eco-Lead amemorable and hopefully life-changing experience. However, theseaspirations cannot be achieved without an understanding of theexpectations of all participants in the program.All participants of Eco-Lead must agree to…• No consumption of alcohol or use of illegal drugs in all situations. No exceptions.• Attend each educational session preceding the trip.• Arrive on time for all scheduled educational sessions.• Arrive on time for all meetings and departures during the trip.• Make sure members of the Eco-Lead Planning Team are aware of their location at all times.• Always travel in groups.• Engage in conversations with guest speakers and panelists.• Treat each other with respect.• Represent St. Edward’s University with dignity and respect.Costa Rica has a reputation for being a place Americans go to relax, unwind, and have a goodtime. There is certainly nothing wrong with this characterization. However, we will beshowing you another side of Costa Rica. By making these choices, our group stands out to theleaders we interact with and helps establish the potential for other Americans to travel in theregion without the expectation that we are there simply to consume the region and benothing more than tourists.By signing this agreement, you are making a commitment to the Eco-Lead Planning Team, Eco-Lead participants, and to St. Edward’s University that you understand that these are theexpectations of a leader and that you are willing and able to uphold these expectations.Additionally, you understand that if you violate any of these agreements, you may be subjectto removal from activities, reimbursement of costs, or removal from the program and returnto Texas at your own cost.The Eco-Lead Planning Team has designed these expectations to maximize the Eco-Leadexperience. They are designed to help respect the process, as well as everyone involved in theprocess. We believe that these are small concessions to make when weighed against theopportunity provided.Participant Signature_______________________________________________________Eco-Lead Planning Team Member Signature_______________________________________________________ 6
  8. 8. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012SyllabusGLST 2199.03Topics in Global Studies: Environmental Leadership in Costa RicaSpring 2012Thursdays 5-6 p.m. 104 Trustee HallAcademic Coordinators:Peter Beck, PhD, Associate Professor, Environmental Science and Policypeterab@stedwards.eduBrian Perry, Associate Director, Student Lifebrianp2@stedwards.eduRequired Readings:Lonely Planet Costa Rica (2010)Eco-Lead Articles (on-line)Introduction:Welcome to GLST 2199.03 Topics in Global Studies: Environmental Leadership in Costa Rica,the academic companion to the Eco-Lead program. This course is a global, environmentalleadership exploration program, designed by faculty and staff from Behavioral and SocialSciences and Student Life at St. Edward’s University. Each week, the class will meet todiscuss issues related to Costa Rica, sustainable development, and leadership, beforedeparting for Costa Rica.Eco Lead Purpose:Eco-Lead is an academic and experiential leadership initiative that supports theUniversity’s commitment to developing globally prepared undergraduate students. Uponcompleting the course, students will be introduced to local leaders, participate in hands-oncommunity service, and learn about the environmental, economic, social, political andethical leadership issues in Costa Rica over a seven day period.Learning Outcomes:Students will:•Assess the significant Costa Rican economic, political, cultural, and environmental issuesand analyze how they interact.•Compare and contrast leadership in Costa Rica with The United States.•Critically evaluate the opportunities and challenges involved with promoting ecotourism,biodiversity conservation and sustainable development.•Experience cultures outside of the United States.•Enhance their global leadership potential through critical thinking and self-awareness. 7
  9. 9. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012SyllabusClass Policies:Attendance/Participation:The unique nature of this program demands attendance andin-depth participation. Absences can only be approved due to medical illness orfamily or personal emergencies. The participants who were selected agreed inadvance to their ability to attend all of the scheduled events related to Eco-Lead. Any absences will need to be approved in advance when possible via theEco-Lead Planning Team. The Eco-Lead Planning Team reserves the right towithdraw academic credit if more than two sessions are missed. The Eco-LeadPlanning Team consists of Associate Professor, Environmental Science andPolicy, Peter Beck, Associate Director, Student Life, Brian Perry, AssistantDirector, Student Life, Lindsey Woelker, and Eco-Lead student coordinator, BenSambrano.Students with Disabilities:If you have a disability that might affect your performance in class, please let usknow so that we can accommodate your needs. For more information ondisabilities, contact the Student Disability Services Office (448-8660) or visit theAcademic Planning and Support Services area at Moody Hall room 155. Calltheir office for an appointment.Academic Integrity:In all aspects of this experience, you should conduct yourself with academicintegrity and high ethical standards. Plagiarism is not acceptable! Beaccountable for your work and behavior, treat others with respect, value andpractice what you learn. St. Edward’s University expects academic honestyfrom all members of the community, and it is our policy that academic integritybe fostered to the highest degree possible. Consequently, all work submittedfor grading in a course must be created as a result of your own thought andeffort. Representing work as your own when it is not a result of such thoughtand effort is a violation of our code of academic integrity. The maximumpenalty for a first offense is failure in the course, and if that penalty isimposed, the student does not have the option of withdrawing from thecourse. In cases of mitigating circumstance, the instructor has the option ofassigning a lesser penalty.Risk Management:Due to the nature of this experience, students will be expected to follow St.Edward’s University risk management policies in relation to international travel.A valid passport is required to participate, and the appropriate liabilityinsurance, and emergency forms will need to be filled out before leaving forCosta Rica. 8
  10. 10. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012SyllabusAssignments:Costa Rica Group Presentations (20 points)Each Costa Rica session will begin with a presentation about thetopic listed. The students will be broken into groups and provided questions that willguide their research for a presentation for the group. The presentation should be digital(preferably PowerPoint) and last 45 minutes and include a 15 minute facilitated Q and A withthe group. Also, provide at least one additional article, story, etc. related to yourpresentation for the group.Attendance and Participation (20 points)Total points will be allocated weekly and totaled at the end of the experience based onattendance, weekly participation, and contributions to the learning community and includesthe trip to Costa Rica. Also included, will be preparation for facilitated discussions duringthe Eco-Lead Sessions.Final Project Part One (20 Points)The culminating project for Eco-Lead will be a self-directed study of a topic of the student’schoice. Each student will choose a different topic. Part One of the Final Project includes astatement of why the topic has been chosen, and a literature review of a number ofsources, and will include the development of questions the student would like to consideras part of the Costa Rica trip. The total length of Part One should be 5 typed pages.Final Project Part Two (20 Points)The completed Final Project will include the initial work in Part One, and will add thefindings in relation to the Part One questions, as well as a discussion and reaction to thefindings, as well as commentary related to the Costa Rica trip. The total Final Project shouldbe 9 typed pages.Costa Rican Journals (20 points)While on the Costa Rica Trip, students will be expected to journal at the end of each day toreflect on their experience and how it connects with the studies that took place before thetrip.Grade BreakdownA=93-100B=85-92C=77-84D=69-76F=68-belowPlease note that this syllabus is a contract between you, the students, and the instructors.By staying in and finishing this experience, you are accepting the terms and policiesspecified in this syllabus. 9
  11. 11. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012SyllabusThursday January 26 (Session #1)Introduction104 Trustee Hall 5-6pmThursday February 2 (Session #2)“Costa Rica: History, People, and Culture”104 Trustee HallAssignments Due:1. Read Lonely Planet Costa Rica (pages 32-54)2. “Costa Rica: History, People, and Culture” PresentationThursday February 9 (Homecoming)No SessionThursday February 16 (Session #3)“Costa Rica: Politics and Economics”104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m.Assignments Due:1. Read Lonely Planet Costa Rica (pages 448)2. “Costa Rica: Politics and Economics” Presentation3. Online Article: “Democratic Development in Costa Rica”Thursday February 23 (Session #4)“Costa Rica: Environment and Biodiversity”104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m.Assignments Due:1. Read Lonely Planet Costa Rica (pages 55-65)2. “Costa Rica: Environment and Biodiversity” PresentationThursday March 1 (Session #5)“ECO-LEAD: Ecotourism and Rural Development”104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m.Assignments Due:1. Online Article: Ecotourism: Does it Help or Hurt Fragile Lands and Cultures2. Facilitation Questions (20 minutes)Thursday March 8 (Session #6)“ECO-LEAD: Biodiversity Conservation Part I”104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m.Assignments Due:1. Read Lonely Planet Costa Rica (pages 477-479)2. Online Article: Status and Conservation of Coral Reefs in Costa Rica3. Facilitation Questions (20 minutes) 10
  12. 12. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012SyllabusThursday March 15 (Spring Break)No SessionThursday March 22 (Session #7)“ECO-LEAD: Biodiversity Conservation Part II”104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m.Assignments Due:1. Read Lonely Planet Costa Rica (pages 171-173)2. Online Article: Payments for Environmental Services in Costa Rica3. Facilitation Questions (20 minutes)Thursday March 29 (Session #8)“ECO-LEAD: Sustainability”104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m.Assignments Due:1. Final Project Part One (Topic)2. Review Online Web Sites: Earth University3. Facilitation Questions (20 minutes)Thursday April 5 (Easter Break)No SessionThursday April 12 (Session #9)Office of International Education: Travel Logistics104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m.Assignment Due: Read Lonely Planet Costa Rica (pages 16-24, 523-540, 552-557)Thursday April 19 (Session #10)Global Leadership Principles104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m.Thursday April 26 (Session #11)Global Leaders (Case Studies)104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m.Assignment Due:1. Final Project Part One (Literature Review and Trip Questions)2. Review Online Web Sites: Rancho MargotThursday May 3 (Session #12)Global Leadership Issues104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m. 11
  13. 13. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012 Syllabus Thursday May 10 (Finals Week) No Session Tuesday May 15 - Trip Preparation Meeting 104 Trustee Hall 5-6 p.m. Wednesday May 16-23 Costa Rica Trip Assignment Due: Daily Journals Monday May 28 Assignment Due: Completed Final ProjectCoral Reef 12
  14. 14. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012ResourcesPolitics and Economics:“Democratic Development in Costa Rica”https://ezproxy.stedwards.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eda&AN=33245082&site=eds-live&scope=siteEco-Lead Sessions:Ecotourism: Does it Help or Hurt Fragile Lands and Cultureshttp://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2006102000Status and Conservation of Coral Reefs in Costa Ricahttp://www.scribd.com/doc/45347420/Status-and-conservation-of-coral-reefs-in-Costa-RicaPayments for Environmental Services in Costa Ricahttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800907004235Other Sources:U.S. Department of Statehttp://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2019.htmValuation of tropical forest services and mechanisms to finance their conservation andsustainable use: A case study of Tapantí National Park, Costa Ricahttp://www.sciencedirect.com.ezproxy.stedwards.edu:5000/science/article/pii/S1389934109000264Earth Universityhttp://www.earth-usa.org/http://www.earth.ac.cr/?lang=enRancho Margothttp://ranchomargot.org/ 13
  15. 15. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012Presentation and Facilitation GroupsCosta Rica Sessions Eco-Lead SessionsPresentation 1 (2/2/12) Facilitation 1 (3/1/12)Zach Domingue Jane Marie AgnewDellea Copeland Zach DominguePortia Odell Kadence HamptonJanelle Sylvester Facilitation 2 (3/8/12)Presentation 2 (2/16/12) Jami BulaFrank Duran Frank DuranLeslie De La Rosa Portia OdellKadence HamptonJane Marie Agnew Facilitation 3 (3/22/12) Dellea CopelandPresentation 3 (2/23/12) Marissa DzubaraGilberto Martinez Gilberto MartinezJami BulaAmara Garza Facilitation 4 (3/29/12)Marissa Dzubara Leslie De La Rosa Amara Garza Janelle Sylvester 14
  16. 16. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012Presentation Questions“History, People, and Culture”History and People1. How long are people believed to have inhabited Costa Rica?2. Who are the two people who may have given Costa Rica its name? What does it mean?3. Who was Diego de Nicuesa?4. What is the historic significance of Guayabo?5. When was a Spanish colony firmly established in Costa Rica?6. Who was the first Governor?7. Why did Costa Rica not follow the same developmental pattern as other Spanish colonies?8. What was the fate of the 400,000 indigenous people in Costa Rica after colonization?9. What role did Napoleon play in Costa Rica’s independence from Spain?10. In what year did Costa Rica gain their independence?11. Who designed Costa Rica’s first flag?12. Who was the first head of state? When was his term of office? What did he accomplish?13. What discovery led to Costa Rica going from being impoverished to wealthy in Central America?14. What is the significance of American Minor Keith?15. What was known by the locals as “el pulpo?”16. What led to the Costa Rican Civil War in 1948? What was its outcome? Who was the key leader?17. How did the Cold War affect Costa Rica?Culture1. Which native tribes are still represented in Costa Rica? Where are they located?2. What term do Costa Ricans affectionately call themselves?3. How is Costa Rica culturally different from other Central American countries?4. What outside cultures have influenced Costa Rica? In what ways?5. What role does family play in Costa Rican life?6. What factors contribute to the general good health and long life expectancy in Costa Rica?7. How does a typical Costa Rican family live?8. What specific populations continue to live in poverty in Costa Rica?9. What groups experience or have experienced prejudice and racism in Costa Rica?10. What was the purpose of the reservation system created in 1977?11. What is the significance of the term “pura vida?”12. What are some of the popular types of dancing in Costa Rica?13. What foods are at the heart of the Costa Rican diet?14. Describe the variety of popular drinks in Costa Rica.15. What is the national musical instrument of Costa Rica?Leadership Principles1. How does knowing a region’s history prepare a global leader?2. How does understanding cultural history prepare you to understand the present reality?3. How did the leadership of a few individuals change the future of Costa Rica? 15
  17. 17. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012Presentation Questions“Politics and Economics”Politics and Government1. Outline the governmental structure for Costa Rica both nationally and locally.2. How long are the terms of each level of elected official?3. What kind of government does Costa Rica have?4. When did the last national elections take place?5. Who is the current President? What is their brief background?6. What are the major political parties in Costa Rica?7. When were mayors first elected in Costa Rica?8. When was the Coast Guard first established?9. Why doesn’t Costa Rica have an army?10. Describe the educational conditions in Costa Rica.11. Does Costa Rica have an embassy in the United States?12. What are some of the political objectives of the current President?13. What is Costa Rica’s track record on human rights and issues of equality?14. Who was Oscar Arias and what did he achieve?15. What country is currently in a political spat with Costa Rica?16. Why is Costa Rica considering comprehensive tax reform? What are the main issues?17. What is the Blue Flag Ecological Program?Economics1. What industry primarily makes up 67% of Costa Rica’s GDP?2. Costa Rica was the world’s largest exporter of what fruit in 2011?3. Why is the cost of living so high in Costa Rica compared to the rest of Central America?4. What are the key elements of the Costa Rican tourism board’s2010-2016 Sustainable Tourism Plan?5. What percent of the Costa Rican population live below the poverty line?6. Immigrants from what country are threatening the economic security of Costa Rica?7. What are the other major agricultural exports of Costa Rica?8. What is the star of Costa Rica’s Million Dollar Gift of Happiness Marketing Campaign?9. What are some of the key elements that make Costa Rica a tourism hot spot?10. What was the estimated unemployment rate in 2010?11. What are some of the main industries in Costa Rica producing?12. What country imports the most Costa Rican products?13. What is the current exchange rate between Costa Rican colones and American dollars?14. Give a brief overview of the importance of coffee to the Costa Rican economy.15. What has caused a decrease in coffee farming in Costa Rica?16. What are the major environmental and social concerns with banana plantations?Leadership Principles1. How does Costa Rica’s rural and agricultural past impact it’s future?2. Can you see any similarities between political and economic issues in Costa Rica and the USA?3. Historically Costa Rica has been very loosely structured politically. What has been the impact? 16
  18. 18. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012Presentation Questions“Environment and Biodiversity”Environment and Biodiversity1. National parks cover approximately what percentage of Costa Rica?2. What are some of the more common forms of wildlife in Costa Rica?3. Talk about the INBio organization. What do they do?4. Discuss in depth the history and purpose of Earth University in Costa Rica.5. What are some of the current research projects going on at Earth University?6. What is unique about The Ostional Wildlife Refuge in Costa Rica?7. What percentage of the world’s biodiversity can be found in Costa Rica?8. What are some factors that explain why such a small place has such diversity of species?9. Discuss the Biodiversity Act of 1998.10. What is agro-ecotourism?11. Describe the unique purpose of Rancho Margot.12. What are the women of Barrio La Argentina in Costa Rica doing to promote sustainability?13. Discuss some of the reasons Costa Rica sets aside protected areas for sea turtles.14. Costa Rica hopes to be carbon neutral by what year? Give an overview of carbon neutrality.15. What is a seiner fishing ship and how do they threaten the tourism industry in Costa Rica?16. What is studied at the La Selva Biological Station?17. What is the Costa Rican cloud forest?18. What are some of the government agencies that are designed to protect the environment?19. Why were vast expanses of rainforest deforested during the 1970’s and 80’s?20. There are at least 39 endangered animal species in Costa Rica. Discuss a few of them.21. What are some of the ways Costa Rican frogs try to protect their eggs from fish?22. Over half of the mammal species in Costa Rica are what kind of animal?23. Almost 900 varieties of this species are found in Costa Rica—more than USA and Canadacombined.24. What is the difference between a moth and a butterfly?25. How many ecosystems are there in Costa Rica?26. What are some of the more unique plants that can be found in Costa Rica?27. Display and discuss some of the beautiful birds native to Costa RicaLeadership Principles1. Why would politicians or local leaders be opposed to designating protected conservation areas?2. How would you deal with the problems presented by illegal fishing practices?3. What are your personal values when the issue is environment vs. economics? 17
  19. 19. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012Map 18
  20. 20. Eco-Lead: Costa Rica 2012Notes 19

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