History of Columbia Turnpike<br />
Five Topics of Discussion<br /><ul><li>Colonial Roads and the Need for Turnpikes
Development of Washington, D.C. and Columbia Turnpike
Civil War and Railroads
Government Transportation Experiments
Prominent Structures along the Pike</li></li></ul><li>Roads in America<br />Colonial roads<br />Local responsibility<br />...
Rates regulated by government
Outside investors
Road returned to   public </li></li></ul><li>English vs. American Turnpikes<br />American system<br /><ul><li>New England ...
Virginia – State subsidized
Rates not government regulated
Local Investors
Road remains with turnpike company after amortization of debt</li></li></ul><li>Turnpikes/Toll Roads<br />1800-1830 = 10,0...
DC and Columbia Turnpike <br />Residence Act<br />District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801<br />“Instant City”<br />Slow G...
Benjamin Henry Latrobe and Turnpikes<br />Emigrated from England, 1795.<br />Famous  for architectural work.<br />DC was c...
Solution to Slow Growth is Turnpikes<br /><ul><li>Little River Turnpike
Long Bridge – 14th Street Bridge
Washington and Alexandria Turnpike Company
Columbia Turnpike Company</li></li></ul><li>Columbia Turnpike Company April 12, 1810<br />Three turnpikes<br />Capital to ...
Stipulations of Columbia Turnpike Charter<br /><ul><li>Dimensions of road
Toll gates
Maximum toll </li></ul>	rates<br /><ul><li>Repair of roads
Roads to become free</li></li></ul><li>Columbia Turnpike and the Civil War<br />Alexandria County<br />Critical route to t...
Fort Runyon<br />
Columbia Turnpike and the Civil War<br />
Freedman’s Village<br />
Columbia Pike and W&OD<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

History of the columbia turnpike presentation1

723 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
723
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

History of the columbia turnpike presentation1

  1. 1. History of Columbia Turnpike<br />
  2. 2. Five Topics of Discussion<br /><ul><li>Colonial Roads and the Need for Turnpikes
  3. 3. Development of Washington, D.C. and Columbia Turnpike
  4. 4. Civil War and Railroads
  5. 5. Government Transportation Experiments
  6. 6. Prominent Structures along the Pike</li></li></ul><li>Roads in America<br />Colonial roads<br />Local responsibility<br />Unprofessional results<br />Authorization of turnpikes<br /><ul><li>Legislative not technological</li></li></ul><li>English vs. American Turnpikes<br />English system <br /><ul><li>Organized as trusts
  7. 7. Rates regulated by government
  8. 8. Outside investors
  9. 9. Road returned to public </li></li></ul><li>English vs. American Turnpikes<br />American system<br /><ul><li>New England – Did not subsidize
  10. 10. Virginia – State subsidized
  11. 11. Rates not government regulated
  12. 12. Local Investors
  13. 13. Road remains with turnpike company after amortization of debt</li></li></ul><li>Turnpikes/Toll Roads<br />1800-1830 = 10,000 miles of turnpikes.<br />Road Improvements:<br />Roadbeds were smoothed and hardened<br />Curves straightened.<br />Bridges constructed to replace fords.<br />
  14. 14. DC and Columbia Turnpike <br />Residence Act<br />District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801<br />“Instant City”<br />Slow Growth<br />
  15. 15. Benjamin Henry Latrobe and Turnpikes<br />Emigrated from England, 1795.<br />Famous for architectural work.<br />DC was center for Latrobe’s transportation work.<br />
  16. 16. Solution to Slow Growth is Turnpikes<br /><ul><li>Little River Turnpike
  17. 17. Long Bridge – 14th Street Bridge
  18. 18. Washington and Alexandria Turnpike Company
  19. 19. Columbia Turnpike Company</li></li></ul><li>Columbia Turnpike Company April 12, 1810<br />Three turnpikes<br />Capital to Baltimore<br />Capital to Montgomery Courthouse<br />Capital to Shenandoah Valley/Southwest (Columbia Pike)<br />
  20. 20. Stipulations of Columbia Turnpike Charter<br /><ul><li>Dimensions of road
  21. 21. Toll gates
  22. 22. Maximum toll </li></ul> rates<br /><ul><li>Repair of roads
  23. 23. Roads to become free</li></li></ul><li>Columbia Turnpike and the Civil War<br />Alexandria County<br />Critical route to the south<br />Fortification of turnpike<br />
  24. 24. Fort Runyon<br />
  25. 25. Columbia Turnpike and the Civil War<br />
  26. 26. Freedman’s Village<br />
  27. 27. Columbia Pike and W&OD<br />
  28. 28. Columbia Pike and Washington-Virginia Railway <br />
  29. 29. Columbia Pike Experiments, 1911-1915<br /><ul><li>Alexandria County and US Department of Agriculture, Office of Public Roads
  30. 30. Experimental Maintenance Program
  31. 31. Columbia Pike chosen due to its high amount of traffic</li></li></ul><li>Columbia Pike Experiments, 1911-1915<br />Plank Drag’s Purpose:<br />Smoothes<br />Shapes<br />Hardens<br />
  32. 32. Columbia Pike Experiments, 1921<br />Continually Reinforced Concrete Pavement (CRCP)<br /><ul><li>Winter 1921
  33. 33. 1st CRCP Road
  34. 34. 32 Sections of varying design
  35. 35. Large percentage of longitudinal steel and slabs constructed on a sub-base of cinders.</li></li></ul><li>Military Structures along Columbia Pike<br />Arlington naval radio station (1913-1941)<br />South end of Ft. Meyer<br />450 Ft and 650 ft<br />Transatlantic communication<br />
  36. 36. Military Structures along Columbia Pike<br />Pentagon<br />Construction completed in 1943<br />Dramatic impact of the East End of Columbia Turnpike<br />
  37. 37. Military Structures along Columbia Pike<br />Pentagon’s Impact<br />
  38. 38. Military Structures along Columbia Pike<br />Pentagon’s Impact<br />
  39. 39. Construction of Garden Apartments<br />Fillmore Garden Apartments<br />Garden city<br />Planning:<br /><ul><li>1-3 story structures
  40. 40. Low-density superblock
  41. 41. Separation of automobiles and pedestrians
  42. 42. Common landscaped exterior spaces</li></li></ul><li>Columbia Turnpike<br />

×