Spirit Help Us Pray   Lesson 7
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Spirit Help Us Pray Lesson 7

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Prayer in the Life and Ministry of Jesus

Prayer in the Life and Ministry of Jesus

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  • Opening prayer
  • “ ALL growth in the spiritual life is connected with the clearer insight into what Jesus is to us. The more I realize that Christ must be all to me and in me, that all in Christ is indeed for me, the more I learn to live the real life of faith, which, dying to self, lives wholly in Christ. The Christian life is no longer the vain struggle to live right, but the resting in Christ and finding strength in Him as our life, to fight the fight and gain the victory of faith. This is specially true of the life of prayer." Andrew Murray – With Christ in the School of Prayer.
  • The historian Josephus indicates that the bread was unleavened, meaning there was no yeast, nothing to puff it up. This bread is sometimes referred to as being the 'shewbread' because its literal meaning is 'bread of the face', i.e. bread set out before the face or presence of God.
  • In the holy place there was no window or place to let in the light. It was lit from a glorious golden lampstand, which stood directly opposite the table on the south side in the Holy Place. Made from one piece of solid beaten gold it weighed about 43 kg. (over 100 lbs.). In Hebrew it is known as the 'menorah'
  • Isaiah 40:11 Like a shepherd He will tend His flock, In His arm He will gather the lambs And carry them in His bosom; He will gently lead the nursing ewes. Ezekiel 34:11 For thus says the Lord GOD, "Behold, I Myself will search for My sheep and seek them out. Ezekiel 34:23 "Then I will set over them one shepherd, My servant David, and he will feed them; he will feed them himself and be their shepherd.
  • “ I am the resurrection, and the life. Christ makes the grand, striking declaration that he is the RESURRECTION AND THE LIFE, words that never could have fallen from the lips of a sane mortal. They mean that he is the power which opens every grave, gives life to the sleepers, and calls them forth to a new existence; that the life that endows men with eternal being is in him and proceeds from him. In the light of his own resurrection they mean that when he burst open the tomb, he did it for humanity and in him humanity has won the victory over death.” http://pnt.biblecommenter.com/john/11.htm
  • Hebrews 10:20 says “by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body,”
  • Isaiah 5:1-7 says I will sing for the one I love a song about his vineyard: My loved one had a vineyard on a fertile hillside.  He dug it up and cleared it of stones and planted it with the choicest vines. He built a watchtower in it and cut out a winepress as well. Then he looked for a crop of good grapes, but it yielded only bad fruit.   3 "Now you dwellers in Jerusalem and men of Judah, judge between me and my vineyard. What more could have been done for my vineyard than I have done for it?        When I looked for good grapes, why did it yield only bad?   5 Now I will tell you what I am going to do to my vineyard: I will take away its hedge,        and it will be destroyed; I will break down its wall, and it will be trampled.   6 I will make it a wasteland, neither pruned nor cultivated, and briers and thorns will grow there. I will command the clouds not to rain on it."   7 The vineyard of the LORD Almighty is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are the garden of his delight. And he looked for justice, but saw bloodshed; for righteousness, but heard cries of distress.
  • IN His parting address, Jesus gives His disciples the full revelation of what the New Life was to be, when once the kingdom of God had come in power.  In the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, in union with Him the heavenly Vine, in their going forth to witness and to suffer for Him, they were to find their calling and their blessedness.  In between His setting forth of their future new life, the Lord had repeatedly given the most unlimited promises as to the power their prayers might have.  And now in closing, He Himself proceeds to pray.” “ To let His disciples have the joy of knowing what His intercession for them in heaven as their High Priest will be, He gives this precious legacy of His prayer to the Father.  He does this at the same time because they as priests are to share in His work of intercession, that they and we might know how to perform this holy work.  In the teaching of our Lord on this last night, we have learned to understand that these astonishing prayer-promises have not been given in our own behalf, but in the interest of the Lord and His kingdom:  it is from the Lord Himself alone that we can learn what the prayer in His Name is to be and to obtain.  We have understood that to pray in His Name is to pray in perfect unity with Himself:  the high-priestly prayer will teach all that the prayer in the Name of Jesus may ask and expect.” Andrew Murray
  • First of all, Jesus prays for Himself, for His being glorified, that so He may glorify the Father.  ‘Father! Glorify Thy Son.  And now, Father, glorify me.’  And He brings forward the grounds on which He thus prays.  A holy covenant had been concluded between the Father and the Son in heaven.  The Father had promised Him power over all flesh as the reward of His work:  He had done the work, He had glorified the Father, and His one purpose is now still further to glorify Him.  With the utmost boldness 216 He asks that the Father may glorify Him, that He may now be and do for His people all He has undertaken.
  • “ It is only in union with Him that our prayer avails; in union with Him it avails much.  If we but abide in Him, living, and walking, and doing all things in His Name; if we but come and bring each separate petition, tested and touched by His Word and Spirit, and cast it into the mighty stream of intercession that goes up from Him, to be borne upward and presented before the Father;—we shall have the full confidence that we receive the petitions we ask:  the ‘Father!  I will ’ will be breathed into us by the Spirit Himself.  We shall lose ourselves in Him, and become nothing, to find that in our impotence we have power and prevail. Disciples of Jesus!  Called to be like your Lord in His priestly intercession, when, O when!  Shall we awaken to the glory, passing all conception, of this our destiny to plead and prevail with God for perishing men?  O when shall we shake off the sloth that clothes itself with the pretence of humility, and yield ourselves wholly to God’s Spirit, that He may fill our wills with light and with power, to know, and to take, and to possess all that our God is waiting to give to a will that lays hold on Him.”
  • In Christian theology , propitiation is the work of Jesus Christ on the cross, by which He fulfills the wrath of God (both an emotional response of anger and a moral response of indignation), and conciliates Him who would otherwise be offended by our sin and would demand that we pay the penalty for it.
  • (v ( v 34) Does God suffer? Is He ever really troubled?
  • Prayer in couplets – take turns praying alternating through these 7 Points

Transcript

  • 1. “ The Spirit Helps Us Pray” A Biblical Theology of Prayer
  • 2. Lesson 7 Prayer in the Life and Ministry of Christ
  • 3. Who Jesus Said He Was
    • He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
    Title Verse (John) Old Testament New Testament context Significance
  • 4. Who Jesus Said He Was
    • He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
    Title Verse (John) Old Testament New Testament context Significance “ I am the bread of life” 6:35, 41, 48, 51 BREAD OF THE PRESENCE After Jesus had fed the five thousand and the people wanted more free food As bread sustains physical life, so Christ offers and sustains “all” life
  • 5. Who Jesus Said He Was
    • He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
    Title Verse (John) Old Testament New Testament context Significance “ I am the bread of life” 6:35, 41, 48, 51 BREAD OF THE PRESENCE After Jesus had fed the five thousand and the people wanted more free food As bread sustains physical life, so Christ offers and sustains “all” life “ I am the Light of the world.” 8:12 LAMP STAND After an encounter with the Pharisees about an adulterous woman they wanted to stone. Light serves to guide us out of darkness, Christ offers himself as our guiding Light.
  • 6. Who Jesus Said He Was
    • He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
    Title Verse (John) Old Testament New Testament context Significance “ I am the bread of life” 6:35, 41, 48, 51 BREAD OF THE PRESENCE After Jesus had fed the five thousand and the people wanted more free food As bread sustains physical life, so Christ offers and sustains “all” life “ I am the Light of the world.” 8:12 LAMP STAND After an encounter with the Pharisees about an adulterous woman they wanted to stone. Light serves to guide us out of darkness, Christ offers himself as our guiding Light. “ I am the gate.” 10:7-9 GATE TO THE TABERNACLE During a discourse with the Pharisees in which Jesus declared them unfit to lead. Jesus is declaring that He is the only way into God’s presence
  • 7. Who Jesus Said He Was
    • He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
    Title Verse (John) Old Testament New Testament context Significance “ I am the bread of life” 6:35, 41, 48, 51 BREAD OF THE PRESENCE After Jesus had fed the five thousand and the people wanted more free food As bread sustains physical life, so Christ offers and sustains “all” life “ I am the Light of the world.” 8:12 LAMP STAND After an encounter with the Pharisees about an adulterous woman they wanted to stone. Light serves to guide us out of darkness, Christ offers himself as our guiding Light. “ I am the gate.” 10:7-9 GATE TO THE TABERNACLE During a discourse with the Pharisees in which Jesus declared them unfit to lead. Jesus is declaring that He is the only way into God’s presence “ I am the good “Shepherd 10:11,14 PSALM 23, ISAIAH 40:11 Jesus declared twice who he is and what He has come to do: “lay down his life.” Unlike hirelings who might run away, Jesus is committed to caring for His people.
  • 8. Who Jesus Said He Was Title Verse (John) Old Testament New Testament context Significance “ I am the Resurrection and the Life.” 11:25 Psa. 16:8-11 After Lazarus had died and Jesus prays for him to be restored to life. Jesus is the Lord of all life and possesses the power to raise the dead.
  • 9. Who Jesus Said He Was Title Verse (John) Old Testament New Testament context Significance “ I am the Resurrection and the Life.” 11:25 Psa. 16:8-11 After Lazarus had died and Jesus prays for him to be restored to life. Jesus is the Lord of all life and possesses the power to raise the dead. “ I am the way, the truth and the life. “ 14:6 THE VEIL (It was only through the veil the High Priest could enter God’s presence.) When the disciples where confused about Jesus statements about heaven. Jesus is the new and only way to the Father. He offers the very life of God. We enter God’s presence through Him.
  • 10. Who Jesus Said He Was Read Hebrews 10:19-25 Title Verse (John) Old Testament New Testament context Significance “ I am the Resurrection and the Life.” 11:25 Psa. 16:8-11 After Lazarus had died and Jesus prays for him to be restored to life. Jesus is the Lord of all life and possesses the power to raise the dead. “ I am the way, the truth and the life. “ 14:6 THE VEIL (It was only through the veil the High Priest could enter God’s presence.) When the disciples where confused about Jesus statements about heaven. Jesus is the new and only way to the Father. He offers the very life of God. We enter God’s presence through Him. “ I am the true Vine.” 15:1, 5 Israel had been God’s vine (Psalm 80:8, Isa 5:1-7, Ezek 15, Hosea 10:1) In the Upper Room discourse on the night of His arrest. By attaching our life to Christ we enable His life to flow in us and through us. Then we will bear fruit.
  • 11. Jesus Our High Priest
    • Read Hebrews 5:1-10
    • A Priest is chosen by God to represent the people before God
    • Every high priest is chosen from among men. He is appointed to act for them in everything that has to do with God. He offers gifts and sacrifices for their sins.
    • A Priest must be able to relate to and with the people as one of them
    • “ He is able to deal gently with those who have gone down the wrong path without knowing it. He can do that because he himself is weak.
    • A Priest is an honored position appointed by God
    • “ Even Christ did not take the glory of becoming a high priest for himself. God said to him…You are a priest forever, just like Melchizedek”
    • A Priest primary function is to pray
    • “ Jesus prayed while he lived on earth. He made his appeal with loud cries and tears….God heard him because he truly honored God” .
    • A Priest is called to a life of obedience
    • Jesus was God's Son. But by suffering he learned what it means to obey. 9 In that way he was made perfect…. He saves all those who obey him.
  • 12. Jesus Our High Priest
    • Read Hebrews 4:14-16
    • The Place of Our High Place – He passed through the heavens
    • “ Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has gone through the heavens”
    • The Position of Our High Priest - He finished His work
    • “ Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess.”
    • The Preeminence of Our High Priest – He is supreme
    • “ For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses .”
    • The Perfections of Our High Priest – He was sinless
    • “ but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet was without sin.”
    • The Purpose of Our High Priest – He is all we need
    • “ Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.”
  • 13. Prayer of our High Priest
    • Jesus Highly Priestly prayer
    • I. Prays for Himself
    • II. Prays for His Disciples
    • III. Prays for His Church
    • Read John 17:1-5 - Jesus prays for Himself
    • - know His time – “Father the hour has come.”
    • - knows why He had come – “…that Your Son may glorify You.”
    • - states His mission - “to give eternal life to as many as believe.”
    • - declare His success – “I have finished the work.”
    • - proclaims He is God - “Glorify Me, together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world began.”
  • 14. Prayer of our High Priest
    • Read John 17:6-19 - Jesus prays for His Disciples
    • - cites what he has accomplished – “I have revealed you (Your Name) to those whom you gave me out of the world.”
    • - states His successful mission – “Now they know that everything you have given me comes from you.”
    • - declares His unique relationships - “ All I have is yours, and all you have is mine. And glory has come to me through them.”
    • - makes His requests – “ Holy Father, protect them by the power of your name—the name you gave me—so that they may be one as we are one.”
    • - announce His fulfilled prophecy – “ None has been lost except the one doomed to destruction so that Scripture would be fulfilled.”
    • - proclaims He is the source of joy – “but I say these things while I am still in the world, so that they may have the full measure of my joy within them. ”
    • - states the true position of His followers - “ …the world has hated them, for they are not of the world any more than I am of the world.”
    • - intercedes for divine protection - “ My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one.”
  • 15. Prayer of our High Priest
    • Read John 17:20-26 - Jesus prays for His Church
    • - intercedes for all His future believers – “ I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message”
    • - prays for the Unity of His Body – “ that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me.”
    • - declares His profound truth – “I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one: I in them and you in me.
    • - expresses His desire for His Church – “ May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.”
    • - implies His unique relationships - "Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, and to see my glory, the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world.
    • - completes His earthly mission - "Righteous Father, though the world does not know you, I know you, and they know that you have sent me. I have made you known to them, and will continue to make you known in order that the love you have for me may be in them and that….
    • I myself may be in them."
  • 16. Who is our Suffering Servant
    • Read Isaiah 53
    • He was nothing special in appearance
    • OT : “He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him.” (Isaiah 53:2)
    • NT : “Isn't this Mary's son and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas and Simon? Aren't his sisters here with us?" And they took offense at him.” (Mark 6:3)
    • He was and will always be widely rejected
    • OT : “He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not.” (Isaiah 53:3)
    • NT : “Even after Jesus had done all these miraculous signs in their presence, they still would not believe in him. This was to fulfill the word of Isaiah the prophet:    "Lord, who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?” (John 12:37-38)
    • He will bear our sins and sorrows
    • OT: “ Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted.” (Isaiah 53:4)
    • NT : “He was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification.” (Romans 4:25)
  • 17. Who is our Suffering Servant
    • He will make a blood atonement
    • OT : “But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities;        the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed.” ( Isaiah 53:5)
    • NT : “God sacrificed Jesus on the altar of the world to clear that world of sin. Having faith in him sets us in the clear.” (Romans 3:25- The Message)
    • He will be our substitute for the penalty rightly do us
    • OT : “We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way;        and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.” (Isaiah 53:6 )
    • NT : “God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God” (2 Corinthians 5:21)
    • He has voluntarily accepted our guilt and punishment
    • OT : “He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent,        so he did not open his mouth.” (Isaiah 53:7)
    • NT : “"I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.” (John 10:11)
  • 18. Who is our Suffering Servant
    • His work was finished as payment in full
    • OT : “By oppression and judgment he was taken away. And who can speak of his descendants? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken.” (Isaiah 53:8)
    • NT : “He is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world.” (1 John 2:2 ESV)
    • He was buried in a rich man’s tomb
    • OT: “ He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death,        though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.” (Isaiah 53:9)
    • NT: “Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jews. With Pilate's permission, he came and took the body away.” (John 19:38)
  • 19. Who is our Suffering Servant
    • He will justify many from their sins
    • OT: Yet it was the LORD's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the LORD makes [ c ] his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand. After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light of life and be satisfied by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. (Isaiah 53:10-11)
    • NT: “Consequently, just as the result of one trespass was condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for all men.” (Romans 5:18)
    • He has overcome death and has taken his rightful place
    • OT: “ Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.” (Isaiah 53:12)
    • NT: “Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” (Philippians 2:9-11)
  • 20. Prayers of our Suffering Servant
    • Read Mark 14:32-42
    • Jesus proves both his humanness and God’s suffering
    • “ He began to be troubled and deeply distressed….”My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to the point of death.” (v 33-34)
    • Jesus demonstrates the enormity of the reason for His prayer
    • “ He went a little farther, and fell on the ground, and prayed.” (v 35)
    • Jesus recognized God’s omnipotence but also His relational Self
    • “ Abba, Father, all things are possible for You.” (v 36a)
    • Jesus understands God’s sovereignty and that He is the Deliverer
    • “ Take this cup away from Me.” (v 36b)
    • Jesus reveals to us the perfect example of surrender
    • “… not what I will, but what you will.” (v 36c)
    • Jesus makes known that prayer is preparation for action
    • “ Rise, let us be go…”
  • 21. 7 X 7 Prayer Government Military Media Business Education Church Family
  • 22. Next Week Part III - New Testament Chapter 7 Prayer in the Life and Ministry of Jesus Pages 183- 205