The Medal of Honor is the highest award for valor in action against an enemy force which can be bestowed upon an individual serving in the armed services of the U.S. Generally, it is presented to it’s recipient by the President of the U.S. of America in the name of congress. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=pl ayer_detailpage&v=A9c-xkcQ6h0
There are 3 very specific guidelines for receiving the medal. The Medal of Honor could be awarded while…1. Engaged in an action against an enemy of the U.S.2. Engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force.3. Serving with friendly forces engaged in armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the U.S. is not a belligerent party.
It was created on July 12, 1862 when president Abraham Lincoln signed it making it an official document.
He was a second lieutenant in for the U.S. Army in the Indian War Campaigns. At the Battle of Big Dry Fork, Arizona July 17, 1882, Cruse had earned his medal from his courageous acts. He gallantly charged hostile Indians, and with his carbine, compelled a party of them to keep under cover of their breastworks , thus being able to recover a severely wounded soldier.
Frank was a private in the U.S. Army, fighting the War with Spain. This took place at Santiago, Cuba on July 1, 1898. The reason for him receiving a Medal of Honor was that he gallantly assisted in the rescue of the wounded from in front of the line while under heavy fire of the enemy.
Was a sergeant in the U.S. Army during WWI. He was recognized for his bravery shown near Eclisfontaine, France on Semptember 26, 1918.
After his company had withdrawn for a distance of 200 yards on a line with the units on its flanks, Sgt Katz learned about one of his comrades had been left wounded in an exposed position at the point from which the withdrawal had taken place. Voluntarily crossing an area swept by heavy machine gun fire, he advanced to where Eclisfontaine, France in 1918 during the wounded lay and carried WWI. him to a place of safety.