The CMOH was created on July 12, 1862 by Iowa Senator James W. Grimes to promote the efficiency of the Navy. President Lincoln signed the bill. The CMOH is the highest award for valor in action upon an individual serving in the armed services of the U.S.
While engaged in an action against an enemy of the U.S. While engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing force. While serving with friendly forces engaged in armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the U.S. is not a belligerent party.
War With Spain Private U.S. Army At Tayabacoa, Cuba June 30,1898 Voluntarily went ashore in the face of the enemy and aided in the rescue of his comrades; this after several previous attempts at rescue had been frustrated.
WWI Corporal U.S. Army September 28, 1918 Freddie Stowers led an assault on German trenches, continuing to lead his men even after being wounded twice, he died from his wounds.
Indian War Campaign Principal Musician (Private) U.S. Army At the Pecos River, Texas April 1875 With three other men, he participated in a charge against 25 hostiles while on scouting patrol.