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The purpose of this study is to explore the six attributes of the Resiliency for Academic Success framework and the possible relationship to academic achievement among urban high school students with …
The purpose of this study is to explore the six attributes of the Resiliency for Academic Success framework and the possible relationship to academic achievement among urban high school students with a focus on multiracial students. Trueba identified six resiliency traits for academic success in his framework: intelligent planning in the pursuit of major goals, delaying gratification for the sake of future rewards, willingness to learn a new language and culture, ability to appreciate and use family support during crises, ability to use multiple personal identities in the process of communicating with others, loyalty to school and family and the wisdom to pursue academic excellence with the love and support of teachers and parents, and spiritual strength based on religious, cultural, and linguistic values. Academic achievement was measured by reading and math scores, which are mandatory assessments required for graduation in the state of Illinois. The study used quantitative research analyses: descriptive statistics, correlation, ANOVA, and regression. The sample included 521 students from five diverse high schools, but only 377 students from the five high schools had PSAE reading and math scores to correspond with completed surveys. The findings demonstrated that the multiracial students were not significantly different than other
racial groups (Caucasian, African-Americans, Hispanics, and multiracial) in academic achievement. Multiracial students (N=85) in the study had similar levels with mean and standard deviation scores to Caucasian students (n=136). ANOVA demonstrated that differences existed between groups in PSAE reading, but no significant differences existed between racial groups in PSAE math. The regression analyses showed that all students (N=377) had the same three Resiliency for Academic Success factors (overall resiliency average, Spiritual strength, and Willingness to learn a new language and culture) that were predictive in reading and math PSAE. In addition, all students (N=377) showed that the Resiliency for Academic Success characteristic of Ability to use family support during crises was predictive of math PSAE scores.