Organizing A News Story
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Organizing A News Story

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This lecture focuses the organization process in telling a news story.

This lecture focuses the organization process in telling a news story.

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Organizing A News Story Organizing A News Story Presentation Transcript

  • Organizing a News Story
  • Inverted-Pyramid Style
    • The lead
    • The body of the story
    • The conclusion
  • When to Use Inverted-Pyramid
    • If your story demands that you get to the point ASAP
    • Breaking news stories frequently use the inverted-pyramid lead
  • Body of the Story
    • What comes after the summary lead in breaking news?
    • Present the news in order of descending importance
  • Body of the Story
    • After the lead, you introduce other important elements
      • Additional facts
      • Background
      • Quotes
      • Paraphrased information
      • Transitions
  • Prioritizing Paragraphs
    • Significant supporting facts placed in order of importance
    • Include strongest quotes higher than peripheral or paraphrased quotes
  • Organizing the Story
    • After your lead, you will need to add necessary background to the story
    • Is there important information that the reader needs to know from previous reporting?
      • Summarize key details so that the story makes sense to a new reader
  • Example
    • As summer vacation approaches, the West Los Angeles Police Department will implement extra security measures to combat problems with overcrowding and loitering in Westwood.
    • Beginning the first weekend in May, West LAPD will resume periodic curfew sweeps and mounted patrols, said Linda Arneal, coordinator of the Westwood Village Merchants Association.
    • Arneal added that officers on horseback are part of a special task force designed to increase security and ensure the safety of Westwood Village merchants and visitors.
  • Quotes vs. Paraphrasing
    • Direct quotes
      • Use if the statement is clear and does not need clarification
      • Use if it is particularly memorable or striking
      • Use if the person is well-known and it adds credibility to the story
  • Example
    • “ Westwood has become a beacon that attracts people who have nothing to do,” said Sgt. John Bradbury of the West Los Angeles Police Department. “Minors cause problems with overcrowding, drinking, drugs and fighting.”
  • Quotes vs. Paraphrasing
    • Paraphrasing
      • Use when statement is hard to understand or technical
      • Use when statement can be summarized better for the flow of your story
  • Example
    • Beginning the first weekend in May, West LAPD will resume periodic curfew sweeps and mounted patrols, said Linda Arneal, coordinator of the Westwood Village Merchants Association.
  • Hourglass Style
    • An alternative type of writing news
    • Begins with summary lead where main news is high in story
    • A few paragraphs later, the story contains a turn that transitions into a narrative style
  • Hourglass Style
    • A turn is a transitional paragraph that is used to tell the chronology of the story
      • Example:
        • “ Police gave this account of the latest domestic violence:”
        • “ According to police, eyewitnesses describe the event this way…”
  • After the Turn
    • The rest of the story is written in chronological order
    • The narrative may repeat some of the lead info, but it also expands it
  • Example of Hourglass Writing
    • Police today accused a handyman who once worked in the home of Elizabeth Smart with burglary and theft.
    •     The charges, filed against Richard Ricci, are not related to the disappearance of 14-year-old Elizabeth. On June 5, the teen was taken from her bedroom at gunpoint as her younger sister watched.
    •     Ricci is charged with one count of theft  for allegedly stealing $3,500 worth of items - jewelry, a perfume bottle and a wine glass filled with sea shells - from the Smart’s home in June 2001. The articles were found during a search of Ricci’s home last month, said police.
    •     Here is what happened.  the turn
    •     After Elizabeth disappeared last summer, the …