Раздел 1. АудированиеB1Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие междувысказываниями каждого говорящего 1-6 и утверждениями, данными всписке A-G. Используете каждое утверждение, обозначенноесоответствующей буквой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнееутверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы втаблицу.А. The best material for producing shoes.B. The right size is important.C. Clothes for men.D. Taking care of items made of precious metals.E. A device for your office.F. A device to protect your documents.G. Goods for your bedroom.Говорящий 1 2 3 4 5 6УтверждениеYou have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds)Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat)This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.(Pause 15 seconds)Источник: Английский язык. Подготовка к ЕГЭ – 2011/ Под редакцией Е.А.Фоменко. – Ростов-на-Дону: Легион, 2010. – 304 с.
Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соответствуютсодержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чемв тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ниположительного ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Обведитеномер выбранного вами ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. А1 Both friends are fond of going shopping and doing window shopping. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated А2 Nearly every day they go to the mall for shopping and socializing. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated А3 On that day these friends have decided to go window shopping. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated А4 One of the friends would like to listen to new music at the music shop. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated А5 One of the friends is going to buy a CD at the music store. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated А6 One of the friends prefers buying some goods on the Internet. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated А7 Computers are among goods that are not fit to buy on the Internet. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated Источник: Английский язык. Подготовка к ЕГЭ – 2011/ Под редакцией Е.А. Фоменко. – Ростов-на-Дону: Легион, 2010. – 304 с.Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3,соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышитезапись дважды.А8 John has to use artificial fur because 1) it makes clothes look better.
2) It is less expensive than the real one. 3) his clients wants to wear it.А9 Walking down Fifth Avenue one day, John realized that 1) a lot of fur people wear was not artificial. 2) he could hardly see people wearing fur. 3) clothes with fur trim had gone out of fashion.А 10 What does John do in his fight for cruelty-free fashion? 1) He accuses publicly the Scandinavian fur industry of killing animals for fur. 2) He encourages students to get away from real fur in their designs. 3) He supports designers who participate in cruelty-free design contests.А 11 John thinks that the main reason why many designers still work with fur is because 1) it’s a good way to invest money. 2) people want to show off. 3) a lot of people are selfish and uncaring.А 12 What does John mean comparing the fight against racism to that for cruelty- free fashion? 1) Fighting for justice always involves violence. 2) People’s outlook on different things changes gradually. 3) Both problems are equally important. John thinks that it would be easier for him to become a vegetarian ifА 13 1) he had been raised in a family of vegetarians. 2) more vegetarian products were available. 3) he ate only chicken rather than red meat.А 14 What is John going to do to protect animals from being killed for their fur? 1) He is going to persuade his clients not to buy fur clothes. 2) He is thinking of refusing to use artificial fur in his collections. 3) He is thinking of heading up some animal protection organization.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds)Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat)This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.(Pause 15 seconds)Источник: Самое полное издание типовых вариантов реальных тестовыхзаданий ЕГЭ: 2010: Английский язык/ авт.-сост. М.В. Вербицкая. – М.: АСТ:Астрель, 2010. – 128 с. – (Федеральный институт педагогических измерений).
Раздел 2. Чтение B2Установите соответствие между заголовками A – G и текстами 1 – 6.Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только одинраз. В задании один заголовок лишний. A. HARD WORK B. POWERFUL PRODUCTS C. CHEAPER ALTERNATIVES D. DIFFERENT STYLES E. MODERN ATTITUDES F. FASHION ADVICE G. SPECIAL SIZES 1. Not that long ago men were often accused of being vain when they looked in a mirror to see if their hair was tidy, or were criticized for putting moisturizing creams on their face. Today, however, its quite normal for men to care about their appearance as much as women do. Some people would even consider men who dont take pride in how they dress and look to be old-fashioned! 2. Do you watch fashion models walking down the catwalk in the latest styles at fashion shows and think: Ill never be able to afford that!? You might be surprised to find that you can. Most high street stores these days stock clothes that are almost identical to the ones models were wearing at fashion shows only a few months ago. The difference is the price. The slinky black dress which the model was wearing may be ten times more expensive than the copy available in the high street! 3. The thing about fashion is that it changes. If it didnt, it wouldnt be fashion! Things come into fashion, and then go out of fashion. Take jeans. In the 1970s, people wore jeans which were tight around the waist but became wider and wider towards the foot. This fashion of flared trousers had disappeared completely by the early 19S0s and didnt reappear until the 1990s.
4. Go into any supermarket or chemist and youll see row upon row of gels, creams and mousses for your hair. Some are for women, some are for men and some are for children. What most of them have in common nowadays is that they claim to be extremely strong. The companies that produce them say in their advertisements that they keep your hair styled in the way that you want it for hours and hours, often even if you get your hair wet. 5. Most clothes shops and shoe shops stock products for the average customer. For most of us, this isnt a big problem. If we buy a pair of jeans that are too long, we can get them taken up. For some people, however, it is difficult to find clothes and shoes in the high street that fit. So what should you do if you have extremely big feet, or are particularly large or small? Thankfully, there are a number of shops, catalogues and websites that make and sell shoes and clothes specifically for people who do not have average bodies. 6. Although many teenage boys and girls dream of being models, the job isnt as glamorous or easy as it sounds. If youre on a fashion shoot, you may have to get there at five oclock in the morning. Youll spend several hours getting your make-up put on and being dressed in the right clothes, and then several more hours posing for photographs. It can be tiring and boring and you might not be able to have anything to eat all day. Being a model is also stressful, as you never know whether youll be offered work the next day, and you always have to look your best. 1 2 3 4 5 6 B3Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1–6 частями предложений,обозначенными буквами A–G. Одна из частей в списке A–G – лишняя.Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, втаблицу
Clothing is distinctly human artifact. Even more than the use of tools, itdistinguishes humans from the other creatures on this planet. The basic purpose ofclothing was originally practical. By putting on a skin, humans were able to moveinto regions 1____. An example of this use of clothing can be seen among theEskimos, and other people who live with extreme cold. However, clothing was notonly used for protection, but has also been a means of displaying one’s status. Thusclothing also developed in countries 2 ____. Clothing tells us many things about the wearer. It can be used to indicate3____. The most extreme example of this type of clothing is a uniform. A dresscode is very important in business. It is a rare businessman 4 ____. Mostpoliticians also try to be neat and well-dressed. The significance of what we wear is becoming more important 5 ____.There have been cases on holiday islands where the locals have been outraged byforeign visitors especially female visitors – who wear far less than the minimumthat the locals consider decent. Actually, the signals given by clothing as worn bymen and women have decreased 6 ____. For example, today most women are verycomfortable wearing jeans. Yet the sight of a man in a dress would raise eyebrowin most western cultures. Clothing is very important in our society. So it is highly unlikely that therewill be no use for clothing in the future, unless humanity evolves into a completelynew species. A. where there is no real practical need for it B. because more people started to follow fashion C. who does not feel the need to wear a suit and tie D. where they otherwise would have been unable to cope with the climate E. because many women now wear what were once men’s clothes F. as the cultures of the world mix G. whether a person is a member of a particular group or organization 1 2 3 4 5 6
Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания А15 – А21. В каждом заданииобведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами вариантуответа. Clothing is a distinctly human artifact. Even more than the use of tools, itdistinguishes humans from the other creatures on this planet. While there areother creatures which use implements to a greater or lesser degree, clothing isunique to humanity. Clothing is also uniquely human, in that it serves more thanone function. The basic purpose of clothing was originally utilitarian. By puttingon an artificial skin, humans were able to move into regions where theyotherwise would have been unable to cope with the climate. An extreme exampleof this use of clothing can be seen among the Eskimos, and other people who livewith extreme cold. However, clothing was not only used for protection from theelements, but has also been a means of displaying ones status and sense of stylefor as long as humans have had civilization. Thus clothing also developed incountries where there is no real practical need for it, apart from the other, veryhuman function of preserving the modesty of the wearer. Clothing tells us many things about the wearer. It can be used to indicatewhether she is a member of a particular group or organization, the most extremeexample of this type of clothing being a uniform. It tells us a lot about (lieimportance of clothing that the clothes a person was wearing have been, literally,the difference between life and death. In war, soldiers recognize friends andenemies by their uniforms. Spies may be shot if captured, but if they go abouttheir business in the uniform of their country, they are regarded as legitimatemembers of that countrys armed forces. Uniforms can also be less formal. Anyone who has seen a group ofteenagers walking together will have noticed that their clothing conforms to thestandard set by their particular group. Nor are teens the only ones who aresubject to such pressures. It is a rare businessman who does not feel the need towear a suit and tie. Most politicians also try to be neat and well-dressed. Peoplewhe- wish to impress others often do so by the selection of their clothes -sometimes by choosing more expensive versions. This can be seen particularly inthe fashion industry, where clothing by a particular designer fetches prices whichare out of all proportion to the actual utilitarian value of the material. The significance of what we wear and how we wear it is, if anything,becoming more rather than less important as the cultures of the world mix andsometimes come into collision. There have been cases on holiday islands wherethe locals have a strict conservative tradition and have been outraged by visitors -especially female visitors - who wear far less than the minimum that the locals
consider decent. The humble headscarf has become a symbol of conformism toreligious values, and some westerners are as affronted by a woman wearing oneas others in the middle east are upset by its absence. (Yet in medieval Europe,both men and women habitually kept their heads covered in public, and almostalways when outdoors.) Indeed, the signals given by clothing as worn by menand women has not decreased because many women now wear what were once"mens" garments. For example today most women are very comfortable wearingjeans. Yet the sight of a man in a dress would raise eyebrows in most westerncultures. For even though the signals given by clothing change over time - theancient Romans thought that only barbarians wore trousers - the signalsthemselves are as strong as ever. It is impossible not to signal something aboutyourself in the clothes you wear, for even not trying to say anything is itself astrong signal. Therefore, even though we are steadily managing to adjust our micro-environments to temperatures which are as close to ideal as the human bodywants, and even though sexual taboos of undress are being steadily eroded, it ishighly unlikely the there will be no use for clothing in our future, unlesshumanity evolves into a completely new species.A15 Clothes are uniquely human because they 1) are artefacts 2) have many different functions 3) are made by tools 4) are worn when they are unneccessaryA16 The author thinks that 1)clothing is an implement 2)there is no real need for clothing in some countries 3)clothes are principally for protection from the weather 4)people will always wear clothesA17 Which of the following does the uuthor NOT give as a function of clothing? 1) to show how wealthy or powerful the wearer is 2) to show the wearers taste 3) to adjust our micro-environment 4) to avoid indecency
A18 According to the article, uniforms 1) arc mainly worn by soldiers 2) have many functions 3) show membership of a group 4) are always worn by teenagersA19 The author suggests that fashion in clothing 1) is ridiculous 2) is a part of its social function 3) is used to show membership of a group 4) make clothes too expensiveA20 Teenagers wear very similar clothing to their friends 1) because they same the same climate 2) to avoid looking different 3) because of sexual taboos of undress 4) to display their status and styleA21 In future clothing will … 1) be worn by other species 2) be less needed for its original function 3) be steadily eroded 4) become ideal for the needs of the human bodyПо окончании выполнения заданий В2, В3 и А15 – А21 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В2 – В3, А15 – А21 располагаются вразных частях бланка. Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо,слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенныхномерами B4 – B10, так чтобы они грамматически соответствовалисодержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждыйпропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4 – B10. The schoolgirl modelB4 A sixteen-year-old model who ____ to stay at school DETERMINE against her father’s advice has won a cosmetic modeling contract. Sarah Thomas, who earned £ 6,500 a day last autumn during her school holidays modeling at shows in New York,B5 _____ as this year model for Cover Girl, the international CHOOSE cosmetics firm, she beat thousands of other models to win the contract, worth a great deal of money,B6 and ____ to Miami and New York to film television FLY commercials to be screened worldwide.B7 She ____ to fly to New York earlier to audition at the REFUSE firm’s request, saying that she thought she had absolutely no chance of getting the job.B8 “I thought it ____ to be a wasted journey, so I was amazed GO when I got it. I still can’t believe they chose me”, she said yesterday. “I don’t know at this stage exactly how much money I will bу getting as it is still under negotiation, but I do know that it will be very lucrative”.B9 Instead of travelling to New York, Sarah ____ in INTERVIEW London and a video of her performance was sent to New York.B10 Her father, Peter Thomas, who ____ a motor repair businessRUN And petrol station, has urged her to leave school so that she can take full advantage of her earning power. But she has refused to stop studying for her exams. She added: “All I really want to do is get on with my schoolwork. Passing my exams is going to give me more satisfaction that any modeling assignment.”
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, еслинеобходимо,слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк,обозначенных номерами В11 – B16, так чтобы они грамматически илексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропускиполученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельномузаданию из группы В11 – В16. School Uniforms Do you have to wear a uniform at school or can you wear what you like?B11 Many people believe that uniforms are ____ than casual clothes GOOD for children at school. Uniforms remind the children that they have to follow rulesB12 at school. Casual clothes ____ this. With all the children at NOT DOB13 school_______the same clothes, children from rich families WEAR dress the same way as children from poorer families.B14 A uniform also _____ a feeling that everyone at the same school CREATE is part of the same community. In the 1960s and 1970s,B15 many schools in Britain ____ having a school uniform STOP because of the expense for parents. Since then, however,B16 a number of these schools ____ uniforms back. BRING Their new uniforms are more comfortable and more fashionable than uniforms were forty years ago. B4 B11 B5 B12 B6 B13 B7 B14 B8 B15 B9 B16 B10
Choosing ClothesAre you one of the thousands of people who eagerly follow every new (А22) …...that appears? Or are you one of those who go to the shops and just buy whateverthey can find in their place that (A23)………them? Or perhaps you order from amail-order catalogue, and then have to send everything back because nothing fits?Whatever (A24) ... of shopper you are, one thing is certain. Everyone finds clothesimportant. According to a recent survey, people spend more time either buyingclothes, or thinking about buying them. Or looking at them in shop windows thanthey do on most other products, (A 25)……. from food. And the reason is obvious.Clothes are an important part of our appearance .At work, you may need to impressa customer, or persuade the boss that you know what you are doing, and clothescertainly help. Well-dressed people, so they say, get on in the world. And as far asattracting the opposite sex is concerned, clothes also play a vital role. If a friendwho has been (A26)….. the same old jacket or the same old dress suddenlyappears in the latest fashion, you can be sure that romance is in the air. And apartfrom work and romance, there are the influences of sport, music and leisure on theway we (A27)….. So excuse me while I put on my tracksuit and training (A28)……..Im just dashing off for some fast window-shopping.A22 A appearance B fashion C uniform D dressA23 A suits B makes C takes D likesA24 A means B typical C idea D kindA25 A apart B or C according D takenA26 A dressing B putting on C earning D wearingA27 A clothes B have C dress D goA28 A fit B shoes C tonight D againA22A23A24A25A26A27
A28 Раздел 4. Говорение С1 You have 20 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Helenwho writes: Do your parents criticize the way you dress? Mine always tell me what Ishould wear. Yesterday my mum bought me a dress that I don’t like at all. Shewanted me to wear it at a disco party. I don’t like arguing with her. So I wouldrather stay at home. How can I explain to my parents that I’m old enough tochoose the clothes to wear? Have you got any advice you can give me?Write a letter to Helen.In your letter- answer her questions- ask 3 questions about the dress her mother bought for her.Write 100-140 words.Remember the rules of letter writing.Источник: Английский язык. Подготовка к ЕГЭ – 2011/ Под редакцией Е.А.Фоменко. – Ростов-на-Дону: Легион, 2010. – 304 с. С2You have 40 minutes to do this task.Comment on the following statement:“Most people believe that it’s important to look nice. However, some people saythat we place too much importance on appearance and fashion.”Write 200 – 250 words.Use the following plan: − Make an introduction; − Express your personal opinion and give reasons for it; − Give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don’t agree with it;
Draw conclusion; Раздел 5. Говорение С3Task 1 (3 – 3.5 minutes)Give a talk on clothes.Remember to discuss: • how the weather affects what to wear • how men and women sometimes wear different types of clothing • what you like and don’t like wearing, and why • how important being in fashion is to youYou will have to talk for 1.5 – 2 minutes. The examiner will listen until you havefinished. Then she he will ask you some questions. С4 Task 2 (3 – 4 minutes)You have been on a tour to Great Britain. You have 4 hours before leaving for theairport. Discuss with your friend how to spend this time and choose one place you both would like to go to. You can choose from: • museum • park • shopping centre • caféYou begin the conversation. The examiner will play the part of your friend.Remember to: • discuss all the options • be polite when agreeing /disagreeing with your friend • take an active part in the conversation: - explain the situation - come up with ideas
- give good reasons - find out your friend’s attitudes and take them into account - invite your friend to come up with suggestionscome to an agreement