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A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti
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A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti

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The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources. A comprehensive, integrated, equitable proposal by Equitech International, LLC. Energy + Water + Food + Jobs + Ownership. A Proposal …

The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources. A comprehensive, integrated, equitable proposal by Equitech International, LLC. Energy + Water + Food + Jobs + Ownership. A Proposal For the People of the Republique d'Haiti. Designed and written by Brent Ritzel, in consultation with Laura Zacher & Benjamin Brant

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  • 1. The E-Macrosystem: RenewableEnergy From Regenerative Resources Designed and written by Brent Ritzel,A comprehensive, integrated, equitable proposal by: in consultation with Laura Zacher & Benjamin Brant w w w. E q u i t e c h L L C . c o m Energy + Water + Food + Jobs + OwnershipA Proposal For the People of the Republique dHaiti
  • 2. A Proposal for the People of the Republique dHaiti Introduction renewable energy system technologies. With the E-M, the EI / ARE Systems team has renewable energy solutions for transforming multiple building types into revenue-producing Equitech International, LLC (EI) is a consortium of twenty-three sister companies head- assets that create jobs and new educational opportunities for the communityʼs residents. ed by former leaders of Georgetown University and NASAʼs Jet Propulsion Lab. EI, in conjunction with its wholly-owned subsidiary Advanced Renewable Energy Systems, Each E-M embodies an inventory of best practices in sustainable development. It pro- LLC (ARE Systems). ARE Systems partners with local contractors and for-profit resi- vides a sustainable zero-carbon footprint environment for the manufacture of exportable dent-owned community investment corporations to bring E-Macrosystems to areas like goods. Simultaneously it fulfills the need for sustainable energy derived from regenera- Haiti that are seeking economic and energy independence and sustainability. tive resources, clean water and healthy food for the residents it serves. When combined with localized economic development in the form of community-member majority owner- An E-Macrosystem (E-M) is a comprehensive, stand-alone, emissions-free power plant ship of these vital infrastructure systems, a number of value propositions arise: and manufacturing facility consisting of several integrated, patented and proven advanced • building of sustainable systems to support healthy EI / ARE Systems - E-Macrosystem Tropical, Haiti [E-MT] and productive lives. • investing in country and community-owned models of inclusive growth and development success. • leveraging of science and technology to develop and deliver those tools and innovations that can lead to exponential growth and transformational change. EI / ARE Systems Proposal for Haiti The EI / ARE Systems proposal for the people of the Republique dʼHaiti calls for a three-phase deployment of 32 E-Macrosystems from 2013 to 2018. Phase 1, to last 30 months from 2013 to 2015, will con- Flat roof sist of the initial deployment of 14 E-Macrosystems at design for key ports and population centers in each geographic area of Haiti (pages 4-5), including risk zones facilities Gonaives, Jacmel and the Cabaret sector, and priority located Development Centres Cap Haitien, St. Marc, Les within the Cayes, Hinche and Port-au-Prince. Eleven of the 14 E- Earthʼs M facilities are proposed for ocean ports to maximize temperate E-Macrosystem Tropical: decentralization of economic and job opportunities and zone. to establish industrial parks and regional development Building Footprint: 105,800 ft 2 Building Area Total: 251,275 ft 2 hubs at key transportation nodes. Steam Reformer: 75 TPD (dry) The three-year-long Phase 2 will run from 2016 to = 187.5 TPD (wet) biomass 2018, and will include a secondary deployment of 18 Solar PV Array: 120,000 ft 2 Solar PV Efficiency: 11.3 W/ft 2 E-Macrosystems primarily in Haitiʼs rural population Solar Insolation: 5.3 kWh/m2/day centers, half of these along the coast or on the islands. Rain Water Collection: 5.4 gpy These will serve as the sustainable backbone of indus- Average Rainfall: 51 inches trial parks, which will be the economic development centers for these transforming communities.EI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 2
  • 3. Comprehensive Solution Framework for the People of the Republique dHaiti Phase 3 runs concurrently with Phases 1 & 2 and is comprised of the deployment of E-Microsystems (E-Mi), small-scale E-M facilities, throughout Haiti, especially in outlying regions. The EI / ARE Systems proposal integrates advanced renewable energy systems into the design of all types of buildings and neighborhood blocks to make them energy self-sufficient assets. These custom-retrofits and proposed hous- ing / community developments are varieties of E-Mi facilities. These include residen- tial housing, hotels, commercial and government buildings, and proposed villages. The steam reforming technology of the E-M and E-Mi can process all organic hotel, hospital, airport, or residential waste on site to generate electricity and at the same time produce green hydrogen, biochar / organic fertilizer, pure fil- tered bottled rainwater, and medical-grade oxygen, and a number of other useful hydrocarbon-based commodities. The Healthy Organic Food Option Another potential key output is organic vegetables and fruits, which can be readily produced via an optional 210,000 sq. ft. greenhouse complex that can E-Macrosystem Outputs 50-Unit Apartment Complex with E-Microsystem by EI/ARE Systems be built adjacent to and supported by an E-M, given sufficient space. This bio-inten- PER YEAR (330 OPERATIONAL DAYS) IN HAITI PROCESSING 75 TPD OF BIOMASS sive food production system (BIFS) consists of a state-of-the-art greenhouse food production center that has two 100,000 sq. ft. modules under glass. It also includes a PRODUCTS Green H2 Green Electricity Vegetable Prod. Green Charcoal ________ __________ ___________ ___________ 10,000 sq. ft. packinghouse that also has space for administrative offices, storage, POSSIBLE maintenance and mechanical/electrical systems. Each food production system utilizes CONFIGURATIONS Revenue Haitians Served Haitians Served Haitians Served a number of E-M by-products in its process, including: E-Macrosystem 4.6 mil kg 18.31 GWh 0 lbs 3,960 tons • Use of clean, renewable energy produced by the E-M no Greenhouse $18.38 mil 303,125 Haitians 0 Haitians 22,370 Haitians • Use of CO2 from the E-M to enhance crop production • Use of organic fertilizer / biochar from E-M to replentish soil nutrients E-Macrosystem 4.6 mil kg 12.28 GWh 965,880 lbs 3,480 tons w/ Greenhouse $18.38 mil 203,300 Haitians 18,575 Haitians 19,660 Haitians The BIFSʼ rainwater collection system are also designed to meet the total water needs of the greenhouses. The added cost of a BIFS is only about $5 million, which E-M w/ Greenhouse 4.6 mil kg 6.24 GWh 1.93 mil lbs 3,000 tons sees rather speedy payback given the production of nearly 2 million pounds of veg- maximum veg. prod. $18.38 mil 103,300 Haitians 37,150 Haitians 16,950 Haitians etables and fruits per year. The primary food products grown may include: tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, leafy greens, herbs, berries and melons. Notes: These outputs represent the productivity of one single E-Macrosystem. Both E-M and E-Mi facilities provide closed-loop, cradle-to-cradle, sustainable, emis- Green Electricity “Haitians Served” based upon 60 kWh per person per year (twice the current sions-free solutions to energy production through the utilization of two regenerative annual per capita usage of 30 kWh/yr). E-M deployment will triple current operational capacity. resources, the sun and biomass / waste. As processes of the E-M / E-Mi operation, Vegetable Prod. (Vegetable Production) “Haitians Served” based upon one pound of fresh, organic waste and other pollutants are cleaned up, ecological systems are reinvigorated, clean vegetables per person per week. water and healthy organic fruits and vegetables are produced (if the greenhouse option Green Charcoal “Haitians Served” based upon 0.97 pounds of charcoal needed per person per day. is chosen), while jobs, income and wealth are created directly for the people of Haiti.EI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 3
  • 4. A Proposal for the People of the Republique dHaiti The E-Macrosystem is a 7.93 MW advanced renewable energy system power plant and manufacturing facility that is the basis for a comprehensive, integrated, distributed and flexible infrastructure framework. Their deployment will provide the structure through which Haiti can achieve environmental protection while meeting the economic and social development needs of the people of the Republique dHaiti. The proposalʼs implementation is centered on the building of 32 E-M facilities in two phases, in addition to the construction of numerous E-Mi facilities and retrofits in a Phase 3 that runs concurrently with Phases 1 & 2: Phase 1: Deployment of 14 E-Macrosystems Phase 2: Deployment of 18 E-Macrosystems 2013 – 2015 at key ports / population centers 2016 – 2018 in outlying population centers Port-au-Prince [population 875,978] Delmas [population 359,451] and Toussaint Louveture capital of Ouest, near Port-au-Prince Seaport International Airport - near power transmission plant Carrefour [population 430,250] - near KIllick Seaport Martissant [population 165,000] - near the power plant Croix-des-Bouquets [population 84,812] Pétionville [population 271,175] Léogáne [population 78,477] Cité Soleil [population 241,055] - on Port-au-Prince Bay Petit-Gôave [population 76,243] Gonaïves [population 228,725] - capital of Artibonite Ouanaminthe [population 58,250] Desdunes [population 27,293] Cap-Haïtien [population 155,505] - capital of Nord with Dessalines [population 26,219] Saint-Marc [population 122,747] Petite Riviére de lʼArtibonite [population 35,007] Port-de-Paix [population 99,580] with Verrettes [population 14,015] capital of Nord-Ouest Anse-á-Galets [population 39,783] with Saint-Louis-du-Nord [population 30,037] Limbé [population 39,756] Saint Michel de lAttalaye [population 30,412] Tabarre [population 99,011] Tortuga [population 25,936] - Island north of Port-de-Paix Les Cayes [population 71,236] - capital of Sud Anse-dʼHainault [population 23,185] Jacmel [population 39,643] - capital of Sud-Est Fort-Liberte [population 20,463] - capital of Nord-Est Mirebalais [population 15,562] Jérémie [population 34,788] - capital of GrandʼAnse Île à Vache [population 10,000 to 15,000] Hinche [population 30,595] - capital of Centre Island southeast of Les Cayes Cabaret sector in the Fond Mombin zone Miragoåne [population 10,947] - capital of Nippes Môle Saint-Nicolas [population 4,000, with 20,000 in All population statistics are July 2009 totals provided by the surrounding area] Institut Haitien de Statistique et dInformatique (IHSI).EI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 4
  • 5. Ouanaminthe E-Macrosystem Deployment in Haiti Phase 1: Initial thirty-month deployment of 14 E-Macrosystems at key ports 2013 - 2015 and population centers. Phase 2: Secondary three-year deployment of 18 E-Macrosystems in rural 2016 - 2018 population centers. Tabarre E-Microsystem Deployment in Haiti Phase 3: Integrated, closed-loop E-Microsystem-based residential housing, hotels, commercial and government 2013 - 2018 buildings, and planned villages will be deployed primarily in the outlying areas. www.EquitechLLC.comEI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 5
  • 6. E-Macrosystem Deployment in the Port-au-Prince Area Ta b a r r e www.EquitechLLC.com E-Macrosystem Deployment in Port-au-Prince Phase 1: Deployment of 5 E-Macrosystems in Pétitionville, Tabarre, 2013 - 2015 the seafront in Cité Soleil, and at the main seaports. Phase 2: Secondary deployment of 2 E-Macrosystems near 2016 - 2018 current power plant and near power transmission plant.EI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 6
  • 7. THE E-MACROSYSTEM: RENEWABLE ENERGY REGENERATIVE RESOURCES FROM Comprehensive Solution Framework Energy • Biomass Resources for the People of the Republique dHaiti The Impact of 32 E-Macrosystems on Haiti power throughout Haiti via the non-combustion steam reformation of biomass and waste feedstocks. “Difficulty in accessing electricity” need no longer be “another The EI / A R E Systems proposal offered to the people of the Republique dʼHaiti constraint felt by most sectors.” includes the deployment of 32 E-M industrial parks in three phases over a five and a half year time frame. The thirty-month Phase 1 from 2013 to 2015 will see the A decentralized approach will also empower outlying cities and rural towns of Haiti deployment of 14 E-Ms at key ports and population centers throughout Haiti. The with the production of precious life-support commodities, jobs, and ownership of the three-year-long Phase 2 will run from 2016 to 2018, and will include a secondary means of production. Many regions throughout Haiti will have access to reliable deployment of 18 E-Ms primarily in Haitiʼs rural population cen- electricity for the first time. The future growth and eco- ters. Phase 3 will include deployment of smaller E-Mi facilities nomic development of Haiti is dependent upon this throughout Haiti, especially in outlying regions, starting in 2013. widespread availability of electricity, as elucidated in H a i t i ʼs Action Plan: “After restoration, the countryʼs The EI / A R E Systems proposal for the people of the Republique development requires access to electricity to be more dʼHaiti is best understood as a strategic comprehensive response, widespread in regional centres for the growing popula- decades in development, to the humanitarian and economic crisis tion and for economic development requirements.” in Haiti. It provides solutions synergistically aligned with March 2010ʼs “Action Plan For National Recovery And Development of Haiti: Immediate Key Initiatives for the Future.” Fuel Resources for the People of the Republique dʼHaiti Energy for the People of the Republique dʼHaiti Municipal and Agricultural Biomass Haiti is a nation whose estimated 2010 operational capacity is 35 The average Port-au-Prince resident produces 1.18 MW of power with 273.0 GWh total electricity consumption. The pounds of municipal biomass per day, while the aver- maximum energy available to the electrical grid produced by 32 E- age Haitian resident outside the metropolitan area Ms would be 74 MW power with 586 GWh/yr of electricity avail- produces 0.77 pounds per day. Municipal waste in able for consumption. Those totals would triple both the current Haiti (at least in Port-au-Prince) is composed of 75% operational capacity and total electricity consumption in Haiti, rais- organic matter (food cast-offs). Due to the moisture ing the per capita consumption from 30 kWh/yr to 90 kWh/yr, with content of municipal solid waste, approximately two-thirds of that being provided sustainably from regenerative 187.5 wet tons of MSW is equivalent to 75 dry tons resources. of MSW, which is sufficient to power the E-M steam reformer for 24 hours. If the greenhouse option is utilized in the case of all 32 E-Ms, then a significant amount of power is diverted towards the produc- The day-to-day municipal biomass of 318,000 residents tion of healthy, organic vegetables and fruits over a total of 147.2 acres. The total of Port-au-Prince would provide enough feedstock to power one E-Macrosystem for a operational capacity added to the grid, then, would be 25.2 MW, with 165.1 addition- day, which in turn would create enough power for a community of 303,125 Haitians al GWh/yr of electricity available for consumption. This equates to 3.3 million (making an additional 60 kWh/yr available per person of clean, renewable energy Haitians, one-third of the population, having access to an additional 60 kWh/yr. from regenerative resources). The E-M also produces a large volume of clean biofuel in the form of green hydro- Clearly agricultural biomass (i.e. bagasse) would be utilized to power E-M in rural or gen, with the 32 E-Ms creating in excess of a combined 147 million kg of green less populated regions, as hundreds of thousands will be facing their first ever hydrogen per year possessing a market value of $588.2 million. access to electrical service. Prior to the January 12, 2010 earthquake just 12.5% of the residents of Haiti received electrical service (legally). Haitiʼs projected total elec- These technologies and their wide application would break the downward spiral of tricity consumed for 2010 is 273.0 GWh, the same annual electrical output as just fossil fuel dependency and natural resource depletion, as E-Ms will bring distributed 15 E-Ms set to maximize energy production.EI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 7
  • 8. THE E-MACROSYSTEM: RENEWABLE ENERGY REGENERATIVE RESOURCES FROM Comprehensive Solution Framework Water • Sanitation • Agriculture for the People of the Republique dHaiti Water for the People of the Republique dʼHaiti receiving more than 51 inches of precipitation on average per year, each E-M will cap- ture and process more than 5.35 million gallons of rainwater per year. The water is Traditional energy power plants have unsustainable water requirements for opera- utilized by the E-Mʼs many systems or purified into high-quality drinking water, provid- tion, with hydroelectric plants evaporating an average of 18 gallons of fresh water ing another vital life-support product for the people of the Republique dʼHaiti. per kWh consumed by the end user, and coal and nuclear plants often requiring usage of more than 30 gallons per kWh. Any additional water needed with the greenhouse option will met by the rainwater collection systems on the greenhouses themselves. Safe, clean potable water is The E-M has no need for outside water resources. The E-M steam reformation absolutely fundamental to the people of Haiti, as water-borne illnesses account for process utilizes the moisture content from the biomass. The E-M includes a rainwater 80% of all diseases in the nation. Even prior to the devastating earthquake of Collection System (and associated purification system), and there is a fully integrated January 12th, less than 45% of all Haitians had access to potable water. and closed-loop water / steam cogeneration system. In fact, even after all the inter- nal water usage needs of the 32 E-Ms are met, there will still be 83.2 million gallons Sanitation for the People of the Republique dʼHaiti available for sale to local consumers. This can meet the annual water needs of E-M deployment also provides a distributed emissions-free waste treatment process 57,000 Haitians, who on average use four gallons of water per day. that is net carbon negative. The steam reformation system can process and render Each rainwater collection system is complemented by an advanced water purification non-toxic a number of different biomass feedstreams, including biomass from farm system that will process rainwater collected from each E-Mʼs rooftop. With Haiti crop residuals, urban municipal solid wastes, and sewage / sludge. Thirty-two E-M facilities have the potential of processing more thanEI/ARE Systems 2.2 million tons of raw sewage annually, more than that producedTropical Village by the entire nation of Haiti each year. A distributed network of such systems would be absolutely transformative to a nation that doesE-Microsystem not have a single sewage treatment plant. Food for the People of the Republique dʼHaiti Each E-M can optionally come with an adjacent 210,000 sq. ft. (4.6 acre) bio-intensive food production greenhouse facility that would uti- lize a number of the E-Macrosystemʼs by-products (renewable green energy, waste heat, CO2, water and organic fertilizer) to enhance the year-round production of high quality, healthy, fresh organic vegeta- bles and fruits for the surrounding communities. Thirty-two E-M facilities with accompanying greenhouses, producing at maximum capacity, would produce in excess of 61.8 million pounds of vegetables per year, which would provide nearly 1.2 million Haitians with one pound of fresh, healthy, organic vegetables per week. T h i s would be incredibly transformative given that since the earthquake of January 12, 2010, many Haitians eat only one adequate meal every three days, and many of the poorest have resorted to subsisting prima- rily on dirt or mud in the form of “clay cakes” that consist of clay, salt and some form of fat (vegetable shortening, butter, oil, etc.) According to the World Food Program, the typical Haitian adult diet consists of just 1,640 calories, 640 calories less than the average adult requirement.EI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 8
  • 9. THE E-MACROSYSTEM: RENEWABLE ENERGY REGENERATIVE RESOURCES FROM Comprehensive Solution Framework Food Security • Environment for the People of the Republique dHaiti E-M deployment sets the stage for an evolutionary change in Haitiʼs farming prac- residents of Port-au-Prince, are dependent upon a daily supply of charcoal to meet their tices while maintaining the requirements of environmental protection and sustainable cooking fuel needs. This $150 million a year industry employs 5% of Haitiʼs workforce. development. The EI / ARE Systems proposal for the people of the Republique E-M deployment will provide alternative jobs to tree-based charcoal production and the dʼHaiti would also boost Haiti National Production Objectives of increasing supply of continued deforestation of Haiti that causes lower crop yields, increased vulnerability to and access to agricultural food products, providing opportunities for integration of flooding, and massive soil erosion, which thereby results in an estimated 6,000 hectares displaced persons, and distributed job creation, especially in the outlying regions. (more than 23 square miles) of soil being lost each year to erosion. These conditions are The latter two are addressed below. exacerbated by Haitiʼs location along the hurricane belt and the frequent hurricane floods Food Security for the People of the that redistributes soil into the countryʼs rivers and streams, adversely impacting the potable water supply. Republique dʼHaiti Haiti would most benefit from a return to the past, when as E-Ms can provide a non-combustion means of green char- a nation it fully and self-sufficiently met the food needs of its coal production via steam reformation of biomass (i.e. people. Today Haiti uses about 80% of its export earnings bagasse) and waste. Port-au-Prince Municipal Solid Waste just to pay for food imports, while also importing 82% of the is 75% organic matter, food cast-offs. E-Ms create a green nationʼs total consumption, $200 million per year. charcoal product that can be utilized as a cooking and heating fuel. While the preferred use for the green char- An October 2009 report by the Famine Early Warning coal is as carbon sequestering biochar or organic fertilizer, Systems Network indicated that more than 1.8 million of utilizing green charcoal made from regenerative resources Haitiʼs nearly 10 million inhabitants are “food-insecure,” as a cooking fuel is a far better alternative to the continued which makes Haiti very vulnerable to both natural disas- deforestation and soil degradation of Haiti. ters and fluctuations in the price of the basic commodi- ties of international markets. Thirty-two deployed E-Ms could produce as much as 126,720 total tons of green charcoal per year, enough to When Haiti went from near rice self-sufficiency in 1990, meet more than 46% of the Port-au-Prince populationʼs to importing 80% of the rice the nation consumed, con- requirement of 1.5 million pounds of charcoal per day. sumers were exposed to the vagaries of international 4,000 tons of Haitian forest will continue to be razed each day to meet this demand subsidy-assisted pricing and a five-fold increase in the price of rice from 2003 to until this viable alternative of green charcoal produced from the non-combustion 2008. From 2007 to 2008 global wheat prices rose 181%, the cost of oils and fats steam reformation of biomass and waste is implemented, or until reliable and aff o r d- increased 106%, and overall global food prices increased by 83%. able electricity is provided to millions more Haitians through strategic deployment of Reclaiming a vital agricultural industry is essential for Haiti in achieving sustainable eco- E-M power plants and manufacturing facilities. nomic development, and reclaiming food security and food sovereignty. The combination of deployed E-Ms and connected greenhouses will assist in re-launching an era of Jobs for the People of the Republique dʼHaiti heightened Haitian food production and self-sufficiency through the modernization of the Haiti is a nation that has been plagued by a high unemployment rate for decades, a situ- agricultural sector that already accounts for more than 50% of the workforce. ation that has been even more greatly exacerbated by the January 12, 2010 earth- quake. Estimates now place the unemployment rate in Haiti to be in the 70% to 80% Environmental Protection for the People of the Republique dʼHaiti range, with no more than 4% of the population having full-time permanent employment, Green Charcoal Production and Curbing Deforestation and more than 50 percent of employed Haitians working in agriculture. One of the keys to setting the stage for a growing agricultural industry is to set into Thirty-two E-M facilities deployed in Phases 1 & 2 over a five and a half year period will motion a comprehensive strategy for reducing the demand for wood-based charcoal. T h i s create a number of employment opportunities to the people of Haiti both in temporary full- demand is one of the leading causes of Haitiʼs most recent bout with deforestation that time construction jobs (4,800) and permanent full-time power plant and manufacturing has rendered the nation 98.4% deforested. Millions of Haitians, including over 1.5 million facility jobs (7,456). Additional indirect job creation (5,120) will occur among constructionEI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 9
  • 10. THE E-MACROSYSTEM: RENEWABLE ENERGY REGENERATIVE RESOURCES FROM Comprehensive Solution Framework Jobs • Income • Ownership for the People of the Republique dHaiti materials manufacturers, machinery and equipment manufacturers, and producer services, including feedstock suppliers, agriculture, charcoal, forestry, medical, tourism, retail and general services. E-M deployment will greatly diversify available jobs in Haiti, providing a number of positions in advanced energy technology system development and manufacturing, placing Haiti as a world leader in the manufacture of cutting-edge comprehensive and integrated advanced renewable energy systems. The creation of new jobs in outlying regions where E-Ms are located also serves as an incentive for the redistribution of Haitiʼs population. Additionally, technical and educational training opportunities will be provided related to manufac- ture and operation of new technologies destined for the new energy economy. The EI / ARE Systems proposal creates jobs, income and wealth, and transforms communities into international participants in the manufacture and distribution of industry-leading energy technologies. Income for the People of the Republique dʼHaiti Each of the 32 E-Ms deployed throughout Haiti will generate a substantial economic impact on the local and regional economy, far beyond the 433 direct and 160 indirect full-time jobs accom- panying each site. Each E-M will be majority owned by the residents of the local community / region, such that each community member owns one equal share. Once financing for each E-M is repaid income in the form of dividends will flow to the majority owner-resident shareholders. This income will come from the production, sale and on-site utiliza- tion of renewable energy and other by-products, as well as from leasing space within the E-M facility to manufacturers of clean energy products. The EI / ARE Systems Haiti proposal puts capital-producing assets directly into the hands of all residents in the communities where the 32 E-Ms are located. These distributed power plants / manufacturing facilities will serve as regional development centers that provide a foundation for the deconcentration and redistribution of Haitiʼs people and their economic activities. Ownership for the People of the Republique dʼHaiti Why work to create a sense or feeling of ownership among the people of the Republique dʼHaiti, when actual shareholder ownership of capital-producing assets is available through the EI / ARE Systems proposal? These infrastructure project assets, in addition to providing income for local resident shareholder owners, provide the fundamental life support products for Haitiʼs people. These include clean renewable electricity, green hydrogen, medical-grade oxygen, bottled fresh water, nitrogen-free phosphate-based fertilizer or green charcoal, and if the greenhouse option is implemented, fresh organic produce including tomatoes, cucumbers and leafy green vegetables. The people of the Republique dʼHaiti will have clean energy alternatives to the fossil fuel burning plants and generators and tree-based charcoal production that all degrade the environment and the quality of Haitian life in general. Shared ownership of these essential infrastructure systems also provides all residents in communities where E-Ms are deployed with an income regardless of age, gender or health. EI/ARE Systems - New Millenium TownEI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 10
  • 11. THE E-MACROSYSTEM: RENEWABLE ENERGY FROM REGENERATIVE RESOURCES Steam Reformation of Biomass The steam reformation system is the power plant of This combination causes the breakdown of all the E-Macrosystem, transforming 75 dry tons of bio- molecular bonds so that 100% of the molecules are mass or waste per day into 7.5 MW of power. This decomposed down to their atomic state. system achieves the transformation of biomass to energy without burning or incineration of the regen- This steam reformation process produces a num- eratively available biomass feedstock, while also not ber of marketable “life support” by-products, includ- producing any other harmful emissions. ing green hydrogen, medical-grade oxygen, metal pellets, glass beads, and a clean H2-rich synthesis Since the inception of the human species 250,000 gas (syngas). This high-quality green syngas in years ago, the only way in which we have accessed turn powers a high temperature solid oxide fuel cell the energy – the “trapped sunlight” – in organic (SOFC) that generates green electricity for usage material is by incinerating it. in the E-M manufacturing facility or for sale to the grid while only emitting water and heat. This all changed a couple of decades ago with the invention of an advanced steam reforming technolo- No harmful emissions or green house gases are gy that vaporizes organic liquids and gasifies organ- released with this technology, as any CO2 emitted CO2 needed to drive the steam reform- ic solids through the utilization of indirect heat and from the anode of the syngas-fed SOFC is recycled ing chemical reactions. The remaining the introduction of superheated steam and CO2. and utilized to supply the endothermic heat and carbon is sequestered as an inert and sterile residue, suitable as nitrogen-free www.EquitechLLC.com organic fertilizer, carbon-sequestering biochar, or “green” charcoal. The steam reformer is a non-incineration biomass-to-energy system that is unique- ly capable of processing a variety of bio- mass feedstreams, including agricultural waste, feedlot waste, forestry clippings, coal and other hydrocarbon fuels, munici- pal waste, sewage sludge, toxic waste, chemical waste, pharmaceuticals, and hospital / medical waste. By breaking bio- mass organics down to their atomic com- ponents, the steam reformer has proven to renders toxins inert, and concentrate radioisotopes into manageable clusters. As the recipient of a $24 million proof of concept demonstration that was complet- ed in Oak Ridge, T N in 1995, the steam reformer has primarily been utilized by pri- vate industry over the past 15 years to process a variety of waste material includ- ing radioactive, pharmaceutical, paint and solvent wastes, creosote contaminated soils, and military classified waste.EI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 11
  • 12. THE E-MACROSYSTEM: RENEWABLE ENERGY FROM REGENERATIVE RESOURCES Solar Regenerative Fuel Cell The solar regenerative fuel cell (SRFC) provides power to gen and oxygen constituents through an electrolysis the E-M manufacturing facility “around the clock” through process in order to repeat the cycle as needed. the use of 146,450 square feet of solar photovoltaic (PV) During the night, when the solar arrays are inactive, the arrays, a 250 kW low temperature fuel cell, a solar-pow- fuel cell subsystem is turned on to supply the majority of ered electrolysis subsystem and the regenerative the required nighttime loads with backup power from an resource of the sun. energy storage systems (batteries) to carry power When the sun shines, the solar PV arrays not only put through the night. Water is stored and later separated out enough DC power to satisfy the daytime loads of the back into its hydrogen and oxygen constituents by the facility, but also to supply power to the electrolyzer sub- solar-powered electrolyzer during the next daylight por- system, which dissociates (“cracks”) water and stores the tion of the cycle. Therefore, the SRFC system does not resulting pure hydrogen and oxygen in storage tanks. require any supply of external fuel to operate its fuel cells, the sun is the only source of external energy required. At the end of the day, the hydrogen is then used as the primary fuel and combined with the oxygen to run the This solar regenerative fuel cell technology was originally low temperature fuel cell to produce high quality developed at NASA Jet Propulsion Lab for space and lunar “green” electricity. applications, to create a sustainable stand-alone base that was a closed loop ecosystem, where all the outputs are The SRFC systems, through operation of the fuel cell, transformed into life support inputs in a continuous cycle. convert the chemical energy from hydrogen and oxy- gen into green electricity that can power the E-M man- A $30 million proof of concept of the SRFC technology ufacturing facility. Any surplus green electricity is sold took place from 1987 to 1995 at Edwards Air Force to retail customers and the grid. Base in California. The tests were eminently successful in proving the system can work continuously “24/7” no The only by-products from the fuel cell are pure water matter when the sun shines; thus the system demon- and low-grade waste heat. The pure water by-product strated that it could provide reliable premium power is stored and later converted back into its pure hydro- that is clean, quiet and efficient.EI, “The E-Macrosystem: Renewable Energy From Regenerative Resources • A Proposal for the People of the Republique d’Haiti” • www.EquitechLLC.com page 12

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