Welcome Brendan O’BrienWith thanks to Michael Green / Drift Media
My past experience with video?A: None at allB: Created a video (on video cam or stills + Photostory)C: Shot and edited a videoD: Shot and edited a video + happy with the resultE: Shot and edited a video + on web
Great Competitions www.60secondscience.net A$10,000 in cash prizes +LOTE Division +”Safety in the Science Lab”& Lots of others (Like tropfestJnr)come up over the course of a year as well. http://www.3in6.vitta.org.au/
Roles in Video Productionwrite down all the roles in filmmaking you can think of.e.g.script writerdirectorcamera operator
Editing Software .These 2 Windows MoviemakeronEdustarV4Teacher & Vegas StudioStudentmachines Adobe Premiere Camtasia iMovie Pinnacle Studio Final Cut ProEtc .. Etc…. and there are plenty of online apps and tutorials and ‘how to’s’
Online/Open Source/Free Editing Software . Xtra n o rm al http://sourceforge.net/Virtu a lDub Wax = Greenscreen city Audathere are plenty of free online apps and tutorials and ‘how to’s’
The How ? Planning Process Media Types Work out which media types you want to use.Your production might be:1. A Video Segment, shot on video or still pix?2. A Photo Montage with still images, [use photostory!]3. A Multimedia presentation- Flash, Powerpoint4. An animation5. Edited and hosted Online: Google “Online video editors” eg Extranormal - www.xtranormal.com/ or a mixture of all five !!
The Filmmaking ProcessPre-ProductionLets start thinking about the film you want to make…Motivation Why is this story worth telling ? What makes it unique ?Target Who are you making the film for ?Duration How long will it run ?
Pre-Production ElementsScript – students write their ideas down in aspecial way. It is called a script.Storyboard – students imagine what their videoproduction will look like and draw it in a specialway. It is called a storyboardFilming Schedule – students work out how theyare going to make their video production in regardsto time frame and dead line. It is similar to atimetable.Consent Forms – consent must be granted fromall on screen talent, extras and companies, whentheir logo or product appears, before filmingcommences.
Example Storyboard Opens with WS Variety of Shots Variety of Angles Variety of Soundtrack Tells a story Watch ‘Minuscule”TASK: Create a storyboard
Genre: A class of art having a characteristic form or technique How many genres can we name ? (Reference: http://www.filmsite.org/)
Pre Production ResourcesWeb Script Writing Secrets- http://www.scriptwritingsecrets.com/contents.htm BBC- http://www.bbc.co.uk/films/oneminutemovies/howto/
Camera Operation ~ RitualProduction dialogue-”Quiet on the Set! Actors ready? Camera ready? Roll camera! (camera rolling) ….. Action!”Cameras are dumb!!- tell them what to do in terms of: VISION Focus Iris Exposure Lens/Focal Length and AUDIO Quality, Quality, Quality
Framing & Tracking Exercise “Follow the Hand”This exercise takes to focus off the students, is fun, and develops confidence in camera us. ANDIt MUST be followed up by viewing & analysis of the footage.ASK: What did I learn about framing and tracking?
Resources Digital learning objects in FUSE / Ultranet (or Scootle for non-DEECD) Lights Camera Action: Assessment- L8471 Make a Movie- L341, L342 or L343 (depending on year level) Jill’s wiki http://wmrict.wikispaces.com/Film+Making Hume wiki: http://hume-elearning.wikispaces.com/movie- making
Shot Choices: ψΨ All shots have Psychological Impact ...Even the sequence of shots has a Ψ ImpactΨ Audiences have developed associated Conventions and understandings of what a particular shot ‘means’
CameraTerminology EWS - Extreme Wide Shot Ψ Good for ‘establishing’ shot and ‘closing shot’ (TMI – but good for ‘where?’ & ‘when?’)
CameraTerminology WS - Wide Shot Ψ Good for travelling to ... Or from ...
CameraTerminology MS - Mid Shot Ψ Good for ‘who?’
CameraTerminology MCU - Medium Close Up Ψ Good for dialogue, monologue
CameraTerminology CU - Close Up Ψ Good for emotions, reactions (n.b. B&B)
CameraTerminology ECU - Extreme Close Up Good for ‘why?’ .... Is this happening .... explaining
CameraTerminology Up shot, up angle Good for ‘empowering’ .... A dominating character
CameraTerminology Down shot, Down angle Makes a character more vulnerable
CameraTerminology ZOOM: Changing the magnification rate of the lens to bring objects closer/ further away The basic rule is DON’T!!! (if you can avoid it) Better to move the camera closer – you also get better audio!
CameraTerminology PAN: Horizontal movement of camera The smaller the angle of pan, the better .... <45°is best
CameraTerminology TILT: Vertical movement of camera The smaller the angle of tilt, the better .... <45°is best Tilt up at the subject empowers it .... Tilt down at the subject weakens it ...
CameraTerminologyTRACKING/ DOLLY: Technique where the camera moves along with the action. Usually down on rails Ψ Great in documentary
Camera Basics Dealing with the camera shakes use a tripod to get a steady result. Use a fluid head tripod for smooth movement. If you cant use a tripod steady the camera against any solid object eg, a tree, a pole, a desk, and the ground. Brace yourself in the shape of a pyramid arms wedged into your chest. STAY WIDE AND SURVIVE! The wobblies in hand held camera work can often be reduced by setting the lens angle (zoom control) to fully wide. This reduces apparent movement, and gives you a CSI effect to your shooting, and is great for street vox pops. You will need to keep close to you subject.
Getting the most out of your camera –Audiences L VE variety of shots, anglesFollow the hand exerciseTracking Forward and BackwardSide TrackingHigh and Low Angle Homework: Count the number of shots in the latest 30 sec ‘Coke’ ad
LightingLook at the whole of the sceneIdentify primary and secondary light sources. Exploit the primary light source.Identify types of lights to be usedGood lighting is invisible…..Use light sparinglyJumping from indoor shots to outdoor shots is jarring(indoor light has yellow cast – outdoors is blue cast)Low or no budget lightingUse existing light sources- eg lamps, tv screens, computer monitorsA light bounce can be made with the sun (or a 200w lightbulb) and a large sheet of White cardboardFind and learn how to use the ‘backlight’ function on your vidcam …. Especially in classrooms …
Audio Identify ambient noise (how many noises in your room now?) Types of mics Directional – eg Shotgun The use of a directional mic, (a shot gun, or electret) will cut down the surrounding noise. You still need to record in a quiet environment however. Unidirectional – eg Lapel mics, in-camera mics (most cameras are uni) Captures audio from the front and to the side of the camera.Remember the Director’s Mantra: “Quiet in the studio ..... Actors ready? ..... Camera ready? etc ...
Narrating in Windows Movie Maker 1. Record narrationHint and Tips: You can record narration for 2. Name and saveindividual sequences. Just click on the video or 3. Choose a location to savepicture you want and start recording. to for future retrieval andHint and Tips: If movie already has music, SFX and reuse. (Default=My videos)other sound in audio time line and you want to add 4. Narration automaticallyanother layer… finish movie. Import into Windows addedmovie maker and over dub with a narration 5. If you don’t like it select it in the time line and delete .Trouble shooting: You can adjust volume by rightmouse click options as well as fade in and out.
Before you start shooting …… and these can be allocated ‘jobs’ or roles for students!Conduct an equipment checklist What do you have ? What do you need ?Understand your technology: Camera- How do you turn it on ? Batteries- How long do they last ? Stock/Memory - How long does it run ?Props/Costumes ….And most importantly … your STORYBOARD
Top 10 Mistakes in Production1. No time (between hitting record and starting the action)2. Pans too long in duration3. Pans too wide in arc4. Camera Zoom5. Camera shake6. Continuous rolling7. Exposure (and too many indoor/outdoor intercuts)8. Focus9. Audio not given respect10. Edit too subjective. (being ‘precious’ about shots)
Copyright and Privacy 5) ALL MUSIC USED must be accompanied with the appropriate permissions and clearances. (ALL MUSIC MUST be original, permitted or Copyright-free) It is the entrant’s responsibility that the film does not infringe the rights, including but not limited to, copyright or intellectual property etc. of another person, group or entity. All music used MUST be credited/acknowledged in the closing credits. 6) If the entrant obtains permission from the copyright owner to use copyrighted music, evidence of such permission MUST be provided 8) ALL ENTRIES MUST IDENTIFY THE FIRST NAME(s) ONLY of ENTRANT(S) and/or SCHOOL NAME (if a school entry) in the opening credits. 9) All entrants must ensure that there are no corporate logos shown during the video, this includes anyone wearing and/or displaying corporate logos. Entrants are advised to remove or obscure labels/brand names from any commercial products used in their videos. (School logos on uniforms are OK of course) 18) The entrant retains copyright over their work, but by uploading a video, the entrant grants permission to DEECD to reproduce the video on any DEECD websites for instructional purposes.
Editing in Detail – Online Tutorials, Youtube TutorialsFile Types: Big=.AVI Small=.WMV also FLV (H.264)Music Copyright – School bands, student musos, GarageBand.Google ‘Podsafe’, or use http://search.creativecommons.org/ tofind music –www.Jamendo.com is an amazing resource (can search by mood)For free sound effects is www.freesound.orgPermission to broadcast to the www is ALWAYS REQUIREDGoogle: “deecd copyright policy”Good Luck!ContactBrendan O’Brien – Hume 0438 420 email@example.com
How are you feeling about video production now?