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USING THE SCIENTIFIC
METHOD

JANUARY 2012 V. 1
FRAMEWORK FOR EFFECTIVE PRACTICE
SUPPORTING SCHOOL READINESS FOR ALL CHILDREN

Social and
Emotional
Support

WellOrganized...
OBJECTIVES
• Provide a definition for Scientific Method.

• Give examples and strategies on how teachers can
use the scien...
SCIENTIFIC METHOD
What does it look like?
•

The scientific method is a series of steps
that helps children understand the...
QUESTION
• Help children form their own questions related to their world.

Teacher: “Friends, today we will be
planting so...
OBSERVE
• Ask children to use their senses and closely observe the
world around them.

“Let’s look at some of the plants t...
PREDICT
• Encourage children to predict, or guess what will happen
next, during activities.

“What do you think would happ...
EXPERIMENT
• Provide opportunities for children to experiment and test
their predictions.
“Let’s set up an experiment
in o...
DISCUSS
• Allow children to discuss the results of their experiment.
“Let’s look at our 4 plants. Remember
we treated each...
THE HEAD START CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND
EARLY LEARNING FRAMEWORK
• The scientific method can
be incorporated within
many area...
IN THIS CLIP, THE TEACHER USES
THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD
Question

Children question if eco-bottles with worms
are different f...
WHEN CAN I USE THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD?
• Teachers may use the
scientific method
throughout the school
day in many classroom...
IMPROVING PRACTICE
• Teachers can videotape and watch a clip of
their interactions with children during a
lesson, focusing...
SUMMARY
• Teachers use the scientific method when they:
– Help children form questions about their world.
– Ask children t...
For more Information, contact us at: NCQTL@UW.EDU or 877-731-0764
This document was prepared under Grant #90HC0002 for the...
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The Scientific Method for the Little Ones

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This Power Point presentation discusses how to incorporate the scientific method in an early childhood classroom. This Power Point presentation will assist teachers and teacher assistants in the domain of instructional support and the dimension of concept development. More importantly, this Power Point presentation shows educators how the scientific method is aligned with the early learning frameworks.

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  • Today we will be talking about instructional interactions that support children’s learning and development. Specifically, we will talk about feedback that supports children’s engagement and learning.
  • This is a quick over view.
  • Teachers can provide effective feedback in the classroom by engaging in back and forth exchanges and scaffolding children’s learning. It is not just about the right answer- it’s about deepening their understanding.
  • Another thing that teachers can do is scaffold children’s learning. It is important that teacher not simply give children the answer but help them reach it themselves. Teachers can provide hints or ask questions to assist children to successfully complete a task or answer a question. This feedback allows the child to perform better than he would have been able to on his own. WOULD INCLUDE THIS BELOW IN PRESENTER NOTESFor example, during an activity in which children have to identify the rhyming words the teacher helps a child who seems to be having difficulty. She scaffolds by asking questions such as “What is this a picture of”. When the child responds fox, the teacher assists him further by emphasizing the “ox” sound. The teacher then breaks down the task further and picks out 2 pictures (one correct and one incorrect), scaffolding continues…….
  • Another thing that teachers can do is scaffold children’s learning. It is important that teacher not simply give children the answer but help them reach it themselves. Teachers can provide hints or ask questions to assist children to successfully complete a task or answer a question. This feedback allows the child to perform better than he would have been able to on his own. WOULD INCLUDE THIS BELOW IN PRESENTER NOTESFor example, during an activity in which children have to identify the rhyming words the teacher helps a child who seems to be having difficulty. She scaffolds by asking questions such as “What is this a picture of”. When the child responds fox, the teacher assists him further by emphasizing the “ox” sound. The teacher then breaks down the task further and picks out 2 pictures (one correct and one incorrect), scaffolding continues…….
  • Another thing that teachers can do is scaffold children’s learning. It is important that teacher not simply give children the answer but help them reach it themselves. Teachers can provide hints or ask questions to assist children to successfully complete a task or answer a question. This feedback allows the child to perform better than he would have been able to on his own. WOULD INCLUDE THIS BELOW IN PRESENTER NOTESFor example, during an activity in which children have to identify the rhyming words the teacher helps a child who seems to be having difficulty. She scaffolds by asking questions such as “What is this a picture of”. When the child responds fox, the teacher assists him further by emphasizing the “ox” sound. The teacher then breaks down the task further and picks out 2 pictures (one correct and one incorrect), scaffolding continues…….
  • Another thing that teachers can do is scaffold children’s learning. It is important that teacher not simply give children the answer but help them reach it themselves. Teachers can provide hints or ask questions to assist children to successfully complete a task or answer a question. This feedback allows the child to perform better than he would have been able to on his own. WOULD INCLUDE THIS BELOW IN PRESENTER NOTESFor example, during an activity in which children have to identify the rhyming words the teacher helps a child who seems to be having difficulty. She scaffolds by asking questions such as “What is this a picture of”. When the child responds fox, the teacher assists him further by emphasizing the “ox” sound. The teacher then breaks down the task further and picks out 2 pictures (one correct and one incorrect), scaffolding continues…….
  • Another thing that teachers can do is scaffold children’s learning. It is important that teacher not simply give children the answer but help them reach it themselves. Teachers can provide hints or ask questions to assist children to successfully complete a task or answer a question. This feedback allows the child to perform better than he would have been able to on his own. WOULD INCLUDE THIS BELOW IN PRESENTER NOTESFor example, during an activity in which children have to identify the rhyming words the teacher helps a child who seems to be having difficulty. She scaffolds by asking questions such as “What is this a picture of”. When the child responds fox, the teacher assists him further by emphasizing the “ox” sound. The teacher then breaks down the task further and picks out 2 pictures (one correct and one incorrect), scaffolding continues…….
  • Teacher feedback can be provided throughout the school day in many classroom activities including centers, whole group instruction, meal and snack time, as well as transition. What is important is that teachers think intentionally about finding opportunities to do this at different times during the day, and not just during a structured instructional activity.
  • Transcript of "The Scientific Method for the Little Ones"

    1. 1. USING THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD JANUARY 2012 V. 1
    2. 2. FRAMEWORK FOR EFFECTIVE PRACTICE SUPPORTING SCHOOL READINESS FOR ALL CHILDREN Social and Emotional Support WellOrganized Classrooms Instructional Instructional Interactions Interactions Using the Scientific Method
    3. 3. OBJECTIVES • Provide a definition for Scientific Method. • Give examples and strategies on how teachers can use the scientific method in their classrooms. • Connect Using the Scientific Method to the Head Start Child Development and Early Learning Framework. • Provide suggestions for teachers on how to improve their ability to incorporate the scientific method.
    4. 4. SCIENTIFIC METHOD What does it look like? • The scientific method is a series of steps that helps children understand their world. Teachers use the scientific method when they: – Ask children to observe the world around them. – Encourage children to predict during activities. Observe Help children question. – Question – Create opportunities for children to experiment. – Allow children to discuss the results of their experiment. Predict Experiment Discuss
    5. 5. QUESTION • Help children form their own questions related to their world. Teacher: “Friends, today we will be planting some seeds. As we walk to our garden, let’s think of some questions we may have about plants.” Child: “How about, what do plants need to make them them grow?”
    6. 6. OBSERVE • Ask children to use their senses and closely observe the world around them. “Let’s look at some of the plants that are growing around our school. What do you notice about places where they are growing.” (encourage children to think about water and light).
    7. 7. PREDICT • Encourage children to predict, or guess what will happen next, during activities. “What do you think would happen if we planted some in the shade and some in the sunny area? What do you think would happen if we gave water to some plants but not others?”
    8. 8. EXPERIMENT • Provide opportunities for children to experiment and test their predictions. “Let’s set up an experiment in our classroom to find out what plants need to grow. We are going to have 4 different plants. The first plant will get water and sun. The second plant will get water and shade. The third plant will get no water and sun, and the fourth plant will get no water and shade. (again ask children for their predictions)
    9. 9. DISCUSS • Allow children to discuss the results of their experiment. “Let’s look at our 4 plants. Remember we treated each plant differently? The first plant got water and sun. The second plant got water and shade. The third plant got no water and sun. The fourth plant got no water and shade. What happened to the plants in our experiment? Which plant grew the most?… What do plants need to grow?”
    10. 10. THE HEAD START CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND EARLY LEARNING FRAMEWORK • The scientific method can be incorporated within many areas of the outcome framework. Some examples are: – Science Knowledge and Skills – Logic and Reasoning Skills – Language Development Skills – Approaches to Learning
    11. 11. IN THIS CLIP, THE TEACHER USES THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Question Children question if eco-bottles with worms are different from ones without. Observe The children observe worms with magnifying glasses. Predict The children predict what the worms will do in the bottle. Experiment The children experiment by placing worms in only one of the eco bottles. Discuss Later in the week, the children discuss the differences between bottles.
    12. 12. WHEN CAN I USE THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD? • Teachers may use the scientific method throughout the school day in many classroom activities including: – Centers – Small and whole group instruction – Meal and snack time – Transitions
    13. 13. IMPROVING PRACTICE • Teachers can videotape and watch a clip of their interactions with children during a lesson, focusing on whether and how often they use the scientific method. • Watch “master teachers” in action.
    14. 14. SUMMARY • Teachers use the scientific method when they: – Help children form questions about their world. – Ask children to observe the world around them. – Encourage children to predict during activities. – Create experiments for children to further explore and test predictions. – Allow children to discuss the result of their experiments. • Teachers may incorporate the scientific method throughout the school day. • Teachers can improve the quality and frequency with which they use the scientific method.
    15. 15. For more Information, contact us at: NCQTL@UW.EDU or 877-731-0764 This document was prepared under Grant #90HC0002 for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Head Start, by the National Center on Quality Teaching and Learning.
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