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Swing and Big Band Music A Presentation created by: Meghann Hall, Karen Lucas, Emily Mangold, and Rosanna Sartore
History of this Genre Big band has existed in jazz music from the swing era into the present Big bands play swing, bop big bands, progressive big bands, and modern/experimental big bands Rhythm section emphasized a four-to-the-bar beat Horns were used to play syncopated figures over the beat which made for a punchier sound Musical arrangements became more important. Many big bands that became popular began and reached their peak during the swing era which is why the terms big band and swing are often interchanged
Rise and Fall of Swing The popularity of swing began around 1935 with the arrival of Benny Goodman, the “King of Swing” Swing music dominated the American social world until the end of World War II The war drafted many of the big band members Another factor is blamed on the strike of the Musician Union, which lasted a full 27 months The cabaret tax was introduced in 1941, causing clubs to pay 30% of their ticket sales in taxes A new jazz sound, Bebop, began to grow in popularity along with less expensive rhythm and blues bands Swing, which became popular during the depression and was so popular when the war started, became a reminder of those grim years. The Swing Era died
Swing Revival In 1992, Brian Setzer introduces the Brian Setzer Orchestra and his own neo-swing style to the fans of his Stray Cats days Swing dances like the Lindy Hop and West Coast swing began to grow in popularity fueled by this style and vice-versa Night clubs began featuring swing dancing nights and bands such as Big Bad Voodoo Daddy and Brian Setzer began headlining clubs Movies with swing music (Swing Kids-1993 and Swingers-1996) By the summer of 1998, bands such as Big Bad Voodoo Daddy and Cherry Poppin’ Daddies flew up the charts Media coverage of the swing fad and record sales of neo-swing music have declined since 2000, but there are organizations and clubs around the world that are still devoted to swing dancing and music
Well-Know Performers Duke Ellington Louis Prima Benny Goodman
Duke Ellington http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDQpZT3GhDg Called his music “American Music” Duke Ellington is best remembered for the over 3000 songs that he composed during his lifetime. His best known for; "It Don't Mean a Thing if It Ain't Got That Swing“. Duke Ellington was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1966.
Louis Prima At the time he was considered one of the greatest contributor towards modern music. Was a great musical influence to future performers such as Elvis Presley. Some of his songs include; “Sing Sing, Sing”, “I Ain’t Got Nobody”, “Just A Gigolo”, and many others. His music is still used in television show and movies today such as: Elf (2003)- Pennies From Heaven We Own The Night (2007) Just A Gigolo and Should I Dancing With The Stars (2007) Sing, Sing, Sing Many More for complete list go to: http://www.louisprima.com/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7pELxwTp7gk&feature=PlayList&p=C111F00B38445995&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=2
Benny Goodman Has been named as the King of Swing He was phenomenal clarinetist and band leader. During an era of segregation, he also led one of the first racially-integrated musical groups. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vwDN9UMMi3c
Uses in the Classroom Upper Primary Students can learn the basic step of the swing dance. Use mantra, “step, step, rock step” Start by stepping withoutthe music and then addmusic to see if students canfollow the beat Swing Dancing Tutorial Video can be found at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqd78wIcB2A&feature=related
Uses in the Classroom Play swing music to younger aged children. Have them move to the music Have them create art that shows how the music makes them feel Have them pick out instruments or sounds within the music
Uses in the Classroom Learning how to swing dance or simply moving to swing music is great, but there are more things you can do with this concept Create a historical unit that involves students dressing up and learning more about the history of the times during the rise of swing Connect what they know about swing dancing and music to the other genres they have been learning about
Uses in the Classroom Take students on a field trip To see professional swing dancers To hear big band music live Bring in Experts to the Classroom Have a band come in and let students see them play the instruments they use to play swing music Have dancers come in and give lessons and let student see costumes
Activities for Grown-Ups http://www.evilleswingcats.com/ If you want to learn more about swing dancing before teaching, check out this website. They offer tutorials for many different styles of swing dancing.
Local Talent The Two Tone Express Play at Casino Aztar Genre Includes: Swing, 60s and 70s
Resources http://www.dukeellington.com/ellingtonbio.html http://www.bennygoodman.com/about/achievements.html http://www.louisprima.com/ http://www.facebook.com/pages/Two-Tone-Express/88245225138 http://www.just-the-swing.com http://www.jazzitude.com/histswing.htm Plus all websites listed on previous slides