Educ351genrereport Classical Music


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Educ351genrereport Classical Music

  1. 1. Classical Music Ashlee Holland and Hannah Quirey
  2. 2. Timeline of Classical Music <ul><li>Medieval </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Classical </li></ul><ul><li>Early Romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Modern </li></ul>
  3. 3. Medieval <ul><li>Gregorian chant– is monophonic--meaning music that consists of only one melodic line without accompaniment </li></ul><ul><li>Gradually developed during the 11th to 13th centuries into organum </li></ul><ul><li>Organum– two or three lines moving simultaneously but independently, therefore almost inadvertently representing the beginnings of harmony </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  4. 4. Renaissance <ul><li>The rediscovery of ancient Greek ideals in the Renaissance inspired many musicians to explore the eloquent possibilities of their art. </li></ul><ul><li>New instruments were invented, including the clavichord and virginal and many existing instruments were improved. </li></ul><ul><li>Composers were still almost entirely devoted to choral writing, and the few instrumental compositions which have survived often create the impression of being vocal works in disguise. </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumental music came into its own for the first time, especially keyboard music in the form of fantasias, variations, and dance movements </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Clavichord Virginal
  5. 5. Baroque <ul><li>The foundations were laid for the following 300 or so years of musical expression </li></ul><ul><li>The idea of the modern orchestra was born </li></ul><ul><li>The rather soft-grained string family of the Renaissance was gradually replaced by the bolder violin, viola and cello, the harpsichord was invented, and important advances were made in all instrumental groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Classical music began to work its way into society, being played outdoors at dinner parties or special functions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Baroque Period <ul><li>Bach had jobs such as working for a duke, working for a prince, and working at St. Thomas Church and the School in Leipzig Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>Bach is known as “greatest geniuses in music history.” </li></ul><ul><li>He was known for composing: organs, various instruments, orchestras, choirs, and concertos. </li></ul><ul><li>March 21, 1685- July 28, 1750 </li></ul><ul><li>A sample of his work: </li></ul>Johann Sebastian Bach
  7. 7. Baroque Period <ul><li>He was a composer, a teacher, and a priest. </li></ul><ul><li>He was known as the “Red Priest” because he had red hair. </li></ul><ul><li>He is considered the “best Italian composer” of his era. </li></ul><ul><li>He composed: concertos, operas, and church music. </li></ul><ul><li>His most famous concertos is “The Four Seasons”. </li></ul><ul><li>A sample of his work: </li></ul>Antonio Vivaldi
  8. 8. Classical <ul><li>Introduction to sonata form. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the modern concerto, symphony, sonata, trio and quartet </li></ul><ul><li>The late Baroque style was complex and ornate. The composers of the early Classical period changed direction, writing music that was much simpler in texture. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most important developments of the Classical period is the growth of the public concert. </li></ul><ul><li>It was now possible for composers to survive without being the employee of one person or family. Composers started organizing concerts featuring their own music, and often attracted large audiences. </li></ul><ul><li>The increasing popularity of the public concert had a strong impact on the growth of the orchestra </li></ul>
  9. 9. Classical Period <ul><li>During his lifetime he composed: operas, symphonies, concertos, masses and chamber music. </li></ul><ul><li>January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791 </li></ul><ul><li>A sample of his work: </li></ul>Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  10. 10. Romantic <ul><li>Romanticism implies fantasy, spontaneity and sensuality. </li></ul><ul><li>Classical music was expressive, but not so passionate. </li></ul><ul><li>Beethoven who was in some ways responsible for igniting the flame of romanticism, always struggled to maintain that balance </li></ul><ul><li>Musical story-telling became important, and not just in opera, but in &quot;pure&quot; instrumental music as well. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Romantic Period Cont. <ul><li>His works are beautiful in spite of his deafness. </li></ul><ul><li>He is most famous for his nine symphonies. </li></ul><ul><li>He composed: choral music, piano music, string quartets, and opera. </li></ul><ul><li>December 16, 1770 - March 26, 1827 </li></ul><ul><li>A sample of his work: </li></ul>Ludwig van Beethoven
  12. 12. Romantic Period Cont. <ul><li>He had his first concert at only eight years old. </li></ul><ul><li>He is known as the “greatest pianist “of his era. </li></ul><ul><li>He died of tuberculosis. </li></ul><ul><li>March 1, 1810- October 17, 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>A sample of his work: </li></ul>Frederic Chopin
  13. 13. Modern <ul><li>Technology has played a increasingly important role in the development of 20th century music. </li></ul><ul><li>Composers have used recording tape as a compositional tool </li></ul><ul><li>Electronically generated sounds have been used both on their own and in combination with traditional instruments. </li></ul><ul><li>More recently, computer technology has been used in a variety of ways, including manipulating the performance of instruments in real time. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Manheim SteamRoller <ul><li>Known for their Christmas albums but they also have a Halloween album too </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneers of neo-classical electronic music, emerging as one of the driving forces behind the New Age phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Composer Chip Davis </li></ul>
  15. 15. Classroom Activities <ul><li>Have children listen to the music and move/create any way they want to (Story, move around classroom, play instruments, dance, and artwork) </li></ul><ul><li>Make your body match the music (ie. If the music is happy, make your body look happy, if the music is sad, make your body look sad) </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight a composer by providing information and samples. </li></ul><ul><li>Teach math by highlighting patterns </li></ul><ul><li>in the music </li></ul>