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Unit 1
Unit 1
Unit 1
Unit 1
Unit 1
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  • 1. UNIT 1TO BE (SER O ESTAR)A: TIEMPO PRESENTE 1. EL VERBO TO BE TIENE TRES FORMAS EN EL TIEMPO PRESENTE: AM-IS-ARE I am (Yo soy / estoy) We are ( nosotros somos o You are (Tu eres / estas) estamos) He is (El es / esta) She is (Ella es / esta) You are ( Uds son / están) It is (es / esta) They are (Ellos son / están) 2. En una conversación, normalmente se utilizan las contracciones I’m, You’re, He’s, She’s, It’s, We’re, They’re. 3. Para realizar preguntas What? ¿Qué? This este/a Who? ¿Quién? That ese/a Where? ¿Dónde? Those esos/as How? ¿Cómo? These estos/as 4. La forma negativa se expresa usando la palabra not. Normalmente formamos la contracciones ISN’T o AREN’T.I am not You are notYou are not We are notHe is not They are notShe is not
  • 2. It is not 5. La forma interrogativa se expresa mediante simple inversion de orden con el sujeto de la oración Am I? Aren’t I? Are We? Aren’t we? Are you? Aren’t you? Are You? Aren’t you? Is he? Isn’t he? Are they? Aren’t they? Is she? Isn’t she? Is ti? Isn’t it?Debido a que no existe una contracción para AM NOT,habitualmente se usa AREN’T en este caso.B: TIEMPO PASADO 1. El verbo TO BE tiene las siguientes formas en el tiempo pasado: WAS - WERE I was (yo era / estaba) We were (Nos. eramos / You were (tu eras/ estabas) estabamos) He was (el era / estaba) You were (Uds. Eran / She was(ella era / estaba) estaban) It was (era / estaba) They were (ellos eran / estaban) 2. Para realizar preguntas When? ¿Cuándo? Why? ¿Por qué? How old? ¿ Qué edad?
  • 3. Last week la semana pasada Two days ago hace dos días Last night anoche 3. La forma negativa se expresa usando NOT después de WAS O WERE. Normalmente se usan las contracciones WASN’T, WEREN’T. I WAS NOT WE WERE NOTYOU WERE NOT THEY WERE NOTHE WAS NOTSHE WAS NOTIT WAS NOT 4. La forma interrogativa se expresa invirtiendo el orden de WAS / WEREWERE YOU? WERE YOU IN CLASS THIS MORNING?WAS HE? WAS JHON SICK YESTERDADY?WERE THEY? WERE THEY IN THE PARCK?C: TIEMPO FUTURO 1. El tiempo futura del verbo TO BE se expresa mediante el uso del verbo modal WILL seguido del infinitivo BE. Normalmente se usa la contracción ‘ll en la conversación diaria informal .I will be It will beYou will be We will beHe will be You will be
  • 4. She will be They will beTambién se pueden usar las siguientes contracciones.I’ll be You’ll be He’ll be They’ll be 2. Para realizar preguntasHow long? ¿Cuánto tiempo?What time? ¿ Qué hora?Next week la proxima semanaTomorrow mañanaThe day after tomorrow pasado mañana 3. La forma negativa se expresa usando la palabra NOT después del verbo modal WILL o la contracción WONT delante del sujeto.I will not be very busy tomorrowMary will not be at home today.They won’t be here all dayIt won’t be cold toning. 4. La forma interrogativa se expresa usando el verbo modal WILL o la contraccion WONT delante del sujetoWill you be free tomorrow evening?Will the test be difficult?Will they be here Monday?
  • 5. UNIT 2THERE TO BE (HABER, EXISTIR)A: TIEMPO PRESENTE 1. Estas expresiones se usan para indicar la existencia de algo. Son equivalentes a la expresión HAY, en castellano.THERE IS se usan con sustantivos singulares o incontables.THERE ARE se usan con sustantivos plurales. Normalmente, en elsingular se usa la contracción THERE’S.There is a book on the desk.There’s a car in the car park. 2. La forma negativa se expresa con THRE IS NOT / THERE ARE NOT / THERE AREN’T.There is not a book on the desk.There isn’t a car in the park.There aren’t 10 students in my class. 3. La forma interrogativa se hace mediante simple inversion del verbo con la palabra THERE.Is there a book on the desk?Are there 10 students in the class?Is there any water in the glass?

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