STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR1
Structural Fire ControlStructural Fire Control
InstructorInstructor
Presented by:Presen...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR2
StandardStandard
Definition:Definition:
Used as , or meetingUsed as , or meeting
the re...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR3
Trainer NegligenceTrainer Negligence
Definition:Definition:
Failing to train at all, or...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR4
Negligent EntrustmentNegligent Entrustment
Definition:Definition:
Failure to properly o...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR5
Negligent SupervisionNegligent Supervision
Definition:Definition:
The failure toThe fai...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR6
Negligent RetentionNegligent Retention
Definition:
A failure to take action when
you sh...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR7
Good Intentions, No ComplianceGood Intentions, No Compliance
=
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR8
NFPA 1403NFPA 1403
FAMILIARIZATIONFAMILIARIZATION
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTORSTRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR 99
TERMINAL PERFORMANCETERMINAL PERFORMANCE
OBJECTIVEOB...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR10
ENABLING OBJECTIVESENABLING OBJECTIVES
 Authority HavingAuthority Having
Jurisdiction...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR11
ENABLING OBJECTIVESENABLING OBJECTIVES
 Define the purpose of NFPA 1403.Define the pu...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR12
REASON FOR THIS COURSEREASON FOR THIS COURSE
 New industryNew industry
standardsstand...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR13
DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS
 Authority Having Jurisdiction:Authority Having Jurisdiction:
...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR14
DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS
 Acquired Prop:Acquired Prop:
 A piece of equipment such as a...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR15
DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS
 Demonstration:Demonstration:
 The act of showing a skill.The...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR16
DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS
 Instructor in Charge:Instructor in Charge:
An individual qua...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR17
DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS
 ParticipantParticipant
 Any student, instructor, safety offi...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR18
NFPA 1403NFPA 1403
 The purpose of this standard is toThe purpose of this standard is...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR19
STUDENT PARTICIPATIONSTUDENT PARTICIPATION
SafetySafety
Fire BehaviorFire Behavior
Por...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR20
STRUCTURE AND FACILITYSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY
PREPARATIONPREPARATION
 NFPA 1403 states...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR21
STRUCTURE AND FACILITYSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY
PREPARATIONPREPARATION
Ensure structure i...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR22
STRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATION
WEATHER PLANWEATH...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR23
STRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATION
WEATHER PLANWEATH...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR24
STRUCTURE AND FACILITYSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY
PREPARATIONPREPARATION
 Water SupplyWate...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR25
STRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATION
EMS STAGINGEMS ST...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR26
STRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATION
TRAINING ACTION P...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR27
STRUCTURE AND FACILITYSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY
PREPARATIONPREPARATION
 Training Action ...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR28
FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS
 This has been a touchy issue in the pastThis has been a...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR29
FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS
 Materials thatMaterials that
are to be usedare to be us...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR30
FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS
 Other items that cannot be used for fuelOther items tha...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR31
FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS
 Fuel Load AmountFuel Load Amount
 Fuel material shall ...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR32
FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS
FUEL LOAD DOCUMENTATIONFUEL LOAD DOCUMENTATION
 Fuel loa...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTORSTRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR 3333
FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS
FUEL LOAD SAFETYFUEL ...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR34
See a Problem?See a Problem?
Baltimore, Md Live Fire Training LODD
February, 2007
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR35
ENABLING OBJECTIVE REVIEWENABLING OBJECTIVE REVIEW
We have defined various terms as th...
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR36
STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR37
END OF SECTIONEND OF SECTION
ONON
NFPA 1403NFPA 1403
FAMILIARIZATIONFAMILIARIZATION
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1403 familiarization

  1. 1. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR1 Structural Fire ControlStructural Fire Control InstructorInstructor Presented by:Presented by: The Georgia Fire AcademyThe Georgia Fire Academy 1403 Familiarization
  2. 2. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR2 StandardStandard Definition:Definition: Used as , or meetingUsed as , or meeting the requirements of athe requirements of a standard rule,standard rule, generally accepted asgenerally accepted as reliable orreliable or authoritativeauthoritative 1403 Yaps constantly, Aggravating ,1403 Yaps constantly, Aggravating , (all bark no bite)(all bark no bite)
  3. 3. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR3 Trainer NegligenceTrainer Negligence Definition:Definition: Failing to train at all, orFailing to train at all, or training which istraining which is conducted improperly.conducted improperly. ALSOALSO Training which does existTraining which does exist may be poorly designedmay be poorly designed or poorly executedor poorly executed Trainer don’t bark much, but he has a nasty bite
  4. 4. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR4 Negligent EntrustmentNegligent Entrustment Definition:Definition: Failure to properly orFailure to properly or safely operate equipmentsafely operate equipment or devices, If a studentor devices, If a student suffers an injury fromsuffers an injury from improper training withimproper training with equipment, you are liable.equipment, you are liable. Don’t Mistreat Trusty !
  5. 5. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR5 Negligent SupervisionNegligent Supervision Definition:Definition: The failure toThe failure to coordinate, control orcoordinate, control or direct student conductdirect student conduct which may result inwhich may result in injuryinjury Super V “Pain will change your Mind”
  6. 6. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR6 Negligent RetentionNegligent Retention Definition: A failure to take action when you should have, or when it is determined that a student is unsuitable to continue Being a nice guy and overlooking unacceptable performances can come back to bite you Hanger doesn’t like being told to stay
  7. 7. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR7 Good Intentions, No ComplianceGood Intentions, No Compliance =
  8. 8. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR8 NFPA 1403NFPA 1403 FAMILIARIZATIONFAMILIARIZATION
  9. 9. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTORSTRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR 99 TERMINAL PERFORMANCETERMINAL PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVEOBJECTIVE The student shall identify information that must be obtained and documented in preparation for conducting a live structure fire control class, according to NFPA 1403, Standard on Live Fire Training Evolutions.
  10. 10. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR10 ENABLING OBJECTIVESENABLING OBJECTIVES  Authority HavingAuthority Having JurisdictionJurisdiction  ShallShall  ShouldShould  Acquired PropAcquired Prop  Acquired BuildingAcquired Building  Training Center BurnTraining Center Burn BuildingBuilding DemonstrationDemonstration EvolutionEvolution InstructorInstructor Instructor-In-ChargeInstructor-In-Charge Live FireLive Fire ParticipantParticipant Safety OfficerSafety Officer StudentStudent Define the following terms as they relate to live structureDefine the following terms as they relate to live structure fire control training:fire control training:
  11. 11. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR11 ENABLING OBJECTIVESENABLING OBJECTIVES  Define the purpose of NFPA 1403.Define the purpose of NFPA 1403.  Identify the areas of basic training a studentIdentify the areas of basic training a student must receive before participating in live firemust receive before participating in live fire training.training.  Identify and describe preparation of a structureIdentify and describe preparation of a structure for conducting live fire training evolutions.for conducting live fire training evolutions.  Identify fuels that may be used to propagateIdentify fuels that may be used to propagate flame during live fire training.flame during live fire training.
  12. 12. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR12 REASON FOR THIS COURSEREASON FOR THIS COURSE  New industryNew industry standardsstandards  Stricter lawsStricter laws  FirefighterFirefighter injuries/deathsinjuries/deaths during trainingduring training
  13. 13. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR13 DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS  Authority Having Jurisdiction:Authority Having Jurisdiction:  Meaning the organization, office or individualMeaning the organization, office or individual responsible for approving equipment, materials,responsible for approving equipment, materials, and installation or procedure.and installation or procedure.  Shall:Shall:  Indicates a mandatory requirementIndicates a mandatory requirement  Should:Should:  Indicates a recommendation or that which isIndicates a recommendation or that which is advised but not requiredadvised but not required
  14. 14. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR14 DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS  Acquired Prop:Acquired Prop:  A piece of equipment such as a car that was notA piece of equipment such as a car that was not designed for burning but is used for live firedesigned for burning but is used for live fire training evolutions.training evolutions.  Acquired Building:Acquired Building:  A structure acquired by the authority havingA structure acquired by the authority having jurisdiction from a property owner for the purposejurisdiction from a property owner for the purpose of conducting live fire training evolutions.of conducting live fire training evolutions.  Training Center Burn Building:Training Center Burn Building:  A structure specifically designed for conducting liveA structure specifically designed for conducting live fire training evolutions on a repetitive basis.fire training evolutions on a repetitive basis.
  15. 15. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR15 DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS  Demonstration:Demonstration:  The act of showing a skill.The act of showing a skill.  Evolution:Evolution:  A set of prescribed actions that result in an effectiveA set of prescribed actions that result in an effective fireground activity.fireground activity.  Instructor:Instructor:  An individual qualified by the authority havingAn individual qualified by the authority having jurisdiction to deliver firefighting training, who hasjurisdiction to deliver firefighting training, who has the training and experience to supervise studentsthe training and experience to supervise students during live fire training evolutions.during live fire training evolutions.
  16. 16. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR16 DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS  Instructor in Charge:Instructor in Charge: An individual qualified as an instructor andAn individual qualified as an instructor and designated by the authority havingdesignated by the authority having jurisdiction to be in charge or the live firejurisdiction to be in charge or the live fire evolution.evolution.  Live Fire:Live Fire: Any unconfined open flame or device thatAny unconfined open flame or device that can propagate fire to the building or othercan propagate fire to the building or other combustible materialscombustible materials
  17. 17. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR17 DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS  ParticipantParticipant  Any student, instructor, safety officer, visitor, orAny student, instructor, safety officer, visitor, or other person who is involved in the live fireother person who is involved in the live fire training evolution within the operations area.training evolution within the operations area.  Safety OfficerSafety Officer  An individual appointed by the authority havingAn individual appointed by the authority having jurisdiction as qualified to maintain a safe workingjurisdiction as qualified to maintain a safe working environment at all live fire evolutions.environment at all live fire evolutions.  StudentStudent  Any person who is present at the live fire trainingAny person who is present at the live fire training evolution for the purpose of receiving training.evolution for the purpose of receiving training.
  18. 18. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR18 NFPA 1403NFPA 1403  The purpose of this standard is toThe purpose of this standard is to provide a process for conducting live fireprovide a process for conducting live fire training evolutions.training evolutions.  Ensure that the training is conducted inEnsure that the training is conducted in safe facilities.safe facilities.  Ensure that exposure to health and safetyEnsure that exposure to health and safety hazards for the firefighters arehazards for the firefighters are minimized.minimized.
  19. 19. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR19 STUDENT PARTICIPATIONSTUDENT PARTICIPATION SafetySafety Fire BehaviorFire Behavior PortablePortable ExtinguishersExtinguishers Personal ProtectivePersonal Protective EquipmentEquipment LaddersLadders Fire HoseFire Hose OverhaulOverhaul Water SupplyWater Supply VentilationVentilation Forcible EntryForcible Entry Prior to participating in live fire training evolutions, students must present written proof that they have completed the following basic training:
  20. 20. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR20 STRUCTURE AND FACILITYSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONPREPARATION  NFPA 1403 states that any building beingNFPA 1403 states that any building being considered for live fire training shall beconsidered for live fire training shall be prepared for the evolution.prepared for the evolution.  Preparations shall include all of thePreparations shall include all of the required permits.required permits.
  21. 21. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR21 STRUCTURE AND FACILITYSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONPREPARATION Ensure structure is sound beforeEnsure structure is sound before conducting trainingconducting training Notify neighborsNotify neighbors Think safetyThink safety – Survey surrounding streetsSurvey surrounding streets – Define operational area & perimeterDefine operational area & perimeter
  22. 22. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR22 STRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATION WEATHER PLANWEATHER PLAN  Weather extremes can make live fire trainingWeather extremes can make live fire training difficultdifficult  Hot or cold weather conditionsHot or cold weather conditions  Inclement weatherInclement weather  Thunder stormsThunder storms  Gather a detailed forecast a few days in advanceGather a detailed forecast a few days in advance  Update the forecast each day prior to the trainingUpdate the forecast each day prior to the training  Get a forecast for the day of the trainingGet a forecast for the day of the training
  23. 23. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR23 STRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATION WEATHER PLANWEATHER PLAN  The training shall be postponed orThe training shall be postponed or delayed if lightning is in the area.delayed if lightning is in the area.  A safe refuge shall be located for allA safe refuge shall be located for all participating members if this takes place.participating members if this takes place.  Don’t wait until the storm is on top ofDon’t wait until the storm is on top of you to stop the training.you to stop the training.
  24. 24. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR24 STRUCTURE AND FACILITYSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONPREPARATION  Water SupplyWater Supply Identify the water supply needs prior toIdentify the water supply needs prior to starting the trainingstarting the training 1142 will be covered later on in the class1142 will be covered later on in the class  Apparatus / Personnel StagingApparatus / Personnel Staging Identify areas for apparatus stagingIdentify areas for apparatus staging Parking lotsParking lots Identify areas for personnel stagingIdentify areas for personnel staging
  25. 25. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR25 STRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATION EMS STAGINGEMS STAGING  Identify & notify allIdentify & notify all participants of the EMSparticipants of the EMS staging area.staging area.  EMS shall be:EMS shall be:  on site through out theon site through out the duration of the event.duration of the event.  solely dedicated to thesolely dedicated to the training operation.training operation.  The EMS unit shall beThe EMS unit shall be ALS capable with,ALS capable with, minimum of:minimum of:  one Paramedicone Paramedic  one EMTone EMT
  26. 26. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR26 STRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATION TRAINING ACTION PLANTRAINING ACTION PLAN  The instructor in charge shall ensure that aThe instructor in charge shall ensure that a TAP has been completed for the evolution.TAP has been completed for the evolution.  This plan shall include the following:This plan shall include the following:  Safety PlanSafety Plan  Weather PlanWeather Plan  Organization ChartOrganization Chart  Organizational AssignmentsOrganizational Assignments  Communications PlanCommunications Plan  Training Check-inTraining Check-in  Training BriefingTraining Briefing  Training ObjectivesTraining Objectives  Medical PlanMedical Plan
  27. 27. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR27 STRUCTURE AND FACILITYSTRUCTURE AND FACILITY PREPARATIONPREPARATION  Training Action PlanTraining Action Plan  You should ensure that aYou should ensure that a pre-training walk throughpre-training walk through has been conducted.has been conducted.  Discuss the evacuationDiscuss the evacuation signal that will be used forsignal that will be used for the training.the training.  Civilian AccessCivilian Access  Visitors shall be restricted toVisitors shall be restricted to the area outside thethe area outside the operations perimeteroperations perimeter  Civilian that are going to beCivilian that are going to be allowed to observe shall beallowed to observe shall be provided the proper PPE.provided the proper PPE.
  28. 28. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR28 FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS  This has been a touchy issue in the pastThis has been a touchy issue in the past The fire service has used various method toThe fire service has used various method to propagate a flame with-in a confinedpropagate a flame with-in a confined structure.structure. The primary fuel used in the PAST wasThe primary fuel used in the PAST was combustible liquids.combustible liquids. These products are dangerous and can leaveThese products are dangerous and can leave firefighters injured or even killed.firefighters injured or even killed. NFPA 1403 states that flammable orNFPA 1403 states that flammable or combustible liquids shall NOT be used.combustible liquids shall NOT be used.
  29. 29. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR29 FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS  Materials thatMaterials that are to be usedare to be used shall haveshall have known burningknown burning characteristics.characteristics.  Wooden PalletsWooden Pallets are acceptableare acceptable for fuel loadfor fuel load Note : Keep your fuel loadNote : Keep your fuel load at a manageableat a manageable limitlimit
  30. 30. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR30 FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS  Other items that cannot be used for fuelOther items that cannot be used for fuel load.load. Debris from the structure shall not be usedDebris from the structure shall not be used as the fuel load.as the fuel load. Pressure treated woodPressure treated wood Rubber or plastic productsRubber or plastic products Hay or straw that has been treated withHay or straw that has been treated with chemicalschemicals Mattress or Bedding MaterialsMattress or Bedding Materials
  31. 31. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR31 FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS  Fuel Load AmountFuel Load Amount  Fuel material shall beFuel material shall be used in the amountsused in the amounts necessary to create thenecessary to create the desired fire sizedesired fire size  Ensure fuel load isEnsure fuel load is limited to avoid:limited to avoid: FlashoverFlashover ConditionsConditions Back draftBack draft ConditionsConditions
  32. 32. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR32 FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS FUEL LOAD DOCUMENTATIONFUEL LOAD DOCUMENTATION  Fuel load type and amountFuel load type and amount  Wall, floor, and ceiling material coveringWall, floor, and ceiling material covering typetype  Building construction, roof type and allBuilding construction, roof type and all void spacesvoid spaces  Room dimensionsRoom dimensions
  33. 33. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTORSTRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR 3333 FUEL MATERIALSFUEL MATERIALS FUEL LOAD SAFETYFUEL LOAD SAFETY As an instructor, you areAs an instructor, you are responsible for stopping anresponsible for stopping an evolution when, through ongoingevolution when, through ongoing assessment, you feel that the fireassessment, you feel that the fire conditions have deteriorated to theconditions have deteriorated to the point that the structure is unsafepoint that the structure is unsafe for operating personnel.for operating personnel.
  34. 34. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR34 See a Problem?See a Problem? Baltimore, Md Live Fire Training LODD February, 2007
  35. 35. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR35 ENABLING OBJECTIVE REVIEWENABLING OBJECTIVE REVIEW We have defined various terms as they relate toWe have defined various terms as they relate to live structure fire control training.live structure fire control training. We have defined the purpose of NFPA 1403.We have defined the purpose of NFPA 1403. We have identified the areas of basic training aWe have identified the areas of basic training a student must receive before participating instudent must receive before participating in live fire training.live fire training. We have identified and described preparationWe have identified and described preparation of a structure for conducting live fire trainingof a structure for conducting live fire training evolutions.evolutions. We have identified fuels that may be used toWe have identified fuels that may be used to propagate flame during live fire training.propagate flame during live fire training.
  36. 36. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR36
  37. 37. STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR37 END OF SECTIONEND OF SECTION ONON NFPA 1403NFPA 1403 FAMILIARIZATIONFAMILIARIZATION

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