Artificial intelligance

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A presentation I created for class that tries to explain the different approaches in developing Artificial Intelligence through explanation and examples.

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Artificial intelligance

  1. 1. Bramwell Su Presents
  2. 2. A.I. in Fiction
  3. 3. What is A.I?      Artificial = a human creation that did not occur naturally Intelligence = the ability to learn and apply knowledge Artificial Intelligence = man-made device/system that is able to act with and/or mimic human intelligence The study in development of intelligent machines and software Ultimate Goal = “Strong A.I.”
  4. 4. How Does One Make A.I?  Symbolic  Sub-Symbolic  Statistical
  5. 5. Symbolic Approach Logic-based  All knowledge is “taught” by humans  Everything is in a controlled environment  To mimic human-intellect, it would take millions of trigger conditions and rules  This approach was popular in the 60s and 70s 
  6. 6. Symbolic Example  Video Game NPCs
  7. 7. More Examples! http://youtu.be/rt5aUdijAN8
  8. 8. Sub-Symbolic Approach       Pattern-based and/or Fuzzy Logic is applied to determine the result of decisions Uses a bottom-up/inductive approach Information is processed in parallel via neurons This mimics the structure of the human brain Improves on the Symbolic Approach This approach was popular in the 80s-00s
  9. 9. SubSymbolic Examples  Neural Networks
  10. 10. Statistical Approach Database-based  The A.I. is programmed with functions to analyze data and creates its own conclusion  Uncontrolled environment, although certain parameters are provided  Improves on Sub-Symbolic approach  This approach began in 00s 
  11. 11. Statistical Example 81.7% 74.8% 76.7%
  12. 12. So Are We Close to Strong A.I? A.I. is present in everyday life  Examples: Google, Siri, video games  But are they “intelligent?”  Functional by still far from human intelligence. 
  13. 13. Future of A.I.  http://youtu.be/53K1dMyslJg?t=3m26s
  14. 14. More Information I recommend watching the following media for more insight on A.I. and ethics: Time of Eve - http://youtu.be/ERGOqSoyRF4 Ghost in the Shell - http://youtu.be/oP2Pt6m3yKU Ergo Proxy - http://youtu.be/WjTPHVz6OOg Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Do_Androids_Dream_of_Electric_Sheep%3F Is Developing Artificial Intelligence (AI) Ethical? | Idea Channel | PBS Digital Studios - http://youtu.be/95KhuSbYJGE
  15. 15. Work Cited                  Jesus Suarez. “Intro to Neural Networks." Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 14 Dec. 2009. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. http://youtu.be/DG5-UyRBQD4 GoogleTechTalks. “Google Faculty Summit 2009: Statistical Machine Translation.” Online video clip. Youtube. Youtube, 5 Oct. 2009. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. http://youtu.be/y_PzPDRPwlA PBS Idea Channel. “Is Developing Artificial Intelligence (AI) Ethical? | Idea Channel | PBS Digital Studios.” Online video clip. Youtube. Youtube, 29 May, 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://youtu.be/95KhuSbYJGE PBSoffbook. “The Rise of Artificial Intelligence | Off Book | PBS Digital Studios.” Online video clip. Youtube. Youtube, 11 Jul. 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://youtu.be/53K1dMyslJg Computerphile. “How Intelligent is Artificial Intelligence? – Computerphile.” Online video clip. Youtube. Youtube, 27 Sept. 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://youtu.be/hcoa7OMAmRk Vojteek. “How to steal in Skyrim.” Online video clip. Youtube. Youtube, 10 Nov. 2011. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://youtu.be/rt5aUdijAN8 “Strong AI." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 21 Oct. 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strong_AI “Artificial Intelligence." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 11 Nov. 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence “Artificial Intelligence (video games)." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 23 Oct. 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence_%28video_games%29 “Intelligence." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 5 Nov.. 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intelligence “Artificiality." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 9 Oct. 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificiality P.B. Khanale and S.D. Chitnis. “Handwritten Devanagari Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network." Journal of Artificial Intelligence, 4,1 (2011): 55-62. Print. Vardi, Moshe Y. “Artificial Intelligence: Past and Future.“Communications of the ACM, 55,1 (2012): 5. Print. Barbrook, Richard. “New York Prophecies: The Imaginary Future of Artificial Intelligence.." Science as Culture, 16,2 (2007): 151-167. Print. Clark, Liat. Google Brain Simulator Identifies Cats on Youtube. Wired.CO.UK, 26 Jun. 2012. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2012-06/26/google-brain-recognises-cats Jeff [Jeff Wofford]. “How Siri Works” Holy Ghost Stories. Holy Ghost Stories, 5 Oct. 2011. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. http://www.jeffwofford.com/?p=817 GameTrailers. “The Science of Games – Artificial Intelligence.” Online video clip. Gametrailers. Gametrailers, 21 July. 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. http://www.gametrailers.com/videos/fr3sos/science-of-games-artificial-intelligence
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