Biotechnology and IP
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Biotechnology and IP



Biotechnology and IP - A presentation by Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala

Biotechnology and IP - A presentation by Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala



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    Biotechnology and IP Biotechnology and IP Presentation Transcript

    • Biotechnology and IP By Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala, Blog:
    • “Biotechnology can transform humanity provided humanity wishes to be transformed.” -Geoffry Carr
    • Arguments Ignore Deny Balance Advantage
    • A is accused of stealing diamonds from B Available evidence A was seen running from B's house at the time of theft. A was caught by police in possession of Diamonds. A had asked B to sell the diamonds about ten times before the theft.
    • What is Biotechnology?
    • What is Biotechnology? The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) defines biotechnology as any technology using living entities, in particular animals, plants, or microorganisms,
    • What is Biotechnology? Any technology that uses living organisms to make or modify a product, to improve plants or animals, or to develop microorganisms for specific uses. Office of Technology, U. S. Congress
    • What is Biotechnology? "The application of science and technology to living organisms as well as parts, products and models thereof, to alter living or non-living materials for the production of knowledge, goods and services." (OECD).
    • Why is Biotechnology Unique?
    • Why is Biotechnology Unique? Involves living organisms Diverse fields Long gestation period Morals and Ethics Fear of the unknown
    • Arguments Intellectual Property protection must not be afforded to biotechnology inventions involving living organisms because The modification may cause harm to them; The results of such inventions may prove to be harmful to human beings; and Man does not have the right to play god by modifying living organisms.
    • Arguments Biotechnology inventions and creations must be protected under the IP regime because research in the field requires very high investment and takes a long time.
    • Arguments Biotechnology inventions must not be protected under the IP regime because their protection would stifle research and prevent access to medical treatment.
    • What are Various types of IP? Rationale for their protection
    • Types of IP Patents Copyrights Trademarks Trade Secrets Plant Varieties Geographical Indications Traditional Knowledge Biodiversity
    • IP and Biotechnology What are the types of IP that can protect Biotechnology?
    • Rationales for protecting Biotechnology Economic Moral Utilitarian
    • What is the real issue? Is it human psychology?
    • Questions ??? For more information, please visit: