Knowledge is constructed through social interaction
Different role for instructor
“ Near-Peer Mentoring”
Lave and Wenger
Have placeed learning into a social relationship – situations of co-participants
“ Rather than asking what kind of cognitive processes and conceptual structures are involved, they ask what kinds of social engagements provide the proper context for learning to take place” (Smith, 2003, pg. 4)
Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1990). Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Lesser, E. L. and Storck, J. (2001) 'Communities of practice and organizational performance', IBM Systems Journal 40(4), http://www.research.ibm.com/journal/sj/404/lesser.html. Accessed October 22, 2006.
Luppicini, R. (2007). Online Learning Communities: Perspectives in Industrial Technology and Distance Learning. Information Age Publishing, NY
Merrill, H., DiSilvestro, F. and Young, R. (2003). Assessing & Improving Online Learning Using Data from Practice. Presented at the Midwest Research-to-practice Conference in Adult, Continuing and Community Education, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, Oct. 8-10.
Palloff, R. and Pratt, K. (2007). Building Online Learning Communities: Effective Strategies for the Virtual Classroom (2 nd Ed). Jossey-Bass, NY.
Preece, J. (2000). Online Communities: Designing Usability and Supporting Socialability. Wiley, NY.
Smith, M. K. (2003) 'Communities of practice', the encyclopedia of informal education, www.infed.org/biblio/communities_of_practice.htm .
Song, L., Singleton, E., Hill, J. and Koh, M. (2004). Improving online learning: Students perceptions of useful and challenging characteristics . The Internet and Higher Education. Vol. 7, Issue 1, pgs 59-70.
Tu, C. (2004). Online Collaborative Learning Communities: Twenty-One Designs to Build an Online Collaborative Learning Community. Libraries Unlimited, NY.
Wenger, E. (1998) 'Communities of Practice. Learning as a social system', Systems Thinker, http://www.co-i-l.com/coil/knowledge-garden/cop/lss.shtml. Accessed October 23, 2006.