RELATIVELY CHANGE INBEHAVIOR/KNOWLEDGE ORPRACTICELearning
QUANTITATIVE CHANGE THATTAKE PLACE WITHINORGANISM INCHRONOLOGICAL AGEGrowth
QUALITATIVE CHANGES INVARIOUS ASPECT OFORGANISMPSYCHOLOGICAL,MENTAL, EMOTIONALDevelopment
DIFFERENCEBETWEEN TWOPEOPLE DETERMINEBY GENES INHERITEDN ature
DIFFERENCE OFTWO PEOPLE THEWAY THEY REAREDBY THEIRENVIRONMENTNurture
UNFOLDINGCHARACTERISTICSPOTENTIALLY PRESENT ITHE INDIVIDUAL COMEFROM GENETICENDOWMENTMaturation
ERICKSONEIGHT STAGESOFDEVELOPMENTCritical Periods
TRANSMISSION OFGENETICCHARACTERISTICSFROM THE PARENTTO OFFSPRING.Heredity
ALL CONDITIONS INSIDEAND OUTSIDE ANORGANISM THAT IN ANYWAY AFFECT BEHAVIOR,DEVELOPMENT ANDGROWTHEnvironment
IT IS BETWEEN INHERITEDPOTENTIALS ANDENVIRONMENT THATINFLUENCES LEVEL OFDEVELOPMENT AT VARIOUSSTAGES OF HIS LIFEInteraction
CONFLICT FACED BYAN INDIVIDUAL ATEACH STAGE OFPSYCHOLOGICALDEVELOPMENTDevelopmental Crisis
GENERALFACTORS AFFECTHUMANDEVELOPMENTHeredity and Environment
A B I L I T Y T O A D A P T T O T H E C O N D I T I O N S O FT H E E N V I R O N M E N T . A C T I V E I N T E R N A LP R ...
Features of Teaching SituationteacherSubjectmatterlearnerContext• Social• physicalSocial- laws, ruesgov’t regulatio..Physi...
1. MATURATION ORNATURAL GROWTHRESULTING FROMHEREDITY2.ENVIRONMENTINFLUENCE IN ANDTHROUGH THE GROWINGTAKES PLACETwo factors...
Principles of DevelopmentPhylogenetic followsorderly sequence whichis predictable true to allmembers of certain race• Ceph...
Stage in Life Span DevelopmentStage Age Period FeaturesPrenatal- Conception Physical developmentInfancy Birth-1 .5yrs foun...
Influence on Development• Establish limit ofhumandevelopmentthrough stages ofgrowthMaturation• Manipulatingobject in one’s...
Theories of HumanDevelopmentCognitive/intellectual• PiagetCognitive/linked toinput from other• VygotskyPsycho-sexual/ self...
Cognitive•Paget•Development of intellectual mindSPreOCF
Sensorimotor birth-2yrs old—sense perceptionSchemas based on perception and behavior Use objects to learn== show appleChil...
W O R D S B E C O M E S Y M B O L S F O R O B J E C TC H I L D T H I N K I N GPreoperational 2-6-7Schemas present object b...
B E G I N S T O L E A R N S Y M B O L S A N D C O N C E P T S ,T I M E , S P A C E S H A P E , S I Z EE L E M E N T A R Y ...
DEVELOP LOGICALREASONINGDECREASEEGOCENTRICITYFormal Operational11-16
C O G N I T I V E D E V E L O P M E N T I S S T R O N G L YL I K E D T O I N P U T F R O M A D U L TL E A R N I N G P R E ...
PERSON BEHAVIOR CANBE MOTIVATED BYSTRONG UNCONSCIOUSDRIVE OR URGESTOWARD SELF-SATISFACTIONPsychosexual/Analytical theoryFr...
SELF CENTEREDMOUTH IS CENTER OF PLEASUREOral Stage birth-2yrsFailure to satisfy—a smokingand other relative action
ANAL IS THE CENTERED REGION OFPLEASUREG A I N S P L E A S U R E I N E L I M I N A T I N G B O W E LAnal Stage 2-4yrsFailur...
PHALLUS MALE SEX ORGAN SYMBOL OFSTRENGTH A N P O W E R . D R I V E S P L E A S U R E IM A N I P U L A T I N G S E X O R G ...
CRITICAL STAGE CONFLICTING F E E L I N G A R EC O N F I N E D I N T H E I D .D I V E R T T O S C H O O L A N D P E E R S ....
PUBERTY ONWARDATTRACTED TO OPPOSITE SEXPLEASURE FROM SEXUALRELATIONSHIP EXPERIENCE WITHOTHERSGenital Stage 12-above
ID- LEGISLATIVEASPECT OF PERSONALITYSERVE THE INSTINCT OFSEEKING OBJECTS THATWILL SATISFY THEM. MOSTUNCONCIOUSPsycho analy...
JUDICIAL ASPECT OFPERSONALITYGOODNESS OR WRONGNESSMORAL ARBITERHAFT CONSCIOUSHAFT SUBCONSCIOUSSuper ego
EXECUTIVE ASPECTFIND REALISTIC WAY TOFIND PLEASURE OR TOGRATIFY INSTINCT,IDEgo
INDIVIDUAL HAS TO PASSEDEIGHT STAGES OFDEVELOPMENTAL CRISIS THATAFFECT THE DEVELOPMENT OFAN INDIVIDUAL.BATTLE BETWEEN POSI...
TRUST VS. MISTRUSTCARES VS. STRANGERSStage I0-1.5yrs.
AUTONOMY VS. SHAME ANDDOUBTENCOURAGES VS. SELF PITYSUPPORT VS. SELF WORRYStage II1.5-3yrs
INITIATIVE VS. GUILTINITIATE ADULT BEHAVIOR WHENPUNISHED = SENSE OF GUILTEXPLORE WHAT S/HE CAN ACCOMPLISH.Stage III3-6
IDENTITY VS. INFERIORITYSEPARATION WITH SEXES, PEERGROUPING, PLAY AGE,==WHEN HE CANNOT ACCOMPLISHDEVELOP INFERIORITYStage ...
IDENTITY VS. ROLE CONFUSIONWHO I AM?IDENTITY CRISISSTRUGGLES WITH SOCIETY’S DEMANDSTEACHER SHOULD PROVIDEOPPORTUNITIES TO ...
INTIMACY VS. ISOLATIONAGE OF INTIMACYDEVELOP WARM AND INTIMATERELATIONSHIPFAILURE == ISOLATIONStage VI18-24
GENERATIVITY VS. STAGNATIONMOST PRODUCTIVE YEARS OF LIFE WORTHIS DEPENDENT OH HID CONTRIBUTIONSHOW THAT HE IS VERY RELIABL...
INTEGRITY VS. DESPAIRACHIEVEMENT= INTEGRITYFAILURE TO ATTAIN GOALS DESPAIR ANDREGRETSFEAR OF END OF LIFEStage VIII54-death
DEFINED BY MORALDILEMMAKohlbergs Moral development
JUDGMENT BASED ON EXTERNALCRITERIAR I G H T A N D W R O N G A R E A C C O R D I N G T O T H E S T A N D A R D O FA D U L T...
RULES CONFORM TO OTHERSTAGE THREEGOOD BOY-GOOD GIRL ORIENTATION- T O G A I N A P P R O V A LSTAGE FOURAUTHORITY- M A I N T...
LAW ABIDING C I T I Z E N R Y M O R A L I T Y I S B A S E D O NA G R E E M E N T W I T H O T H E R T O SERVE FOR COMMON GO...
Piaget moralityCognitive develop first and use to reason aboutsocial issues• Morality made bychildren under ageof 10. Rule...
EMPHATIC DISTRESS- EXPERIENCING THESUFFERING OF OTHERS IS A POWERFULMOTIVATION OF MORAL CHOICES AND HELPINGBEHAVIORPARENTA...
BELIEFS IN ONE SELFSelf-concept
BELIEF THAT YOU ARECAPABLE ANDWORTHYSelf-esteem
AUTHORITATIVE- I N C L U D E C H I L D R E N I N F A M I L YD E C I S I O NAUTHORITARIAN- A L L O W L I T T L E G I V E A ...
THANK YOU!
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Human growth and development-

  1. 1. RELATIVELY CHANGE INBEHAVIOR/KNOWLEDGE ORPRACTICELearning
  2. 2. QUANTITATIVE CHANGE THATTAKE PLACE WITHINORGANISM INCHRONOLOGICAL AGEGrowth
  3. 3. QUALITATIVE CHANGES INVARIOUS ASPECT OFORGANISMPSYCHOLOGICAL,MENTAL, EMOTIONALDevelopment
  4. 4. DIFFERENCEBETWEEN TWOPEOPLE DETERMINEBY GENES INHERITEDN ature
  5. 5. DIFFERENCE OFTWO PEOPLE THEWAY THEY REAREDBY THEIRENVIRONMENTNurture
  6. 6. UNFOLDINGCHARACTERISTICSPOTENTIALLY PRESENT ITHE INDIVIDUAL COMEFROM GENETICENDOWMENTMaturation
  7. 7. ERICKSONEIGHT STAGESOFDEVELOPMENTCritical Periods
  8. 8. TRANSMISSION OFGENETICCHARACTERISTICSFROM THE PARENTTO OFFSPRING.Heredity
  9. 9. ALL CONDITIONS INSIDEAND OUTSIDE ANORGANISM THAT IN ANYWAY AFFECT BEHAVIOR,DEVELOPMENT ANDGROWTHEnvironment
  10. 10. IT IS BETWEEN INHERITEDPOTENTIALS ANDENVIRONMENT THATINFLUENCES LEVEL OFDEVELOPMENT AT VARIOUSSTAGES OF HIS LIFEInteraction
  11. 11. CONFLICT FACED BYAN INDIVIDUAL ATEACH STAGE OFPSYCHOLOGICALDEVELOPMENTDevelopmental Crisis
  12. 12. GENERALFACTORS AFFECTHUMANDEVELOPMENTHeredity and Environment
  13. 13. A B I L I T Y T O A D A P T T O T H E C O N D I T I O N S O FT H E E N V I R O N M E N T . A C T I V E I N T E R N A LP R O C E S S O F O R G A N I Z I N G A N DC O N D I T I O N I N G O N E ’ S I N T E L L E C T U A LD E V E L O P M E N TEquilibrium
  14. 14. Features of Teaching SituationteacherSubjectmatterlearnerContext• Social• physicalSocial- laws, ruesgov’t regulatio..Physical -facilities, resources,classroom, etc.
  15. 15. 1. MATURATION ORNATURAL GROWTHRESULTING FROMHEREDITY2.ENVIRONMENTINFLUENCE IN ANDTHROUGH THE GROWINGTAKES PLACETwo factors Affect Humandevelopment
  16. 16. Principles of DevelopmentPhylogenetic followsorderly sequence whichis predictable true to allmembers of certain race• Cephalocaudal-head to foot• Proximodistal-nearest center developearlierOntogenetic- rate ofdevelopment is unique ,brought by heredity andenvironment• Two boys of the sameage one might talkearlier
  17. 17. Stage in Life Span DevelopmentStage Age Period FeaturesPrenatal- Conception Physical developmentInfancy Birth-1 .5yrs foundation age Locomotion, rud language, socialattachmentsEarly childhood 1.5- 6 question age Speak, sex typing, group play,ready for schoolLate childhood 6-10school age—gang age Cognitive process become adult, exceptin speed in operation, team playPre adolescence/puberty 10-12-13 secondary sexcharacteristicChanges occurrenceAdolescence 13-20high school rapidphysical change ident..crisisStart at puberty, ends maturi ty,hots, sexual relationship, ind. ToparentYoung adulthood 2035 age of adjustment Career and family developmentMiddle age 35-65 mental decline Career reaches high level, selfassessment, empty nest crisisretirementOld age 65- death increase rapidmental and physical declineEnjoys family achievementdependency, widowhood, poorhealth
  18. 18. Influence on Development• Establish limit ofhumandevelopmentthrough stages ofgrowthMaturation• Manipulatingobject in one’senvironment andreorganizingthought patternActiveexperience• Experience ofperson relates toenvironmentSocialinteraction• Influence ofcultural milieuon thedevelopmentCultural andsituationalcontextMaExSoCul
  19. 19. Theories of HumanDevelopmentCognitive/intellectual• PiagetCognitive/linked toinput from other• VygotskyPsycho-sexual/ selfsatisfaction• FreudPsychosocial/personal crisissocially/+vs.-• EricksonMoraldevelopment/moraldilemma• KohlbergMorality/cognitivestructures basis• PiagetPsycho-analyticaltheory• Freud• Id, super ego, ego.Hoffman Moral dev’t• Hoffman• uses EMPAHTICDISTRESS/ suffering
  20. 20. Cognitive•Paget•Development of intellectual mindSPreOCF
  21. 21. Sensorimotor birth-2yrs old—sense perceptionSchemas based on perception and behavior Use objects to learn== show appleChild is unaware of his environmentChild characteristics.a. primary circular reaction- repeated actioncenter to his body e.g. Thumb suckingb. intentional behavior- repeats action toprolong interesting events. e.g. crying.c. object permanence- knowledge of existenceof objects.d. representation- allows the child to senecessary solution through manipulation of realobjects. E. g manipulation of toys.
  22. 22. W O R D S B E C O M E S Y M B O L S F O R O B J E C TC H I L D T H I N K I N GPreoperational 2-6-7Schemas present object beyond viewNot yet in logical/ create mental mages=picture apple
  23. 23. B E G I N S T O L E A R N S Y M B O L S A N D C O N C E P T S ,T I M E , S P A C E S H A P E , S I Z EE L E M E N T A R Y S C H O O L Y E A R SB E C O M E M O R E L O G I C A L A N D S Y S T E M A T I CConcrete operational-7-11
  24. 24. DEVELOP LOGICALREASONINGDECREASEEGOCENTRICITYFormal Operational11-16
  25. 25. C O G N I T I V E D E V E L O P M E N T I S S T R O N G L YL I K E D T O I N P U T F R O M A D U L TL E A R N I N G P R E C E D E S D E V E L O P M E N TVygotsky’s cognitive development/Proximal DevelopmentSelf- regulation–involvesinternalization ofsign s acquired byindividual fromothers to solveproblem byhimselfZone of proximaldevelopment-learning takesplace when achild is workingwithin his zone ofproximaldevelopmentScaffolding- supportsfor learning in theform of clues,reminders,encouragement,breaking probleminto stages example,any form allowstudent to growindependent
  26. 26. PERSON BEHAVIOR CANBE MOTIVATED BYSTRONG UNCONSCIOUSDRIVE OR URGESTOWARD SELF-SATISFACTIONPsychosexual/Analytical theoryFreud
  27. 27. SELF CENTEREDMOUTH IS CENTER OF PLEASUREOral Stage birth-2yrsFailure to satisfy—a smokingand other relative action
  28. 28. ANAL IS THE CENTERED REGION OFPLEASUREG A I N S P L E A S U R E I N E L I M I N A T I N G B O W E LAnal Stage 2-4yrsFailure to satisfy—frugalitygreedinessStubborndisorderliness
  29. 29. PHALLUS MALE SEX ORGAN SYMBOL OFSTRENGTH A N P O W E R . D R I V E S P L E A S U R E IM A N I P U L A T I N G S E X O R G A N .Phallic Stage 4-6yrs
  30. 30. CRITICAL STAGE CONFLICTING F E E L I N G A R EC O N F I N E D I N T H E I D .D I V E R T T O S C H O O L A N D P E E R S . CHILD AVOIDMEMBERS .OF OTHER GENDERSEX TYPINGLatency stage 6- 12
  31. 31. PUBERTY ONWARDATTRACTED TO OPPOSITE SEXPLEASURE FROM SEXUALRELATIONSHIP EXPERIENCE WITHOTHERSGenital Stage 12-above
  32. 32. ID- LEGISLATIVEASPECT OF PERSONALITYSERVE THE INSTINCT OFSEEKING OBJECTS THATWILL SATISFY THEM. MOSTUNCONCIOUSPsycho analytical/component ofpersonality
  33. 33. JUDICIAL ASPECT OFPERSONALITYGOODNESS OR WRONGNESSMORAL ARBITERHAFT CONSCIOUSHAFT SUBCONSCIOUSSuper ego
  34. 34. EXECUTIVE ASPECTFIND REALISTIC WAY TOFIND PLEASURE OR TOGRATIFY INSTINCT,IDEgo
  35. 35. INDIVIDUAL HAS TO PASSEDEIGHT STAGES OFDEVELOPMENTAL CRISIS THATAFFECT THE DEVELOPMENT OFAN INDIVIDUAL.BATTLE BETWEEN POSITIVEAND NEGATIVEPsychosocial/personality theoryerickson
  36. 36. TRUST VS. MISTRUSTCARES VS. STRANGERSStage I0-1.5yrs.
  37. 37. AUTONOMY VS. SHAME ANDDOUBTENCOURAGES VS. SELF PITYSUPPORT VS. SELF WORRYStage II1.5-3yrs
  38. 38. INITIATIVE VS. GUILTINITIATE ADULT BEHAVIOR WHENPUNISHED = SENSE OF GUILTEXPLORE WHAT S/HE CAN ACCOMPLISH.Stage III3-6
  39. 39. IDENTITY VS. INFERIORITYSEPARATION WITH SEXES, PEERGROUPING, PLAY AGE,==WHEN HE CANNOT ACCOMPLISHDEVELOP INFERIORITYStage IV6-12yrs
  40. 40. IDENTITY VS. ROLE CONFUSIONWHO I AM?IDENTITY CRISISSTRUGGLES WITH SOCIETY’S DEMANDSTEACHER SHOULD PROVIDEOPPORTUNITIES TO EXPLORE VARIOUSCAREERStage V12-18
  41. 41. INTIMACY VS. ISOLATIONAGE OF INTIMACYDEVELOP WARM AND INTIMATERELATIONSHIPFAILURE == ISOLATIONStage VI18-24
  42. 42. GENERATIVITY VS. STAGNATIONMOST PRODUCTIVE YEARS OF LIFE WORTHIS DEPENDENT OH HID CONTRIBUTIONSHOW THAT HE IS VERY RELIABLE PERSONStage VII24-54
  43. 43. INTEGRITY VS. DESPAIRACHIEVEMENT= INTEGRITYFAILURE TO ATTAIN GOALS DESPAIR ANDREGRETSFEAR OF END OF LIFEStage VIII54-death
  44. 44. DEFINED BY MORALDILEMMAKohlbergs Moral development
  45. 45. JUDGMENT BASED ON EXTERNALCRITERIAR I G H T A N D W R O N G A R E A C C O R D I N G T O T H E S T A N D A R D O FA D U L T SSTAGE ONEO B E D I E N C E A N D P U N I S H M E N T- R U L E S O B E Y E D T O A V O I D P U N I S H M E N TSTAGE TWON A Ï V E E G O T I S M A N D I N S T R U M E N T A L O R I E N T A T I O N- R U L E S O B E Y E D T O G A I N S R E W A R D SLevel one pre-conventionalmorality
  46. 46. RULES CONFORM TO OTHERSTAGE THREEGOOD BOY-GOOD GIRL ORIENTATION- T O G A I N A P P R O V A LSTAGE FOURAUTHORITY- M A I N T A I N I N G O R I E N T A T I O NS O C I A L C O N V E N T I O N A R E B L I N D L Y A C C E P T E D T O A V O I DC R I T I C I S MLevel TwoConventional Morality
  47. 47. LAW ABIDING C I T I Z E N R Y M O R A L I T Y I S B A S E D O NA G R E E M E N T W I T H O T H E R T O SERVE FOR COMMON GOODAND PROTECT OTHER RIGHTSSTAGE FIVE—DURA LEX SED LEXCONTRACTUAL- L E G A L I S T I C O R I E N T A T I O N R I G H T A N D W R O N G G O V E R N B YR E A S O NSTAGE SIXUNIVERSAL ETHICAL —HIGHEST FORMM O R A L I T Y B A S E D O N M U T U A L R E S P E C TC O N F O R M R U L E S T O A V O I D S E L F - C O N D E M N A T I O N . M O R A L I T YI S R E F L E C T I O N O F I N T E R N A L I Z E D S T A N D A R D SLevel threepost conventional morality
  48. 48. Piaget moralityCognitive develop first and use to reason aboutsocial issues• Morality made bychildren under ageof 10. Rules comefrom externalauthority and definewhat is right andwrongConstraint• Thinking made byolder. Rules providegeneral guidelinesbut should not befollowed blindlywithout consideringthe context.Cooperation
  49. 49. EMPHATIC DISTRESS- EXPERIENCING THESUFFERING OF OTHERS IS A POWERFULMOTIVATION OF MORAL CHOICES AND HELPINGBEHAVIORPARENTAL DISCIPLINARY PRACTICES CANPLAY A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN THE DEVELOPMENTOF MORAL BEHAVIORHoffmans morality
  50. 50. BELIEFS IN ONE SELFSelf-concept
  51. 51. BELIEF THAT YOU ARECAPABLE ANDWORTHYSelf-esteem
  52. 52. AUTHORITATIVE- I N C L U D E C H I L D R E N I N F A M I L YD E C I S I O NAUTHORITARIAN- A L L O W L I T T L E G I V E A N D T A K EP A R E N T - C H I L D R E N D I S C U S S I O N E X P E C T R U L E S T O B E O B E Y E DPERMISSIVE- A L L O W C H I L D R E N T O M A K E M A N Y O W ND E C I S I O NUNINVOLVED- H A V I N G L I T T L E I N T E R E S T I N C H I L D R E N ’ SL I V EParenting style and implicationto education
  53. 53. THANK YOU!

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