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Foundation of education
 

Foundation of education

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    Foundation of education Foundation of education Presentation Transcript

    • • Design to arrive atworld viewsSpeculative• Also called normativeor evaluative• Reflective thinkingstrive to formulatenorms or standardprescriptive• Critical philosophy• Aims to examineideasAnalyticalTypes of PhilosophySPA
    • Branches of Philosophy•Values•Ethics-moral•Aesthetic-beauty•Religious-•Eductional•Social•utilitarian•Science of artof correctthinking•Inductive•Deductive•Dialect•experimental•Deals with knowledge•Validity of knowledge•Agnostism- Tomas hukley-imposibility of knowledge•Skepticism- doubting•Affirmation of knowledge-posibility•Theory of reality•Find ultimate real•Quantity of reality•Mono, dual, plura•Cosmology- origin and dev’t•Nature of manMetaphysicsAll SciencesEpistemologyMethod of teachingPrioriPosterioryExperimentalAxiologyvaluesLogicTruth/justification/falsityMELA
    • Theories on the Nature of ValuesInterest theoryExistence theory exist ontheir own rightExperimentalyields greaterhappinessPart- whole theory• Depend upon on theattitude of person.• Realized and enjoyed byrelating parts with whole
    •  Study of educationalproblem ofaims, curriculum, andmethods.EducationArts=act or experienceProcessTechnicalproduct
    • Education according to expertHermanEduc.. Is an external process ofsuperior adjustmentphysically, mentallyJohn AmosComeniusEduc., is formationand school is trueplace for menJohn DeweyEduc.. Is life itself… for socialefficiency
    • ChinesePhilosophy•Teaches moral lifethrough devotion to thefamily, loyalty toelders, love oflearning, civil service lovefor justice (universal)Confucianism(551-479bc)Confucious•--tao– way or path•Harmony with nature•Nature—sacredTaoism/DaoismL/Dao TzuCD
    • man• Sage or wiselife• Is deem and desirableCycle of upside down• Win or looseThought anaction• Action agrees with thought
    • Indian PhilosophyVedic-religionHinduism•Respect idealway of life•Yoga middisciplineVedicReligionBuddhism•Life wassufferingVedicReligionBrahmanistic/PaganismH B u B r
    • KoranFoT
    • Naturalism( Rousseau)Idealism/trancedental( Plato)realism( Aristotle)Neo-thomism/Scholasticsm( St. Aquinas)Pragmatism( Dewey)Existentialism( Kerkegaard) SarteLanguage analysis( Ludwig Wittgenstein)Rationalist(Socrates)2N2RPI L
    • Perennialism•( Hutchins)•The use of higher faculty-mindProgressevism( Parker)To cope with changesEssentilism( Bagley)Preparation for real lifeSocial-reconstructionism•( brameld ) educational reformfor societyContemporaryPhilosophyPeProgEss
    • NaturalismBe all end all of reality.Pupil regard on physical side.Harmony in natureSchoolextension of schoolTeachersurrogate parent/loco parentisNat Rou
    • Rationalism/Protestantism- Luther King(Latin ratio ―reason‖), in philosophy, a system of thoughtthat emphasizes the role of reason inobtaining knowledage, in contrast to empiricism, whichemphasizes the role of experience, especially senseperceptionSchooltraditional belief beexam in the light ofreasonTeacherMethodist, theologianRatSoc
    • IdealismPLATOIdeas of universe/ innateBelieves in reality and spiritual ashaving essence as mental reality.Universal and unchanging valuesIdPla
    • PhilosophyAims Method Teacher SchoolIdealism Developmental,spiritual,moralInformaldialect,Q&A ,lecture,field Trip,project,yoga,readingSource ofknowledge,excellentThinkinginstitution,develops moralcharacter,promotes culturallearning
    • Phi.. Aims Met.. teacher SCHOOLPragmatism/experimentalismFor socialefficacy-quest fornew ideasto adjustthe everchangingsocietyExperimental,constructive projects,motivation,lab-work,field trips,lib-workKeep order inclass, facilitategroup work,encourageMiniature ofsociety, agencyfor enculturation,ExistentialismFreedom ofchoiceDialog,inquiry,Q&A,SocialheritageoverexperienceProvider ofexperience,effectivecommunicatorCreateatmosphere forsocial interaction
    • Way of thinking about results: astraightforward practical way of thinkingabout things or dealing with problems,concerned with results rather than withtheories and principlesWay of evaluating theories: aphilosophical view that a theory orconcept should be evaluated in terms ofhow it works and its consequences as thestandard for action and thought. See alsoinstrumentalism
    • Realism/nouniversalandunchanging valuesGratification of humanneeds,givingdirection tohistendency,potentialScientificmethod,processapproach,experimentation,discoveryHelp to realize(student) theycan enter intothe meaningof theirexperienceUtilize studentactivity throughinstruction,regards studentas more superior,develop scientificattitudeNeo –ThomismIntegrationof idealismand realismMan isirrationalUsed bychurches
    • ContemporaryPhilosophyPHILOSOPHY AIMS METHOD TEACHER SCHOOLPerennialismLessemphasis onvocationalInternalizetruths thatareuniversalandconstantdeveloprationalandmpralpowersSubjectcentered,great bookClassroomcenteredSocraticdialogue.Authorityfigure,Master andexpertise notbe questionedSocial institution
    • ProgressivismLive life fullynow, hands-on minds-onFrompragmatism.Teach todevelopindividualto becomeenlightenedandintelligent.Needbasedcurriculum/relevantideas,respondstudentneedsUtilizesexperimentalReflectiveCooperative learningstrategiesObservation andparticipationFacilitatorConsultantleaderAcceptimpermanent oflife andinevitability ofchangeSocial developer
    • EssentialismModelcitizenrace andsocialheritageoverexperiencesTo acquirebasic skills.Transmitculture,knowledgeand values4r’s.Prepare foradult life.Longerschool day,textbooks,drill,lecture,method tocovermuchtopicsRecitation/memorizationMastery ofsubject.Fountain ofinfo.Paragon ofvirtues.Prepares studentfor adult life
    • Social-reconstructionismReform forsociety/solvingproblem ofmankindScientificinquiry,problemsolving,forum,brainstorming,conceptapproach,projectmethodLead young indesigningprogram forsocial change.Primary agent ofsocial changescenter ofcontroversy
    • BehaviorismModification andshapingstudent’sbehaviorProvidefavorableenvironmentTeach torespondfavorablyto variousstimuliArrangeenvironmentmake learningconducive tolearningMake stimuli clearand interesting