Foundation of education

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Foundation of education

  1. 1. • Design to arrive atworld viewsSpeculative• Also called normativeor evaluative• Reflective thinkingstrive to formulatenorms or standardprescriptive• Critical philosophy• Aims to examineideasAnalyticalTypes of PhilosophySPA
  2. 2. Branches of Philosophy•Values•Ethics-moral•Aesthetic-beauty•Religious-•Eductional•Social•utilitarian•Science of artof correctthinking•Inductive•Deductive•Dialect•experimental•Deals with knowledge•Validity of knowledge•Agnostism- Tomas hukley-imposibility of knowledge•Skepticism- doubting•Affirmation of knowledge-posibility•Theory of reality•Find ultimate real•Quantity of reality•Mono, dual, plura•Cosmology- origin and dev’t•Nature of manMetaphysicsAll SciencesEpistemologyMethod of teachingPrioriPosterioryExperimentalAxiologyvaluesLogicTruth/justification/falsityMELA
  3. 3. Theories on the Nature of ValuesInterest theoryExistence theory exist ontheir own rightExperimentalyields greaterhappinessPart- whole theory• Depend upon on theattitude of person.• Realized and enjoyed byrelating parts with whole
  4. 4.  Study of educationalproblem ofaims, curriculum, andmethods.EducationArts=act or experienceProcessTechnicalproduct
  5. 5. Education according to expertHermanEduc.. Is an external process ofsuperior adjustmentphysically, mentallyJohn AmosComeniusEduc., is formationand school is trueplace for menJohn DeweyEduc.. Is life itself… for socialefficiency
  6. 6. ChinesePhilosophy•Teaches moral lifethrough devotion to thefamily, loyalty toelders, love oflearning, civil service lovefor justice (universal)Confucianism(551-479bc)Confucious•--tao– way or path•Harmony with nature•Nature—sacredTaoism/DaoismL/Dao TzuCD
  7. 7. man• Sage or wiselife• Is deem and desirableCycle of upside down• Win or looseThought anaction• Action agrees with thought
  8. 8. Indian PhilosophyVedic-religionHinduism•Respect idealway of life•Yoga middisciplineVedicReligionBuddhism•Life wassufferingVedicReligionBrahmanistic/PaganismH B u B r
  9. 9. KoranFoT
  10. 10. Naturalism( Rousseau)Idealism/trancedental( Plato)realism( Aristotle)Neo-thomism/Scholasticsm( St. Aquinas)Pragmatism( Dewey)Existentialism( Kerkegaard) SarteLanguage analysis( Ludwig Wittgenstein)Rationalist(Socrates)2N2RPI L
  11. 11. Perennialism•( Hutchins)•The use of higher faculty-mindProgressevism( Parker)To cope with changesEssentilism( Bagley)Preparation for real lifeSocial-reconstructionism•( brameld ) educational reformfor societyContemporaryPhilosophyPeProgEss
  12. 12. NaturalismBe all end all of reality.Pupil regard on physical side.Harmony in natureSchoolextension of schoolTeachersurrogate parent/loco parentisNat Rou
  13. 13. Rationalism/Protestantism- Luther King(Latin ratio ―reason‖), in philosophy, a system of thoughtthat emphasizes the role of reason inobtaining knowledage, in contrast to empiricism, whichemphasizes the role of experience, especially senseperceptionSchooltraditional belief beexam in the light ofreasonTeacherMethodist, theologianRatSoc
  14. 14. IdealismPLATOIdeas of universe/ innateBelieves in reality and spiritual ashaving essence as mental reality.Universal and unchanging valuesIdPla
  15. 15. PhilosophyAims Method Teacher SchoolIdealism Developmental,spiritual,moralInformaldialect,Q&A ,lecture,field Trip,project,yoga,readingSource ofknowledge,excellentThinkinginstitution,develops moralcharacter,promotes culturallearning
  16. 16. Phi.. Aims Met.. teacher SCHOOLPragmatism/experimentalismFor socialefficacy-quest fornew ideasto adjustthe everchangingsocietyExperimental,constructive projects,motivation,lab-work,field trips,lib-workKeep order inclass, facilitategroup work,encourageMiniature ofsociety, agencyfor enculturation,ExistentialismFreedom ofchoiceDialog,inquiry,Q&A,SocialheritageoverexperienceProvider ofexperience,effectivecommunicatorCreateatmosphere forsocial interaction
  17. 17. Way of thinking about results: astraightforward practical way of thinkingabout things or dealing with problems,concerned with results rather than withtheories and principlesWay of evaluating theories: aphilosophical view that a theory orconcept should be evaluated in terms ofhow it works and its consequences as thestandard for action and thought. See alsoinstrumentalism
  18. 18. Realism/nouniversalandunchanging valuesGratification of humanneeds,givingdirection tohistendency,potentialScientificmethod,processapproach,experimentation,discoveryHelp to realize(student) theycan enter intothe meaningof theirexperienceUtilize studentactivity throughinstruction,regards studentas more superior,develop scientificattitudeNeo –ThomismIntegrationof idealismand realismMan isirrationalUsed bychurches
  19. 19. ContemporaryPhilosophyPHILOSOPHY AIMS METHOD TEACHER SCHOOLPerennialismLessemphasis onvocationalInternalizetruths thatareuniversalandconstantdeveloprationalandmpralpowersSubjectcentered,great bookClassroomcenteredSocraticdialogue.Authorityfigure,Master andexpertise notbe questionedSocial institution
  20. 20. ProgressivismLive life fullynow, hands-on minds-onFrompragmatism.Teach todevelopindividualto becomeenlightenedandintelligent.Needbasedcurriculum/relevantideas,respondstudentneedsUtilizesexperimentalReflectiveCooperative learningstrategiesObservation andparticipationFacilitatorConsultantleaderAcceptimpermanent oflife andinevitability ofchangeSocial developer
  21. 21. EssentialismModelcitizenrace andsocialheritageoverexperiencesTo acquirebasic skills.Transmitculture,knowledgeand values4r’s.Prepare foradult life.Longerschool day,textbooks,drill,lecture,method tocovermuchtopicsRecitation/memorizationMastery ofsubject.Fountain ofinfo.Paragon ofvirtues.Prepares studentfor adult life
  22. 22. Social-reconstructionismReform forsociety/solvingproblem ofmankindScientificinquiry,problemsolving,forum,brainstorming,conceptapproach,projectmethodLead young indesigningprogram forsocial change.Primary agent ofsocial changescenter ofcontroversy
  23. 23. BehaviorismModification andshapingstudent’sbehaviorProvidefavorableenvironmentTeach torespondfavorablyto variousstimuliArrangeenvironmentmake learningconducive tolearningMake stimuli clearand interesting

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