Nutrition Review Pay attention! You may take notes.
Six Essential Nutrients 1. Water 2. Vitamins 3. Minerals 4. Carbohydrates 5. Proteins 6. Fats
Water 70% of our bodies are made out of water! Most foods contain water. 92% of watermelon is water! 87% of an orange is water! Without water people die in just a few days.
Vitamins There are 13 vitamins in all: vitamin A; the vitamin B complex, which includes thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folic acid, vitamin B12 pantothenic acid, and biotin; and vitamins C, D, E, and K. We get most of the vitamins we need from fruits and vegetables. Vitamins help the body turn food into energy and tissues
Minerals Minerals are needed for growth and repair Plants get minerals from water or soil, and animals get minerals by eating plants or plant-eating animals. The minerals the body needs in large amounts include calcium, chlorine, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur.
Protein Muscle, skin, bone, and hair are made up largely of proteins body uses proteins to fight disease Meat, poultry, fish, dairy products, eggs, cereals, legumes, and nuts are all good sources of protein.
Fats Fats pack a lot of energy or calories There are three kinds of fat: saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated Saturated fat is often called "bad" fat Use fat sparingly ( a little)