• Like
The good book...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The good book...

  • 367 views
Uploaded on

Trabajo Proyecto Comenius IES Villajunco

Trabajo Proyecto Comenius IES Villajunco

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
367
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. CONTENTS 24(#% 6JKU RWDNKECÄ1. Preface (page 3) VKQP KU VJG RTQFWEV QH LQKP XGPVWTG EQÄQRGTCVKQP DGVYGGP2. 10 Top things in teaching / learning English VJTGG UEJQQNU VCMKPI RCTV KP(page 4) %QOGPKWU 2TQITCOOG KP  Ä 3.Working with songs on English lessons(page 6) 6JG[ CTG  )KOPCLWO Y 2TQUQYKECEJ KO 4.Working with texts on English $T[ICF[ &GUCPVQYQ 5VWTOQYGL IGPlessons (page 7) (55QUCDQYUMKGIQ KP 2TQUQYKEG 2QNCPF5.Working with CLIL (page 9)  #NK (WCV -CFKTDG[QINW #PCFQNW .KUUKG KP )WOWUJCPG 6WTMG[6.Working with British and Ameri-  +PUVKVWVQ FG PUGPCPC 5GEWPFCTKC 8KNNCÄcan Culture (page 12) LWPEQ KP 5CPVCPFGT 5RCKP7.Using Information and Com- 1WT CKO YCU VQ YQTM QWV YKVJ UVWÄputer Technology (page 18) FGPVU QH CNN VJTGG EQWPVTKGU VJG OGVJQFU HQT UWEÄ EGUUHWN NGCTPKPI PINKUJ NCPIWCIG 6JG VGCEJGTU8.Other ideas (page 19) VQIGVJGT YKVJ UVWFGPVU GZCOKPGF VJG V[RGU QH GZGTÄ EKUGU VJG[ NKMG CPF FQ PQV NKMG UQ OWEJ DWV UVKNN VJG[9.Students’ comments JCXG VQ FQ(page 20) 9G CNUQ YQTMGF QWV VJG KFGCU HQT RCKPNGUU HQTÄ GKIP NCPIWCIG CESWKUKVKQP10.Gallery (page 24) 9G JQRG VJCV CP[DQF[ YJQ VGCEJGU CPF  QT UVWFKGU PINKUJ YKNN HKPF QWT YQTM WUGHWN CPF RQUUKDNG VQ KORNGOGPV +CDGNNC -4<;9-195-# 5GTFCT 5GTJCV 5#.#0674 /CTKC .WKUC #.1051
  • 2. 3. CREATIVE Boredom and repetitiveness is what stu- dents really hate, what’s more this is also what teach- ers hate, at least most of them . Unfortunately, most leading textbooks offer units with the same layout – reading, grammar exercises, listening, speaking and writing sections. Students understand that these are indispensable language skills they have to practice, still this fact introduces routine we all dread. Stu- dents love new, unusual ideas, a great way to break the still pattern of a lesson is to use one of many warm-up and ice-breaking activities. These will give some new perspective to language teaching. 4. MODERN Students are sometimes better at modern technologies than their teachers. This involves the10 TOP THINGS whole range of digital devices, IT technologies, working with computer, downloading things from IN TEACHING internet, using net chat-rooms and countless other LEARNING ENGLISH things. If language teaching is going to be fascinat- ing it also should be modern and somehow connect- ed to digital equipment. This not only gives students1. INTERESTING AND UP-TO-DATE the feeling that they are in modern environment but also gives the teacher credit for being knowledge- The topic of what we study should be inter- able and keeping pace with modern technologies.esting and up-to-date. There are so called “universal This may involve using audio and video materialstopics” like generation gap, ecology or sport, fashion, during the lesson, using computers with Internet ac-teenage bullying and so on. Majority of students cess to browse web pages or u-tube recordings. Thefind them somehow related to their lives. However latest device is of course the Smart Board with thethe teen interests and icons change so quickly and right programming for language teaching. Studentswhen there in a story in the text book about Star love this kind of classes as they can use the latestWars or Harry Potter and the main role model is technologies in the course of hands-on experience.Frodo – topics which were on some years ago – itis boring and most of students consider them as 5. USEFUL AND MEANINGFUL“passé”. According to the students taking part in A good thing is to follow the teen fashion our programme, they do not particularly like ex-in entertainment – as this area is probably closest to ercises or tasks which are far from being useful intheir lives – music, movies, books and fashion. their everyday lives. Only too often the teachers can hear the otherwise obvious question: “why do Why not ask your students what ‘s on these we have to do this, Ms?” If you, as a teacher wantdays and prepare a song or an excerpt from the latest to answer: “because I say so”, maybe it’s time forbestseller for reading comprehension. Be careful you to look for a less stressful job . But jokes aside,though - some of the lyrics can be not suitable for students like the idea of their effort having someschool use. meaning. It transfers into the idea of usefulness in the further course of studies, but more importantly2. CHALLENGING in the real-life situations. The trick is that without boring drill tasks like using Present Perfect SimpleStudents do not like to be treated like children, they vs Past Simple or inserting the right articles in thelike challenging tasks which they have to sweat on. gaps and hundreds of others their language accuracyEven if they realize the task involves a lot of effort, will be impaired and even if they can communicate,they look forward to finishing it as a kind of reward. they will sound at least funny, if not impossible. Stu-They realize that in life there is nothing for free so if dents have to understand and accept the fact thatthey want to be able to be fluent one day they have the so called “dead boring” exercises will lead themto work hard on it. For many students language to proper use of the language. Not many kids realizecompetitions on various levels serve the purpose of that language learning is not a subject to study butchallenge. To be successful in any language contest it is rather the whole process of acquiring new per-one has to work very hard. Memorising thousands of sonality that goes with the new language. Teachers’collocations, grammar rules, sophisticated vocabu- task is to make this process as painless as possible butlary is hard but still many students feel this is the we have to remind our students that we cannot havebest way of gaining the right language skills. fun at discussing the latest spoof comedy if we can
  • 3. 7. FLEXIBLE AND FLUENT EXPERT The process of teaching should be dynamic which means that the teacher should be open to new ideas coming from students, their questions, problems ect. Students should be sure that every lesson potentially can be different, bringing some new excitement. At the same time it is important that the teacher is a clear expert and the student can completely depend on teacher’s explanations and knowledge. 8. ACTIVE AND SOCIALLY ORIENTED The kind of exercises students like a lot are these which have elements of social interaction. Sure, for some students who like working alone it is less important, still for majority all kinds of active involvement is very stimulating. As favourite stu-not express our basic thoughts in English. Another dents mentioned:point to be made is what is meaningful for some is * projects where you work with other studentsnot necessarily for others. During our exchange pro-gramme in Turkey, we took part in English lesson * role-playingwhere students worked on religious parable, using * games involving teaming up against another teamall skills –reading comprehension, speaking, vo-cabulary work and the content of the story was very * guessing / detective lg gamesimportant for them, which showed in discussion. * projects with PBL ideas6. ACCURATE FOR STUDENTS’ LEVEL ANDPOSSIBLE These exercises give students not only a leg –stretch and some excitement in the lesson but We need to differentiate between chal- they also teach them how to co-operate and learnlenging yet doable tasks and impossible therefore compromise while working together.discouraging ones. If we make students undertakethe tasks which are too difficult for them we will putthem off the whole idea of language learning. Theywill probably assume that they are either too dumbto learn all this, or the teacher is a sadist and his sub-ject is repulsive all the same. Either way we will lose.On the other hand it is also a bad idea to give themtasks which are too simple as this is simply boring.Another important thing is to make the learningpossible by giving students hints on techniques howto memorise or understand certain language issues.Students themselves may have different ideas whattricks they use to get better results and improvetheir language performance. The best solutions formemorizing things are: • writing things to remember on colorful scraps of paper and sticking them in different places around the house • repeating things out loud, often walking • coming back to the same thing at least four times • memorizing through associations – imagining the word or phrase to remember in colours, different settings ect. • using vocabulary, idioms and grammar struc- tures in sentences, not alone out of the context • teaching others – apparently explaining things to others, puts your knowledge in order, moreover if you want to explain something to others you need to know what you are talking about. It can be an incentive to organize your knowledge.
  • 4. 9. EVALUATED BY THE TEACHER 10. PASSIONATE As everybody else, students like to be evalu- The last but not least is the style of lessonated and appreciated. There was the heated discus- or maybe more accurately – the style of the teacher.sion concerning the way teachers evaluate students’ Students like the teacher to like what he or she does.work – the remarks from our students were as fol- Passion the teacher presents during the lesson islows: usually contagious, it easily transmits from teach- ers to students and in this way positive learning •checking papers and tests on time - if the teach- environment is created. Many other features wereers takes too much time to give the tests back, the mentioned like tolerance, spontaneity and friendlystudents forget what the test was about, not mention attitude to wards studentsthe mistakes they made The least favourite teachers’ behavior in the class is: •giving students detailed information on good • unjustified anger “What is he on about thisand bad sides of the paper / test / speech ect. It is time?!?”not enough to give B or C with almost no comment. • despise towards students “ You don’t knowThey want to know what they did well and what THAT !!! What a shame!!!”needs correction. • idea-killers “Cut is off and get back to your •giving students the second chance to do better, book, please”re-sit the exam or test if they fail • dull, monotonous way of lecturing “Pinch me – I’m falling asleep” •construct test or exam papers in such a way that • pretending to be “ a cool dude” – the studentsthey cover the information and topics of the lan- actually like the teacher to be someone they canguage course. Inserting extra – curricular material admire, someone to look up to, and not their body.into the test for “brighter” students to show off, is • wasting time on different meaningless thingsunfair according to majority of our respondents. during the lesson Above all, all our students like to be ap- The Top 10 were worked out by the studentspreciated even for small things. Good word giving and teachers working together for two years on thehope is sometimes a better motivator than a critical project. Apart from theoretical approach we alsoremark. have some suggestions for class activities.
  • 5. ,:RUNLQJ ZLWK VRQJV  ),1 7+( 5,*+7 :25 ² FKDQJH VRPH RI WKH ZRUGV LQ WKH RULJLQDO OULFV DQG DVNRQ (QJOLVK OHVVRQV VWXGHQWV WR GLVFRYHU WKH ULJKW RQHV 7$6.&KDQJH WKH ZRUGV LQ EROG LQWR WKH *$3 ),//,1* ² GRZQORDG WKH OULFV RI WKH VRQJ FRUUHFW RQHV RX KHDU LQ WKH VRQJZKLFK LV WKH KLW DW WKH PRPHQW SUHSDUH WKH FRSZLWK VRPH ZRUGV EODQNHG RXW DQG SOD WKH VRQJ WR 5,+$11$ ² ,6785%,$WKH VWXGHQWV 7KH DUH VXSSRVHG WR ÀOO WKH EODQNV %XP EXP EHGXP EXP EXP EHGXP EXPZLWK WKH PLVVLQJ ZRUG %XP EXP EHGXP EXP EXP EHGXP EXP %XP EXP EHGXP EXP EXP EHGXP EXP7$6.)LOO LQ WKH JDSV ZLWK WKH ZRUG RU SKUDVH RX %XP EXP EHGXP EXP EXP EHGXP EXPKHDU LQ WKH VRQJ :KDW·V JRLQJ RQ ZLWK PH" :KHQ GR , IHHO OLNH WKLV"%/$&. (<( 3($6 ² , *277$ )((/,1* ,·P JRLQJ FUD] QRZ , JRWWD IHHOLQJ WKDW WRQLJKW·V JRQQD EH D JRRG 1R PRUH JDV LQ WKH ZLJ QLJKW &DQ·W HYHQ JHW LW VWDUWHG WKDW WRQLJKW·V JRQQD EH D JRRG QLJKW WKDW WRQLJKW·V JRQQD EH D JRRG JRRG QLJKW [
  • 6. $QWKLQJ KHDUG QRWKLQJ VDLG 7RQLJKW·V WKH QLJKW QLJKW &DQ·W HYHQ VSHDN DERXW LW /HW·V «« LW XS $OO P NQLIH RQ P KHDG , JRW P PRQH RQ·W ZDQW WR WKLQN DERXW LW /HW·V «« LW XS )HHOV 1LNH ,·P JRLQJ LQVDQH *R RXW DQG ««« LW OLNH 2K 0 *RG <HDK ««« WKDW VRID ,W·V D WKLHI LQ WKH ULJKW /HW·V NLFN LW 2)) 7R FRPH DQG URE RX , NQRZ WKDW ZH·OO KDYH D ««« ,W FDQ FUHHS XS LQVLGH RX LI ZH JHW GRZQ $QG EX RX DQG JR RXW DQG MXVW «« LW DOO $ GLVHDVH RI WKH PLQG , IHHO ««««« RXW ,W FDQ FRQWURO RX , ZDQQD OHW LW JR ,W·V WRR QRVH IRU FRPIRUW /HWV JR ZD RXW VSDFHG RXW 7KURZ RQ RXU EUHDN QLJKWV DQG ««« DOO FRQWURO :H·UH LQ WKH SLW RI ZRQGHU )LOO XS P «« 0R]ROWRY $LQ·W JRQQD SOD QLFH ««« DW KHU GDQFLQJ :DWFK RXW RX PLJKW MXVW JR XQGHU MXVW WDNH LW RII %HWWHU WKLQN QLFH /HWV ««« WKH WRZQ <RXU YDLQ RI WKRXJKW ZLOO EH DOWHUHG :H·OO VKXW LW GRZQ 6R LI RX PXVW IDXOWHU EH SUL]H /HW·V EXUQ WKH «« DQG WKHQ ZH·OO GR LW ««« <RXU VLGH LV LQ GLVWXUELD /HWV R LW [
  • 7. ,W·V OLNH WKH GDUNQHVV LV WKH EULJKW DQG OLYH LW XS LVWXUELD +HUH ZH «« $P , GUDJJLQJ RX WRQLJKW KHUH ZH JR <RXU VLGH LV LQ GLVWXUELD ZH JRWWD ««« (DV FRPH $LQ·W XVHG WR ZKDW RX OLNH HDV «« LVWXUELD QRZ ZH RQ WRS %XP EXP EHGXP EXP EXP EHGXP EXP )HHO WKH VKRW %XP EXP EHGXP EXP EXP EHGXP EXP ERG «« %XP EXP EHGXP EXP EXP EHGXP EXP 5RFN LW «««« 5RXQG DQG URXQG %XP EXP EHGXP EXP EXP EHGXP EXP XS DQG ««« DURXQG WKH ««« 7KH WHDFKHU PLJKW DOVR ZDQW WR GLV 0RQGD 7XHVGD FXVV ZLWK VWXGHQWV WKH PHDQLQJ RI WKH OULFV «««««« DQG 7KXUVGD ² ZKDW LV WKH KLGGHQ YDOXH RI WKH VRQJ )ULGD 6DWXUGD «««« WR 6XQGD JHW JHW JHW JHW JHW ZLWK XV  8% 7+( )$0286 621* RX NQRZ ZKDW ZH VD 7KLV LV DFWXDOO QRW RQO ZRUNLQJ ZLWK 3DUW HYHU GD WKH OULFV RI WKH VRQJ EXW DOVR XVLQJ WKH ,7 SD SD SD 3DUW HYHU GD VNLOOV 7KH LGHD LV WR SUHSDUH D PRFN YLGHR $SDUW IURP ZRUNLQJ RQ WKH VRQJ DQG JDLQLQJ ² FOLS E ÀOPLQJ VWXGHQWV PRYLQJ WKHLU OLSVQHZ YRFDEXODU OLNH SKUDVDO YHUEV WKH WHDFKHU FDQ WR WKH ZRUGV RI D IDPRXV VRQJ DQG SUHWHQGDOVR H[SODLQ D ORW RI FXOWXUDO WKLQJV EHKLQG WKH WH[W LQJ WR VLQJ LW LQ UHDO WLPH ZLWK DOO WKH FKR/HW·V SLFN WKH EDQG RU VLQJHU ZKLFK LV UHDOO SRSXODUDPRQJ VWXGHQWV QRW VRPHWKLQJ WKDW RQO WKH WHDFKHU UHRJUDSK QHFHVVDU IRU WKH VRQJ ,W FDQ EHOLNHV PDEH WKH VWXGHQWV FDQ EH DVNHG EHIRUHKDQG WR ODWHU RQ SXW RQ WKH ZHE SDJH RI RXU VFKRROSUHSDUH VRPH LQIRUPDWLRQ DERXW VXFK EDQG LQ (QJ RU SUHVHQW WR WKH VWXGHQWV RQ VRPH VFKRROOLVK DQG VKDUH WKH QHZV ZLWK RWKHUV LQ WKH FODVV JDWKHULQJ
  • 8. ,, :RUNLQJ ZLWK WH[WV I didn’t want to be too early to school, but I couldn’t stay in the house anymore. I donned my jacket -- which hadRQ (QJOLVK OHVVRQV the feel of a biohazard suit -- and headed out into the rain. It was just drizzling still, not enough to soak me through immediately as I reached for the house key that was always hidden under the eaves by the door, and locked up. The slosh- Why not include even large excerpts of books or ing of my new waterproof boots was unnerving. I missed themagazine articles popular among teenagers. A lot of mate- normal crunch of gravel as I walked. I couldn’t pause and admire my truck again as I wanted; I was in a hurry to get outrial can be downloaded from Internet. of the misty wet that swirled around my head and clung to my hair under my hood.Twilight by Stephany Meyer - excerpt Inside the truck, it was nice and dry. Either Billy or Charlie had obviously cleaned it up, but the tan upholstered seats still smelled faintly of tobacco, gasoline, and pepper-excerpt from 1. FIRST SIGHT mint. The engine started quickly, to my relief, but loudly, Forks High School had a frightening total of only roaring to life and then idling at top volume. Well, a truckthree hundred and fifty-seven -- now fifty-eight -- students; this old was bound to have a flaw. The antique radio worked, athere were more than seven hundred people in my junior class plus that I hadn’t expected.alone back home. All of the kids here had grown up together- Finding the school wasn’t difficult, though I’d never-their grandparents had been toddlers together. I would be been there before. The school was, like most other things, justthe new girl from the big city, a curiosity, a freak. off the highway. It was not obvious that it was a school; only Maybe, if I looked like a girl from Phoenix should, the sign, which declared it to be the Forks High School, madeI could work this to my advantage. But physically, I’d never me stop. It looked like a collection of matching houses, builtfit in anywhere. I should be tan, sporty, blond -- a volleyball with maroon-colored bricks. There were so many trees andplayer, or a cheerleader, perhaps -- all the things that go with shrubs I couldn’t see its size at first. Where was the feel of theliving in the valley of the sun. institution? I wondered nostalgically. Where were the chain- Instead, I was ivory-skinned, without even the link fences, the metal detectors?excuse of blue eyes or red hair, despite the constant sunshine. I parked in front of the first building, which hadI had always been slender, but soft somehow, obviously not an a small sign over the door reading FRONT OFFICE. Noathlete; I didn’t have the necessary hand-eye coordination to one else was parked there, so I was sure it was off limits, butplay sports without humiliating myself -- and harming both I decided I would get directions inside instead of circlingmyself and anyone else who stood too close. around in the rain like an idiot. I stepped unwillingly out of When I finished putting my clothes in the old pine the toasty truck cab and walked down a little stone path lineddresser, I took my bag of bathroom necessities and went to with dark hedges. I took a deep breath before opening thethe communal bathroom to clean myself up after the day of door.travel. I looked at my face in the mirror as I brushed through Inside, it was brightly lit, and warmer than I’d hoped.my tangled, damp hair. Maybe it was the light, but already I The office was small; a little waiting area with padded foldinglooked sallower, unhealthy. My skin could be pretty -- it was chairs, orange-flecked commercial carpet, notices and awardsvery clear, almost translucent-looking -- but it all depended cluttering the walls, a big clock ticking loudly. Plants grewon color. I had no color here. everywhere in large plastic pots, as if there wasn’t enough Facing my pallid reflection in the mirror, I was greenery outside. The room was cut in half by a long counter,forced to admit that I was lying to myself. It wasn’t just physi- cluttered with wire baskets full of papers and brightly coloredcally that I’d never fit in. And if I couldn’t find a niche in a flyers taped to its front. There were three desks behind theschool with three thousand people, what were my chances counter, one of which was manned by a large, red-hairedhere? woman wearing glasses. She was wearing a purple t-shirt, I didn’t relate well to people my age. Maybe the which immediately made me feel overdressed.truth was that I didn’t relate well to people, period. Even my The red-haired woman looked up. “Can I help you?”mother, who I was closer to than anyone else on the planet, “I’m Isabella Swan,” I informed her, and saw the immediatewas never in harmony with me, never on exactly the same awareness light her eyes. I was expected, a topic of gossip nopage. Sometimes I wondered if I was seeing the same things doubt. Daughter of the Chief ’s flighty ex-wife, come home atthrough my eyes that the rest of the world was seeing through last.theirs. Maybe there was a glitch in my brain. “Of course,” she said. She dug through a precariously But the cause didn’t matter. All that mattered was stacked pile of documents on her desk till she found the onesthe effect. And tomorrow would be just the beginning. she was looking for. “I have your schedule right here, and a I didn’t sleep well that night, even after I was done map of the school.” She brought several sheets to the countercrying. The constant whooshing of the rain and wind across to show me.the roof wouldn’t fade into the background. I pulled the fadedold quilt over my head, and later added the pillow, too. But Icouldn’t fall asleep until after midnight, when the rain finallysettled into a quieter drizzle.Thick fog was all I could see out my window in the morning,and I could feel the claustrophobia creeping up on me. Youcould never see the sky here; it was like a cage. Breakfast with Charlie was a quiet event. He wishedme good luck at school. I thanked him, knowing his hopewas wasted. Good luck tended to avoid me. Charlie left first,off to the police station that was his wife and family. Afterhe left, I sat at the old square oak table in one of the threeunmatching chairs and examined his small kitchen, with itsdark paneled walls, bright yellow cabinets, and white lino-leum floor. Nothing was changed. My mother had painted thecabinets eighteen years ago in an attempt to bring some sun-shine into the house. Over the small fireplace in the adjoininghandkerchief-sized family room was a row of pictures. Firsta wedding picture of Charlie and my mom in Las Vegas, thenone of the three of us in the hospital after I was born, takenby a helpful nurse, followed by the procession of my schoolpictures up to last year’s. Those were embarrassing to look at-- I would have to see what I could do to get Charlie to putthem somewhere else, at least while I was living here.It was impossible, being in this house, not to realize thatCharlie had never gotten over my mom. It made me uncom-fortable.
  • 9. 2QUUKDNG VCUMU1. True / false questions a. Bella felt uneasy before her first day in new school T/F/DK b. Bella’s appearance was typical for valley of sun area T/F/DK c. Charlie’s house was small but modern and professionally decorated T/F/DK d. The secretary gave Bella only the most important documents to fill T/ F/DK2. Match the words with their explanations a. flighty 1. small stones used for making paths b. toddler 2. crazy and unsettled c. clutter 3. small rain d. slender 4. a small baby who is learning to walk e. gravel 5. put too many things in one place f. drizzle 6. thin in an attractive way3. Give equivalents in British English Highway - ……………………………… Gasoline - …………………………………… Truck - ……………………………………. Quilt - ……………………………………4. Write the next paragraph, different from the original story.5. How would you feel in Bella’s situation when you move out to a strange place and new school.6. Find some information on the author of the book Stephanie Meyer to share on the next lesson.7. Translate an excerpt of your choice into Polish, remember that this is a literary work!
  • 10. ,,, :RUNLQJ ZLWK &/,/86( 2) &/,/ 0(7+22/2*<68%-(&7 +,6725< $&7,9,7,(6 (6,*1( )2532/,6+ 785.,6+ 63$1,6+678(176 72 678< &$17$%5,$1 +(5,7$*(:+,/( 9,6,7,1*,QWURGXFWLRQ 3RZHU 3RLQW 3UHVHQWDWLRQ ´$QFLHQW5RFN $UW &DYH 3DLQWLQJV RI WKH :RUOGµ %UDLQVWRUPLQJ FRPPHQWV VWXGHQW·V SDUWLFLSDWLRQ FRPSDULVRQEHWZHHQ GLIIHUHQW FRXQWULHV KHULWDJH LQIRUPDWLRQVKDULQJ
  • 11. <RX WXEH YLGHR  PLQ
  • 12. ´7KH 1RW 4XLWH +LVWRU RI$UWµ(QFDUWD ,QWHUDFWLYH *DPH ´+LVWRU 4XL]µ 4XHVWLRQV DQVZHUV ¶FRPSHWLWLRQ JDPH·
  • 13. ([HUFLFH WR EH GRQH LQ SDLUV HDFK 3ROLVK RU 7XUNLVK VWXGHQW ZLWK KLVKHU 6SDQLVK SDUWQHU
  • 14. XVLQJ WKHLQIRUPDWLRQ LQ D ERRNOHW DERXW $OWDPLUD678(176 1$0(6 «««««««« $1«««««««««««,16758&7,216 :25.,1* :,7+ <285 3$571(5 75< 72 $16:(5 $6 0$1< 48(67,216 $6 3266,%/( ,1 7+( 7,0( *,9(1:+(1 <28 $5( 72/ 62 <28 0867*,9( <285 $16:(5 6+((7 72 $127+(5 3$,5 72 +$9( ,7 &+(&.( $1 0$5.(:,7+ 7+( +(/3 2) 7+( 7($&+(5+RZ PDQ FDYHV ZLWK 3DODHROLWKLF DUW DUH WKHUH LQ &DQWDEULD":KDW LQVWLWXWLRQ GHFODUHG WKHVH FDYHV WR EH ´:RUOG +HULWDJH 6LWHVµ"+RZ ROG DUH WKH PRVW DQFLHQW YHVWLJHV IRXQG VXFK DV VWRQH DQG ERQH WRROV"+RZ ROG DUH WKH SDLQWLQJV DQG HQJUDYLQJV":KDW NLQG RI KXPDQ EHLQJ RXU ELRORJLFDO DQFHVWRUV LQKDELWHG WKHVH FDYHV":KDW RWKHU (XURSHDQ UHJLRQ KDV FDYH DUW IURP WKH VDPH SHULRG DV &DQWDEULD":KDW DUH WKH PDLQ WRSLFV LQ WKH 0DJGDOHQLDQ SHULRG GUDZLQJV DQG SDLQWLQJV":KDW LV WKH PRVW SRSXODU LPDJH RI &DQWDEULD":KDW NLQG RI JHRORJLFDO IHDWXUH LV FRQQHFWHG WR WKHVH FDYHV":KDW DUH WKH SUHGRPLQDQW FRORXUV XVHG LQ $OWDPLUD·V SDLQWLQJV":KHQ ZDV WKH FDYH LQKDELWHG":KDW WLPH GRHV $OWDPLUD 0XVHXP RSHQ WRPRUURZ":KDW WLPH LV WKHUH D ZRUNVKRS IRU FKLOGUHQ RQ D 6DWXUGD":KHQ ZDV $OWDPLUD FDYH GLVFRYHUHG",V LW SRVVLEOH WR YLVLW WKH RULJLQDO FDYH" :K"*HWWLQJ WKH H[HUFLVH PDUNHG  PLQ
  • 15. 0$5.««32,176
  • 16. &200(176 21 7+( +,6725< $&7,9,7,(6$V ZRUNLQJ SDLUV ZKHUH PL[HG HLWKHU 3ROLVK6SDQLVK RU 7XUNLVK6SDQLVK
  •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·V XVH PDGH LW HDVLHU IRU WKHP DQG WKHLU &RPHQLXV SDUWQHUV WR JHW WR ZRUN WRJHWKHURQ WKH VXEMHFW RI &DQWDEULDQ DUWLVWLF KHULWDJH DQG UHODWH LW DQG FRPSDUH WR RWKHU FRXQWULHV·7KLV ZD ZH GUHZ RQ WKH VWXGHQW·V EDFNJURXQG NQRZOHGJH WR DLG WKHLU FRPSUHKHQVLRQ$FWLYLW /LNHZLVH ZH KDYH IRXQG WKH XVH RI WKLV WSH RI GRFXPHQW YHU XVHIXO DV D PHDQVWR DURXVH LQWHUHVW LQ WKH WRSLF VRUW RI ´ZDUP XSµ DV ZHOO DV DQ H[FHOOHQW FRPSUHKHQVLRQH[HUFLVH 6RPH VWXGHQWV GLG QRW XQGHUVWDQG HYHUWKLQJ WKDW ZDV VDLG LQ WKH YLGHR EXWLW JDYH WKHP RSSRUWXQLW WR PDNH VRPH FRPPHQWV RQ WKH JHQHUDO LGHD DQZD DQG WKHYDOXDWLRQ ZDV SRVLWLYH DV WKH WHDFKHU KDG PDGH XVH RI FODULÀFDWLRQ DQG FRPSUHKHQVLRQ FKHFNV$FWLYLW  $V LW LV DOUHDG ZLGHO DFFHSWHG DPRQJ (QJOLVK WHDFKHUV EXW PDEHQRW VR PXFK DPRQJ +LVWRU WHDFKHUV JDPHV DUH YHU XVHIXO PHDQV RI PRWLYDWLQJOHDUQHUV LQFUHDVLQJ WKHLU FKDQFHV RI VXFFHVV LQ WKHLU SHUIRUPDQFH 7KXV JDPHVIURP ´(QFDUWDµ ZHUH XVHG DW WKLV VWDJH HQJDJLQJ WKH SDUWLFLSDWLQJ VWXGHQWVLQ FRPPXQLFDWLRQ ZLWK HDFK RWKHU LQ RUGHU WR JHW JRRG UHVXOWV 7KHUHIRUHFROODERUDWLYH EHKDYLRXU OHG WR PHDQLQJIXO OHDUQLQJ 6WXGHQWV FRPPHQWVDIWHUZDUGV FRQÀUPHG WKH LQWHQGHG RXWFRPH KDG EHHQ DFKLHYHG DV WKHKDYH IHOW LQYROYHG LQ WKH JDPH DQG WKH LQWHQWLRQDOLW RI WKHLU LQWHUDFWLRQV ZLWK WKHLU SDUWQHUV KDG EHHQ WKH JDPH LWVHOI LQVWHDG RI WKH ODQJXDJH DV LW RIWHQ KDSSHQV LQ WKH (QJOLVK FODVV
  • 18.  &RPPXQLFDWLRQ ZDV´UHDOµ DV WKH QHHGHG WR XQGHUVWDQG WKHLU SDUWQHU LQ RUGHU WR JHWJRRG SRLQWV LQ WKH JDPH ZKLFK ZDV IXQ DQG QRW RQO LQ RUGHU ´WRJHW WKH WDVN GRQHµ$FWLYLW  &RUH DFWLYLW RI WKH OHVVRQ WKLV DSSDUHQWO VLPSOHUHDGLQJ FRPSUHKHQVLRQ H[HUFLVH LQYROYHG VHYHUDO LQWHUHVWLQJ DVSHFWV VWURQJO FRQQHFWHG WR WKH GHYHORSPHQW RI RXUSURMHFW 6WXGHQWV FRPPXQLFDWHG VKDUHG WKHLU NQRZOHGJHDQG KHOSHG HDFK RWKHU XVLQJ D SLHFH RI ¶UHDOLD· D EURFKXUH LQ (QJOLVK DERXW FDYH DUW LQ &DQWDEULD 7KH KDGWR XVH DOO IRXU VNLOOV DOPRVW DW WKH VDPH WLPH UHDGWKH EURFKXUH WULQJ WR H[WUDFW DV TXLFNO DV SRVVLEOHWKH LQIRUPDWLRQ QHHGHG LQ HDFK FDVH VKDUH LW ZLWKWKHLU SDUWQHU WKXV OLVWHQLQJ DQG VSHDNLQJ DQGWKHQ ZULWLQJ WKH DQVZHUV WR WKH TXHVWLRQV$FWLYLW  $VVHVVPHQW DQG VHOIDVVHVVPHQWLV D YHU LPSRUWDQW DVSHFW RI WKH DSSOLFDWLRQ RQ WKH &/,/ PHWKRGRORJ 7KH OHDUQHUQHHGV WR EHFRPH PRUH UHVSRQVLEOHWRZDUGV WKHLU OHDUQLQJ SURFHVV WKDQXVXDO IRU VXFK DZDUHQHVV LV JRLQJ WREH WKH WRRO WKDW ZLOO PDNH LW SRVVLEOH WR RYHUFRPH WKH GLIÀFXOW RIOHDUQLQJ VXEMHFW FRQWHQW WKURXJKD VHFRQG ODQJXDJH ,Q WKLV FDVHWKH FKHFNLQJ ZDV FDUULHG RXW ED GLIIHUHQW SDLU DIWHU H[FKDQJLQJ WKHLU H[HUFLVHV WKXV XVLQJDOVR FROODERUDWLQJ SURFHGXUHV 2Q WKH RWKHU KDQGWKH LQVLJKWV GHULYHG IURPWKH VWXGHQWV· FRPPHQWVDERXW WKH LQWHUHVWDQG GLIÀFXOW RI WKHDFWLYLWLHV LV WKHPRVW LQWHUHVWLQJÀQGLQJ
  • 19. 678(176 &200(176 $%287 7+( /(6621 7KH JHQHUDO IHHOLQJ ZKHQ ZRUNLQJ XV LQJ &/,/ ZLWK WKHLU &RPHQLXV SDUWQHUV LV WKDW OHDUQLQJ +LVWRU ZDV IXQ 7KH KDG WKH IHHO LQJ WKDW WKH KDG EHHQ SODLQJ PRVW RI WKH WLPH EXW DW WKH VDPH WLPH PRVW RI WKHP ZHUH DZDUH RI KDYLQJ OHDUQW VRPH YHU LQWHUHVWLQJ WKLQJV DERXW WKH WRSLF 0RVW RI WKHP KDG DQ LQFUHDVHG LQWHUHVW LQ YLVLWLQJ $OWDPLUD &DYH DIWHU KDYLQJ GRQH WKHVH DF WLYLWLHV LQ WKH FODVV $OO RI WKHP ZHUH FRQYLQFHG WKDW WKH ZRXOG XQGHUVWDQG EHWWHU DQG DSSUHFLDWH PRUH WKH IROORZLQJ YLVLW WR WKH FDYH DOWKRXJK WKH ZHUH GLV DSSRLQWHG WR ÀQG RXW WKH ZRXOG RQO VHH D ´UHSOLFDµ GXH WR FRQVHUYDWLRQ UHDVRQV $V IRU WKHLU (QJOLVK PRVW RI WKHP ZHUH VR KDSS DW KDYLQJ EHHQ DEOH WR FRPPXQLFDWH DQG VKDUH ZLWKRXW D OLQJXLVWLF JRDO DQG IHOW PRUH FRQÀGHQW DERXW WKHLU FRPPXQLFDWLYH VNLOOV WKDQ EHIRUH ,Q RWKHU ZRUGV VXEMHFW WHDFKLQJ XVLQJ &/,/ VHHPV WR IRVWHU FRPPXQLFDWLRQ DQG FROODERUDWLRQ DPRQJ VWXGHQWV 0RUHRYHU WKH DEVHQFH RI D OLQJXLVWLF REMHFWLYH LQ WKH DFWLYLWLHV IDFLOLWDWHV WKH VWXGHQW·V FRQ FHQWUDWLRQ LQ WKH VXEMHFW FRQWHQW DQG UHDO LQIRUPDWLRQ H[FKDQJHZLWKRXW IHDU RI PLVWDNHV
  • 20. ,9 %ULWLVK DQG $PHULFDQ &XOWXUH $FWLYLWLHV 6WXGHQWV OLNH VWXGLQJ %ULWLVK DQG $PHULFDQ FXOWXUH KLVWRU JHRJUDSK DQGOLWHUDWXUH )LUVW LW JLYHV WKHP VRPH GHHSHU LQVLJKW LQWR WKH UHDOLW RI WKH (QJOLVK VSHDNLQJ FRXQWULHV ,W LV YLWDO WKDW RX NQRZ WKH FRQWH[W RI ODQJXDJH RX OHDUQ DV RQO LQ WKLVZD RX FDQ IXOO UHFRJQLVH WKH ULJKW XVDJH 7KH OHDGLQJ (QJOLVK ODQJXDJH SXEOLVKHUVRIIHU D ZLGH UDQJH RI SKRWRFRSLDEOH PDWHULDOV DV ZHOO DV WH[WERRNV DERXW %ULWLVK DQG$PHULFDQ OLIH 3UHSDULQJ D OHVVRQ DERXW (QJOLVK KLVWRU RU JHRJUDSK LV QRW DQ HDVWDVN IRU D WHDFKHU DV XVXDOO KH PXVW VWXG WKH PDWHULDO FDUHIXOO WR UHFDOO WKH GDWDDQG IDFWV EHIRUH OHFWXULQJ WKHP EXW LW LV GHÀQLWHO ZRUWKZKLOH :H UHFRPPHQG 6SRWOLJKW RQ WKH 86$ ² 5DQGHH )DON 283 6SRWOLJKW RQ %ULWDLQ ² 6 6KHHULQ - 6HDWK * :KLWH 283 $Q ,OOXVWUDWHG +LVWRU RI WKH 86$ ² % 2·&DOODJKDQ /RQJPDQ $Q ,OOXVWUDWHG +LVWRU RI %ULWDLQ ²  0F RZDOO /RQJPDQ 8QLWHG .LQJGRP DW D *ODQFH ² 5 2FLHSD 3DUN (GXNDFMD %ULWLVK +LVWRU 6HHQ 7KURXJK $UW ² * % &OHPHQ / 6WDJQR %ODFN &DW ,Q %ULWDLQ ² 0 9DXJKDQ ² 5HHV &KDQFHUHO 7KH +LVWRU RI .LQJV DQG 4XHHQV RI (QJODQG DQG 6FRWODQG ² $UPDGLOOR $OO DERXW WKH 86$ ² 0 %URXNDO 3 0XUSK /RQJPDQ 86$ ² $ FXOWXUDO 5HDGHU ² 0 %URXNDO /RQJPDQ2[IRUG )DFWÀOHV  7KH 86$ 1HZ <RXU (QJODQG ,UHODQG 6FRWODQG &DOLIRUQLD :DOHVDQG RWKHUV
  • 21. Examples([DPSOHtests:$PHULFDQ FXOWXUH of  3RSXODU QDPH RI 1<& LV ««««««««««« 7KH SUHVLGHQW RI WKH86$ «««««««««LV IURP «««««««« 3DUW 7KH LOOHJDO RUJDQL]DWLRQ SHUVHFXWLQJ %ODFN FLWL]HQV LQ WKH 6RXWK ZDV FDOOHG«««««««««««««««« 7KH ÀUVW 1DWLRQDO 3DUN LQ WKH 86$ ZDV ««««««««««« 7KHUH DUH ««««««VHQDWRUV LQ &RQJUHVV )DPRXV QRYHO DERXW WKH KDUGVKLSV RI %ODFN SHRSOH E +% 6WRZH LVFDOOHG«««««««««««««««« 7KH JURXS RI IDPRXV XQLYHUVLWLHV LV FDOOHG «««««««««« 7KH WHUP FRLQHG E *HUWUXGH 6WHLQ GHVFULELQJ RXQJ ZULWHUV RI WKH V ZDV«««««««««««««« 7KH /RQH 6WDU 6WDWH LV WKH QLFNQDPH RI «««««««««««« 3ODFH ZKHUH &RQIHGHUDWHV VXUUHQGHUHG WR 8OVVHV *UDQW ZDV FDOOHGD
  • 22. /HUZLFNE
  • 23. $SSRPDWWR[F
  • 24. 9LUJLQLD +RXVH :KLFK RI WKH IROORZLQJ LV QRW LQ :DVKLQJWRQ &D
  • 25. $UOLQJWRQE
  • 26. 6PLWKVRQLDQF
  • 27. 0HWURSROLWDQ 2SHUD 2OG )DLWKIXO LVD
  • 28. )DPRXV SXEE
  • 29. 86 ÁDJF
  • 30. *HVHU 7KH &DWFKHU LQ WKH 5H ZDV ZULWWHQ ED
  • 31. - 6DOLQJHUE
  • 32. + 0HOYLOOHF
  • 33. - +HOOHU +RRYHU DP LV RQD
  • 34. 3RWRPDF 5LYHUE
  • 35. &RORUDGR 5LYHUF
  • 36. 0LVVRXUL 5LYHU *DWHZD $UFK LV LQD
  • 37. 6W /RXLVE
  • 38. %RVWRQF
  • 39. 1HZ 2UOHDQV 1DWLYH SHRSOH RI $ODVND VSHDND
  • 40. (QJOLVKE
  • 41. (VNLPRF
  • 42. $OHXW
  • 43. Examples of tests:([DPSOH  7KH ÀUVW SHRSOH LQ WKH $PHULFDQ FRQWLQHQW ZHUH««««««««VXFK DV$SDFKH RU 6LRX[ 7KH VLWXDWLRQ ZKHQ EODFN SHRSOH FRXOGQ·W OLYH WRJHWKHU ZLWK ZKLWH SHRSOHZDV FDOOHG «««««««««««««««« *LYH QDPHV QDWLRQV ZKLFK PRVW RIWHQ DUULYHG WR WKH 86$ 
  • 44.  «««««««««« «««««««« 7KH ZRUGV RQ WKH 6WDWXH RI /LEHUW DUH««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« 7KH $PHULFDQ ÁDJ LV FDOOHG «««««««««« 7KH &LYLO :DU ZDV EHWZHHQ ««««DQG ««««« ,W VWDUWHG LQ HDU«««« DQG HQGHG LQ ««««« 7KH PDLQ SDUWLHV LQ WKH 86$ DUH ««««««DQG«««««««« 7KH FRPLQJ LPPLJUDQWV ZHUH ÀUVW FKHFNHG RQ WKH «««,VODQG $PHULFD LV RIWHQ FDOOHG ««««« «««««« EHFDXVH SHRSOH IURP GLIIHUHQW FRXQWULHV JR WKHUH DQG EHFRPH $PHULFDQV 7KH PDQ ZKR LQYHQWHG MHDQV ZDV FDOOHG «««««««« 7KH JROG ZDV GLVFRYHUHG LQ ««««««« VWDWH
  • 45. LQ «««« HDU
  • 46.  3HRSOHZKR FDPH WR ÀQG JROG ZHUH RIWHQ FDOOHG ««««««« 7KH EODFN DFWLYLVW ZKR ZDQWHG HTXDO ULJKWV IRU EODFN SHRSOH LQ WKH 86$ZDV FDOOHG «««« «««««« ««««««« +H ZDV DVVDVVLQDWHG LQ HDU««««««« +LV PRVW IDPRXV ZRUGV ZHUH «««««««« 7KH URXWH IURP HDVW SDUW WR WKH :HVW ZDV FDOOHG «««« «««« 3HRSOHWUDYHOHG LQ VSHFLDO FDUV FDOOHG ««««««« 7KH ÀUVW H[SORUHUV ZKR WUDYHOHG WR WKH ZHVW ZHUH «««« DQG «« 0DLQH DQG 3HQQVOYDQLD DUH RQ WKH «««« FRDVW EXW 2UHJRQ LV RQ WKH«««««« &RDVW ««««««««DQG «««««««« DUH WKH ELJJHVW ULYHUV LQ WKH 86$ 7KH IDPRXV ERRN DERXW KRUULEOH OLIH RI EODFN SHRSOH ZDV FDOOHG´««««««««««««µ DQG ZDV ZULWWHQ E «««««««« $PHULFDQ DQWKHP LV FDOOHG «««««««««««« *ROGHQ *DWH %ULGJH LV LQ «««««« FLW
  • 47.  «««««« VWDWH
  • 48.  7KH 6XSUHPH &RXUW LV LQ 3ROLVK ««««««««««
  • 49. British culture:([DPSOH /2121 1$0( 0DWFK 3XGGLQJ /DQH D
  • 50. %RPELQJ RI /RQGRQ 7KH 7RZHU E
  • 51. 7KH *UHDW )LUH RI /RQGRQ 7KH 5RPDQV F
  • 52. /RQGRQ %ULGJH 0XVHXP 0DGDP 7XVVHDXG G
  • 53. /RQGLQLXP 7KH %OLW] H
  • 54. %HHIHDWHUV .LQJ &URVV I
  • 55. ZD[ ÀJXUHV 7KH 7KDPHV J
  • 56. ROG VKLS &XWW 6DUN K
  • 57. RQH RI WUDLQ VWDWLRQV «««««««««««««««««««««:ULWH LQ WKH ULJKW LQIRUPDWLRQ «««« «««««« ZDQWHG WR EORZ XS WKH +RXVHV RI 3DUOLDPHQW ,W ZDV LQ«« HDU
  • 58. RQ ««««« GDWH
  • 59.  7KH /RQGRQ XQGHUJURXQG LV FDOOHG 7KH  WKH ÀUVW OLQH ZDV FDOOHG 7KH *UHDW )LUH RI /RQGRQ ZDV LQ  HDU
  • 60. DQG WKH *UHDW 3ODJXH LQ 7KH 4XHHQ  OLYHV LQ 3DODFH DQG IRU ZHHNHQGV VKHJRHV WR &DVWOH EXLOW 7KH 7RZHU RI /RQGRQ )LUVW LW ZDV D I ODWHULW ZDV D S DQG QRZ LW LV D P 7RXULVWV FDQ VHH &-WKHUH 6LU   EXLOW 6W 3DXO·V &DWKHGUDO ««««««««LV WKH PRVW IDPRXV EHOO DQG FORFN LQ /RQGRQ 7KH   LV D YHU ELJ ZKHHO QHDU WKH ULYHU 7KDPHV)URP LW RX FDQ VHH /RQGRQ %ULWLVK ÁDJ LV FDOOHG   %LJ EODFN ELUGV FDOOHG FURZV OLYH LQ 7KH ««««««UDZ  8QGHUJURXQG VLJQ 5DLOZD VWDWLRQ VLJQ (QJOLVK ÁDJ
  • 61. British culture:([DPSOH  0DWFK WKH QDPHV ZLWK WKH ULJKW FDWHJRU *HRIIUH &KDXFHU :LOOLDP *ROGLQJ ,VDDF 1HZWRQ -RKQ &RQVWDEOH ,QGLJR-RQHV +DUROG :LOVRQ +HQU 9,,, 0LFKDHO )DUDGD -RVHSK &RQUDG 9LUJLQLD :RROI&KDUOHV %DEEDJH 0DUJDUHW 7KDWFKHU (GPXQG +DOH -DQH $XVWLQ +HQU 3XUFHOO&KULVWRSKHU :UHQ *HRUJH 2UZHOO -RKQ /DFNODQG 6HDQ &RQQHU 6HDPXV +HDQH5REHUW %UXFH -DPHV -RFH 5REHUW :DOSROH 6FLHQWLVW $UWLVW SDLQWHU DU 3ROLWLFLDQ FKLWHFW PXVLFLDQ
  • 62.  0DWFK 2[IRUG D
  • 63. URDO FDVWOH /LPHULFN E
  • 64. 7LWDQLF 6RXWKDPSWRQ F
  • 65. 0DÁRZHU +DVWLQJV G
  • 66. 6KDNHVSHDUH %DWK H
  • 67. ,ULVK SRHPV /RQGRQ I
  • 68. 8QLYHUVLW 0DQFKHVWHU J
  • 69. :LOOLDP ,  :LQGVRU K
  • 70. 5RPDQV  6WUDWIRUG ²XSRQ$YRQ L
  • 71. VLU $OH[ )HUJXVRQ  3RUWVPRXWK M
  • 72. $OEHUW +DOO «« « « «« «« «« «« «« « «« *LYH QDPHV RID
  • 73. 6FRWWLVK LQVWUXPHQW««««««««««E
  • 74. +5+ «««««««««F
  • 75. 6FRWWLVK GLVK PDGH RI VKHHS VWRPDFK «««««G
  • 76. %ULWLVK  FP «««««H
  • 77. 2OG VKLS ² WHD FOLSSHU QRZ D PXVHXP VWDQGLQJ LQ *UHHQZLFK /RQGRQ««««««I
  • 78. *XDUG RI 7KH 7RZHU ««««««J
  • 79. 5RPDQ PLOLWDU FDPS QRZ WKH HQGLQJ RI PDQ FLWLHV ««««««K
  • 80. 5RDO ÁDJ«««««««L
  • 81. %ULWLVK QDWLRQDO DQWKHP ««««««««««
  • 82. British culture:([DPSOH Fill in the blanks: $PHULFD ZDV GLVFRYHUHG E  LQ HDU««««« EXW WKH ÀUVW SHUVRQ WRYLVLW WKLV ODQG ZDV D 9LNLQJ FDOOHG «««««DURXQG HDU  7KH ÀUVW VHWWOHUV DUULYHG IURP (QJODQG LQ ««««DQG WKH ODQGHG LQ -DPHVWRZQ 7KH QHZ ODQG ZDV YHUGLIÀFXOW WR OLYH LQ DQG ZKLWH SHRSOH ZRXOG GLH EXW DQ ,QGLDQ SULQFHVV ««««««KHOSHGWKHP 7KH VHFRQG JURXS RI VHWWOHUV DUULYHG LQ HDU««««DQG WKH ZHUH FDOOHG««««««««7KH QDPH RI WKHLU VKLS ZDV «««««««$PHULFD IRU PDQ HDUV ZDV D%ULWLVK FRORQ EXW RQH HDU $PHULFDQ SHRSOH GHFLGHG WKDW WKH ZDQW WR EH LQGHSHQGHQW 7KH ZDU VWDUWHG IURP HYHQW FDOOHG «««««««««« :KHQ WKH $PHULFDQ SHRSOHSXW WHD ER[HV LQWR WKH RFHDQ 7KH ZDU ODVWHG VRPH HDUV DQG ÀQDOO $PHULFD GHFODUHG LQGHSHQGHQFH 7KH ZURWH D GRFXPHQW FDOOHG «««««««««LQ HDU«««XULQJ WKH ZDU WZR IDPRXV 3ROLVK VROGLHUV KHOSHG $PHULFDQV «««««««DQG ««««««« 7KH ÀUVW SUHVLGHQW RI WKH QHZ FRXQWU ZDV««««««««««« DQG DW WKH EHJLQQLQJWKHUH ZHUH RQO «««««««« QXPEHU
  • 83. FRORQLHV LQ $PHULFD
  • 84. 9 8VLQJ ,QIRUPDWLRQ DQG &RPSXWHU 7HFKQRORJ /DQJXDJH FODVVHV LQ &RPSXWHU /DE LV D JUHDW LGHD DQG VWXGHQWV ORYH WKLV ZD RIZRUNLQJ 7KHUH QRW RQO SURIHVVLRQDO SURJUDPPHV WR EH XVHG EXW DOVR FRXQWOHVV RWKHUSRVVLELOLWLHV‡ ,QWHUQHW VHDUFK HQJLQHV IRU ÀQGLQJ LQIRUPDWLRQ DERXW *UHDW %ULWDLQ DQG WKH 86$IRU H[DPSOH KWWSZZZYLVLWEULWDLQFRP KWWSZKFXQHVFRRUJHQVWDWHVSDUWLHVJE KWWSZZZJUHDWEULWDLQFRXN KWWSZZZGLUHFWJRYXN KWWSZZZURDOJRYXN KWWSZZZQSVJRYKLVWRUZRUOGKHULWDJH KWWSZZZXVDWRGDFRP KWWSZZZDPHULFDQKHULWDJHFRP‡ ,0E3UR IRU ODWHVW LQIRUPDWLRQ DERXW WKH ZRUOG RI PRYLHV‡ X7XEH VLWH WR OLVWHQ WR LQWHUYLHZV ZLWK WKH LFRQV RI VSRUW ÀOP PXVLF HFW‡ :DWFKLQJ WHHQ IDYRXULWHV RQOLQH $PHULFDQ ,GRO *RVVLS *LUO 1&,6 /$‡ 8VLQJ QHW FRPPXQLFDWRUV 6NSH 7ZLWWHU )DFHERRN‡ 8VLQJ GLJLWDO FDPHUD  FHOOSKRQH FDPHUD WR PDNH (QJOLVK ODQJXDJH ÀOPV DQGZRUN RQ WKHP
  • 85. 2WKHU LGHDV2WKHU LGHD IRU H[HUFLVHV WKDW VWXGHQWV OLNH DUH DV IROORZV‡HEDWHV$ ORW RI JRRG DQG XVHIXO LGHDV RQH FDQ ÀQG RQKWWSZZZRXGHEDWHFRP‡&RPLFV ² GUDZLQJ SLFWXUHV RU FRPSLOLQJ SKRWRV DQG ZULWLQJ D VWRU IRU LW 7KH SLFWXUH FDQ EHSUHSDUHG E WKH WHDFKHU RU E VWXGHQWV WKH LGHD LV WR PDNH WKHP WKLQN FUHDWLYHO8VHIXO SDJH KWWSZZZSLNLVWULSVFRPJDOOHUYLHZBLPDJH‡)LQLVKLQJ VHQWHQFHV WKDW FDQ PHDQ VRPHWKLQJ LQGLYLGXDO IRU RX ,I , FRXOG EH DQERG , ZRXOG EH«««« ,I WKH ZRUOG ZDV JRLQJ RQ HQG QH[W ZHHN , ««««««« ,I , FRXOG KDYH VXSHUQDWXUDO SRZHUV , «««««««««««‡&UHDWLYH UROH SODLQJ ([DPSOH DIWHU 0DFPLOODQ 3XEOLVKHUV
  • 86.  <RX DUH RUJDQL]LQJ D GLQQHU SDUW IRU IDPRXVSHRSOH DUUDQJH WKH VHDWLQJ SODQ IRU HYHUERG DQG WKH PHQX 7KH JXHVWV DUH :$0R]DUW 5REHUW 3DWWLQVRQ 6RFUDWHV /HRQDUGR GD 9LQFL DYLG %HFNKDP 0DGRQQD 3ULQFHVV LDQD 1DWDOLH 3RUWPDQ %LOO *DWHV 0LFKDHO -DFNVRQ 1HOVRQ 0DQGHOD 7RP &UXLVH 0RVHV (OYLV 3UHVOH 0DUOLQ 0RQURH 6FDUOHWW -RKDQVRQ 7DORU /DXWQHU (PLQHP 0RWKHU 7KHUHVD 6HOHQD *RPH] 1DSROHRQ &KULVWRSKHU &ROXPEXV 5XVHOO &URZH /DG *DJD 3DEOR 3LFDVVR .ULVWLQ 6WHZDUW /HRQDUGR GL &DSULR 0LNH 7VRQ
  • 87. 6WXGHQWV· FRPPHQW RQ WKH SURMHFW &20(1,86 352-(&7 75,3 72 32/$1(9$/8$7,21 6+((7 :H KRSH RX HQMRHG RXU WULS WR 3RODQG 3OHDVH ÀOO LQ WKLV HYDOXDWLRQ VKHHW DQG OHW XVNQRZ ZKDW RX WKLQN DERXW DOO WKH GLIIHUHQW DVSHFWV LQYROYHG 3OHDVH FLUFOH WKH DSSURSULDWH UHVSRQVH IURP  WR   YHU SRRU  H[FHOOHQW
  • 88. $FFRPPRGDWLRQ)DPLO KRVSLWDOLW      &RPIRUW LQ RXU URRP      )RRG      6HFXULW      /RFDWLRQ      )DPLO GD DFWLYLWLHV      &XOWXUDO $FWLYLWLHV9LVLW WR WKH ´HDWK &DPSµ LQ $XVFKZLW]      3ROLVK &DVWOHV      -RFKP &DVWOH 0XVHXP      0RQDVWHU RI &]HVWRFKRZD      9LVLW WR ´:LHOLW]FD 6DOW 0LQHµ      *XLGHG 9LVLW LQ .UDNRZ:DZHO      UDJRQV HQµ      6DLQW 0DUV &KXUFK      0DO VHUYLFH LQ 3UR]RZL]HV FKXUFK      &XOWXUDO ,QWHUFKDQJH      6SDQLVK DQG 3ROLVK      3ROLVK6SDQLVK7XUNLVK ODQJXDJHV      3ROLVK FXVWRPV      +RPHZRUN DERXW FXOWXUDO GLIIHUHQFHV      &ODVV $FWLYLWLHVKVLFV,QWHUHVW RI WKH OHVVRQ      (QJOLVK XVHG LQ WKH FODVV      2UJDQL]DWLRQ RI WKH VHVVLRQ      0DWKV,QWHUHVW RI WKH OHVVRQ      (QJOLVK XVHG LQ WKH FODVV      2UJDQL]DWLRQ RI WKH VHVVLRQ      $UW,QWHUHVW RI WKH OHVVRQ      (QJOLVK XVHG LQ WKH FODVV      2UJDQL]DWLRQ RI WKH VHVVLRQ      (QJOLVK,QWHUHVW RI WKH OHVVRQ      (QJOLVK XVHG LQ WKH FODVV      2UJDQL]DWLRQ RI WKH VHVVLRQ      
  • 89. ([DP (QJOLVK &RPSHWHQFHV7KH OHYHO RI GLIÀFXOW ZDV DGHTXDWH      7KH WLPH DVVLJQPHQW ZDV HQRXJK      2UJDQL]DWLRQ RI WKH H[DP      7KH YDULHW RI WDVNV ZDV FRUUHFW      ([DP SUHVHQWDWLRQ      2WKHU $FWLYLWLHV:HOFRPH 0HHWLQJ      6KRSSLQJ WLPH      )LUVW GD ZDON LQ .UDNRZ      .DUDRNH DQG GLVFR VHVVLRQ      )DUHZHOO UHFHSWLRQ DW WKH 7RZQ +DOO      )DPLO GD DFWLYLWLHV      2UJDQL]DWLRQ7UDQSRUW8VH RI WLPH$WWHQWLRQ IURP WKH WHDFKHUV      LVFLSOLQH PDQDJHPHQW      8VH RI WLPH LQ JHQHUDO      HWDLO 7LPH VSHQW LQ WKH VFKRRO WLFN DV VXLWDEOH
  • 90.  2 ,QVXIÀFLHQW 2 (QRXJK 2 7RR PXFK 7LPH VSHQW RQ H[FXUVLRQV 2 ,QVXIÀFLHQW 2 (QRXJK 2 7RR PXFK 7LPH VSHQW RQ FXOWXUDO DFWLYLWLHV 2 ,QVXIÀFLHQW 2 (QRXJK 2 7RR PXFK 7LPH VSHQW RQ RWKHU DFWLYLWLHV 2 ,QVXIÀFLHQW 2 (QRXJK 2 7RR PXFK 7LPH VSHQW ZLWK WKH KRVW IDPLO 2 ,QVXIÀFLHQW 2 (QRXJK 2 7RR PXFK)OLJKWV DUUDQJHPHQWV6DQWDQGHUXEOLQ.UDNRZ      7UDQVIHU LQ XEOLQDLUSRUW      6FKRRO EXV H[FXUVLRQV
  • 91.      2WKHUV SDUHQWV FDUV WUDQVSRUW      $FKLHYHPHQW RI WKH REMHFWLYHV RI WKH WULS&RPSDQLRQVKLS LQ WKH JURXS      %HKDYLRXU      0 ´SHUIRUPDQFHµ LQ (QJOLVK      0 VRFLDO SHUIRUPDQFH      &ROODERUDWLRQ 3ROLVK VWXGHQWV
  • 92.      &ROODERUDWLRQ 6SDQLVK VWXGHQWV
  • 93.      7KLV WULS ZDV JRRG IRU P (QJOLVK      &XOWXUDO FRQWHQWV RI WKH WULS      7KLV WULS ZDV JRRG IRU XV DV D JURXS      R RX WKLQN WKDW WKH SDUWLFLSDWLRQ LQ WKH ´&RPHQLXV 3URMHFWµ LV JRRG IRU WKH GHYHORSPHQW RI WKH %LOLQJXDO 3URJUDP LQ RXU VFKRRO" ([SODLQ«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««6XJJHVWLRQV IRU LPSURYHPHQW««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
  •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¶ QYP RCTVKEKRCVKQP CPF NKUJ 6JG UVWFGPVU VJQWIJV VJCV VJG NGUUQPURGTHQTOCPEG YGTG XGT[ YGNN QTICPKGF PQV VQQ FKH¿EWNV 6JG TGUWNVU UJQYGF C XGT[ JKIJ NGXGN VQ WPFGTUVCPF KPVGTGUVKPI CPF TGNGXCPV VQQH UCVKUHCEVKQP 5VWFGPVU JKIJNKIJVGF VJG VJG VQRKEU QH QWT RTQLGEV (QT GZCORNG 2QNYCTOVJ CPF JQURKVCNKV[ GPLQ[GF KP VJG 2QN KUJ CP 5RCPKUJ EQPQOKGU YGTG EQORCTGF KPKUJ HCOKNKGU CPF VJG KPVGTGUV QH VJG EWNVWTCN ³/CVJU´ CPF %TCEQY CTEJKVGEVWTG YCU TGETGCEVKXKVKGU GURGEKCNN[ VJG XKUKV VQ VJG ³&GCVJ CVGF KP ³#TV´%COR´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¶U CPF CNUQ VQYCTFU VJG KUJ UVWFGPVU KP 2TQUQYKEG CPF DTQWIJV DCEM-NGOGT OWUKE QHVGP RNC[GF KP %TCEQY CPF VQ 5RCKP VQ DG OCTMGF CPF CUUGUUGF D[ VJGVJG OWUKECN UGTXKEG KP 2TQUQYKEGŒU EJWTEJ VGCEJGTU KP 5CPVCPFGT
  • 95. 6JG UVWFGPVU HQWPF VJG GZRGTKGPEG XGT[KPVGTGUVKPI CU VJG[ YGTG OQVKXCVGF VQYCTFUVJG CPCN[UKU CDQWV VJGKT PINKUJ NGCTPKPIYJKEJ YCU CP GUUGPVKCN RCTV QH VJG RTQLGEV 5VWFGPVU CNUQ XCNWCVGF GXGT[ QVJGTCURGEV QH VJG VTKR CU TGNCVGF VQ VJG RTQLGEV6JG[ HQWPF VJG QTICPKCVKQP CPF WUG QH VKOGCFGSWCVG CPF VJQWIJV VJCV VJGKT PGGFU JCFDGGP CVVGPFGF VQ CPF VJGKT QRRQTVWPKVKGU QHNGCTPKPI GPJCPEGF 6JG[ VJQWIJV VJCV VJGKTRGTHQTOCPEG KP EQOOWPKECVKQP JCF KORTQXGFYKVJ VJG GZRGTKGPEG CPF UQ JCF VJGKT UQEKCNUMKNNU CPF CDKNKV[ VQ EQNNCDQTCVG YJGP YQTMKPI KP CP KPVGTPCVKQPCN EQPVGZV %QOOGPVU QP VJG NGUUQPU CVGPFGF D[6JG 6WTMKUJ CPF 2QNKUJ UVWFGPVU KP 5RCKP +P VJG 5QEKCN 5EKGPEGU NGUUQPU YGWUGF VJG %.+. OGVJQFQNQI[ VQ YQTM YKVJ QWTXKUKVKPI UVWFGPVU VJWU WUKPI PINKUJ C HQTGKIP NCPIWCIG VQ CNN VJG RCTVKEKRCPVU KP VJGRTQLGEV CU C ³NKPIWC HTCPEC´ CPF EQPUGSWGPVN[ KPVGITCVKPI KV KPVQ VJG EQPVGPV VQ DG NGCTPVCPF VJG CEVKXKVKGU VQ DG ECTTKGF QWV 6JGTGHQTGKP CFFKVKQP VQ OQTG QT NGUU VTCFKVKQPCN RTGRCTCVQT[ CPF EQORNGOGPVCT[ NCPIWCIGVGCEJKPI VJG GUUGPVKCN EJCTCEVGTKUVKE QH VJGUGNGUUQPU YCU VJG VGCEJKPI CPF NGCTPKPI QH VJGEQPVGPV UWDLGEV KP PINKUJ YJKEJ KU PQV VJGOQVJGT VQPIWG QH CP[ QH QWT RWRKNU +P FQKPI UQ MPQYNGFIG QH VJG NCPIWCIG YCU PQVVJG CKO DWV VJG OGCPU QH CESWKTKPI MPQYNGFIG CDQWV VJG EQPVGPV UWDLGEV PINKUJ YCUQHHGTGF CU C VQQN CPF VJG UVWFGPVU YGTG CDNGVQ RWV KPVQ RTCEVKEG VJG RTKPEKRNG QH ³NGCTPKPID[ FQKPI´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
  • 96. :+$7 , /,.( :+$7 , +$7(• reading interesting stories • extensive homework• multiple choice tasks – at least one • memorising vocabulary or irregularanswer is correct stuff• paraphrasing sentences • listening comprehension with heavy• translating things especially lyrics accent• new ideas • drill grammar tasks• dialogues – writing and role playing • word formation• matching things • boredom