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# Conditional tic tac toe

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• 2. This will help students with the structure of using the if clause to begin the sentence, in parallelwith the same structure for future time clauses.If we finish work early, well go out for a beer.When we visit our parents, we like to go to Bobs Burgers.Once students have understood this basic structural similarity, its easy to continue on with thezero conditional, as well as the other conditional forms. It is also helpful to use other conditionalnames such as "real conditional" for the first conditional, "unreal conditional" for the secondconditional form, and "past unreal conditional" for the third conditional. I recommend introducingall three forms if students are comfortable with tenses as the similarities in structure will helpthem digest the information. Here are suggestions to teaching each conditional form in order.Zero ConditionalI recommend teaching this form after you have taught the first conditional. Remind the studentsthat the first conditional is similar in meaning to future time clauses. The main differencebetween the zero conditional and a future time clause with when is that the zero conditional isfor situations which dont happen on a regular basis. In other words, use future time clauses forroutines, but use the zero conditional for exceptional situations. Notice how the zero conditionalis used to underline that a situation does not regularly occur in the examples below.RoutinesWe discuss sales when we meet on Fridays.When she visits her father, she always brings a cake.Exceptional SituationsIf a problem occurs, we immediately send our repairman.She informs her director if she cant deal with the situation herself.First ConditionalThe focus in the first conditional is that it is used for realistic situations that will take place in thefuture. Make sure to point out that the first conditional is also called the "real" conditional. Hereare the steps to teaching the first conditional form:Introduce the construction of the first conditional: If + present simple, (then clause) futurewith "will"Point out that the two clauses can be switched: (then clause) future with "will" + if + presentsimpleNote that a comma should be used when beginning the first conditional with the "If" clause.To help students with the form, use a first conditional grammar chant to repeat theconstruction.Use a first conditional worksheet to ask students to practice the form.Create a first conditional chain by asking each student to repeat the result of what theprevious student has said in the "if" clause. For example:If he comes, we will have lunch.If we have lunch, well go to Riccardos pizzeria.