HazCom is changing to GHS:What does this mean for my company and employees?
Background Overview Timeline What is changing? How to train employees Additional Learning Resources
Why the changes?How do the changes affect yourcompany and your employees?
Original Hazard Communication Standard (1983) ◦ “Right to Know” Revised Standard ◦ “Right to Understand” Aligned with GHS
Enhances worker comprehension of hazards Reduces confusion in workplace Facilitates safety training Safer handling and use of chemicals Quicker and more efficient access to information on safety data sheets (SDSs)
US businesses save more than $475 million in productivity improvements Fewer SDSs and label updates needed Provides simpler HazCom training Reduces trade barriers harmonized systems around the world
Abbreviated: GHS A common, coherent approach to define, classify and communicate hazards from chemicals Agreed upon by the UN General Assembly ◦ Modeled after existing systems in US, Canada, and Europe
Standardized system across countries ◦ Creates systems in countries where none exist Enhances global trade ◦ Fewer compliance burdens between different systems Enhances protection of humans and the environment
What was Classification Communication hazardous before Criteria Requirements is STILL • Health and • Labels hazardous environmental • Safety Data hazards GHS standardizes Sheets (SDS) methods of • Physical • Training hazards classifying and communicating hazards
Acute Toxicity CarcinogenicityReproductive Toxicity Hazardous to Aquatic Environment*Target Organ Toxicity (Single Serious Eyeand Repeat Dose) Damage/IrritationAspiration Toxicity Respiratory/Skin SensitizationSkin Corrosion/Irritation Germ Cell Mutagenicity *Exception: OSHA has no jurisdiction over aquatic toxicity (GHS does)
Explosives Self-HeatingFlammability Organic PeroxidesOxidizers Corrosive to MetalsSelf-Reactive Gases Under PressurePyrophoric Water Activated Flammable Gases
Dec 1, 2013 June 1, 2015 Dec 1, 2015 June 1, 2016• Train employees • Reclassified • All GHS Label • HazCom on new label and prepared Requirements program must elements and GHS-compliant must be comply with SDS format SDSs implemented GHS• Affects • Affects Chemical • Affects Chemical • Proper GHS employers Manufacturers, Manufacturers, labels Importers, Importers, • Proper SDS Distributors, Distributors, Employers Employers • Additional employee training to follow updated HazCom program • Affects everyone
Comply with either existing Hazard Communication Standards (HCS) or the revised HCS, or both It is okay if both standards for labels and SDSs are present in workplace (until 6/1/2016)
Revisions Did Not Change… ◦ Who is covered by HCS ◦ Ability to protect trade secrets on labels, in SDSs, etc. ◦ What types of substances are covered The Bottom Line: ◦ Documents will look different. ◦ The chemicals are the same.
Biggest change Only employers who manufacture products/by- products are involved New Process ◦ Specific criteria for each health & physical hazard ◦ Detailed instructions for hazard evaluation and determinations ◦ Hazard classes divided into hazard categories
Who is affected? ◦ Everyone ◦ Especially chemical manufacturers and importers Harmonized Labels ◦ Signal Word ◦ Pictogram ◦ Hazard Statement ◦ Precautionary Statement 6 Months to update labels when new information becomes known
Used to indicate relative level of severity of hazard Alerts reader to potential hazard on label “Danger” = more severe hazard “Warning” = less severe hazards “Caution” = no longer used
Graphic: ◦ White Background ◦ Red Square Frame ◦ Black Symbol Conveys specific information about hazards of chemical 9 under GHS, only 8 required under OSHA HCS
Assigned to hazard class and category Describes the nature of the hazard(s) of chemical (including degree of hazard, if appropriate) Example: ◦ “Fire or protection hazard” ◦ “Fatal if inhaled”
Describes measures to be taken to minimize/prevent adverse effects that result from exposure to hazardous chemical, improper storage, etc. Type Example Statements Prevention Do not spray on open flame or other ignition source. Response Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Storage Protect from sunlight. Store in a well ventilated place.
MSDS SDS• Content Requirements • Content Requirements• No Format (Order Counts!) Requirements • Format Requirements• Difficult to use during • Most critical training information shown first
What do employees need toknow by June 1, 2013?
Training should include: ◦ How to read labels and SDSs ◦ How to respond safely to chemical hazards Major changes are just revised elements of HCS Ongoing training continue as usual
Train employees BEFORE the labels appear Make sure employees understand the labels
Where to learn more about theOSHA HazCom Revisions
“The Purple Book” published by the UN (also available on OSHA website) OSHA Quick Cards for SDSs, Labels, and Pictograms
OSHA’s “Hazard Communication” Webpage ◦ Highlights and key information about HazCom, according to OSHA and the United States Dept. of Labor Facts on Aligning the Hazard Communication Standard to the GHS ◦ Published by OSHA ◦ FAQ about the changes
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