Lwf Dws Ethiopia Climate Change Presentation Regional Consultation Dsm


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LWF WS Ethiopia Powerpoint Presentation on Climate Change
Regional Consultation,
Eastern & Central Africa,
8th-12th June 2009

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Lwf Dws Ethiopia Climate Change Presentation Regional Consultation Dsm

  1. 2. 1. Profile of Ethiopia <ul><li>Population 85 million </li></ul><ul><li>Area 1.1 million sq km </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest point Danakil Depression -125 m </li></ul><ul><li>Highest point Ras Dejen 4,533 m </li></ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rate 80 deaths/1000 births </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy 55 years </li></ul><ul><li>People without access to clean drinking water 78% </li></ul><ul><li>Children 0-5 underweight: 38% </li></ul><ul><li>Labor force by occupation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture 80% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industry 7% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Services 13% </li></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 3. 2. PROGRAM-OVERVIEW <ul><li>TIME FRAME </li></ul><ul><li>LWF-DWS-ETHIOPIA- </li></ul><ul><li>opened office in Ethiopia in 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Served the country for the last 36 years </li></ul><ul><li>COUNTRY STRATEGY OUT Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Developed 2 phases of CSO </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From 2004-2008 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From 2009-2014 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For operational purpose the current one is divided in to 2 phases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1st PHASE (2009-2011) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2nd PHASE (2012-2014) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Contd. <ul><li>3.STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES & THEMATIC AREAS </li></ul><ul><li>Food Security & Sustainable Livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Natural Resource Management </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Preparedness, Response &Rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity Building </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Environment & Climate change </li></ul>
  4. 5. Contd. <ul><li>4. STRATEGIC APPROACHES </li></ul><ul><li>Empowerment Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Approach </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. FOCUS AREAS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The geographic focus will mainly concentrate on food insecure areas. </li></ul><ul><li>The criterion for selecting specific geographic areas/regions should be related to; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest concentration of poverty & marginalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vulnerable areas & population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster/drought prone areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas with limited or no interventions by other NGOs </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Contd. <ul><li>6. FOCUS GROUPS </li></ul><ul><li>The focus target groups for the 2009 - 2014 intervention are, </li></ul><ul><li>Food insecure households, </li></ul><ul><li>Those persons whose livelihood is threatened by natural and manmade disaster, </li></ul><ul><li>Marginalized groups/people, </li></ul><ul><li>Persons Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), </li></ul><ul><li>Women & Children, </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees </li></ul>
  7. 8. 7. Responding to environmental & climate change <ul><li>Environmental & Climate change caused by Inappropriate management & utilization of natural resources has led to a high level of soil erosion, land degradation, which in turn led to reduction on agricultural production, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, pollution, & increased food insecurity. </li></ul><ul><li>LWF/EECMY gives due emphasis to incorporate Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as a standard procedure in all its project formulation. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Environmental education is given due attention in every project identification, design & implementation process. </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitization & training has been provided on sustainable utilization of natural resources, in which all sectors of the society participate. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional/local knowledge & experience in sustainable use of the natural resources is respected & used by participating local knowledgeable people. </li></ul><ul><li>Attention has also been given for pastoralist resource management to study & use where applicable in pastoralist areas. </li></ul>
  9. 10. climate changes poses new threats for food security <ul><li>Recurrent drought & land degradation continue to exposed millions of citizens to food insecurity & aid dependence </li></ul><ul><li>Harsher environment conditions partly caused by climate change such as intensified droughts & irregular rainfall are putting additional pressure on already vulnerable communities </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>The need for adaption strategies & actions are immense </li></ul><ul><li>For properly tackling the challenges in the fight towards a food secure Ethiopia, LWF/EECMY has entered a process of mainstreaming climate change into its new generation of food security projects </li></ul><ul><li>Dawe Kachen Drought preparedness project is an example of this approach </li></ul>
  11. 12. Dawe kachen drought preparedness project- ECHO Fund <ul><li>Dawe Kachen is one of the chronically food insecure districts in Oromia region since many years back. The majority of the population in target Peasant Associations (PAs) have predominantly one type of entitlement, livestock production, which relies on traditional methods </li></ul><ul><li>The root causes of the problems challenging the livelihoods of these pastoral & agro-astoral communities are related to recurrent droughts which entailed environmental degradation & depletion of natural resources reflected in the deterioration of productive assets, Livestock production is challenged by water and pasture shortages. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Decades have been elapsed since milk became expensive commodity & the pastoral community shifted to grain diet. Due to this reason pastoral PAs need to purchase grains & transport from highlands. </li></ul><ul><li>Water is prioritized as number one problem in the target PAs & in the district as a whole. Potable water supply coverage is so low like 3% & thus 97% of the population use unprotected water sources </li></ul><ul><li>Food shortage is prioritized as number two problem in the target PAs & in the district too. Grain prices & livestock prices have no reasonable commensurability. The situation of children in the District is deeply alarming as they are seriously malnourished. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: </li></ul><ul><li>To Increase drought resilience capacity for 29,206 pastoralists & agro-pastoralists population of the District through improvement of livestock health & water provision. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>ACHIEVEMENTS : </li></ul><ul><li>3 large ponds (2 already filled with water) & 5 cisterns for roof water harvesting constructed for human & animal consumptions. </li></ul><ul><li>Drought induced livestock disease outbreak has been given attention & Para-vets were trained & equipped to attend to the problems of the communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Early warning system has been designed & introduced to the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Training has been conducted for the water users committee for the project results sustainability. </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>SUSTAINABILITY : </li></ul><ul><li>Second phase (another 12 months) is needed for further soft ware work on the community. </li></ul><ul><li>The community is ready to accept any advice pertaining to their development as the project was designed on their felt need. </li></ul><ul><li>Upstream catchment treatment by constructing cut off drains, biological conservations are being undertaken. </li></ul><ul><li>Silt traps are constructed to minimize silting, community members are trained to do silt removal during dry season (community has rich practical knowledge in the area). </li></ul><ul><li>Plantation of forage grasses on the edges to minimize silting. </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>CHALLENGES: </li></ul><ul><li>ECHO inflexible procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>Long process to reach agreement with the regional Government </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>