The Crusades(Christianity vs. Islam) SEPT, JIM, PORSHE, AMY, AND BOBBY
OBJECTIVESWhy did ChristianEuropeans send armies intothe Muslim world?What did they hope toachieve?What is the Children’sCrusade?What are the affects of theCrusades on society?
THE CRUSADESSeries of campaigns or holy warsbetween Islam and Christianity.Altogether seven crusades thatwere launched to conquer & regainland from the Arabs.The main series of Crusadesbetween Muslims & Christiansoccurred between 1095 to 1291.Series of crusades were formed asthe expansion of Muslim Empirethe papal state’s need for power.
THE CRUSADESSeries of crusades were led bykings, princes, knights, papallegates, shepherds, and hermits.Frequently, they were under thecontrol of the Church, but in someinstances they werent.Several soldiers in Europe turnedinto crusaders; they consideredthemselves as Christians.
THE GOALThe Christian Europeans sent armiesto attack the Muslim world, becausethey wanted to take control ofJerusalem, which was where Christ lived& dead.The goal of doing this is to annihilateall of the Muslims, and regain thecontrol of Jerusalem.However, after some early successes,the later crusades failed and they weredefeated by the Muslim world and wereforced to return back to home.
JERUSALEMJerusalem was where Christ lived anddied, and the land that the ChristianEuropeans trying to take control fromthe Muslim world during the crusades.It was historically and originallybelonged to the Jews, and they ownedthis land a thousand years until Christcame and followed by Muhammad.It’s a myth that Muslims or Christianswon Jerusalem, the holy land.
THE CHILDRENS CRUSADES
THE CHILDREN’S CRUSADE It took place after the 4th Crusade. T groups appeared in 1212: One in wo France and another in Germany. Composed entirely of young children. Those children were convinced that they were protected by God and would be able to get to the holy land.
STEPHEN OF CLOYESA 12-year-old shepherd who was in chargeof the children’s crusade in France.He worked in a farm, and he was unable toread and write things.He turned up at the court of King Philip ofFrance, and told the king that Christ hadordered him to set a crusade to Jerusalem.Not surprisingly, King Philip rejected him.
STEPHEN OF CLOYESLater, he went around spreading toother children about Christ’s orderand his desire of Jerusalem.He convinced them by promisingthat they would be safe within theprotection from the god.By June 1212, Stephen gathered30,000 followers gathered, all ofthe followers were children.This Crusade later also doomed intofailure, and many children were died.
NICHOLASA boy who was in charge of thechildren’s crusade in Germanythat also took place in 1212.Had 20,000 followers.Same task: Take control ofJerusalem.This crusade was not exactly achildren’s crusade, because italso composed of men & women.
NICHOLASTheir journey south from Germany toItaly included a very dangerouscrossing of the Alps and manychildren were killed by the cold.Those children that survived pushedinto to Rome in Italy.Then they met the pope, and the popetold them to return home, becausethey were still too young to ﬁght.Therefore, they decided to return.Many of them died and unable tosurvive the journey back to Germany.
AFFECTS OF THE CRUSADES The Crusades caused the wars between Christianity and Islam until today. The failure of the crusades caused the power of the pope to decrease and become less. Several soldiers and knights lost their lives during the crusades. Weakened the feudal nobility.
AFFECTS OF THE CRUSADES Arabs culture were spread throughout the world. Europe started to make contacts with the Middle East and southwest Asia, increasing the trade. For example: Goods such as spices, fruits, and clothes.