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An  Introduction  To  China

An Introduction To China






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    An  Introduction  To  China An Introduction To China Presentation Transcript

    • Geography, History, Politics, and Culture
      • Eastern Hemisphere
      • Continent – Asia
      • Land Area – 9,326,410 square Kilometers (slightly smaller than the United States)
      • Land Borders – North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Nepal, Pakistan, Burma, Russia, Bhutta, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan
      • Natural Borders – Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Korea Bay
      • Major Rivers – Yellow, Yangtze, Mekong
      • Human Population – 1,321,851,888 (July 07)
      • Largest country in population and forth largest in land area on Earth
      • Climate – Tropical in South and Subarctic in North
      • Highest Elevation – Mt. Everest (between China and Nepal) 8850 meters
      • Terrain – Mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in the west and deltas in the east
      • Natural Hazards – Frequent typhoons, floods, tsunamis, earthquakes
      • Environmental Issues – Air pollution, desertification, trade in endangered species, depletion of natural resources
    • Chinese Government Headquarters
      • Official Name – People’s Republic of China
      • Capital - Beijing
      • Ruling Government - Communism
      • Head of Government - Premier Wen Jiabo
      • Chief of State – President Hu Jintao
      • Elections – President and Vice President are elected by the People’s Republic Congress to a five year term, the Premier is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Congress
      • Gross National Product - $7.043 trillion
      • Poverty Rate – 8% of population below poverty level
      • Exports – Electrical products, machinery, data processing equipment, textiles, steel, and mobile phones
      • Imports – Medical Equipment, copper, oil, LED screens, machinery, organic chemicals
      • Currency – Renminbi (RMB)
      • People’s Liberation Army
      • Army – 2.3 million soldiers
      • Navy – 250,000 sailors, 63 submarines, 18 destroyers, 35 frigates
      • Air Force – 470,000 pilots
      Army Navy Air Force
      • One of the world’s oldest civilizations
      • Inhabited by Homo Erectus more than one million years ago
      • Turtle shells with Chinese writing from the Shang Dynasty have been carbon dated to 1500 B.C
      • Civilization began with city-states in the Yellow River Valley
      • 221 B.C. is accepted to be the year China became a unified empire
      • Qin Shi Huang first united China
    • Yellow River Valley Qin Shi Huang Huang’s Terracotta Army
      • The overland route used by Marco Polo and his father to travel to China.
      • His first visit to China was in 1271.
      • He returned to Italy with ivory, jade, silk, and porcelain. He also told of the Chinese use of paper money, compasses,
      • and coal.
      • Buddhism
      • Taoism
      • Islam
      • Catholicism
      • Protestantism
      • The first three are most predominant
      • Traditional or historical
      Yellow Bird – artist: Unknown Ming Vase
      • Chinese calligraphy is the writing style.
      • Many books were burned in 213 B.C at the command of Qin Shi Huang.
      • Confucius – Wise and accepted philosopher known for originating many Chinese Proverbs that are still used today.
      • To define the future, study the past.
      • Respect yourself if you want others
      • to respect you.
      • Chinese New Year - Based on a twelve year lunar cycle with each year represented by a particular animal.
      • Weddings
      • Dragon Festival
      • Automobiles
      • Boats
      • Bicycles
      • Housing
      • Fashion
      • Toilets
      • Paper
      • Paper money
      • Compass
      • Gunpowder
      • Fireworks
      • Parasol
      • Parachute
      • Wood Block Printing
      • Original Wall was built around 2500 years ago by Qin Shi Huang.
      • The wall was built to protect the borders of Northern China around 700 B.C. from invaders like the Huns and Mongols.
      • The original length was around 2800 miles long, 25 feet high, and 30 feet thick.
      • The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) enlarged the wall to more than 4000 miles in length with watch towers and canons as it is today.
      • The Great Wall is the only manmade structure on Earth than can be seen from the moon with the naked eye.
      • It is considered to be one of the seven wonders of the world.