Developing Functional English - writing

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Slides from week 3 of the Teaching Functional Skills course

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Developing Functional English - writing

  1. 1. Using reading tasks to prepare for writingassociation of colleges in the eastern region ‘As (learners) read and discuss an increasing range of text types, their implicit understanding of style will be extended and made more explicit. They can then draw on this knowledge for their own writing.’ (p 121 Adult Literacy Core Curriculum)
  2. 2. The link between reading and writingassociation of colleges in the eastern region ‘learners need to be encouraged to read as writers’
  3. 3. Exploring language features of textsassociation of colleges in the eastern region  gather good examples of the type of texts your learners need to write often at school, college or work placement – - assignments - reflective accounts - instructions - incident reports - care plans - messages in day books  use them as a basis to show learners key features of the text in terms of content and presentation
  4. 4.  use a variety of activities to highlight examples of how the texts are written to reflect their purpose and audience -association of colleges in the eastern region Text level - how information is chosen, how graphics are used, how headings are used, how ideas are linked Sentence level - typical sentence structures & linking words, how punctuation is used to help the reader, use of bullets Word level - how words are used effectively, key spelling words, formal and informal vocabulary
  5. 5. Shared reading to explore language featuresassociation of colleges in the eastern region Shared writing Guided writing - writing frames Independent writing
  6. 6. association of colleges in the eastern region Literacy Across the Curriculum
  7. 7. What isassociation of colleges in the eastern region grammar? ‘Grammar is the study of how we make sentences’ David Crystal Making Sense of Grammar
  8. 8. Developing grammar – two approaches Deductive Inductive- teacher explains ‘rules’ of - teacher helps learnersgrammar for learners to discover patterns forpractise in exercises themselves in real life(didactic) texts (investigative)
  9. 9. Grammar – what should we focus on?association of colleges in the eastern region Text • use of connectives to link ideas • subject-verb agreement • consistent use of tense Sentence • simple, compound, complex structures • endings to show plurals e.g. lorry > lorries Word • word building e.g. sad + ness, work + er
  10. 10. association of colleges in the eastern region Incident report
  11. 11. association of colleges in the eastern region X Mind software – free mindmapping
  12. 12. Language and context
  13. 13. Mankind is No Island
  14. 14. Road Safety Commercial
  15. 15. Polar Bear Rescuehttp://www.youtube.com/v/Wj-L_7jLVbg
  16. 16. association of colleges in the eastern region Drop down form field options
  17. 17. association of colleges in the eastern region Word Magnets
  18. 18. Re-write activitiesassociation of colleges in the eastern region I work in a charity shop two days a week. I help to sort out clothes at the back but also serve customers. I deal with their queries and handle money. I label goods for display and I tidy the book shelves. Often I cash up and check the float at the end of the day. 1. Re-write the text beginning ‘Sally work 2. Re-write the text beginning ‘Last year Sally worked...’
  19. 19. The unique setting of Kelling Heath Holiday Parkmakes it an idea destination for a short break inyour touring caravan or your tent. Relax and gentlyunwind as you take in the panoramic views acrossthe unspoiled heathland towards the undulatingcoastline of North Norfolk. The Park has a number of walks andcycle paths that guide you through a glorious range of habitats.Our Nature Trail leaflets will quickly help you to discover thefascinating variety of wildlife on the park and explain the carefulconservation strategies that we carry out to protect and develop the environment. Discoverhow your holiday can be both relaxing and educational too for all the family. Whetherby foot, cycle or car you can always use thePark as a base to explore the beautiful North Norfolk coastline and countryside.
  20. 20. The unique setting of Kelling Heath Holiday Parkmakes it an idea destination for a short break inyour touring caravan or your tent. Relax and gentlyunwind as you take in the panoramic views acrossthe unspoiled heathland towards the undulatingcoastline of North Norfolk. The Park has a number is awalks and ‘Protect’ of verb – the others are all adjectivescycle paths that guide you through a glorious range of habitats.Our Nature Trail leaflets will quickly help you to discover thefascinating variety of wildlife on the park and explain the carefulconservation strategies that we carry out to protect and develop the environment. Discoverhow your holiday can be both relaxing and educational too for all the family. Whetherby foot, cycle or car you can always use thePark as a base to explore the beautiful North Norfolk coastline and countryside.
  21. 21. ‘As’ is a conjunction – the others are all nouns. The unique setting of Kelling Heath Holiday Parkmakes it an idea destination for a short break inyour touring caravan or your tent. Relax and gentlyunwind as you take in the panoramic views acrossthe unspoiled heathland towards the undulatingcoastline of North Norfolk. The Park has a number of walks andcycle paths that guide you through a glorious range of habitats.Our Nature Trail leaflets will quickly help you to discover thefascinating variety of wildlife on the park and explain the carefulconservation strategies that we carry out to protect and develop the environment. Discoverhow your holiday can be both relaxing and educational too for all the family. Whetherby foot, cycle or car you can always use thePark as a base to explore the beautiful North Norfolk coastline and countryside.
  22. 22. Job search – plumber 5 tools they blow torch, saw, use file, wrench spanner, mend pipes, find 5leaks, connect jobs they washing machines, mightwashers, change do reliable, tidy, clean up 5 cheap, punctual, qualities you look for polite
  23. 23. Quick makeA busy postman walks quickly. nounA busy fireman walks quickly. verbA busy fireman drives quickly. adverbA busy fireman drives safely. determinerThe busy fireman drove safely. adjectiveThe careful fireman drove safely.
  24. 24. Countdown pronoun noun verb adverb determiner conjunction adjective preposition shy the doctor quietly in danced he because
  25. 25. Countdown pronoun noun verb adverb determiner conjunction adjective preposition the doctor danced quietly in the dark because he was shy
  26. 26. association of colleges in the eastern region The hype about text messaging
  27. 27. Young people who text are –association of colleges in the eastern region ‘.. vandals who are doing to our language what Genghis Khan did to his neighbours eight hundred years ago. They are destroying it: pillaging our punctuation; savaging our sentences; raping our vocabulary. And they must be stopped.’ John Humphreys, Daily Mail, Sept 2007
  28. 28. association of colleges in the eastern region ‘All the popular beliefs about texting are wrong , or at least debatable . …there is increasing evidence that it helps rather than hinders literacy.’ David Crystal - txtng the gr8 db8 OUP 2008
  29. 29. dad@hvn usrsphl we want wot us wantassociation of colleges in the eastern region &urth2b like hvn giv us food & 4giv r sins lyk we 4giv uvaz don’t test us! save us! bcos we know ur boss ur tuf & ur cool 4 eva! ok?
  30. 30. u shall luv ur mobil fon with all ur hart u & ur phone shall neva b apartassociation of colleges in the eastern region u shall nt lust aftr ur neibrs fone nor thiev u shall b prepard @ all times 2 txt and 2 recv u shall use LOL & othr acronyms in conversatns u shall be zappy with ur asr*r*sks & ex!matns! u shall abbrevi8 & rite words like theyr sed u shall nt speak 2 sum 1 face2face if u cn msg em instead u shall nt shout with capitals XEPT IN DIRE EMERGNCY u shall nt consult a nglish dictnry
  31. 31. Snigletsassociation of colleges in the eastern region • kellogulation • circumtreeviation • polygrouch • footbrawl • toastophobia • lactomangulation • aquadextrous • brakenoia • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sniglet • http://bertc.com/subfour/truth/sniglets.htm
  32. 32. I’m sorry I haven’t got a clueassociation of colleges in the eastern region • pasteurize = invisible • protein = an enthusiastic youth worker • relief = what trees do in the autumn • avoidable = what toreadors try to do • legend = where your toes are • innuendoes = Italian suppositories • decadent = someone with 10 teeth
  33. 33. Dingbatsassociation of colleges in the eastern region http://www.kensquiz.co.uk/table-top- quizzes/word-puzzles/dingbats
  34. 34. association of colleges in the eastern region
  35. 35. Start
  36. 36. Question 1 Which sentence is correct?(a) We were late.(b) We was late.(c) We is late. a Correct! b Try again! c Try again! Next question
  37. 37. Question 2 Which sentence is correct?(a) He go to Norwich every day.(b) He is going to Norwich every day.(c) He goes to Norwich every day. Try again! Correct! a Try again! b c Next question
  38. 38. Question 3 What kind of sentence is this?The man walked down the road and turned the corner. simple Try again! complex Try again! compound Correct! Next question
  39. 39. Question 4 Which language feature is typical of a set of instructions?(a) Imperative verbs (b) Informal language(c) Consistent use of the past tense a Correct! b Try again! c Try again! Next question
  40. 40. Question 5 Read the paragraph of text on the next slide. Which of the following sums up the tone?(a) formal (b) persuasive (c) logical Correct Try again! a Try again! b c Click to read
  41. 41. The unique setting of Kelling Heath Holiday Parkmakes it an idea destination for a short break inyour touring caravan or your tent. Relax and gentlyunwind as you take in the panoramic views acrossthe unspoiled heathland towards the undulatingcoastline of North Norfolk. The Park has a number of walks andcycle paths that guide you through a glorious range of habitats.Our Nature Trail leaflets will quickly help you to discover thefascinating variety of wildlife on the park and explain the carefulconservation strategies that we carry out to protect and developthe environment. Discover how your holiday can be bothrelaxing and educational too for all the family. Whether by foot, cycle or car you can always use the Park as a base to explore the beautiful North Norfolk coastline and countryside.
  42. 42. Braingames
  43. 43. Teaching strategiesassociation of colleges in the eastern region • modelling active reading • use of graphic organisers • text marking • decision making/classifying activities • proofreading • sequencing • table reconstruction • ranking • ‘jigsaw’ and snowball activities • mind mapping software
  44. 44. Active learning approachesassociation of colleges in the eastern region ‘We learn by doing. Research shows that active learning is much better recalled, enjoyed and understood. Active methods require us to ‘make our own meaning’, that is, develop our own conceptualisations of what we are learning.’ (Teaching Today: a Practical Guide Geoff Petty 2004)
  45. 45. Learning retention Listening 5%association of colleges in the eastern region Reading 10% Audio-visual 20% Demonstration 30% Discussion group 50% Practice by doing 75% Teaching others, 90% immediate use of learning
  46. 46. Uses whole Not a passive ‘mug and texts to explore jug’ approach to literacy language in use teachingassociation of colleges in the eastern region Uses reading tasks Encourages Active Learning in to prepare for ‘deep’ alongside writing activities ‘surface’ Functional English learning teaching Challenges learners to recognise language Enables learners to tackle features, patterns, rules problems that are harder for themselves & more realistic than those they could do alone
  47. 47. Active Learning – 10 pedagogiesassociation of colleges in the eastern region QIA Excellence Gateway

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