Rig Operations Presentation
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
2. Power and Prime Movers
3. Hoisting Component
4. Rota...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
2. Power and Prime Movers
3. Hoisting Component
4. Rota...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
Derrick
A large load bearing structure, usually of bolt...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
Mast
A portable derrick that can be raised as unit. For...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
Substructure
The foundation in which the derrick or mas...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
2. Power and Prime Movers
1. Mast or Derrick and
Substructure
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
2. Power and Prime MoversInternal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of powe...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power
for driving equipment o...
Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power
for driving equipment on the Rig.
A drilling rig in wh...
Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power
for driving equipment on the Rig.
A drilling rig in wh...
Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power
for driving equipment on the Rig.
A drilling rig in wh...
2. Power and Prime Movers
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
The Rig Equipment responsible for the raising and lowering of the
Dri...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
The hoisting mechanism on a drilling rig. It is essentially a winch
t...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the
derrick/mas...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the
derrick/mas...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the
derrick/mas...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the
derrick/mas...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
An assembly of sheaves or pulleys through which the drilling line is
...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
An assembly of sheaves or pulleys through which the drilling line is
...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
An assembly of sheaves or pulleys through which the drilling line is
...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
An equipment that holds down the deadline part of the wire rope. It
i...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Deadline Anchor
An equipment that holds down the deadline part of ...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
6. Supply Reel
A spool that stores the unused portion of the Drilling...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
7. Drilling Line
The wire rope used to support the Drilling Tools.
Ri...
3. Hoisting Component
7. Drilling Line
The wire rope used to support the Drilling Tools.
Type of Wire Rope Construction
Ro...
3. Hoisting Component
7. Drilling Line
Typically the wire rope used for Drilling Line would have the
following characteris...
3. Hoisting Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
3. Hoisting Component
2. Power an...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
The Rig Equipment responsible for rotating the Drillstring. Consist
o...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
The rotary tool that is hung from the hook of the traveling block to
...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
It also provide connection for the rotary hose and provide
passageway...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
It also provide connection for the rotary hose and provide
passageway...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
A pneumatically controlled device mounted below the Swivel that
when ...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
A pneumatically controlled device mounted below the Swivel that
when ...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
The heavy steel member, usually four or six-sided that is suspended
f...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
It has a bored passageway that permits fluid to be circulated into th...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
A hydraulically powered device located below the Swivel that when
act...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
A device that when fitted to master bushing transmits torque to the
k...
4. Rotating Component
A device that fits into the rotary table to accommodate the slips and
drive the kelly bushing so tha...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
Equipment used to turn the drill stem and support the drilling
assemb...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
It has a beveled gear arrangement to create the rotational motion
and...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
It has a beveled gear arrangement to create the rotational motion
and...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
It has a beveled gear arrangement to create the rotational motion
and...
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
4. Rotating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
3. Hoisting Component
2. Power an...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
The Rig Equipment responsible the movement of drilling fluid withi...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
Circulating component consist of the following:
1. Mud Pump
2. Pum...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
1. Mud Pump
A large, high-pressure reciprocating pump used to circ...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
1. Mud Pump
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
1. Mud Pump
1. SUCTION TANK
2. PREHYDRATION TANK
3. CHARGING PUMP
...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
2. Pump Manifold
An arrangement of piping and valves that receives...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
2. Pump Manifold
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
3. Standpipe
The vertical pipe rising along the side of the Derric...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
7. Return Line
The passageway of the drilling fluid as it comes ou...
5. Circulating Component
8. Shale Shaker
An equipment the uses a vibrating screen to remove cuttings from
the circulating ...
5. Circulating Component
8. Shale Shaker
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
Shale shakers are designed to handle 100-1600 gpm ...
5. Circulating Component
8. Shale Shaker
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
Shale shakers are designed to handle 100-1600 gpm ...
5. Circulating Component
9. Desander
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
A centrifugal device for removing sand from the drilli...
5. Circulating Component
10. Desilter
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
Also a centrifugal device for removing free particles...
5. Circulating Component
11. Degasser
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
12. Mud Pit
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
A waste pit, usually an excavated earthen-walled pit.
5. Circulating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
5. Circulating Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
2. Power and Prime Movers
3. H...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
6. Well Control Component
The Rig Equipment responsible for preventing the build up of
unwa...
6. Well Control Component
Well Control component consist of the following:
1. Annular Blowout Preventer
2. Ram Blowout Pre...
6. Well Control Component
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
2. Power and Prime Movers
3. ...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
Tubular are made of the following equipment:
1. D...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Drillpipe
These are heavy seamless tubing used...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Drillpipe
Basic Parts of a Drillpipe
SHOULDER
...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
1. Drillpipe
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
1. Drillpipe
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Drillpipe
TENSILE
REQUIREMENTS
RANGE LENGHTS
T...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Drillpipe
TOOLJOINTINTERGCHANGEABILITYCHART
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Drillpipe
For other mechanical properties, ple...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
2. Drill Collar
The heavy, thick-walled tube stee...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
3. Heavy Weight Drillpipe
Similar in appearance t...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
3. Subs
A short, threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling
stri...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
3. Subs
A short, threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling
stri...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
3. Subs
A short, threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling
stri...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
3. Subs
A short, threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling
stri...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Tubular Handling Equipment
Equipment used to move, make and break connection, su...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Elevator Links
Equipment attached onto the Tra...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Elevator
Clamps that grip a stand of casing, t...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
1. Elevator
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
5. Tugger/Winch
A pneumatically operated drum with wire rope spooled onto it to
...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
6. Slips
A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements
that...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
6. Slips
A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements
that...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
6. Slips
A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements
that...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
6. Slips
A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements
that...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
6. Safety Clamp
The are used on tubulars above the slips to prevent dropping the...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
7. Safety Clamp
The are used on tubulars above the slips to prevent dropping the...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
8. Tong
Large wrenches used to make or break out tubulars.
Rotary Drilling Rig C...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
8. Tong
Large wrenches used to make or break out tubulars.
Rotary Drilling Rig C...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
8. Tong
Large wrenches used to make or break out tubulars.
Breaking Connection
R...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
9. Kelly Spinner
A pneumatically operated device mounted on top of the kelly tha...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
10. Drillpipe Spinner
A pneumatically operated device usually suspended on the r...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
11. Iron Roughneck
A pneumatically operated machine that replaces the functions
...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
12. Bit Breaker
A device that is placed on top of the rotary table to enable the...
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
2. Power and ...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
8. Bit
A variety of bits are available for drilling and sampling operation.
The selection o...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
8. Bit
SHORT PDC BIT MEDIUM PDC BIT LONG PDC BIT NATURAL DIAMOND BIT
TSP BIT
8. Bit
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
8. Bit
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
CORE BIT
8. Bit
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
MILL TOOTH
TRICONE BIT
TUNGSTEN CARBIDE INSERT
TRICONE BIT
7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
1. Derrick or Mast and
Substructure
2. Power and ...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
9. Fishing Tools
The Rig Equipment used for the purpose of retrieving from the
wellbore sec...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
9. Fishing Tools
1. Overshot
Overshot is an external catch fishing tool designed to retriev...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
9. Fishing Tools
2. Taper Tap
Is an internal catch fishing tool designed to retrieve tubula...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
9. Fishing Tools
3. Grapple Spear
Is also an internal catch fishing tool designed to retrie...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
9. Fishing Tools
4. Junk Basket
Is a junk retrieval tool designed to remove all type of obj...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
9. Fishing Tools
5. Fishing Magnet
Is a junk retrieval tool designed to effectively remove ...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
9. Fishing Tools
6. Wireline Spear
Is a junk retrieval tool designed to retrieve wireline a...
Rotary Drilling Rig Components
9. Fishing Tools
7. Junk Mill
Are designed to mill fish such as packers, squeeze tools, per...
9. Fishing Tools
8. Casing Scraper
Is designed to remove scale, mud cake, cement sheath, embedded
bullets, and other forei...
CROWN BLOCK
MAST
CATLINE BOOM MONKEY BOARD
STAND PIPE
TUBING BOARD
CATWALK
PIPE RACK
DRILL PIPE
HYDRAULIC POWER UNIT
JUNK ...
TRAVELING BLOCK
TOP DRIVE
DRILLING LINE
DRAWWORKS
ROTARY HOSE
SHALE SHAKER
MUD CLEANER
DEGASSER
AGITATOR
MUD GUN
TRIP TANK
DRILLER’S CONSOLE
PIPE SETBACK AREA
ROTARY TABLE
RIG FLOOR
SUBSTRUCTURE
BLOWOUT PREVENTER
PIPE RAMP CHOKE MANIFOLD
CUTTING...
Line Organization of the Rig Crew
Area Manager
Rig Manager
Toolpusher
Materials Man
Driller
Asst. Driller
Derrickman
Rough...
Job Description of Key Rig Personnel
Rig Manager
•Responsible in administering and implementing the Operator’s and Drillin...
Job Description of Key Rig Personnel
Toolpusher
•Responsible for the supervision of the Rig Operation and maintain drillin...
Job Description of Key Rig Personnel
Driller
•Responsible for the manipulation and supervision of the Rig and all the in
l...
Job Description of Key Rig Personnel
Assistant Driller
•Responsible for the preparation, strapping (measurement), inspecti...
Job Description of Key Rig Personnel
Derrickman
•Responsible for the “Monkey Board” on trips and other Derrick itineraries...
Job Description of Key Rig Personnel
Roughneck
•Responsible for the positioning of slips, tongs, spinner, elevator and oth...
Rig Operation Terminologies
Breaking Down
Unscrewing the drill stem into single joints and placing them on the pipe rack. ...
Rig Operation Terminologies
Racking Pipe
The act of placing the stands of pipe in orderly arrangement in the derrick after...
Rig Operation Terminologies
Stab
To guide the end of the pipe into a coupling or tool joint when making up a
connection.
T...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

16176745 drilling-rig-operations-a-to-z-rotary-drilling-rig-components

11,882

Published on

Oil Drilling Rig Components

Published in: Technology, Business
2 Comments
21 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
11,882
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2,781
Comments
2
Likes
21
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

16176745 drilling-rig-operations-a-to-z-rotary-drilling-rig-components

  1. 1. Rig Operations Presentation
  2. 2. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Power and Prime Movers 3. Hoisting Component 4. Rotating Component 5. Circulating Component 6. Well Control Component 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8. Bit 9. Fishing Tools
  3. 3. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Power and Prime Movers 3. Hoisting Component 4. Rotating Component 5. Circulating Component 6. Well Control Component 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8. Bit 9. Fishing Tools
  4. 4. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure Derrick A large load bearing structure, usually of bolted construction. The standard derrick has four legs standing at the corners of the substructure.
  5. 5. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure Mast A portable derrick that can be raised as unit. For transporting by land, the mast can be divided into two or more section.
  6. 6. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure Substructure The foundation in which the derrick or mast and usually the Drawworks sit. In contains space for storage and well control equipment.
  7. 7. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 2. Power and Prime Movers 1. Mast or Derrick and Substructure
  8. 8. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 2. Power and Prime MoversInternal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power for driving equipment on the Rig. A drilling rig in which the source of power is one or more internal- combustion engine and in which power is distributed to rig components through devices such as chains, sprockets, clutches and shaft is said to be a Mechanical Rig.
  9. 9. Rotary Drilling Rig Components Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power for driving equipment on the Rig. A drilling rig in which the source of power is one or more internal- combustion engine and in which power is distributed to rig components through devices such as chains, sprockets, clutches and shaft is said to be a Mechanical Rig. 2. Power and Prime Movers
  10. 10. Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power for driving equipment on the Rig. A drilling rig in which the source of power is effected by the combination of engines, generator set, control system and electric motors is said to be a Electric Drilling Rig. 2. Power and Prime Movers Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  11. 11. Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power for driving equipment on the Rig. A drilling rig in which the source of power is effected by the combination of engines, generator set, control system and electric motors is said to be a Electric Drilling Rig. 2. Power and Prime Movers Rotary Drilling Rig Components DC-DC System
  12. 12. Internal combustion engine or a turbine that is the source of power for driving equipment on the Rig. A drilling rig in which the source of power is effected by the combination of engines, generator set, control system and electric motors is said to be a Electric Drilling Rig. 2. Power and Prime Movers Rotary Drilling Rig Components AC-DC System
  13. 13. 2. Power and Prime Movers 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  14. 14. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components The Rig Equipment responsible for the raising and lowering of the Drillstring. Consist of the following: 1. Mast or Derrick 2. Drawworks 3. Crown Block 4. Traveling Block 5. Deadline Anchor 6. Supply Reel 7. Drilling Line
  15. 15. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components The hoisting mechanism on a drilling rig. It is essentially a winch that spools off or takes in the drilling line and thus raises or lowers the drillstring. 2. Drawworks
  16. 16. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the derrick/mast and over which the drilling line is reeved. 3. Crown Block
  17. 17. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the derrick/mast and over which the drilling line is reeved. 3. Crown Block FAST SHEAVE CROWN SHEAVE
  18. 18. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the derrick/mast and over which the drilling line is reeved. 3. Crown Block
  19. 19. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components An assembly of sheaves mounted on beams at the top of the derrick/mast and over which the drilling line is reeved. 3. Crown Block
  20. 20. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components An assembly of sheaves or pulleys through which the drilling line is reeved and which moves up and down in the Derrick or Mast. 4. Traveling Block BLOCK HOOK
  21. 21. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components An assembly of sheaves or pulleys through which the drilling line is reeved and which moves up and down in the Derrick or Mast. 4. Traveling Block TRAVELING BLOCK WITH DYNAPLEX HOOK
  22. 22. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components An assembly of sheaves or pulleys through which the drilling line is reeved and which moves up and down in the Derrick or Mast. 4. Traveling Block TRAVELING BLOCK WITH UNIMATIC HOOK
  23. 23. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components An equipment that holds down the deadline part of the wire rope. It is usually bolted on to the substructure. 5. Deadline Anchor COMPRESSION TENSION
  24. 24. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Deadline Anchor An equipment that holds down the deadline part of the wire rope. It is usually bolted on to the substructure.
  25. 25. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components 6. Supply Reel A spool that stores the unused portion of the Drilling Line.
  26. 26. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components 7. Drilling Line The wire rope used to support the Drilling Tools. Right Lang Lay Left Lang Lay Right Regular Lay Left Regular Lay Types of Wire Rope Lay
  27. 27. 3. Hoisting Component 7. Drilling Line The wire rope used to support the Drilling Tools. Type of Wire Rope Construction Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  28. 28. 3. Hoisting Component 7. Drilling Line Typically the wire rope used for Drilling Line would have the following characteristics: Rotary Drilling Rig Components Shallow: Deep: 1” to 1-1/8” diameter 1-1/4” to 2” diameter Contruction: 6 x 19 S or 6 x 21 S or 6 x 25 FW, RRL, IPS or EIP, IWRC
  29. 29. 3. Hoisting Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  30. 30. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 3. Hoisting Component 2. Power and Prime Movers
  31. 31. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components The Rig Equipment responsible for rotating the Drillstring. Consist of the following: 1. Swivel 2. Kelly Spinner 3. Kelly or Top Drive 4. Kelly Bushing 5. Master Bushing 6. Rotary Table
  32. 32. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components The rotary tool that is hung from the hook of the traveling block to suspend the drillstring and permit it to rotate freely. 1. Swivel
  33. 33. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components It also provide connection for the rotary hose and provide passageway for the flow of drilling fluid into the drillstem. 1. Swivel
  34. 34. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components It also provide connection for the rotary hose and provide passageway for the flow of drilling fluid into the drillstem. 1. Swivel
  35. 35. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components A pneumatically controlled device mounted below the Swivel that when actuated causes the Kelly to spin. 2. Kelly Spinner
  36. 36. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components A pneumatically controlled device mounted below the Swivel that when actuated causes the Kelly to spin. 2. Kelly Spinner
  37. 37. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components The heavy steel member, usually four or six-sided that is suspended from the Swivel through the Rotary Table and connected to the topmost joint of drillpipe to turn the drill stem as the rotary table turns. 3. Kelly
  38. 38. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components It has a bored passageway that permits fluid to be circulated into the drill stem and up the annulus or vise versa. 3. Kelly
  39. 39. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components A hydraulically powered device located below the Swivel that when actuated allows the Drillstem to spin and proceed in drilling. 3. Top Drive
  40. 40. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components A device that when fitted to master bushing transmits torque to the kelly and simultaneously permits vertical movement of the Kelly to make hole. 4. Kelly Bushing Type HDP Type HDS Type MDS Heavy Duty fits 23” through 49-1/2” Rotary Table Heavy Duty for Square Drive Rotary Tables Medium Duty for Square Rotary Table
  41. 41. 4. Rotating Component A device that fits into the rotary table to accommodate the slips and drive the kelly bushing so that the rotating motion of the rotary table can be transmitted to the Kelly. 5. Master Bushing Type MSPC Type MSPC Type MBSSType MPCH Fits 20-1/2” to 27-1/2” Rotary Tables Fits 37-1/2” to 49-1/2” Rotary Tables Fits 17-1/2” to 27-1/2” Rotary Tables Fits 17-1/2” to 27-1/2” Rotary Tables Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  42. 42. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components Equipment used to turn the drill stem and support the drilling assembly. 6. Rotary Table
  43. 43. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components It has a beveled gear arrangement to create the rotational motion and opening into which bushings are fitted to drive and support the drilling assembly. 6. Rotary Table
  44. 44. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components It has a beveled gear arrangement to create the rotational motion and opening into which bushings are fitted to drive and support the drilling assembly. 6. Rotary Table
  45. 45. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components It has a beveled gear arrangement to create the rotational motion and opening into which bushings are fitted to drive and support the drilling assembly. 6. Rotary Table 375
  46. 46. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  47. 47. 4. Rotating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 3. Hoisting Component 2. Power and Prime Movers 5. Circulating Component
  48. 48. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component The Rig Equipment responsible the movement of drilling fluid within the well as well as solids removal incurred by the drilling fluid. Normally the circulation would start from the mud pits, down the drill stem, up the annulus and back to the mud pits.
  49. 49. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component Circulating component consist of the following: 1. Mud Pump 2. Pump Manifold 3. Standpipe 4. Swivel 5. Drillstring 6. Annulus 7. Return Line 8. Shale Shaker 9. Desander 10. Desilter 11. Degasser 12. Mud Pit
  50. 50. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 1. Mud Pump A large, high-pressure reciprocating pump used to circulated the mud on a drilling rig. A typical mud pump is a two cylinder, double acting or a three- cylinder, single acting piston pump whose pistons travel in replaceable liners and are driven by a crankshaft actuated by an engine or motor.
  51. 51. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 1. Mud Pump
  52. 52. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 1. Mud Pump 1. SUCTION TANK 2. PREHYDRATION TANK 3. CHARGING PUMP 4. AGITATOR MOTORS 5. MUD HOPPPER 6. SUCTION LINE 7. CHARGING PUMP (MP) 8. MUD PUMP 9. VALVE AND PUMP PISTON 10. MUD PUMP DISCHARGE MANIFOLD 11. PRESSURE GAUGE 12. PULSATION DAMPENER 13. PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE 14. DISCHARGE LINE 15. MUD PUMP ENGINE 16. INTERMEDIATE TANK
  53. 53. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 2. Pump Manifold An arrangement of piping and valves that receives drilling fluid from one or more mud pumps and transmit the drilling fluid to the succeeding circulating component.
  54. 54. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 2. Pump Manifold
  55. 55. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 3. Standpipe The vertical pipe rising along the side of the Derrick or Mast, which joins mud pump manifold to the rotary hose.
  56. 56. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 5. Circulating Component 7. Return Line The passageway of the drilling fluid as it comes out of the well.
  57. 57. 5. Circulating Component 8. Shale Shaker An equipment the uses a vibrating screen to remove cuttings from the circulating fluid in rotary drilling operations. 1. RETURN LINE 2. POSSUM BELLY 4. SHAKER SCREEN 3. ELECTRIC MOTOR Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  58. 58. 5. Circulating Component 8. Shale Shaker Rotary Drilling Rig Components Shale shakers are designed to handle 100-1600 gpm flowrate of mud and be able to remove cutting to size of 77 microns using a 200 mesh screen.
  59. 59. 5. Circulating Component 8. Shale Shaker Rotary Drilling Rig Components Shale shakers are designed to handle 100-1600 gpm flowrate of mud and be able to remove cutting to size of 77 microns using a 200 mesh screen.
  60. 60. 5. Circulating Component 9. Desander Rotary Drilling Rig Components A centrifugal device for removing sand from the drilling fluid to prevent abrasion of the pumps.
  61. 61. 5. Circulating Component 10. Desilter Rotary Drilling Rig Components Also a centrifugal device for removing free particles of silt from the drilling fluid to keep the amount of solids in the fluid at the lowest possible point.
  62. 62. 5. Circulating Component 11. Degasser Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  63. 63. 5. Circulating Component 12. Mud Pit Rotary Drilling Rig Components A waste pit, usually an excavated earthen-walled pit.
  64. 64. 5. Circulating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  65. 65. 5. Circulating Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Power and Prime Movers 3. Hoisting Component 4. Rotating Component 6. Well Control Component
  66. 66. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 6. Well Control Component The Rig Equipment responsible for preventing the build up of unwanted formation fluids that lead to Blowout.
  67. 67. 6. Well Control Component Well Control component consist of the following: 1. Annular Blowout Preventer 2. Ram Blowout Preventer 3. Diverter 4. Drilling Spools 5. Manifold, Valves and Sensors 6. Accumulator 7. Inside BOP Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  68. 68. 6. Well Control Component Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Power and Prime Movers 3. Hoisting Component 4. Rotating Component 5. Circulating Component 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment
  69. 69. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components Tubular are made of the following equipment: 1. Drill Pipe 2. Drill Collar 3. Heavy Weight Drill Pipe 4. Kelly 5. Subs
  70. 70. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Drillpipe These are heavy seamless tubing used to rotate the bit and circulated the drilling fluid. Joints of pipe approximately 30 feet long are coupled together by means of tool joints.
  71. 71. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Drillpipe Basic Parts of a Drillpipe SHOULDER SHOULDER BOXPINNECK NECK TONG SPACE TONG SPACE BODY
  72. 72. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1. Drillpipe Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  73. 73. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1. Drillpipe Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  74. 74. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Drillpipe TENSILE REQUIREMENTS RANGE LENGHTS TOLERANCES
  75. 75. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Drillpipe TOOLJOINTINTERGCHANGEABILITYCHART
  76. 76. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Drillpipe For other mechanical properties, please refer to available charts.
  77. 77. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 2. Drill Collar The heavy, thick-walled tube steel, used between the drill pipe and the bit in the drill stem to provide pendulum effect to the drill stem and to provide weight on bit.
  78. 78. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 3. Heavy Weight Drillpipe Similar in appearance to a drill pipe, HWDP has the following different dimensional characteristics; the tube wall is heavier about 1”thick in most sizes, the tool joints are longer, and the tube section has a larger diameter at mid length to protect the pipe from wear. HWDP were developed for the following reasons; As a transition member to be run between drill collars and drill pipe, as a flexible weight member to run on directional drilling, as a weight member on small rigs, drilling small diameter holes.
  79. 79. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 3. Subs A short, threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling string that cannot otherwise be screwed together because of difference in thread size or design. These consist of: 1. Bit Sub 2. Crossover Sub 3. Kelly Saver Sub 4. Lifting Sub 5. Bent Sub Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  80. 80. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 3. Subs A short, threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling string that cannot otherwise be screwed together because of difference in thread size or design. Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  81. 81. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 3. Subs A short, threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling string that cannot otherwise be screwed together because of difference in thread size or design. Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  82. 82. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 3. Subs A short, threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling string that cannot otherwise be screwed together because of difference in thread size or design. Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  83. 83. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Equipment Equipment used to move, make and break connection, suspend tubular on the rig. These include the following: Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Elevator Links 2. Elevator 3. Lifting Subs 4. Lifting Plug 5. Tugger/Winch 6. Slips 7. Safety Clamp 8. Tongs 9. Kelly Spinner 10. Drillpipe Spinner 11. Iron Roughneck 12. Bit Breaker
  84. 84. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Elevator Links Equipment attached onto the Traveling Block in order to suspend the Elevators.
  85. 85. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Elevator Clamps that grip a stand of casing, tubing, drillpipe or drill collars so that the stand or joint can be raised from or lowered into the hole opening of the rotary table. SIDE DOOR ELEVATOR CENTER LATCH ELEVATOR SINGLE JOINT ELEVATOR
  86. 86. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 1. Elevator Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  87. 87. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 5. Tugger/Winch A pneumatically operated drum with wire rope spooled onto it to move or lift heavy objects on the rig floor. Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  88. 88. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 6. Slips A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements that are used to prevent pipe from slipping down into hole or to hold the pipe in place. Rotary Drilling Rig Components Drill Pipe Slips
  89. 89. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 6. Slips A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements that are used to prevent pipe from slipping down into hole or to hold the pipe in place. Rotary Drilling Rig Components Drill Collar Slips
  90. 90. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 6. Slips A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements that are used to prevent pipe from slipping down into hole or to hold the pipe in place. Rotary Drilling Rig Components Casing Slips
  91. 91. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 6. Slips A wedge shape piece of metal with teeth or other gripping elements that are used to prevent pipe from slipping down into hole or to hold the pipe in place. Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  92. 92. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 6. Safety Clamp The are used on tubulars above the slips to prevent dropping the string should the slips fail to hold. Rotary Drilling Rig Components Safety Clamp
  93. 93. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 7. Safety Clamp The are used on tubulars above the slips to prevent dropping the string should the slips fail to hold. Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  94. 94. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8. Tong Large wrenches used to make or break out tubulars. Rotary Drilling Rig Components Make up Tong Breakout Tong
  95. 95. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8. Tong Large wrenches used to make or break out tubulars. Rotary Drilling Rig Components Making Connection
  96. 96. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 8. Tong Large wrenches used to make or break out tubulars. Breaking Connection Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  97. 97. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 9. Kelly Spinner A pneumatically operated device mounted on top of the kelly that when actuated causes the kelly to spin. KELLY SPINNER Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  98. 98. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 10. Drillpipe Spinner A pneumatically operated device usually suspended on the rig floor used to make fast connections and spin off of drill pipeS. DRILLPIPE SPINNER Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  99. 99. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 11. Iron Roughneck A pneumatically operated machine that replaces the functions performed by the Kelly Spinner, Drillpipe Spinner and Tongs. Rotary Drilling Rig Components IRON ROUGHNECK
  100. 100. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment 12. Bit Breaker A device that is placed on top of the rotary table to enable the bit to be made up to drill string. Rotary Drilling Rig Components BIT BREAKER
  101. 101. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Power and Prime Movers 3. Hoisting Component 4. Rotating Component 5. Circulating Component 6. Well Control Component 8. Bit
  102. 102. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 8. Bit A variety of bits are available for drilling and sampling operation. The selection of bit is usually dependent on the formation which is to be drilled and the purpose of the borehole. Bit Fixed Cutter Bits Roller Cone Bits Drill Bit Core Bit Material Natural Diamond Insert PDC Insert TSP No. of Cones 2 3 4 6 Material Steel Mill Tungsten Carbide Inserts
  103. 103. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 8. Bit SHORT PDC BIT MEDIUM PDC BIT LONG PDC BIT NATURAL DIAMOND BIT TSP BIT
  104. 104. 8. Bit Rotary Drilling Rig Components
  105. 105. 8. Bit Rotary Drilling Rig Components CORE BIT
  106. 106. 8. Bit Rotary Drilling Rig Components MILL TOOTH TRICONE BIT TUNGSTEN CARBIDE INSERT TRICONE BIT
  107. 107. 7. Tubular and Tubular Handling Equipment Rotary Drilling Rig Components 1. Derrick or Mast and Substructure 2. Power and Prime Movers 3. Hoisting Component 4. Rotating Component 5. Circulating Component 6. Well Control Component 8. Bit 9. Fishing Tools
  108. 108. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. Fishing Tools The Rig Equipment used for the purpose of retrieving from the wellbore sections of pipe, casing or other items which may have become stuck or inadvertently dropped in the hole. These are the following: 1. Overshot 2. Taper Tap 3. Grapple Spear 4. Junk Basket 5. Fishing Magnet 6. Wireline Spear 7. Junk Mill 8. Casing Scraper
  109. 109. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. Fishing Tools 1. Overshot Overshot is an external catch fishing tool designed to retrieve tubular items from the well bore. SPIRAL GRAPPLE OVERSHOT BASKET GRAPPLE OVERSHOT
  110. 110. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. Fishing Tools 2. Taper Tap Is an internal catch fishing tool designed to retrieve tubular members from the wellbore. The wicker thread are allowed to be embedded into the interior of the fish. Taper Tap
  111. 111. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. Fishing Tools 3. Grapple Spear Is also an internal catch fishing tool designed to retrieve tubular members from the wellbore. The grapple spear is run in and positioned inside the fish. Rotating the Grapple Spear one turn to the left will engaged the grapple and caused tapers on the mandrel to expand the grapple and bite into the fish.
  112. 112. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. Fishing Tools 4. Junk Basket Is a junk retrieval tool designed to remove all type of objects from the bottom of the well. Such items as slip, hand tools, bit cones and any other pieces of junk in the well. This junk basket utilises reverse circulation combined with coring operations of up to 20” of core. With direct circulation the coring action on the junk proceeds until 24 inch core is cut. The finger on the upper catcher break the core when an upward strain is applied.
  113. 113. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. Fishing Tools 5. Fishing Magnet Is a junk retrieval tool designed to effectively remove metal particles, shavings and debris from the bottom of the wellbore. The assembly is run in the hole and hold 6 to 12 inches above the fish. Circulate generously to wash away cuttings. Reduce circulation, lower the magnet to the fish and rotate slightly to obtain good contact. Cut off circulation and pull out of hole.
  114. 114. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. Fishing Tools 6. Wireline Spear Is a junk retrieval tool designed to retrieve wireline and wire rope from the wellbore. The spear is made up and run in hole , upon reaching the wire to be retrieved the spear is lowered slowly allowing the barbs to engage the wire. The spear is then lifted out of the hole.
  115. 115. Rotary Drilling Rig Components 9. Fishing Tools 7. Junk Mill Are designed to mill fish such as packers, squeeze tools, perforating guns, drill pipe, tool joints, reamer, reamer blades and rock bits.
  116. 116. 9. Fishing Tools 8. Casing Scraper Is designed to remove scale, mud cake, cement sheath, embedded bullets, and other foreign materials inside the casing wall.
  117. 117. CROWN BLOCK MAST CATLINE BOOM MONKEY BOARD STAND PIPE TUBING BOARD CATWALK PIPE RACK DRILL PIPE HYDRAULIC POWER UNIT JUNK BIN ACCUMULATOR DRILLING LINE SPOOL WAREHOUSE CABLE TRAY WATER TANK MUD SACK STORAGE PUMPS AND HOPPER MUD PUMP MUD TANKS FLARE LINE DOG HOUSE GENERATORS TYPICAL LAND RIG
  118. 118. TRAVELING BLOCK TOP DRIVE DRILLING LINE DRAWWORKS ROTARY HOSE
  119. 119. SHALE SHAKER MUD CLEANER DEGASSER AGITATOR MUD GUN TRIP TANK
  120. 120. DRILLER’S CONSOLE PIPE SETBACK AREA ROTARY TABLE RIG FLOOR SUBSTRUCTURE BLOWOUT PREVENTER PIPE RAMP CHOKE MANIFOLD CUTTINGS CONVEYOR
  121. 121. Line Organization of the Rig Crew Area Manager Rig Manager Toolpusher Materials Man Driller Asst. Driller Derrickman Roughneck Roustabout Maintenance Engineer Rig Mechanic Welder Pipe Fitter Crane Optr. Rigger Electrician Motorman Pump Tender Driver Helper Warehouseman Safety & Training Specialist Drilling Superintendent
  122. 122. Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Rig Manager •Responsible in administering and implementing the Operator’s and Drilling Contractor’s guidelines and regulation. •Carries out daily onsite supervision to ensure that Rig Operation meet Operator’s expectation and safety regulation. •Responsible in implementing extensive job and safety training. •Responsible in administering and implementing the Operator’s and Drilling Contractor’s guidelines and regulation. •Ensure the integrity of all oilfield equipment, maintaining visual aspects of oilfield site; promote cleanliness and enhancing the safety of the crew.
  123. 123. Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Toolpusher •Responsible for the supervision of the Rig Operation and maintain drilling equipment to the highest standard of efficiency. •Interface and coordinate with the Drilling Superintendent, Area Manager, Rig Manager, Service Man and other key personnel for Drilling Program Implementation and Modification, Supplies, Crew Schedule and changes. •Performs inspection, periodical inventories and scheduling of material and equipment consumption and deliveries as well as backloading if applicable.
  124. 124. Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Driller •Responsible for the manipulation and supervision of the Rig and all the in line equipment and sensors as well as proper top out (fill up) and control of the bore hole to maintain the parameters required by the Operator. •To record important dimension and implementing safety programs on various operational modes (Rig setting, skidding, drilling, tripping, fishing, well completion, well flow and pressure testing etc.) in conformity with the specification and regulation imposed by authorities. •To evaluate tour sheet, personnel and safety progress so as to recommend contingent action at certain level of operation to meet the standard in all occasion of the drilling program. •Responsible for the Rig-Up and Rig Down of the Drilling Contractor equipment .
  125. 125. Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Assistant Driller •Responsible for the preparation, strapping (measurement), inspection and proper storage of BOP, BHA and other drilling components and consumables throughout the cycle of operation. •Responsible for the line up of valves on all manifolds or lines and for random and periodical checkup as well as serving of all equipment and assemblies in the system. •Prepare tour sheet and kill sheet, check and lead work force and held lecture during safety meeting. •To secure all equipment from Mast, Rig Floor, Substructure to main and cellar deck during Rig Mobilization.
  126. 126. Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Derrickman •Responsible for the “Monkey Board” on trips and other Derrick itineraries. •Maintains Mud Pumps, Mud Control Devices, Flow line and its accessories. •Maintain Mud Volume and mud Properties and directed by the Mud engineer. •Prepare report on mixed mud and equipment Performance such as pumps, agitators and sensors. •Assist roughneck at the floor, cellar deck and anywhere needed. •Housekeeping job on pump room, pit room etc.
  127. 127. Job Description of Key Rig Personnel Roughneck •Responsible for the positioning of slips, tongs, spinner, elevator and other rig equipment as directed by the Driller, Assistant Driller and other ranking personnel. •To operated tuggers for lifting and lowering equipment and materials from the pipe rack to the rig floor. •Assist serviceman to the Rig-Up and Rig-Down of their equipment. •Perform housekeeping jobs and servicing equipment. •To watch the shaker and other solid control equipment during circulation and drilling. •Assist Derrickman in some derrick itineraries.
  128. 128. Rig Operation Terminologies Breaking Down Unscrewing the drill stem into single joints and placing them on the pipe rack. This operation takes place at the completion of the well when the drill pipe will no longer be used or when changing from one size of drill pipe to another. Break out To unscrew a section of the pipe to another. Make a Connection To attach a joint of drill pipe onto the drill stem suspended in the wellbore to permit deepening the wellbore by the length of joint added usually 30 feet. Make Hole To deepen the hole made by the bit. Nipple Up To assemble the Blowout Preventer Stack on the well head at the surface. Plug and Abandon To place cement plugs into the dryhole and abandon it.
  129. 129. Rig Operation Terminologies Racking Pipe The act of placing the stands of pipe in orderly arrangement in the derrick after hoisting pipe from the wellbore. Reverse Circulation The course of drilling fluid downward through the annulus and upward through the drillstem, in contrast to normal circulation. Rig Up To prepare the drilling rig for making hole, that is, to install tools and machinery before drilling is started. Run In To go into the hole with tubing, drillpipe, and so forth Slug the Pipe Pumping into the top of the drill stem a quantity of heavy mud which will cause the level of the fluid in the drill stem to fall as the drill stem is hoisted. Spud In To begin drilling a well, to start the hole.
  130. 130. Rig Operation Terminologies Stab To guide the end of the pipe into a coupling or tool joint when making up a connection. Tearing Down The act of dismantling the rig at the completion of the well and preparing it moving to the next location.
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×