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Adhd Awareness Project Final

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ADHD Awareness Project Powerpoint Presentation

ADHD Awareness Project Powerpoint Presentation

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  • 1. ADD and ADHDADD and ADHD Brandon CookBrandon Cook Brittany LorickBrittany Lorick Kaylan PenlandKaylan Penland Sarah LundquistSarah Lundquist
  • 2. ADHDADHD http://www.webmd.com/video/diagnosing-ad
  • 3. What is ADHDADHD? ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. There are 3 subtypes of ADHD. These include the primarily inattentive type, primarily hyperactive/impulsive type, and the combined type. Each of these subtypes bears different symptoms ADD stands for Attention Deficit Disorder
  • 4. How prevalent is ADHD? • 3-5% of all individuals have ADHD • It occurs in boys as opposed to girls at a rate of 2 or 3 to 1 • 3-7% of students have ADHD… this makes ADHD the most commonly diagnosed childhood psychiatric disorder
  • 5. The Brain and ADHDThe Brain and ADHD • ADHD brains are thought to have a smaller prefrontal cortex • Most doctors agree that ADHD is the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain, including the lack of dopamine and norepinephrine
  • 6. Causes of ADHDCauses of ADHD • Heredity • Difficulties during pregnancy • Prenatal exposure to alcohol/tobacco • Premature delivery/significantly low birth weight • High levels of lead in body • Postnatal injury to the prefrontal brain regions • Living in unstructured homes • Food additives, food allergies, inner ear problems, vitamin deficiencies, or bacterial infection
  • 7. ADHD SymptomsADHD Symptoms Primarily Inattentive Type: • Doesn’t pay attention to detail • Makes careless mistakes • Has trouble paying attention • Has difficulty following instructions. • Easily distracted • Forgetful Primarily Hyperactive/Impulsive Type: • Fidgets • Squirms in chair • Runs talks, and climbs excessively • Blurts out answers • Has trouble waiting and taking turns ** The combined type displays symptoms of both the Primarily Inattentive Type and the Primarily Hyperactive/Impulsive Type.
  • 8. Simulation ExerciseSimulation Exercise • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=oCbrQp3MIwc&feature=related
  • 9. Positive CharacteristicsPositive Characteristics • Creativity • Enthusiasm • Highly Verbal • Imaginative • Humorous • Compassionate • Exciting • Innovative • Spontaneous • Resourceful • Outgoing • Good-hearted • Observant • Caring
  • 10. People with ADHD canPeople with ADHD can do some great things!do some great things!
  • 11. Five Interventions forFive Interventions for students with ADHDstudents with ADHD • Environmental Support – Teachers should limit environmental distractions (such as mobiles), adjust seating placement, and allow students to use desk carrels • Academic Interventions – Teachers should only emphasis on important information, break long reading passages into smaller parts, and give students extended time to complete work
  • 12. Five Interventions forFive Interventions for students with ADHDstudents with ADHD • Behavior Interventions – Teachers should emphasize structure and rewards with less focus on consequences. • Parent Education • Medication – Stimulant Medications including Adderall and Ritalin are most commonly used to treat ADHD. – There are currently 2.5 mil. Students taking medication for ADHD
  • 13. Alternative TreatmentsAlternative Treatments • Dietary Interventions • Neurofeedback Treatment • Chiropractic Medicine
  • 14. A few tips when havingA few tips when having a student with ADHDa student with ADHD • Figure out what things are hard for the student. • Simplify instructions, choices, and scheduling. • Work together with the parents to meet the student’s needs. • Review previous lessons. • Use audiovisual materials. • Perform ongoing student evaluations. • Lower the noise level of the classroom. • Divide work into smaller sections. • Reduce or eliminate timed tests. • Provide advanced warning when you are going to end an activity or lesson. • Preview the next lesson.
  • 15. What does it take toWhat does it take to be an effectivebe an effective teacher?teacher? • Teachers who: – Flexible, enthusiastic, and positive role models – Creative, challenging, and maintain high expectations of all students – Encourage and welcome parents and volunteers in the classroom – Provide balance, options, variety, and choices – Are willing to devote time the extra time and effort needed to implement interventions and modifications
  • 16. Legislation RegardingLegislation Regarding Students with ADHDStudents with ADHD Students with ADHD may be protected by the Rehabilitation Act Section 504 depending on the severity of symptoms
  • 17. Obtaining Assistance/Obtaining Assistance/ Professional SupportProfessional Support ServicesServices• Local: – Life Management Center • State: – South Carolina Department of Mental Health • National: – National Resource Center on ADHD – CHADD- The Nations leading advocacy and support organization
  • 18. ReferencesReferences • http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html • www.ada.gov • www.nichcy.org • www.help4adhd.org • http://www.ed.gov/ • http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html • Capaccio, G. (2008). Add and adhd. Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark. • Friend, M., & Bursuck, W. (2009). Including students with special needs. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc. •