Adhd Awareness Project Final


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Adhd Awareness Project Final

  1. 1. ADD and ADHDADD and ADHD Brandon CookBrandon Cook Brittany LorickBrittany Lorick Kaylan PenlandKaylan Penland Sarah LundquistSarah Lundquist
  2. 2. ADHDADHD
  3. 3. What is ADHDADHD? ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. There are 3 subtypes of ADHD. These include the primarily inattentive type, primarily hyperactive/impulsive type, and the combined type. Each of these subtypes bears different symptoms ADD stands for Attention Deficit Disorder
  4. 4. How prevalent is ADHD? • 3-5% of all individuals have ADHD • It occurs in boys as opposed to girls at a rate of 2 or 3 to 1 • 3-7% of students have ADHD… this makes ADHD the most commonly diagnosed childhood psychiatric disorder
  5. 5. The Brain and ADHDThe Brain and ADHD • ADHD brains are thought to have a smaller prefrontal cortex • Most doctors agree that ADHD is the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain, including the lack of dopamine and norepinephrine
  6. 6. Causes of ADHDCauses of ADHD • Heredity • Difficulties during pregnancy • Prenatal exposure to alcohol/tobacco • Premature delivery/significantly low birth weight • High levels of lead in body • Postnatal injury to the prefrontal brain regions • Living in unstructured homes • Food additives, food allergies, inner ear problems, vitamin deficiencies, or bacterial infection
  7. 7. ADHD SymptomsADHD Symptoms Primarily Inattentive Type: • Doesn’t pay attention to detail • Makes careless mistakes • Has trouble paying attention • Has difficulty following instructions. • Easily distracted • Forgetful Primarily Hyperactive/Impulsive Type: • Fidgets • Squirms in chair • Runs talks, and climbs excessively • Blurts out answers • Has trouble waiting and taking turns ** The combined type displays symptoms of both the Primarily Inattentive Type and the Primarily Hyperactive/Impulsive Type.
  8. 8. Simulation ExerciseSimulation Exercise • v=oCbrQp3MIwc&feature=related
  9. 9. Positive CharacteristicsPositive Characteristics • Creativity • Enthusiasm • Highly Verbal • Imaginative • Humorous • Compassionate • Exciting • Innovative • Spontaneous • Resourceful • Outgoing • Good-hearted • Observant • Caring
  10. 10. People with ADHD canPeople with ADHD can do some great things!do some great things!
  11. 11. Five Interventions forFive Interventions for students with ADHDstudents with ADHD • Environmental Support – Teachers should limit environmental distractions (such as mobiles), adjust seating placement, and allow students to use desk carrels • Academic Interventions – Teachers should only emphasis on important information, break long reading passages into smaller parts, and give students extended time to complete work
  12. 12. Five Interventions forFive Interventions for students with ADHDstudents with ADHD • Behavior Interventions – Teachers should emphasize structure and rewards with less focus on consequences. • Parent Education • Medication – Stimulant Medications including Adderall and Ritalin are most commonly used to treat ADHD. – There are currently 2.5 mil. Students taking medication for ADHD
  13. 13. Alternative TreatmentsAlternative Treatments • Dietary Interventions • Neurofeedback Treatment • Chiropractic Medicine
  14. 14. A few tips when havingA few tips when having a student with ADHDa student with ADHD • Figure out what things are hard for the student. • Simplify instructions, choices, and scheduling. • Work together with the parents to meet the student’s needs. • Review previous lessons. • Use audiovisual materials. • Perform ongoing student evaluations. • Lower the noise level of the classroom. • Divide work into smaller sections. • Reduce or eliminate timed tests. • Provide advanced warning when you are going to end an activity or lesson. • Preview the next lesson.
  15. 15. What does it take toWhat does it take to be an effectivebe an effective teacher?teacher? • Teachers who: – Flexible, enthusiastic, and positive role models – Creative, challenging, and maintain high expectations of all students – Encourage and welcome parents and volunteers in the classroom – Provide balance, options, variety, and choices – Are willing to devote time the extra time and effort needed to implement interventions and modifications
  16. 16. Legislation RegardingLegislation Regarding Students with ADHDStudents with ADHD Students with ADHD may be protected by the Rehabilitation Act Section 504 depending on the severity of symptoms
  17. 17. Obtaining Assistance/Obtaining Assistance/ Professional SupportProfessional Support ServicesServices• Local: – Life Management Center • State: – South Carolina Department of Mental Health • National: – National Resource Center on ADHD – CHADD- The Nations leading advocacy and support organization
  18. 18. ReferencesReferences • • • • • • • Capaccio, G. (2008). Add and adhd. Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark. • Friend, M., & Bursuck, W. (2009). Including students with special needs. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc. •