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Fish Review 09

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This presentation shows the most common Oklahoma native fish species and simple identification tips.

This presentation shows the most common Oklahoma native fish species and simple identification tips.

Published in: Education, Lifestyle, Technology

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  • 1. OCC Fish Review 2009
  • 2. Spotted Gar Lepisosteus oculatas Prominent broad snout, top of head spotted
  • 3. Longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus Extremely long and slender snout; few spots, head and snout without spots
  • 4. Shortnose Gar Lepisosteus platostomus Short, broad snout Body without spots
  • 5. Grass Pickerel Esox americanus Ducklike beak
  • 6. Gizzard Shad; Dorosoma cepedianum Threadfin Shad; Dorosoma petenense Blunt snout overhangs subterminal mouth Terminal mouth Chin speckled with black pigment Caudal fin yellow in life
  • 7. Central Stoneroller Campostoma anomalum U-shaped horizontal mouth Cartilaginous lower lip Soft belly Black or brown spots where scales have been lost
  • 8. Red Shiner Cyprinella lutrensis
    • Breeding males:
    • bright red-orange fins,
    • metallic blue sides,
    • purple scapular bar above pectoral fin
  • 9. Common Carp Cyprinus carpio Long dorsal fin 2 pairs of barbels
  • 10. Redspot Chub Nocomis asper Barbel hidden at corner of mouth Red spot on adults
  • 11. Creek Chub Semotilus atromaculatus Large mouth Black spots
  • 12. White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Papillose lips Area between eyes flat Very small scales
  • 13. River Carpsucker Carpiodes carpio Subtriangular shape of the subopercle bone
  • 14. Smallmouth Buffalo Ictiobus bubalus Semicircular shape of the subopercle bone
  • 15. River Carpsucker Smallmouth Buffalo
  • 16. Northern Hog Sucker Hypentelium nigricans Papillose lips
  • 17. Bigmouth Buffalo Ictiobus cyprinellus Lips thin Oblique, nearly terminal mouth
  • 18. Spotted Sucker Minytrema melanops Black spot at the base of each scale
  • 19. Black Redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei
    • 44 – 47 lateral line scales
    • Slender caudal peduncle
    • 10 pelvic fin rays (usually)
  • 20. Golden Redhorse Moxostoma erythrurum
    • 39 – 42 lateral line scales
    • Shorter, heavier caudal peduncle
    • 9 Pelvic fin rays
  • 21. Yellow Bullhead Ameiurus natalis Straight or rounded caudal fin margin Whitish chin barbels Free adipose fin
  • 22. Black Bullhead Ameiurus melas Free adipose fin Gray or black chin barbels Almost square or slightly notched caudal fin
  • 23. Channel Catfish Ictalurus punctatus Deeply forked caudal fin Free adipose fin Upper jaw protruding beyond lower Randomly scattered spots Short base, rounded margin
  • 24. Flathead Catfish Pylodictis olivaris Mottled body Head flattened between the eyes Squared caudal fin Projecting lower jaw
  • 25. Blue Catfish Ictalurus furcatus Wedge shaped head, upper jaw projects beyond lower Deeply forked caudal No black spots Anal fin outer margin straight, long base
  • 26. Banded Sculpin Cottus carolinae
  • 27. White Bass Morone chrysops Separate dorsal fins Dark longitudinal stripes on sides; lower stripes often discontinuous Small head, acute snout, large mouth
  • 28. Shadow Bass Ambloplites ariommus Large mouth 5 or 6 anal spines Dark blotches on sides
  • 29. Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Jaw extends behind eye Deep notch Dark band Irregular spots
  • 30. Smallmouth Bass Micropterus dolomieui Sides plain or vertical bars Shallow notch Cheek bars
  • 31. Spotted Bass Micropterus punctulatus Lateral band of blotches Horizontal rows of dark spots Shallow notch Tooth patch on tongue Caudal spot
  • 32. White Crappie Pomoxis annularis Small head, large mouth Faint vertical bars 5 or 6 dorsal spines 6 anal spines
  • 33. Black Crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Irregular black speckles 7 or 8 dorsal spines 6 anal spines
  • 34. Redear Sunfish Lepomis microlophus Long, pointed pectoral fin Red spot on opercular flap 3 anal spines Usually 10 dorsal spines
  • 35. Longear Sunfish Lepomis megalotis Elongated opercular flap Pectoral fin short and rounded Small mouth
  • 36. Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus Small mouth Long, pointed pectoral fin Dark blotch in soft dorsal fin 10 dorsal spines 3 anal spines May have vertical bars
  • 37. Orangespotted Sunfish Lepomis humilis Large mouth Moderately long, pointed pectoral fin Orange spots Iris of eye red or orange
  • 38. Warmouth Lepomis gulosus Large head and mouth Lines radiating from eye to gill cover margin Tooth patch on tongue Short, round pectoral fin
  • 39. Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Large mouth Dark blotch Short, round pectoral fin Often has dark vertical bars Fin margins whitish orange
  • 40. Freshwater Drum Aplodinotus grunniens Blunt snout, subterminal mouth Lateral line High arching back Diamond shaped caudal fin

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