BlueScape RICE NESHAP Webinar 2-26-13
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BlueScape RICE NESHAP Webinar 2-26-13

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This webinar by Samantha Wang at BlueScape describes the requirements of 40 CFR 63 Subpart ZZZZ to stationary compression ignition and spark-ignited reciprocating internal combustion (RICE) engines ...

This webinar by Samantha Wang at BlueScape describes the requirements of 40 CFR 63 Subpart ZZZZ to stationary compression ignition and spark-ignited reciprocating internal combustion (RICE) engines located at industrial facilities, including major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants. Ms. Wang can be reached at 858-695-9200 x 213 for more information. Also see www.bluescapeinc.com.

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BlueScape RICE NESHAP Webinar 2-26-13 BlueScape RICE NESHAP Webinar 2-26-13 Presentation Transcript

  • RICE NESHAP-The  Costly  Consequence  of   ComplianceA Guide on the RICE NESHAP Regulation February 26, 2013
  • Agenda  •  History  and  Regulatory  Amendments  •  Applicability  •  Exemp=ons  •  Regulatory  Requirements  •  What  does  it  mean?  •  Compliance  Impacts  and  Op=ons  •  Case  Study  •  Next  Steps  
  • About  BlueScape  •  16  years  experience,  full  service   environmental  firm  •  Permits,  air  modeling,  compliance  for  many   industries  –  power  genera=on,  u=lity,  refinery,  oil  &   gas,  manufacturing  and  data  centers  •  Na=onal  Experience  •  Solve  tough  air  quality  compliance  issues:   -­‐  Determining  rule  applicability   -­‐  Assess  how  to  reduce  impacts,  change  status   -­‐  Develop  monitoring,  recordkeeping  and  repor=ng   protocols   -­‐  Agency  nego=a=ons    
  • RICE  NESHAP  Introduc=on  •  Na=onal  Emission  Standards  for   Hazardous  Air  Pollutants  for   Reciproca=ng  Internal  Combus=on   Engines  •  Regula=on  40  CFR  Part  63  Subpart  ZZZZ  •  Exis=ng  CI  RICE  must  be  in  compliance   by  May  3,  2013   –  Except  emergency  CI  >  500  hp  at  major   sources  •  Exis=ng  SI  RICE  must  be  in  compliance   by  October  19,  2013  
  • Rule  History  •  2002  –  EPA  issued  proposed  rule,  to  reflect   Maximum  Achievable  Control  Technology   (MACT)  •  2004  –  Exis=ng,  new  and  reconstructed   sta=onary  RICE  >  500  hp  @  major  sources  •  2008  –  New  and  reconstructed  sta=onary   RICE  <  500  hp  @  major  sources  and  new   sta=onary  RICE  @  area  sources  •  2010  –  Exis=ng  sta=onary  RICE  <  500  hp,   non-­‐emergency  CI  >  500  hp  @  major   sources,  exis=ng  sta=onary  RICE  @  area   sources  
  • Regulatory  Amendments  •  Sta=onary  SI  Engines  >  500  hp  @  Area   Source   –  Cataly=c  controls  for  engines  located  in   populated  areas   –  Management  prac=ces  for  engines  located   in  remote  areas  •  Alterna=ve  compliance  for  formaldehyde   emissions  for  exis=ng  &  new  4SRB  non-­‐ emergency  >  500  hp  @  major  source   –  76%  reduc=on  of  formaldehyde   –  30%  reduc=on  of  total  hydrocarbon   emissions  
  • Regulatory  Amendments  •  Star=ng  2015,  emergency  engines  ≥  100   hp   –  Emergency  opera=on  of  more  than  15  to   100  hours  per  year   •  Recordkeeping  and  repor=ng   –  Emergency  opera=on  of  less  than  15  hours   per  year   •  No  control  requirements  or  numeric  emission   limits   For  a  list  of  the  recent  regulatory  amendments,   please  visit:   hgp://www.epa.gov/gn/atw/rice/ 20130114overviewfs.pdf  
  • Applicability  •  Major  or  Area  Source?    __________  •  Engine  Type?   SI:      ☐  4SRB    ☐  4SLB      ☐  2SLB    ☐  CI        •  Engine  Status?   ☐  New      ☐  Exis=ng    ☐  Reconstructed    •  Engine  Use?   ☐  Emergency  ☐  Limited-­‐use  ☐  Non-­‐emergency  •  Engine  Loca=on?    ☐  Remote    ☐  Non-­‐Remote  •  Engine  Size?        __________      (bhp)    
  • Exemp=ons  •  Sta=onary  RICE  test  cell/stand  •  RICE  used  for  Na=onal  Security  
  • Regulatory  Requirements   Scenario:  Exis=ng  RICE,  Major  source,  Non-­‐remote,  Non   limited-­‐use    Engine   Engine   Compliance  Requirements   Size   Type   •  Ini=al  compliance  -­‐  ini=al  performance  test   4SLB   •  Emission  limita=on  -­‐  CO  at  exhaust  47  ppmvd  @  15%  O2   •  Compliance  report  –  semiannually,  keep  for  5  years   •  Ini=al  compliance  -­‐  ini=al  performance  test   •  Emission  limita=on  -­‐  Formaldehyde  at  exhaust  10.3  ppmvd  250  hp   4SRB   @  15%  O2   •  Compliance  report  –  semiannually,  keep  for  5  years   •  Ini=al  compliance  -­‐  ini=al  performance  test   CI   •  Emission  limita=on  -­‐  CO  at  exhaust  230  ppmvd  @  15%  O2   •  Compliance  report  –  semiannually,  keep  for  5  years  
  • Regulatory  Requirements   Scenario:  Exis=ng  RICE,  Major  source,  Non-­‐remote,  Non  limited-­‐use     Engine   Size   Engine   Type   Compliance  Requirements   •  Emission  limita=on  -­‐  76%  reduc=on  of  formaldehyde;  OR  30%  reduc=on  of   total  hydrocarbon  emissions;  OR  limit  formaldehyde  at  exhaust  350  ppbvd   @  15%  O2   •  Opera=ng  limita=on  -­‐  catalyst  pressure  drop  2”water  drop  @  100%  load  ±   4SRB   10%  and  inlet  T  ≥  750°F  ≤  1250°F   •  Con=nuous  compliance  –  NSCR,  no  NSCR   •  Performance  test  -­‐  semiannually;  if  in  compliance  for  2  consecu=ve  tests   may  reduce  to  annually   •  Compliance  report  –  semiannually,  keep  for  5  years  600  hp   •  Ini=al  compliance  -­‐  CO  ini=al  performance  test,  install  CPMS,  recorded   ini=al  catalyst  pressure  drop  and  catalyst  inlet  temperature   •  Emission  Limita=on  -­‐  CO  at  exhaust  to  23  ppmvd  @  15%  O2;  OR  70%   reduc=on  of  CO   •  Opera=ng  limita=on  -­‐  catalyst  pressure  drop  2”  water  drop  @  100%  load  ±   CI   10%  and  inlet  T  ≥  450°F  ≤  1350°F   •  Con=nuous  compliance  -­‐  oxida=on  catalyst,  CEMS  or  no  oxida=on  catalyst   •  Performance  test  -­‐  every  8,760  hours  or  3  years,  whichever  comes  first   •  Compliance  report  –  semiannually,  keep  for  5  years   •  Crankcase  control   •  Ultra  low  sulfur  diesel  (except  rural  Alaska)  
  • Regulatory  Requirements   Scenario:  Exis=ng  RICE,  Area  source,  Non-­‐remote,  Non   limited-­‐use    Engine   Engine   Compliance  Requirements   Size   Type   •  Management  prac=ces  -­‐  change  oil  and  filter,  inspect   4SLB/ spark  plugs,  and  inspect  all  hoses  and  belts  250  hp   4SRB/ •  Con=nuous  compliance  -­‐  manufacturer  recommended   CI   OR  maintenance  plan   •  Devia=on  report  >  24  hr/yr  
  • Regulatory  Requirements   Scenario:  Exis=ng  RICE,  Area  source,  Non-­‐remote,  Non  limited-­‐use     Engine   Size   Engine   Type   Compliance  Requirements   •  Ini=al  compliance  -­‐  ini=al  performance  test   •  Management  prac=ces  -­‐  change  oil  and  filter,  inspect  spark  plugs,  and   inspect  all  hoses  and  belts   •  Opera=ng  limita=on  -­‐  cataly=c  controls  for  units  operate  >  24  hr/yr   4SRB/ •  Con=nuous  compliance  -­‐  high  T  shutdown  device,  OR  monitor  catalyst  inlet   4SLB   T  con=nuously  units  >  24  hr/yr;  work  or  management  prac=ces  units  ≤  24   hr/yr   •  Performance  check-­‐  annually   •  Compliance  report  -­‐  semiannually,  keep  for  5  years  600  hp   •  Ini=al  compliance  -­‐  CO  ini=al  performance  test,  install  CPMS,  recorded   ini=al  catalyst  pressure  drop  and  catalyst  inlet  temperature   •  Emission  Limita=on  -­‐  CO  at  exhaust  to  23  ppmvd  @  15%  O2;  OR  70%   reduc=on  of  CO   •  Opera=ng  limita=on  -­‐  catalyst  pressure  drop  2”  water  drop  @  100%  load±   CI   10%  and  inlet  T  ≥  450°F  ≤  1350°F   •  Con=nuous  compliance  -­‐  oxida=on  catalyst,  CEMS  or  no  oxida=on  catalyst   •  Performance  test  -­‐  every  8,760  hours  or  3  years,  whichever  comes  first   •  Compliance  report  -­‐  semiannually,  keep  for  5  years   •  Crankcase  control   •  Ultra  low  sulfur  diesel  (except  rural  Alaska)  
  • When  must  new  engines   comply?  •  Sta=onary  RICE  –  upon  start-­‐up  •  Area  sources  that  become  major   sources  arer  construc=on/ reconstruc=on–  upon  start-­‐up  •  Area  sources    that  become  major   sources  before  construc=on/ reconstruc=on  –  within  3  years  
  • Work  Prac=ce  Standards/Management  Prac=ces  •  Change  oil  and  filter/oil  analysis  •  Inspect  hoses  and  belts  •  Inspect  air  cleaner  (CI)  •  Inspect  spark  plugs  (SI)  
  • Start-­‐up,  Shut-­‐down  &  Malfunc=on  (SSM)  •  Minimize  engine’s  start-­‐up  and   idling  =me  to  30  minutes  •  During  shut-­‐down  emission   limita=ons  apply  •  Must  report  and  keep  records  of   malfunc=ons  
  • Con=nuous  Emissions  Monitoring  System  (CEMS)  •  Annual  rela=ve  accuracy  test  audit   (RATA)  •  Sampling  cycle  •  Sampling  site  
  • Con=nuous  Parameter  Monitoring  System  (CPMS)  •  Site-­‐specific  monitoring  plan  •  Collect  data  every  15  minutes  •  Catalyst  inlet  temperature   –  Minimum  and  maximum  •  Pressure  drop  across  catalyst   –  100%  load  ±  10%  •  Performance  evalua=on  
  • Crankcase  Controls  •  Exis=ng  non-­‐emergency  CI  RICE  ≥   300  hp  •  Closed  crankcase  ven=la=on  system  •  Open  crankcase  filtra=on  system  •  Opera=ng  and  maintenance  
  • Impact  and  Op=ons   @  Area  Sources   600  hp  Gas  &  Diesel  Engine   Compliance  OpAons   Cost  (per  year)   Monitoring,  recordkeeping  and   $  10,000   repor=ng   Source  tes=ng  (if  not  already   $  3,000  -­‐  $  4,000   required)   Equipment  installa=on  (Closed/ $  1,000   Open  crankcase,  temperature   $  1,000  -­‐  $  2,000   monitoring,  shutdown  device)   $  100  -­‐  $  300   Catalyst  installa=on,  permiung,   $  140,000  -­‐  $  160,000   opera=on  &  replacement   Replacing  engines  &  permiung   $  190,000  -­‐  $  250,000  (Gas)   $  180,000  -­‐  $  210,000  (Diesel)  
  • Case  Study  Natural  Gas  Peaker  Plant,  16  x  4,157  hp  4SLB  •  Selec=ve  Cataly=c  reduc=on  (SCR)  systems  and  CO  &  VOC   catalysts  •  Compliance  Assurance  Monitoring  Plan  –  NOx  monitoring  •  Inspec=on  and  Maintenance  (I&M)  Plan  –  control   equipment,  engine  opera=on,  malfunc=on    •  Major  or  Area  Source?                  Area              •  Engine  Type?   SI:  ☐  4SRB    þ  4SLB      ☐  2SLB    ☐  CI      •  Engine  Status?   ☐  New      þ  Exis=ng    ☐  Reconstructed    •  Engine  Use?   ☐  Emergency  ☐  Limited-­‐use  þNon-­‐emergency  •  Engine  Loca=on?    ☐  Remote    þ  Non-­‐Remote  •  Engine  Size?                4,157                  (bhp)  
  • Next  Steps  •  What  type  of  engine?  •  How  old  is  the  engine?  •  What  are  the  compliance  op=ons?  •  What  are  the  costs?  •  Balance  of  implementa=on  and  cost  Please  visit  the  EPA  website  for  more  informa=on:  hgp://www.epa.gov/gn/atw/rice/ricepg.html  
  • Ques=ons  
  • Contact  Informa=on   Samantha  Wang   BlueScape  Environmental   Office:  858-­‐695-­‐9200  x213   Cell:  858-­‐740-­‐6021   swang@bluescapeinc.com   www.bluescapeinc.com   Connect  with  me  on  Linkedin!     The  webinar  presenta.on  will  be  posted  on   Slideshare  (search  for  BlueScape)